US 3563182 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United Staties Patent References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS  Inventors WalterJ.MacFarlane Kensington;
XXXXXXM.. .//33700 3822399H 0111//8 //ll. 00111001110 0 1.10221 .l 221| Examiner-James T. McCall Assistant E.\'aminer-Glenn O. Finch i Primary Altorney-Brumbaugh, Graves, Donohue & Raymond  COMBINED SHELVING AND CLOTHES B APPARATUS 12 Claims, 1l Drawing Figs.
PATENTEU FEB 1 s mn SHEET 1 UF 3 E. SNB mmm m S TRTS DW ,NANI R fFF-E l? VMHR m WMRF. N IWF-D R N EMU FHM w AOD Vrh WJE '.M Vl B PAIENTEU m1 e mn SHEET 3 F 3l cw mma Mm l H I E YLZ D S N ,l l I MRS R ANI EFF-E 0 WMHR. U Wifi. IMD?. A JE D w m REN w 1 m ERU fr M UWM D wE V1 \.Ifo B oo v 5 4 their The present invention `relates to a combined shelf and clothes bar structure for installation in various sized closets.
In private homes both new and used, and in hotels, there has been a requirement for a structure that can be readily installed in closets without special tools to provide strong and durable shelving and clothes bars. Various prior arrangements provided shelving difficult to install and Vadjust and without clothes bars strong enough to support heavy clothes bags and the like.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies of the .prior structures and provides a shelving and clothes bar structure simply secured inside a wide variety of closets with the strength to support substantial loadson'both the shelving and clothes bar. More particularly, in `one embodiment of the invention, the structure includes a pair of pin strips adapted to be mounted on the opposite walls of a closet for supporting a shelf and a clothes bar adapted -to carry` slidable glides. The pin strips are each provided with at leastone slot located along the approximate longitudinal center lineithereof to receive a generally T-shaped support plate. Preferably at leastone tab is formed on the plate to engage an edge of the slot and prevent upward movement of the plate. An opening formed in the lower end of the plate receives the end of the clothes bar, the
plate having oppositely directed tabs which can snap into keying slots located on the sides and near each end of the bar. A resilient tongue may extend into each of the plate openings to engage the ends of the bar. resiliently and thereby form a secure and rattleproof assembly.
For longer shelving requiring additional strength, wall` bracket supports are Vmounted on the back wall of a closet intermediate the pin strips, these supports having a groove extending lengthwise thereof for slidably receiving a bracket a which is constructed and arranged to support the shelving and the clothes bar. Wall brackets can also be used to support shelving and a clothes bar entirely from the back wall of a closet or can be used with the pin strips to support shelving and a clothes bar on an end wall and a back wall, when shorter shelves than the width of a closet are desired.
More particularly, typical wall` brackets for supporting shelving and a clothes bar'. may include atttheir upper edges spaced apart generally parallel flanges to provide a groove for receiving the shelf end flanges, and may also be provided with a suitably positioned clothes bar socket. l
These and further advantages of the invention will be more readily understood when the following description is taken in conjunction with the drawings, in` which:V t
FIG. l is a perspective view of a shelving and clothes bar structure embodying the present invention and fastened to opposite walls of a clothes closet; il'
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line 2-2 of FIG. l; FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2; IFIG. 3A is'a sectional view of a modified form of the emt bodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 3; l t Y F IG. 3B is a sectional view of another modified form ofthe embodiment ofthe present invention shown in FIG. 3; FIG. 4 is a perspective view of` a modified form of the shown). An upper support plate 12 of each pin strip 6 is offset from the walls 2 to receiveV and support an end flange I4 of a t metal telescopic or expandable shelf unit I6. The front and secure the shelf to the ledge.
rear edges of the shelf unit 16 are provided with generally U- shaped flanges 18 including a downwardly bent vertical front portion 20, a horizontal bottom portion 22 and an upwardly extending inner portion 24. One shelf element 16a is slidable or telescopically received in the other element l6b to enable the shelf to be extended or contracted to fit the closet space available. l a
To securely fasten aclothes bar 26 under the shelf I6, a head section 28'of a downwardly depending T-shaped hanger plate 30 is inserted, by holding it at an angle, up through a slot 32 suitably located on the pin strip 6 at the junction of its upper and lower sections to position the clothes bar 26 properly. The T-shaped plate 30 includes a lower section 3l offset from a middle section 33 which is, in turn, offset from the head section 28, all to the end that 'the hangar plate 30 fits the pin strip 6 and rests against the closet sidewall and the shelving 16, as shown in FIG. 3. Tabs 33a are formed on the middle section 33 in any suitable manner. Upper edges 33b of the tabs engage an edge of the slot 32 when the plate 30 is rotated into position to prevent upward movement of the plate through the slot.
To receive Vthe clothes bar 26, formed by telescoping sections 26a and 26b, the plate 30 includes a socket 34 in its lower section. The clothes bar 26 has agenerally inverted U- shaped cross section with downwardly extending sides 36 provided with upwardly and inwardly bent lower free edges. Each of the sides 36 has a notch 40 located near each end ofthe bar 26. To mount the bar, the sides 36 are squeezed inwardly and then the end inserted intdthe socket 34. When the lower edges 36 are released, a pair of projections or tabs 38 on the hanger plate 30, that extend into the socket 34, lock the bar against endwise movement by entering the notches 40. A resilient inclined tongue 4 may also be located in the socket 34 (FIGS. 2 and 3) yieldably to engage the end of the bar 26 to lock it securely in the socket and prevent rattling.
ln the modification shown in FIG. 3A, a pin strip 6a is similar to the pin strip 6 shown in FIGS. l-3, but instead of supporting an expandable metal wardrobe shelf, it can, with only slight alteratiomsupport wooden shelving. To this end, an upper support plate 12a includes a horizontal extension I3 that formsa supporting ledge for a wooden shelfl5. Screws I7 In the modification shown in FIG. 3B, the wooden shelf is.
v Vaffixed by screws 15a to one side ofran adapterangle l5b.With
this arrangement, the wooden shelf l5 can be mounted on the pin strip 6 by positioning the angle 15b on the pin strip 6 with its other side extending downwardly behind its upper support plate l2.
From the above description, it is apparent that the shelving and clothes bar can be readily installed without the use of spet cial tools in a secure and rattleproof manner.
present invention illustrating a center support for the shelving and clothes bar; l
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention installed on the back wall of a clothes closet; FIG. 6 is a detailed sectional view of the embodiment shown in FIG. S; t
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6; FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along line 8-8 of FIG. 6; and FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along line 9-9 of FIG. 6. Referring toan exemplary embodiment of the invention in detail with particularreference to FIGS. l through 3, when sidewalls 2 of a clothes closet 4 are available for mounting purposes, pin strips 6 are provided for horizontal mounting on both walls of the closet by inserting screws or nails 8 through any holes 10 in the pin strips which line up with wall studs (not Where the shelves must be erected against the face of a wall, wallbracket anchors 44 and secured tothe back wall 46 of a closet, cupboard or the like as shown in FIGS. 5-9. T he extrusions. 44 are C -shaped in cross section, having a narrow front opening slot 52 extending lengthwise thereof (FIG. 9). The groove 53 rearwardly of the slot 52 receives a lobeor rib 50 (FIG. 7) at the rear end of a wall bracket assembly 48 and the slot 52 slidably receives the thinner portions of the brackets adjacent to the lobe. A tab member 5l at the upper end of the anchor 44 engages the lowerl side of the upper closure wall of the terminal end of the lobe 50 to prevent bracket 48 from sliding out of the extrusion 44 and serves to take vertical loading of the bracket 48. The extrusions 44 are mounted on the wall by screws 55, the screw holes being inboard of the slotted groove 53.
The wall bracket 48 is of two-plate construction welded together at points 56. Each plate 60 of the bracket 48 has an upper edge 62, a lower inclined reinforced edge 64, a generally vertical front edge 66 and a socket 58 for-receiving an inverted U-shaped clothes bar 68'. A pair of tabs 70, which are formed in the plate 60 and extend into slots 69, are located near each end of the rod 68. The upperedges 62 of the plates 60 are offset laterally from the body of the plates to form a groove 74 to receive a shelf flange 75 on one end of a telescoping shelf unit 76.
The clothes bar 68 includes two U-shaped convexly arcuate lip portions 68a defining a channel therebetween adapted to be spring open to receive glides 80 FIGS. 6 and 8). Each of the glides 80, preferably formed from a low-friction synthetic plastic material such as nylon or high-density polyethylene, includes a head portion 8l from which depends a hanger portion 82 in the form of two oppositely facing hooks 83 to support clothes hangers and the like.
For shelving having a longitudinal span of unusual length, midsupport is often required for both the shelving and the clothes bar. FIG. 4 illustrates another inventive embodiment employing pin strips 6 and T-plates 30 on the opposite sidewalls 2 of the closet 4, and an extruded wall bracket anchor 44 and support assembly 48 on the back wall 46 of the closet 4. Shelf flanges 76 and 77 are received by the groove 74 and the shelving is thus afforded midsupport (FIGS. 4 and 8). A pair of two-section telescoping clothes bars 68 also fit at their inner ends into the sockets 58 to provide a longer spari for the clothes bar (FlG. 8). v
lt will be apparent to those skilled in the art that many modifications may be made to the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof. Therefore the invention is not to be limited except as defined in the appended claims.
l. A combination shelf and clothes bar apparatus comprising:
b. a clothes bar having first keying means at its ends;
c. a plurality of mounting devices each adapted to be fastened to a vertical supporting surface;
d. supporting members carried by the mounting devices, said supporting members formed to support the ends of the shelving; and
e. attaching means carried by the supporting members, each of said attaching means containing a socket, second keying means in the socket, and the ends of the clothes bar extending into the sockets with the first and second keying means cooperating to lock the bar in position beneath the shelving, wherein at least one of said mounting devices comprises a lower section of a pin strip containing a series of holes through which fasteners are adapted to be inserted into the vertical supporting surface, and the supporting member comprises an upper section of the pin strip that is offset inwardly from the lower section to receive an end of said shelving, a slot located in the strip at the juncture of the lower and upper sections, and said attaching means comprises a downwardly depending plate inserted through said slot, said plate containing said socket in its lower portion.
2. Apparatus as defined in claim l, wherein the plate is T- shaped with its arms supported by the pin strip.
3. Apparatus as defined in claim 2, in which at least one tab on the plate engages an edge of the slot to prevent upward movementof the plate through the slot.
4. A combination shelf and clothes bar apparatus comprising:
a. shelving; y
i b. a clothes bar having first keying means at its ends;
c. a plurality of mounting devices each adapted to be fastened to a vertical supporting surface;
d. supporting members carried by the mounting devices, said supporting members formed to support the ends of the shelving; and p e. attaching means carried by the supporting members, each of said attaching means containing a socket, second keying means in the socket, and the ends of the clothes bar extending into the sockets with the first and second keying means cooperating to lockl the bar in position beneath the shelving, wherein at least one of said mounting devices comprises a wall bracket anchor having a channel extending vertically thereof, and the supporting member carried by the wall bracket anchor comprises a bracket having an upper section supporting an end of said shelving and a portion located at the rear of said bracket that fits said channel in the wall bracket anchor, said socket formed in the bracket and having the second keying means extending into said socket, the ends of the clothes bar extending into the sockets withl the first and second keying means cooperating to lock the bar in position beneath the shelving.
S. Apparatus as defined in claim l, in which a resilient tongue member is located at the rear of said socket to engage the end of said clothes bar.
6. A combination shelf and ing:
a. telescoping shelving;
b. an extensible telescoping clothesy bar having an inverted generally U-shaped cross section with keying slots at its ends;
c. a pair of pin strips each having a lower section containing a series of holes through which fasteners are adapted to be inserted into a vertical supporting surface, an upper section of the strip offset from the lower section to receive an end of said shelving, anda slot located at the juncture of the lower and upper sections;
d. a downwardly depending T-shaped plate inserted through the slot in each pin strip, said T-shaped plate containing a socket in its lower portion, -a pair of first tabs extending into the socket, and the ends of the clothes bar being inserted into the sockets by squeezing its sides together which when released cause the tabsto enter the slots in the ends ofthe bar to lock it in position beneath the shelving.
7. Apparatus as defined in claim 6 in'which a resilient tongue member is located at the rear of said socket to engage the end of the clothes bar.
v8. Apparatus as defined in claim 6, wherein at least one second tab on the plate engages an edge of the slot to prevent upward movement ofthe plate through the slot.
9. Apparatus as defined in claim 6 in which the U-shaped clothes bar includes two substantially U-shaped convexly arcuate lip portions defining a channel therebetween, the edges of the lip portions lying in a common horizontal plane to support hanger glidesslidably carried in the channel.
10. Apparatus as defined in claim 6 in which a wall bracket anchor having a channel extending vertically thereof is fastened to a vertical supporting surface, a bracket having a rear portion that fits the anchor channel'to secure the bracket intermediate the pin strips, an uppervsection of the bracket suppoiting the shelving intermediate its'ends, a socket formed in the bracket, a pair of tabs extending into the socket, keying slots in the clothes bar intermediate its ends, the clothes bar being received and locked in the bracket socket by the tabs and keying slots to support the clothes bar at a point intermediate its ends.
l1. ln expandable shelving apparatus, telescoping shelving,
a pair of pin strips each having a lower section containing a series of holes through which fasteners are adapted to be inserted into a vertical supporting surface, an upper section of the strip offset from the lower section to receive an end of said shelving, and a slot located at the juncture of the lower and upper sections adapted to receive selectively a support device.
l2. Apparatus as defined claim l1, in which a support bracket adapted to be fastened to a vertical supporting surface is located intermediate said pin strips and engaging said shelving to provide additional support for said shelving.
clothes bar apparatus compris-