US 3562510 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
n PATENIED FEB "9197s mm3 uf 7 PATENTEUFEB 9191i 43.562.510
snm 7 10F 7 fr/7 '/v LUMrNAlRE The present invention relates to luminaires, and more particularly to a lighting fixture suitable for street and area lighting purposes and adapted to have different appearance styles and mounting arrangements.
It is an object of the invention to provide a `luminaire of the above type which is comprised of a common functional unit and having means for assembling therewith housing enclosures of selected configuration for imparting a desired appearance style thereto.
lt is another object of the invention to provide a luminaire of the above type which may be installed singly or in groups of similar luminaires on a common main support.
A further object of the invention is to provide a common mounting device for mounting a plurality of the described Iuminaires, and a common control means for operating the thus mounted luminaires.
A particular object of the invention is to provide the above mentioned functional lighting unit with a novel mounting device adapted to selectively attach a housing of curved or polygonal configuration to the functional lighting unit and to the main support.
The invention will be better understood and other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which: l
FIGS. I, 2 and 3 are respectively top, side and bottom views of a circular form of a luminaire embodying the present invention;
FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are respectively top, side and bottom views of a square form of the luminaire of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a perspective'view of the FIG. 4-6 luminaire as seen from below; Y
FIG, 8 is a view of a modified mounting arrangement for the FIG. 7'luminaire; l
FIGS. 9 and 10 are schematic views of various arrangements in which a plurality of circular and square luminaire units may be installed on a common support;
FIG. 1I is an enlarged elevational view, partly broken away, of the round luminaire unit shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. l2 is a fragmentary view of the interior structure of the F IG. 1I luminaire adjacent the hub-mounting device;
FIG. 13 is a perspective rear view of the gusset member shown in FIG. l2;
FIG. 14 is an enlarged detailed view of the joint between the gusset and associated structural parts of the luminaire housing and mounting means;
FIG. 15 is atop view of the luminaire yoke member with associated gusset and yoke support;
FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view of the FIG. 15 structure taken along the line 16-16;
FIG. 17 is a detailed view in cross section showing latching means for the light-transmitting shield surrounding the luminaire refractor; and
FIG. 18 is a detailed view in cross section showing hinge means for the light-transmitting shield.
Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to FIGS. l- -3, there is shown an embodiment of the luminaire of the invention comprising a housing l constituted by a conical canopy or cover 2, a circular side panel 3, both of which re are typically formed of metal (e.g. aluminum) and are separably attached to each other as disclosed hereinafter, and an annular light-transmitting shield 6 depending from side panel 3, the light-transmitting shield being typically made of a plastic material such as an acrylic resin and serving to reduce glare and control light emanating from the luminaire light source. Side panel 3 is connected at one side to a hollow slipfitter mounting hub 4 which slips over the top of a vertical pole 5 for supporting the luminaire unit in operative position over the area to be illuminated. The luminaire optical system 7 is arranged within housing l so as to be exposed at the bottom opening thereof, and annular diffusing shield 6, which is tubular and generally triangular in cross section, is dimensioned to substantially cover the space between the exposed optical system and the housing sides, as more fully disclosed below.
The luminaire embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 4-6 is constituted of similar components similarly arranged except that cover 2', side panel 3', hub 4' and diffusing shield 6' are square in form rather than circular. In FIG. 7, which is a perspective view from below of a square unit, there is shown the exposed transparent globe or refractor I0 of the basic luminaire unit, of which the remaining enclosed parts including mounting structures are indicated in interrupted lines and are shown more clearly in FIG. 11.
In accordance with the invention, the luminaire functional lighting unit, that is, the unit comprising the optical system, lamp, and electrical operating components associated therewith, is the same for both round and square housing styles shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, and the mounting means provided for attaching the housing components to the luminaire functional lighting unit is of such structure that either type of housing style may be interchangeably mounted on the basic luminaire unit without the need for additional parts or disassembly of the functional unit. By virtue of this construction and the pole mounting arrangements described in detail hereinafter, the invention enables the user of the luminaire to readily install luminaires of different appearance styles. and also to install such luminaires in different arrangements of single or multiple units on a common support, as desired.
As shown in FIG. 11, which depicts the luminaire attached to a round housing as will become apparent hereinafter` slipfitter hub 4 fitting over the top of supporting pole 5 has secured thereto, by bolts or the like, a U-shaped bracket or gusset ll (see FIG. 13) arranged with its web portion against the inner side of side panel 3 so that in the assembly. panel 3 is between the web of gusset 11 and the adjacent wall of hub 4. Side panel 3, whether of straight or curved type, is formed with circumferentially extending spaced ribs 3a, 3b intermediate its top and bottom edges (see FIG. 12) and at its top edge is formed with a channel 3c for receiving the peripheral edge of canopy 2 so as to hold the ,latter in assembled position. Attached to the spaced arms of gusset 11 at its open end and extending forwardly therefrom is yoke l2 (see FIG. 15) which in turn serves to support the basic luminaire lighting unit. The latter unit comprises reflector 13 in which is disposed lamp I4, such as a mercury vapor or other gaseous discharge lamp, and having an open mouth closed by refractor l0, so that the rim of refractor 10 mates with the rim'of reflector 13 to form a closed optical system. Refractor I0 is mounted at its rim in a retaining frame or globe ring l5 which is pivotally attached at its rear portion by hinges 16 to opposite arms of yoke I2 and detachably secured at its front end to yoke 12 by latch 17 of suitable type, whereby globe ring l5 with refractor l0 mounted therein may be swung open vdownwardly to provide access to the interior of the optical system for relamping or other servicing operations.
Mounted on yoke 12 rearwardly of the described optical system is panel member 18, which is secured at its rear end to yoke 12 by hinges 19 on opposite arms of the yoke and at its front end to the yoke by suitable latches 20, also on opposite arms ofthe yoke. As seen best in FIG. 14, on the upper surface l of panel member 18 are mounted electrical components for operating lamp I4, such as a ballast transformer 27 and capacitor 28, and the described hinged connection of panel member 18 enables the latter, after being unlatched at its front end, to be swung downwardly so as to make electrically operating components 27 and 28 readily accessible for servicing.
An inverted generally V-shaped support frame 2l having a flat apex portion 21a is secured at its opposite free ends to yoke 12 and at its apex 21a to cover 2 for holding these parts in proper spatial relation (see FIGS. ll, l5 and 16).
The structure and arrangement of gusset Il constitute a significant feature of the invention As shown in FIG. I3, this U- shaped bracket member is formed of a web portion 11a having spaced forwardly projecting arm portions 11b, llc, each provided lwith upper and lower rows of apertures 11i, 11h by means of which gusset 11 is selectively attached in either of two inverted positions on yoke l2, as shown in FIG. 14 and explained hereinafter. Web portionl 11a is formed in its central region with a pair of spaced outwardly curved surfaces 11d, 11e adjacent to spaced fiat surfaces llf, 11g. When used in conjunction with a curved housing such as that of FIG. l, gusset l1 is placed in such position (see FIG. 14) that its projecting curved surfaces 11d, 11e abut the surfaces of spaced ribs 3a, 3b of side panel 3 which are, of course, of complementary curvature so as to contact surfaces 11d, lle over substantially their entire lengths. As indicated previously, gusset 1l is secured in assembly wit side panel 3 and hub 4 by bolts 4a passing through suitably placed, registering apertures in gusset 1 1, panel 3 and hub 4.
when used in conjunction with a straight sided housing such as shown in FIG. 4, gusset 11 is inverted from the position shown in solid lines in FIG. 1'4 so that projecting curved surfaces lld, 11e now lie in the recessed portions of side panel 3' adjacent to spaced ribs 3a, 3b as indicated in dotted lines, and the recessed flat surfaces 11 f, 11g now abut the straight ribs of the square housing side panel, and gusset l1 is firmly secured in this position to hub 4' by bolts 4a.
Preferably the row of bolt-receiving apertures 11h, which are at the bottom when gusset 1l is positioned for use with a round unit as shown in FIG. 1l, are forwardly offset relative to thel upper row of apertures 1li as seen in FIGS. l1 and 14. The purpose of this is to position yoke 12 farther away from curves side panel 3 to ensure adequate clearance between the side panel and hinged support panel 18 when the latter is swung down into open position. As will be seen, some forward displacement of yoke 12 in this arrangement already occurs by the Aabutment of gusset 11 on the ribsof side panel 3, as com pared to the yoke position in the square housing unit wherein gusset 1l interfits between the ribs. A
Accordingly, in order to adapt the basic luminaire lighting unit mounted in yoke 12 for attachment to a different style of housing it is necessary only to invert the position of gusset l1 on yoke 12 and secure it to the side panel of the housing used and the appropriate hub 4 as above described. The appropriate canopy 2 is also attached to support frame 21 and the upper channel of side panel 3, while the corresponding diffusing shield 6 is hingedly attached to the lower portion of side panel 3. l
As shown in FIG. ll, light-transmitting shield 6 comprises a lower portion 6a of triangular cross section closed by a cover 6b of similar (but not necessarily light-transmitting) material and secured together by suitable means such as adhesive tapes along their inner and outer mating edges. At their outer edges, lower portion 6a and cover 6b are held in assembly by annular tubular member 6c embracing their peripheral edges.
As seen in FIG. 17, shield 6 may be detachably secured to side panel 3 by a latch comprising, in the illustrated embodiment, a screw 22 passing through the rim of shield 6 and retaining ring 6c thereof and threadably engaging lug 23 or the like fixed to side panel 3. As seen in FIG. 18, on a side opposite the latch, shield 6 is pivotally attached to side panel 3 by means of a hinge comprising, in the illustrated embodiment, hook member 24 held at its upper end in channel 3d formed in the lower portion of side panel 3 and engaging with its lower hook portion a pin 25 mounted horizontally in spaced hinge plates 26 (only one shown) fixed to the rim of shield 6 and its retaining ring 6c by screw or other suitable means as shown. Typically, in the case of square housing unit, two such hinges are provided spaced along one side of the housing (as indicated in FIG. 7) with one or more latches spaced along the opposite side. In a round housing unit, one hinge 26 is typically located on one side of the housing and three latches 23 are placed at intervals around the housing circumference. lt will be understood, of course, that types of hinges and latching means and arrangements thereof other than those shown and described could be employed as desired and appropriate.
The described arrangement of shield 6 on the housing is such, as shown in FIG. 1'1', that openings are provided between shield 6 and the outer housing wall 3 and refractor ring 15. so that air may flow by convection between ring l5 and shield 6, along the upper housing portionsl and downward out of the housing between shield 6 and sidewalls 3.1ln this way, a cooling effect is provided for reducingthe-ambient temperature in the vicinity of the operatingr components and thereby extending their service life.
As will be evident, in order to obtain access to the optical system for relamping or to the electrical operating components on panel 18, shield 6 is first, unlatched and swung downwardly, so as to permit the downward opening of globe ring 15 or panel 18 for the necessary servicing operations.
As shown in FIG. l1, slipfitter hub 4 has a hollow interior open at top and bottom and has an intermediate annular ledge or stop 4b so as to form a socket for slipping over and resting on the top of pole 5. Setscrews 29 passing through the wall of the slipfitter portion vand engaging pole 5 firmly hold hub 4 thereon. Inserted into the upper hub compartment is a cylindrical housing 30 having an upper flange 30a surmounted by electrical receptacle 31flange 30a serving to cover the open top of hub 4 and being secured to thelatter for holding housing 30 in position. .Electrical receptacle or socket 31 is adapted to receive a photoelectric control unit 32 of conventional type which is connected via receptacle 3l and suitable conductors (not sh'own) passing through the wall of hub 4 into the interior of the luminaire housing to the electrical operating components therein for controlling the operation of lamp 14, as well understoodk in the art. In an alternative arrangement. the photoelectric control unit may be placed within the upper compartment of hub 4 withits photosensitive element facing upwardly, and the open top of hub 4 isin such case closed by a transparent window to permit passage of exterior light for incidence on the photocell element.
Hub 4 may also have secured thereto another luminaire unit such as that shown in FIG. l1 on lthe opposite side of the hub.
and the same photoelectric control unit mounted on the hubmay serve to control both luminaires. A single hub 4 may, in fact, be employed for mounting two, three or four luminaires of the described type, either of square or circular housing style, or both, in various desired arrangements on the same supporting pole. For the purpose of spacing the luminaire units a greater distance from the hub in order to accommodate more than two units, or for any other reason, an extension arm 33 (see FIG. 8) may be'secured between the side panel 3 of each luminaire and the mounting hub 4. In this way, various arrangements of luminaires such as schematically shown in FIGS. 9 and l0 may be provided.
While the present invention has been described with reference to particular embodiments thereof, it will be un derstood that numerous modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without actually departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, the appended claims are intended to cover all such equivalent variations as come within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
1. A luminaire comprising, in combination, a functional lighting unit comprising an optical system including illuminating means, electrical means for operating said illuminating means, and support means holding said optical system and said electrical operating means in unitary assembly, said support means having a first mounting portion, housing means of preselected shape substantially enclosing said functional lighting unit and having a second mounting portion arranged l adjacent said first mounting portion, slipfitter means arranged adjacent said mounting vportion of said housing means, and
bracket means secured tsaid support means and said housing .l means at said mounting portions thereof and to said slipfitter means for holding said functional lighting unit and said housing means in assembly with said slipfitter means, said bracket means being selectively positionable relative to said support` means for accommodating housing means of different said slipfitter means may be mounted on a vertical pole and is adapted to have a plurality of functional lighting units and associated housing means extending outwardly therefrom.
4. A luminaire as defined in claim 3, said support mean comprising a yoke member arranged about and secured to said optical system, and having spaced arms projecting rearwardly toward said slipfitter means, said bracket mean comprising a U-shaped member having spaced arms detachably secured in overlapping relation to the corresponding arms of said yoke member. y,
5. A luminaire as defined in claim l4, said U-shaped bracket member having a web portion in engagement with said mounting portion of said housing means, said latter mounting portion having a shape corresponding to saidipreselected housing shape, said web portion having a first surface portion engaging said housing mounting portion and having a shape complementary thereto, said web portion having a second surface portion having a different shape complementary to the mounting portion of housing means of different preselected shape.
6. A luminaire as defined in claim 4, said housing mean comprising a canopy covering said functional lighting unit and a sidewall surrounding said unit, and spacer means connected to and arranged between said canopy` and said yoke member for holding the same in spaced relation.' l
7. A luminaire as defined in claim 4, said housing mean comprising a canopy covering said functional lighting unit anda sidewall surrounding said unit, said sidewall having upper and lower portions extending therearound, said upper portion embracing the periphery of said canopy` said housing means further comprising a light-transmitting annular member surrounding said optical system and occupying the space between the same and said sidewall, said annular member being detachably secured to the lower portion of said sidewall.
8. A luminaire as defined in claim7, said light-transmitting annular member being hingedly secured to said sidewall for movement between a closed and an open position.
9. A luminaire as defined in claim 8, said electrical operating means being mounted on a panel member hingedly secured to said yoke member rearwardly adjacent said optical system, said panel member being downwardly swingable to open position providing access to said electrical operating means when said light-transmitting annular member is in open position.
l0. A luminaire as defined in claim 5,' wherein said housing means comprises a sidewall surrounding said functional lighting unit, said mounting portionof said housing means comprising spaced rib means adapted to be engaged by one of said first and second surface portions of said bracket web portion in accordance with the preselected shape of said sidewall, said U-shaped bracket member being positionable in inverted position on said yoke member for placingin engagement with said rib means said surface portion kwhich conforms in shape thereto.
1l. A luminaire as defined in claim 3, said slipfitter means having a socket poition on its lower end for fitting over a pole top and having an upper compartment, and control means in said upper compartment for controlling the operation of said functional lighting unit.
l2. A luminaire as defined in claim ll, said control means comprising means for mounting and electrically connecting to said functional lighting unit photosensitive means responsive to variationsin ambient light level.
13. A luminaire as defined in claim l2, said slipfitter means