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Publication numberUS3563325 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 16, 1971
Filing dateSep 16, 1968
Priority dateSep 16, 1968
Publication numberUS 3563325 A, US 3563325A, US-A-3563325, US3563325 A, US3563325A
InventorsMiller Jack
Original AssigneeKennametal Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Percussion bit
US 3563325 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventor Jack Miller Bedford, Pa. [21] Appl. No. 762,236 [22] Filed Sept. 16, 1968 [45] Patented Feb. 16, 1971 [73] Assignee Kennametal Inc.

Latrobe, Pa.

[54] PERCUSSION BIT 7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 175/410, 175/420 [51] Int. Cl E21c13/01 [50] Field of Search 175/398, 399, 409-414, 415-420 1 References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 993,972 5/1911 English 175/410X Brossoit Erickson Burt Williams..

Signell Alexander et a1 .1

Dahlin et al.

Kinzbach Primary Examiner- David H. Brown Attorney-MelvinA. Crosby l75/41OX 175/410X 175/410X 175/410 175/41OX 1'75/41OX PATENTED FEB1 6 I971 FIG-5 v INVENTOR. J RCK M LLE R PERCUSSION BIT The present invention is concernedwith a percussion bit having hard inserts mounted therein in a novel manner and to a method of mounting the hard inserts in the percussion bit.

Percussion bits of the nature referred to generally take the form of a high strength steel body with hard inserts mounted in the working end of the body for engagement with the formation being drilled. The inserts are usually made of cemented tungsten carbide and are normally brazed in place in the steel bodies. The brazing of the inserts in place in the steelbodies, however, is not only time consuming and expensive but the differential expansion and contraction of the carbide material of the inserts and the body which can lead to premature failure of one or the other or both thereof.

The primary objective of the present invention is the provision of a rock bit structure in which the hard carbide inserts are held in place in the steel body without brazing.

Another objective of this invention is the provision of the percussion bit and a method of making the same in which no high temperatures are employed during the mounting of the inserts into the body so that thermalstresses are not developed in the inserts and body. v i

The objectives referred to as well as other objectives and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent upon reference to the following detailed specification taken in consideration with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. I is a perspective view showing a typical percussion bit constructed according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view showing in more detail the novel manner of mounting the hard inserts into the body of the bit;

FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view indicated by line Ill-III on FIG. 2; r

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view showing another manner of securing an insert in place in the bit body and;

FIG. Sis a sectional view indicated by line V-V on FIG. 4.

Referring to the drawings in more detail, in FIG. I, indicates a bit body of substantially conventional shape. The bit body tapers from a smaller end 12 to a larger end 14. The larger end is the working end of the bit and the bit is adapted for being secured at its smaller end 1210 a suitable actuating motor as by means ofa threaded bore in the bit body.

The working end of the bit body is in the form of a plurality of boxlike wings 16, each of which has a-slot or pocket 18 therein extending substantially radially of the bit body and open at its radially outer end andat the top, which is the side of the pocket toward the working of the bit end. Mounted in each slot I8 is a block 20 of hard wear. resistant material; cemented tungsten carbide, for example.

As will be seen in FIG. 2, each slot 18 has its sidewalls 22 and 24 converging toward the open side of the slot. Similarly, each block 20 has its sidewalls 26 and 28 converging toward the wedge-shaped tip 30 of the block which projects from the working end ofthe bit. The walls 26 and 28 of block 20 at any transverse section there through are at least slightly farther apart than the sidewalls 20 and 24 of the slot 18 at the same level. Each block 20 thus has an interference fit in its slot 18. The block 20 can be pressed into position in the slot, but preferably, the bit body is heated to expand the slot 18 and then, while the body is hot, the unheated block 20 is put in place in the slot and which assembling operation might be accompanied by the application of pressure.

The tapering configuration of the block in the slot in which it is disposed prevents the block from coming out of the bit body in the axial direction but the possibility exists that the block will shift in the direction of the length of the slot under the heavy impacts to which it is subjected in use. In order to prevent the block from shifting axially in its slot, the block is preferably formed with a groove 32 extending to an angle of the length of the block, and when the block is mounted in its slot, groove 32 registers with a groove 34 formed in the adjacent sidewall of the block. The registering grooves form a keyway for receiving a key to lock the block in its slot.

When the block is in position in its slot and grooves 32 and 34 are in registration to form the keyway, a key in the form of a pin 36 is driven or pressed into the registering grooves. Pin 36, which may be round but is preferably somewhat oval, terminates near the bottom wall 38 of the slot and extends past a bore 40 formed in the bit body and intersecting groove 34.

Pin 36 is fixedly held in place in grooves 32 and 34 as by welding or brazing or the like in bore 40 as indicated 42 in FIG. 3. It will be apparent that pin 36, for ease of manufacture, extends in an axial plane of the bit body but it is not necessary for the pin to extend in exactly this direction in order to prevent block 20 from shifting laterally in its slot.

FIGS. 4 and 5 show a modification in which the block 20a mounted in slot 184 of bit body 10a is provided with a pair of recesses 44 in one sidewall. These recesses 44 register with holes 46 in the bit body when the block is in position in its slot. Steel pins 48 are inserted in holes, as by pressing, or bores 46 so that they extend into the recesses 44 in block 20a and weld ing or brazing as at 50 is placed in the outer ends of bores 46 to hold the pins 48 in place.

One, or the other, or both, of each notch and block, near the bottom of the notch and block, are relieved to avoid the creation of extremely high localized stresses at the corners of the notch which could lead to cracking of the bit body. This is done, as shown in FIG. 2, by relieving the inner corners of the block as at 52, which can be done by forming a bevel on the inner corners of the block or by rounding the corner of the block with a relatively large fillet. It would as also be possible to relieve the notch in the region of the bottom corner of the block if so desired.

In the manner described above, the blocks are joined to the bit bodies without heating the bit body and, therefore, without setting up thermal stresses and strains in the carbide blocks and in the bit body which could lead to premature failure of the bit. Also, the cost and time that go with brazing the blocks in place in the bodies is eliminated so that the bit can be produced more economically than according to prior art practices.

Modifications and adaptations of the present invention falling within the scope of the appended claims will occur to those skilled in the art.


1. In combination; a steel body having a peripheral wall and slot means in the form of at least one slot in the body and block means of hard cemented metal carbide in said slot means in the form of at least one block; said slot means being closed on the bottom and the sides and open at the top and at one end intersecting said peripheral wall so as to have at least one open end accessible from the side of said body, said slot having the same width from end to end between said sides in any given transverse plane, said sides of the slot converging toward the open top of the slot, said block being insertable axially into said slot and substantially filling said slot with a portion of the block projecting beyond the open top of the slot, the sidewalls of said block converging toward said portion of the block at substantially the same angle as the sides of said slot and engaging the said sides of the slot when the block is disposed in the slot, the bottom end of said block opposite said portion thereof engaging the bottom of said slot, the sidewalls of said block being spaced farther apart in any given transverse plane than the sides of the slot located in the same plane prior to mounting the block in the slot whereby the block has an interference fit in the slot, and key means disposed between said block and said body at one side of said block and engaging both said block and said body and locking the block to the body to prevent movement of the block longitudinally of the slot.

2. The combination according to claim 1 in which at least one sidewall of said block has recess means extending laterally into a sidewall thereof near the bottom of the sidewall, said body having bore means registering with said recess means when said block is disposed in'said slot, and said key means comprising steel plug means fixed in said bore means and projecting therefrom into said recess means.

3. The combination according to claim 2 includes welding fixing said plug means in said bore means.

4. The combination according to claim 1 in which said key means is in the form of steel rod means disposed between at least one sidewall of the block and the adjacent side of the slot and at an angle to the length of the slot, said one sidewall of the block and the adjacent side of said slot having registering groove means therein closely receiving said rod means.

5. The combination according to claim 4 which includes connecting means fixing said rod means to at least one of said block and said body.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US993972 *May 23, 1910May 30, 1911Twentieth Century Drill CompanyDrill-bit.
US1428415 *Mar 22, 1921Sep 5, 1922Josaph Brossoit JamesDrill bit
US2030576 *Jul 28, 1932Feb 11, 1936Charles EricksonReplaceable bit rock drill
US2205238 *Jun 19, 1939Jun 18, 1940Burt Joseph HCable tool
US2215948 *Jan 23, 1939Sep 24, 1940Ingersoll Rand CoDrilling tool
US2529788 *Jul 6, 1948Nov 14, 1950Signell Carl ADrill
US2575438 *Sep 28, 1949Nov 20, 1951Kennametal IncPercussion drill bit body
US3006424 *Apr 20, 1959Oct 31, 1961Sandvikens Jernverks AbRock drill bits and cutting inserts therefor
US3052310 *Aug 31, 1959Sep 4, 1962Kinzbach Robert BCombined reamer and drill string stabilizer
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4057294 *Aug 1, 1975Nov 8, 1977The Cincinnati Mine Machinery CompanyWedge arrangement for removably affixing a work tool or work tool holder to a base member on mining, road working or earth moving machinery, and the like
US4261620 *Oct 30, 1979Apr 14, 1981Carmet CompanyTapered lock pin for a cutter tool bit
US4265325 *Oct 1, 1979May 5, 1981Canadian General Electric Company LimitedPercussion rock bit
US4271917 *Apr 9, 1979Jun 9, 1981Syndrill Products Joint VentureLocking device for hard metal inserts
US4276788 *Mar 17, 1978Jul 7, 1981Skf Industrial Trading & Development Co. B.V.Process for the manufacture of a drill head provided with hard, wear-resistant elements
US5678645 *Nov 13, 1995Oct 21, 1997Baker Hughes IncorporatedMechanically locked cutters and nozzles
US5906245 *Oct 21, 1997May 25, 1999Baker Hughes IncorporatedMechanically locked drill bit components
US8662208 *Jan 25, 2011Mar 4, 2014American National Carbide Co.Downhole cutting tool, cutting elements and method
US8727043 *Jun 11, 2010May 20, 2014Smith International, Inc.Cutter assemblies, downhole tools incorporating such cutter assemblies and methods of making such downhole tools
US9683410Apr 11, 2014Jun 20, 2017Smith International, Inc.Cutter assemblies, downhole tools incorporating such cutter assemblies and methods of making such downhole tools
US20100314176 *Jun 11, 2010Dec 16, 2010Smith International, Inc.Cutter assemblies, downhole tools incorporating such cutter assemblies and methods of making such downhole tools
US20110308865 *Jan 25, 2011Dec 22, 2011American National Carbide Co.Downhole cutting tool, cutting elements and method
DE3004568A1 *Feb 7, 1980May 7, 1981Carmet CoSchneidwerkzeug mit einem auswechselbaren hartmetall-schneideinsatz
EP0101096A1 *Aug 13, 1979Feb 22, 1984De Beers Industrial Diamond Division (Proprietary) LimitedCore and oil-well drill bits
U.S. Classification175/420.1, 175/420
International ClassificationE21B10/46, E21B10/58
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/58
European ClassificationE21B10/58
Legal Events
Sep 16, 1985AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Effective date: 19850909
Sep 16, 1985ASAssignment
Effective date: 19850909