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Publication numberUS3568199 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 2, 1971
Filing dateApr 7, 1967
Priority dateApr 7, 1967
Publication numberUS 3568199 A, US 3568199A, US-A-3568199, US3568199 A, US3568199A
InventorsWilliam R Hartness
Original AssigneeWilliam R Hartness
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Radio controlled trap shooting apparatus
US 3568199 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent William R. Hartness 207 E. Main St., Sanford, N.C. 27330 629,195

Apr. 7, 1967 Mar. 2, 1971 lnventor Appl. No. Filed Patented RADIO CONTROLLED TRAP SHOOTING APPARATUS 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 343/225, 124/32, 124/34, 325/37 Int. Cl. H04b 7/12, F41c 19/12 Field of Search 340/224,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,989,452 1/1935 Joy 124/32x 2,855,916 10/1958 Foster..... 124/32 3,348,226 10/1967 Fischer 325/37 Primary Examiner-Alvin l-l. Waring Assistant Examiner-Perry Palan Attorney-Stowe & Stowell ABSTRACT: A portable apparatus for remotely controlling the launching of disc targets. A multichannel radio transmitter.

is mounted on a scoring board and a fixed multichannel radio receiver, adapted to receive selected signals from the transmitter, is connected to target launching mechanisms to provide a trigger therefor. The desired launching mechanism is triggered by the choice of the transmitting channel over which a signal is sent.



more CONTROLLED TRAP snoormc APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF TI-IE INVENTION This invention relates generally to the art of target shooting and more particularly to apparatus for controlling the launching disc targets in trap or skeet" shooting. In skeet shooting, disc targets known as clay pigeons, are launched from a pair of target traps or houses usually designated by the terms high and low houses. In utilizing a skeet range, the shooter generally assumes, in sequence, positions at shooting stations at points around an arc joining the two trap houses. On signal from the shooter, targetsare released by the range operator from either one or the other of the houses or, in some cases,'known as doubles, from both houses simultaneously.

In the prior art, devices have been provided for manually releasing the targets on signal to operators in the houses, or for remotely releasing the targets from a fixed position remote from the houses. One of the problems associated with the fixed location operation is that the shooter is continually moving from shooting station to shooting station and, as his proximity to the operator decreases, the probability of a misunderstanding of signal with attendant mistake or delay is increased. The prior art also has included remote control devices, which are, to a degree, portable and tend to somewhat overcome the drawbacks of the fixed station type of apparatus. One of the latter type devices operates through a ground cable connected to-the target houses to provide some degree of mobility for the operator. The use of a cable, however, still imposes some drawbacks in that such a device tends to be cumbersome. There is the problem that the trailing cable may foul or hang up on obstructions in the area and the cable or insulation is subject to mechanical injury with the attendant danger of shock or failure.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION operator with complete freedom of mobility.

These and other objects and attendant advantages of this invention will become more apparent to those skilled in the art by reference to the following detailed description when viewed in light of the accompanying drawings wherein like numerals indicate like components throughout the figures thereof and wherein:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a trap shooting range in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a control board in accordance with the invention; and

FIG. 3 is a schematic view of thereceiver andactuating circuitry in accordance with the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIG. 1 of the drawings, a control board is shown held by an operator. The board has, mounted thereon, a radio transmitter 12 with an aerial 14 extending therefrom in the plane of the back of the board.

The trap range comprises a pair of-trap houses designated as a high house 16 and a low house 18 from which clay targets 20 may be ejected in a conventional manner. A plurality of shooting stations, 22 through 34, are disposed on an are extending between the houses 16 and 18 anda central shooting station 36 is disposed substantially at the center of radius of the arc. The above-described layout of the range is conventional and therefore preferred, however, other suitable arrangements could be utilized if so desired.

A radio receiver 38 is disposed substantially midway between the houses 16 and 18 for purposes to be described in greater detail below. The location of the receiver 38 is not particularly critical, however, as willbe seen hereinafter, the location illustrated is preferred from a standpoint of convenience of wiring.

Referring nowto FIG. 2, the control board 10, shown in enlarged detail, comprises a standard spring loaded clip arrangement 40 for holding scoring sheets or other similar objects to the board. The radio transmitter 12 (FIG. l) is mounted to the back surface of the board 10 through a plurality of screws 42. Signals emitted by the transmitter 12 are controlled through the medium of pushbuttons 44, 46 and 48 extending through the board 10.

Although any suitable type of radio transmitter may be used in conjunction with this invention, a small battery powered, transistorized, multiple channel unit is preferred since the weight thereof is minimal. The transmitter is preferably operated on a 27 megacycle band and with a power output of less than milliwatts so that Federal Communications operators licenses will not be required. For the purposes of this invention, a three channel or frequency capability is desired. Y I I Referring now to FIG. 3 of the drawings, the receiver 38, shown in schematic, is provided with an antenna 50 and, as with the transmitter 12 (FIG. 1), is provided with three channels for receiving radio signals of different frequencies.

The receiver may also be of the transistorized type with a superheterodyne circuit to reduce the amount of interference. The receiver may be operated from either battery power or from a regular volt line and is attached to the target launching units, preferably with standard type plug arrangements so that, on existing cable controlled units, the control cable may be unplugged and replaced by the wire from the receiver. The receiver is preferably housed in a waterproof box for purposes of protection.

Solenoid coils 52, 54 and 56, individually connected to each channel, are energized when a signal is received from the transmitter 12 (FIG. 1) on the corresponding channel. Such actuation may be accomplished through resonant reed relays, actuated by the signal received fromthe transmitter, the relays, in turn, actuating servos to close the switches. Such arrangements are well-known in the art. The high and low houses 16 and 18 are interconnected by a conductor 58 and are individually connected to switches60 and 62 through conductors 64 and 66 respectively. The switches 60 and 62 are normally biased against contacts 68 and 70 which are interconnected by a shunt 72. A switch 74 is connected to the shunt 72 by a conductor 76 and is normally biased against a neutral contact 78. The switches 60, 62 and 74 are mechanically connected to the solenoid coils 52, 5 4 and 56 respectively for actuation thereby on energization thereof. Contacts 80, 82 and 84 are disposed in opposed relationship to the contacts 68, 78 and 70 respectively and are interconnected by a power bus 86. The bus 86 is connected to. the conductor 58 by a conductor 88.

It should be obvious that forms of wiring other than that= specifically illustrated may be usedin conjunction with the invention without departing from the teaching thereof.

In operation, the operator, on signals-from the shooter, actuates the apparatus by depressing the desired button on the control board 10. For example, when a target is desired from the high house 16, the button 44 on the control board 10 is. depressed thereby transmitting, a radio signal of a first;

frequency from the transmitter 12. The signal is received by the receiver 38, which energizes the coil 52. Energization of the coil 52 closes the switch 60 against the contact 80 to complete the circuit from the bus 86' through the conductor 64 to the high house 16 thereby triggering the trap or launching mechanism therein and firing a target 20 from the high house. When a target from the low house 18 is desired, the button 48 is depressed sending a signal of a second frequency from the transmitter 12. This signal is received by the receiver 38 and the coil 56 is energized thereby. Energization of the coil 56 closes the switch 62 against the contact 84 thereby completing the circuit between the bus 86 through the conductor 66 to the low house and, in a manner identical to that of the high house, triggers the trap or launching mechanism to fire a target 20 from the low house 18. When doubles or simultaneous launching of targets from both the low house and the high house are desired, the button 46 is depressed sending a signal of a third frequency from the transmitter 12 for reception by the receiver 38. On receipt of the signal of the third frequency, the coil 54 is energized thereby closing the switch 74 against the contact 82 and completing the circuit between the bus and both the high house 16 and low house 18 through the shunt 72, switches 60 and 62 and conductors 64 and 66.

Since each of the above-described buttons are spring loaded, release of pressure thereon terminates the radio signal initiated thereby, thereby deenergizing the respective coils to allow the switches to return to their illustrated positions.

Launching mechanisms intended for use in conjunction with this invention are well known in the art and, since they do not constitute a portion of this invention, are not described in greater detail herein.

By utilization of the above-described invention it is readily seen that the operator is completely free to move to any position on the field with a control board which is light and freely movable. There are no wires to obstruct either the shooter or the operator and there is no danger of electrical shock to the operator. By utilization of different frequencies on adjacent ranges, interference between ranges can be avoided.

I claim:

1. A portable control device for first and second skeet traps comprising a rectangular board for supporting a score card, a radio transmitter having first, second and third transmitting channels mounted on said board, means to selectively transmit radio signals from each channel of said transmitter, a radio receiver having first, second and third reception channels corresponding to each of the channels said transmitter, power means including first, second and third normally open switches corresponding to each of the channels of said receiver actuated upon receipt of a signal by the corresponding reception channel, circuit means connecting said first switch to said first trap, said second switch to said second trap and said third switch to both of said traps for release of the trap connected thereto upon actuation of the corresponding switch, said circuit means comprises a bus having first, second and third contacts thereon, said bus being connected to both of said traps, fourth, fifth and sixth contacts opposing said first, second and third contacts respectively, a shunt between said fourth and fifth contacts, said first and second switches being normally biased against said fourth and fifth contacts and actuated to contact said first and second contacts respectively, said third switch being connected to said shunt and normally biased to contact said sixth contact, said third switch, when actuated, contacting said third contact.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1989452 *Feb 14, 1933Jan 29, 1935Joy Henry BTarget trap pulling device
US2855916 *Jul 30, 1956Oct 14, 1958Olin MathiesonGame control device
US3348226 *Aug 12, 1963Oct 17, 1967Edgar H FischerAutomaton command circuit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3677370 *Aug 19, 1970Jul 18, 1972Security Systems IncElevator alarm system
US3770981 *Apr 29, 1971Nov 6, 1973Nelsen TVoice controlled target release system
US4181911 *Feb 18, 1977Jan 1, 1980Black Billy ETarget release system
US4205589 *Nov 20, 1978Jun 3, 1980Engler Richard DWeapon control and firing system
US4230317 *Feb 10, 1978Oct 28, 1980Marvin Glass & AssociatesSound actuated competitive game apparatus
US4508093 *Mar 3, 1981Apr 2, 1985Millo BertiniTarget-pigeon launcher
US4688804 *Sep 19, 1984Aug 25, 1987Maxwell Shooting Enterprises LimitedUpstanding target structure for playing a game
US4699116 *Jan 17, 1986Oct 13, 1987John Paul FreelandMultiple arm target launcher
US5359576 *Jan 17, 1992Oct 25, 1994The Computer Learning Works, Inc.Voice activated target launching system with automatic sequencing control
US5427380 *Oct 19, 1994Jun 27, 1995Interactive Innovations, Inc.Hand-held multi-function wireless target control system
US5529310 *May 12, 1995Jun 25, 1996Interactive Innovations, Inc.Hand-held multi-function wireless target control system
US6244260 *Jan 28, 2000Jun 12, 2001Hasbro, Inc.Interactive projectile-discharging toy
US7637255Feb 28, 2007Dec 29, 2009Freeland John PTarget launcher having versatile mounting configurations
US8151726 *Oct 29, 2008Apr 10, 2012Cossaboom Jere LTraphouse safety flag
US20100101483 *Oct 29, 2008Apr 29, 2010Cossaboom Jere LTraphouse safety flag
U.S. Classification340/12.5, 340/323.00R, 124/32, 124/34, 455/92, 340/12.52
International ClassificationF41J9/18, G08C17/02
Cooperative ClassificationF41J9/18, G08C17/02
European ClassificationG08C17/02, F41J9/18