|Publication number||US3568209 A|
|Publication date||Mar 9, 1971|
|Filing date||Sep 14, 1966|
|Priority date||Sep 14, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3568209 A, US 3568209A, US-A-3568209, US3568209 A, US3568209A|
|Inventors||Krasberg Alan R, O'neill Wilber J|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
, v A I I v E' E- L 3,568,209 PROTECTIVE SUIT APPARATUS M 'mvl Filed Sept. 14, 1966 United States Patent 3,568,209 PROTECTIVE SUIT APPARATUS Wilber J. ONeill, SevernaPark, and Alan R. Krasberg, Crownsville, Md., assignors to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pa. Filed Sept. 14, 1966, Ser. No. 579,425
'Int. Cl. B63c 11/03 US. Cl. 2-2.1 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Divers wet suit includes apertures at the wrist and ankle portions thereof, with a bafile located behind each aperture. Warm water is supplied to a distributor including a manifold section having conduits connected thereto and to the respective apertures whereby heated water by virtue of the baflles is directed toward the hand and feet extremities of the diver. The distributor includes a quick disconnect feature for emergency situations and a valve section for diverting the heated water to the ambient medium in which the diver is working.
This invention in general relates to suit apparatus for protection in a hostile environment, and particularly to a protective suit system for divers.
Various methods are in use for keeping divers warm in cold water environments. In one method the diver Wears a material between the body and an outer waterproof suit and the divers heat loss is reduced by a gas or air trapped in the weave of the material. Another approach is the wet suit approach wherein the diver wears a suit of cellular material such as neoprene foam. The suit closely fits the form of the diver and a small amount of water enters between the suit and the divers skin where the water is warmed by the divers body heat to aid in keeping him comfortable.
The effective duration in water, of the wet suit ap proach, at about above freezing is in the order of one hour or less.
Other attempts at keeping a diver comportable in a cold water environment has included the pumping of hot water to an aperture in the divers suit for circulation around the divers body. However, prior attempts at hot water heating systems have failed to adequately keep a diver warm for reasonable periods of time.
It is therefore a primary object of the present invention to provide an environmental suit system for keeping a diver in relative comfort at near freezing water temperatures.
Another object is to provide a system which effectively increases the period of time which a diver may spend under water.
A further object is to provide protective suit apparatus 7 when a diver may be freed from the system with relative ease.
A further object is to provide protective suit apparatus wherein a heated fluid is supplied to the suit and wherein the diver may control the flow of the heated fluid into the system.
Briefly, in accordance with the above objects, there is provided protective suit apparatus, particularly well adapted to be used by divers, and which includes a garment such as a divers wet suit having body, arm and leg portions. Apertures are provided in the arm and leg portions,
0 "ice preferably in the vicinity of the wrist and ankle areas of the diver. Means are provided for conducting a conditioned fluid to the apertures, the conditioned fluid, for example, being hot water which is supplied to the diver via an insulated hose from a remote pumping station. Interiorly of the garment is a plurality of baflle members each located behind a respective one of the apertures for directing the conditioned fluid to the hand and foot extremities which tend to give up circulation first, to compensate for coldness.
Additional features of the apparatus include a distributing means for the conditioned fluid whereby the diver may with facility, control the fluid entering the suit, and in emergency situations disconnect himself from the fluid supply.
Special slide fastener arrangements not only allow the diver to get in and out of the suit easily but also provide for convenient fluid exits after completion of the dive.
The above stated as well as further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon a reading of the following detailed specification taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 illustrates one embodiment of protective suit apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective cut-away view partially in section of one ankle and foot area of the suit of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a perspective cut-away view, partially in section of one wrist area of the suit of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 4 illustrates the fluid distributing means of FIG. 1 in more detail.
Referring now to FIG. 1, there is illustrated, on a wearer, a garment 2 which may be a neoprene foam wet suit and which includes body portion 4, right and left arm portions 6R and 61. and right and left leg portions 7R and 7L. Protective gloves or mittens 8 may be worn by the diver and may be formed as part of, or may be tightly engaged with the suit 2.
In a preferred embodiment, each arm and leg portion includes an aperture such as apertures 13, 14, 15 and 16 respectively located in the wrist area of the right arm portion 6R, the wrist area of the left portion 6L, the ankle area of the right leg portion 7R and the ankle area of the left leg portion 7L. Means are provided for conducting a conditioned fluid such as hot water to the apertures and includes a distributing means 18 into which is connected a thick insulated hose 21 through which is pumped the hot water from a remote station. A plurality of small diameter hoses 24 to 27 connect the distributing means 18 with a respective one of the apertures 13 to 16 whereby heated water entering the distributing means 18 is conducted directly to the wrist and ankle areas of the suit 2. The hoses 24 to 27 may be secured to the garment 2 such as by gluing, sewing or by fasteners, or may actually be built into the suit 2 as conduits.
To allow the diver to get in and out of the suit 2 easily, there is provided a slide fastener 30 arrangement. The fastener 30 extends downwardly along the right and left sides of the front of the body portion 4 and extends across the back of the body portion in a continuous manner. Thusly, the upper part of the entire suit may he slid over the divers chest, head and arms after which he may easily step out of the suit.
Since the divers extremities tend to give up heat at a faster rate than the rest of his body, means are provided for directing the heated water initially to the divers hand and foot area andto this end reference should be made to.FIGS.2and 3.1
FIG. 2 is a cut-away partial cross section of an inside of the suit and consequently the heated water entering at aperture 1 6"is forced downwardly where it emerges at the bottom of the baflle member 32. as indicated by the arrows. As shown in FIG. 2, the heated water is conducted via hose 27 to the aperture '16 where it is then forced toward the lower section of'the suit leg. After heating of the divers foot and toe extremities the water then flows up over the divers legsinto the body portion of the suit 2 to anyconvenient dump port (not shown).
At the termination of a dive and afterthe diver has emerged from the water, the suit 2 is filled with the heated water and to this end, asillustrated in FIG. 2, slide fastener 45 is located in. the lower part of the foot portion ;of the suit 2 so that when opened, the remaining heated I water within .thezsuitmaydrain out. For convenience a slide fastener such as 45 may be located in the lower part i of each leg' portion of the suit 2.
In a manner similar to the baffle arrangement of FIG. 2,
heated water entering the suit 2 at the wrist areas is forced toward the divers hands'and fingers'and thence up the divers arms to a convenient dump port. FIG. 3 illustrates I in cut-away partial cross section a view looking inside the suit2 in the vicinity of the wrist area ofthe right arm portion 6K ofsuit 2. Located behind the aperture 13 is fabatfie member4 'which may be secured to the suit as 1 indicated by the ridge portion 42 so that heated water entering the aperture 13 .is forced toward the divers extre'mities as indicated by the arrow. (The protective mitten .or glove worn in conjunction with the suit is not shown.)
FIG. 4illustrates in somewhat more detail one type of i distributor means 18 which may be utilized. The dis- 'tributing means 18 is preferably worn in the hip area and includes avalve section 50 having an inlet end 52 to which is connected the insulated hose 21. The valve sectiorr50 is operable by means of diver operated lever 54 to direct the incoming heated water through the coupling Y section 58 toQthe manifold section 62, or to divert the incoming heated water. directly .out aperture 55 to the surrounding water medium. Intermediate these two extremities, the lever 54 may be manipulated so that a portionof the incoming heated water is diverted to the qsurrounding medium and the remainder is channeled "through to the manifoldlsection 62. i
In someemerrency situations it will be necessary that the diver disconnect himself from the system which sup- Q plies the heated waterrln order to facilitate this maneuver, the couplingsectionss is preferably of the common twopart] quick disconnect variety.
l The manifold sections 62 includes a plurality of outlets 63 to- 66: to whi'ch are attached the small diameter hoses .24 to 27,.respectively, so that the incoming heated water L entering the manifold section 62 may be conducted to the apertures associated with the arm and leg portions of the suit 2.
Although the present invention has been described with "a certain degree of particularity, it is obvious that various modifications may be made in the light of the above teachings; For ,example, the number or position of the various apertures serving as conditioned fluid inlets may bevaried. t It has beenmentioned that suitably located dump port or iportsserve as an outlet means for the conditioned fluidywith a diving wet suit including a hood portion the Iconditioned fluid outlet may be etfectively between the divers face mask and the hood portion. It is also obvious that although the present invention has been described with respect to a diver in conjunction with heated water, the protective suit apparatus may be used in other hostile environments and the conditioned fluid may be a gas or liquid other than water, and may be supplied, where tech nology allows, by a diver associated portable unit.
Although dump ports have been indicated, suggesting an open circuit arrangement, a remote supplied, or selfcontained closed circuit fluid arrangement may be provided.
What is claimed is:
1. Protective suit apparatus for use in a hostile environment comprising:
(a) a garment adapted to be worn by a user and including body, arm and leg portions;
(b) each said arm and leg portion including respective apertures located at the wrist and angle areas of said arm and leg portions;
(0) distributing means having an inlet section for receiving a conditioned fluid and a manifold section for conducting said conditioned fluid to each said aperture; and
(d) baflle means located behind a respective one of said apertures interiorly of said garment for directing said conditioned fluid to the hand and foot extremities of the user.
2. A diving suit as claimed in claim 1 and further comprising slide fastener means extending from one side of the chest of said torso portion downwardly and across the back and then upwardly to the other side of the chest of the torso portion.
3. Protective suit apparatus comprising:
(a) a garment adapted to be worn by a user and including body, arm and leg portions;
(b) fluid conducting means extending along said arm and leg portions;
(c) said fluid conducting means being for conduction of a conditioned fluid;
(d) fluid distributing means having an inlet section for receiving said conditioned fluid, and a plurality of outlets communicative with said fluid conducting means;
(e) said fluid distributing means including a valve section for selectively diverting the incoming conditioned fluid to the surrounding ambient medium in which the user is immersed; and
(f) each said fluid conducting means having a fluid discharge aperture in the vicinity of the extremities of said arm and leg portions and disposed relative to said suit and said user such that said conditionedfluid is discharged to flow between said suit and said user.
4. A diving suit comprising a body-enveloping garment of flexible material having neck, torso, arm and leg portions, a control unit adjacent said suit and connected to a source of warm fluid, first flexible conduit means extending from said control unit over the torso portion terminating adjacent the wrists thereof, second flexible conduit means extending from said control unit on the leg portions terminating adjacent the ankles thereof, the ends of said first and second conduit means being open into the suit and manually operable valve means on said control unit for regulating the flow of warm fluid from said source to said conduits, said valve having an inlet connected to said source of Warm fluid, a first outlet connected to said conduit means and a second outlet for discharge from the valve, and manually operable means on said valve for selectively connecting said inlet and said outlets whereby the quantity of fluid flowing into said conduit means is controlled.
5. A one-piece body-enveloping garment as claimed in claim 4 wherein said slide fastener means has a continuous path downwardly from one side of the upper chest of the torso portion around one side in a generally elliptical path, across the back, and around the other side of the torso portion in a generally elliptical path and upwardly to the other side of the upper chest. I
6. A one-piece body-enveloping garment comprising flexible material providing neck, torso, arm and leg portions, and slide fastener means extending from one side of the chest of said torso portion downwardly and across the back and then upwardly to the other side of the chest of the torso portion.
6 Ackerman 2-81 Rodert 2-81X Browne 2-2.1(X) Klein et al 2-81(X) Bonin 2-81 Shaw et al 2--82(X) Wiswell 22.1 Rzeminiecki 2-81 FOREIGN PATENTS Australia 2-2 RICHARD J. SCANLAN, JR., Primary Examiner
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4194247 *||Oct 31, 1977||Mar 25, 1980||East Wind Industries, Inc.||Wearable ventilation system|
|US4274759 *||Feb 12, 1979||Jun 23, 1981||Diving Unlimited International, Inc.||Non-return hot water diving suit|
|US4965886 *||Apr 13, 1989||Oct 30, 1990||Agence Spatiale Europeenne||Pressurized spacesuit fitted with variable pressure gloves for improved dexterity|
|US5014355 *||Sep 29, 1989||May 14, 1991||Technical Innovations, Inc.||Disposable environmental control suit|
|US5255390 *||Dec 3, 1992||Oct 26, 1993||Chem-Tex Corporation||Gas ventilated garment having a low gas consumption valving configuration|
|US5429534 *||Mar 25, 1994||Jul 4, 1995||Cano; Mario F.||Personal watercraft garment heating system|
|US5584735 *||Jan 24, 1996||Dec 17, 1996||Mcmath; John W.||Warm water supply system|
|US5697396 *||Nov 1, 1995||Dec 16, 1997||Kamitani; Shigeki||Air feed valve and exhaust valve to be attached to an underwater suit|
|US7302808||Oct 4, 2005||Dec 4, 2007||Wilcox Industries Corp.||Cooling module and central shaft, hydration module and improved garment penetrator therefor|
|U.S. Classification||2/2.17, 219/211|
|International Classification||B63C11/28, B63C11/04, B63C11/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B63C11/04, B63C11/28|
|European Classification||B63C11/28, B63C11/04|