|Publication number||US3568467 A|
|Publication date||Mar 9, 1971|
|Filing date||Aug 21, 1968|
|Priority date||Aug 21, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3568467 A, US 3568467A, US-A-3568467, US3568467 A, US3568467A|
|Inventors||Ellison Bernice F|
|Original Assignee||Ellison Bernice F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 9, 1971 B. F. ELLISON 3,568,467
I ARTICLE OF JEWELRY HAVING CHANGEABLE ORNAMENTAL STONE Filed Aug. 21, 1968 MEMBER I6 #150 Mam/mam IN AN [ARR/N6, I6 NECKLACE,
moor/1 AND CUFF U/VK INVENTOR. Bernice F. Ellison ATTORNEY.
3,568,467 ARTICLE OF JEWELRY HAVING CHANGEABLE ORNAMENTAL STONE Bernice F. Ellison, 11 Aspen Road, New Rochelle, N.Y. 10804 Filed Aug. 21, 1968, Ser. No. 766,014 Int. Cl. A44c 17/02 U.S. Cl. 6329 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An article of jewelry having a mounting in which is fastened an oval member to hold a removable ornamental stone. The stone is held in place by a second oval member fitted within said first oval member and including a hinged connection to maintain the members associated while the stone is being changed.
BRIEF SUMMARY This invention relates to jewelry and is particularly concerned with an article of jewelry having a replaceable ornamental element.
Replacement of the ornamental element or stone is most desirable in jewelry as differently colored stones can then be selected for difierent arrangements. Also the changes of the stones gives an effect that the wearer owns many different pieces of jewelry.
It has been known in the prior art to provide an article of jewelry such as a finger ring with an ornamental stone that can be removed. However, such removal and possible replacement by another ornamental stone has been difficult and generally had to be effected by a jewelry expert.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an article of jewelry wherein an ornamental stone can be easily removed and replaced by a different ornamental stone.
It is another object of the invention to provide an article of jewelry having a replaceable stone wherein all elements of the article remain attached together during the replacement.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a plurality of articles of jewelry that can be used simultaneously in a plurality of applications with matching ornamental elements.
It is a still further object of the invention to provide an article of jewelry that can be easily disassembled by the wearer to replace the ornamental element and give the appearance of a permanent installation when worn.
These and other objects will be apparent from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a plan view of an article of jewelry embodying the drawing;
FIG. 2 is a section view through lines 22 of FIG. 1 turned 90 showing the elements of the invention enlarged over the FIG. 1 showing;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a mounting member of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of another mounting member of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the article shown in FIG. 1 with the mounting shown in open position and the ornamental stone removed;
FIG. 6 is a modification of the article of jewelry utilized with an earring and a necklace;
FIG. 7 is another modification of the article of jewelry utilized with a shoe.
nited States Patent DETAILED DESCRIPTION In FIG. 1 the article of jewelry is a finger ring 10 that is conventional in general appearance. An ornamental stone 12 is positioned in mounting 14 by means of a first oval shaped member 16.
As more clearly shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, member 16 is a thin oval band having an opening 18 and being permanently fixed in mounting I4. Ornamental stone 12 is shown as being oval shaped as approximately half an ellipsoid so as to partially fit through member 16, but the invention is not to be considered so limited. Different shaped stones can be fitted within correspondingly shaped members in the article of jewelry as long as a fitting relationship is established. In the preferred embodiment illustrated the ornamental stone 12 has a smooth shape with its largest periphery greater in size than band 16 so that most but not all of stone 12 when inserted from the inside of ring 10 will project through opening 18.
Oval band 16 includes end portions 20 and 22. Oval band 16 also includes a front edge 24, which is in contact with stone 12 as shown in FIG. 1, and a rear edge 26. A groove 28 is formed in the inner surface of oval band 16 in edge portion 20 and adjacent edge 26. At the other end portion 22 a slot 30 is cut through band 16 adjacent edge 26.
A second oval shaped member 32 is provided to fit within first oval member 16. While first member 16 has a fairly substantial depth as shown in FIG. 1, second member 32 is considerably smaller in depth, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, and is approximately one-quarter the depth of member 16. Second member 32 is also in the shape of an oval band and has end portions 34 and 36. Along each side portion of oval band 32 a slot 38 is formed therein, each slot 38 being generally in the middle of band 32 and diametrically opposite the other slot 38.
Band 32 fits closely within band 16, and end portion 34 includes a tab or protuberance 40 that projects outwardly along the longitudinal line of band 32. When band 32 is fitted within band 16, tab 40 is forced into groove 28 to lock the bands together. End portion 36 of band 32 includes a tongue 42 that is bent around in a loop through slot 30 in band 16. Looped tongue 42 thereby forms a hinge permanently connecting bands 16 and 32 together when they are in juxtaposition as shown in FIG. 2.
Within the oval band 32 is mounted a tension means 44. Means 44 is a plan view as shown in FIG. 2 takes the form of an oval so as to closely fit within oval band 32. This fitting is clearly seen in FIG. 2, and as seen in FIG. 4 oval 44 has a depth that is less than oval band 32. At an intermediate area along each side portion of oval 44 projecting tabs 46 are formed, one on each side diametrically opposite each other. These tabs 46 project outwardly to fit respectively into slots 38 so that oval 44 and oval band 32 become an integral member as shown in FIG. 4. The fit is a close one so the members will stay integral, and the tabs 46 can be force fit or soldered to maintain the integration.
The side portions of oval 44 at their intermediate area each comprise a fiat section 48 on either side as shown in FIG. 2. Each fiat section 48 is in alignment with and attached to the tongue 46 so that from a side view, as seen in FIG. 4, the tongues 46 and flat sections 48 are aligned within oval band 32. Extending from the fiat sections 48 the adjacent part of the oval 44 projects outwardly in identical arced sections 50 in a direction toward the front of the ring when the oval bands 16 and 32 are locked together, and the remainder of the oval 44 forms identical end sections 52 that extend in parallel alignment with band 32 but spaced therefrom. The sections 50 and 52 have an outer peripheral oval shape that is of a smaller size than the inner peripheral oval shape of band 32, and it will be seen from FIG. 2 that a gap 54 is formed therebetween at either end. Sections 50 and 52 are formed of resilient metal and will exert a biasing action when they are pressed against the back of stone 12 as the oval bands 16 and 32 are locked together. This resilient compression of tension means 44 keeps stone 12 tightly forced outwardly so that a safe and permanently appearing mounting is provided.
In use an article of jewelry is provided which enables the wearer to easily change the ornamental stone therein. It is a very desirable feature to be able to change the stones in articles of jewelry so as to provide the effect of owning many pieces of jewelry or to match with the color of clothing. In the preferred embodiment of a finger ring a number of stones of different color or type would be available for each ring. If the wearer wanted to change the stone, pressure is applied to the front of the stone, such as by pushing with the ball of the thumb until the tab 40 is forced out of groove 28 and oval band 32 swings open to the position shown in FIG. 5. Stone '12 is then lifted out through the inside of the ring, and a different stone of the same size is then inserted in oval band 16. Band 32 is then swung back into place until tab 40 locks in groove 28 whereby the new stone is pressed firmly in place. This is an extremely easy procedure and yet provides a safe and secure mounting for the stone.
Oval band 32 also includes another tab 56 adjacent tab 40 but projecting toward the rear of the ring as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. Tab 56 provides an additional method of opening and closing the lock between elements 2 8 and 40. Tab 56 can be operated by a fingernail pressing thereon to engage the lock, and conversely tab 56 can be operated by slipping a fingernail underneath to lift it up to unlock elements 28 and 40.
It is to be understood that the article of jewelry described need not be a finger ring. The inventive concept described hereinbefore of having an ornamental element, such as a precious or semi-precious stone, easily removable, can be incorporated in other pieces of jewelry, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7. The mechanism shown in FIGS. 1-4 comprising elements 16, 32 and 44 can be incorporated in the mounting 60 of an earring as shown in FIG. 5 on which is mounted the conventional ear attaching means 62. A simular use could be in a necklace 64 where a plurality of mountings 65 embody the invention. Although not shown, the same mounting can be made in a bracelet or brooch. A further use could be in the decorative flap 66 of a shoe 68 shown in FIG. 7. The invention heretofore described could be incorporated in a mounting 70 in the fiap 66. The operation of all these further embodiments is in the same manner as previously described in that the stone 72, as shown in FIG. 7, would be removed by pressing inwardly or involve use of a tab 40 to unlock the oval bands in the mounting. The invention is understood to be usable in both mens and womens jewelry. The rings illustrated could be mens rings or womens rings. The invention could also be used in cuff links or tie clips where it is desired to change the ornamental member.
A further important aspect of this invention is that it allows a number of articles of jewelry to be worn together with matching stones. This is very desirable, especially to women, to be able to have matching jewelry, such as earrings, necklace, and a bracelet. With this invention it is possible, for example, to select all green stones and place them in all of these articles of jewelry to be worn together as a matching ensemble, even to the extent that similar green stones can also be inserted in a pair of shoes as shown in FIG. 7 and a brooch to be worn simultaneously.
One of the most important advantages of the invention as described heretofore is the ease of changing the ornamental element, obviating the need of a jewelry expert for this purpose. During the change the locking elements 16, 32, 44 remain hinged together so that they cannot become separated or lost. Further, no special tools are needed, and the entire change can be accomplished by using the fingers.
The particular embodiments of the invention illustrated and described are to be considered illustrative only. The present invention includes such other modifications and equivalents as may readily occur to those skilled in the art, within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. An article of jewelry comprising a mounting having an opening adapted to receive an ornamental element therein, a first member secured in said mounting and having an opening in alignment with said mounting opening, a second member having a shape to fit within said first member and having a locking means on one end thereof and a pivot means on the other end thereof to be pivotally mounted on said first member, said second member having an opening for alignment with said first two openings and further having a pair of slots located diametrically apart along its sides, tension means having a smaller overall dimension than said second member so as to be positioned within said second member and including an opening in alignment with said first and second member openings, said tension means having a projecting tab on either side thereof to fit respectively into one of said slots, and portions of said tension means bending outwardly from said tabs to project beyond said second member and press against and hold said ornamental element tightly in said first member when said first and second members are locked together.
2. An article of jewelry according to claim 1, in which the projecting portions of the tension means extend initally in oppositely arced sections and then extend further to form end sections that are parallely spaced from the second member.
3. An article of jewelry according to claim 2, in which the first member, the second member and the tension means are oval shaped, the ornamental element is an oval shaped solid stone having an inner fiat surface and a changing peripheral dimension with part greater than said first member opening and the other part able to pass therethrough, and the projecting portions of said tension means abut substantially along the periphery of said flat surface to press said stone against said first member.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,182,534 5/1916 Driggott 6329 1,605,077 11/1926 Shelsey 634 1,712,171 5/ 1929 Rochas 6329 1,934,653 11/1933 Arthur 6326UX 2,316,225 4/1943 Hoffmann et al. 6329 2,733,578 2/1956 Tucker 6329 FOREIGN PATENTS 376,529 7/ 1932 Great Britain.
F. BARRY SHAY, Primary Examiner
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4488415 *||Oct 12, 1983||Dec 18, 1984||Jenkins Mary A||Ring with replaceable stones|
|US4581904 *||Dec 20, 1984||Apr 15, 1986||Lehmann Roger W||Toy jewelry item with parts movable to a hidden position|
|US4840045 *||Mar 4, 1987||Jun 20, 1989||Luc-Co., Inc.||Jewelry mounting construction|
|US4854133 *||May 8, 1986||Aug 8, 1989||Eric Irwin||Coin supports|
|US4905482 *||Feb 10, 1989||Mar 6, 1990||Gheblikian Joseph A||Finger ring with interchangeable settings|
|US6427487 *||May 5, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||Allison Morgan||Interchangeable jewelry item|
|US6701747 *||Oct 18, 2001||Mar 9, 2004||Heart & Company||Decorative articles with interchangeable modules|
|US6711915||Dec 28, 2001||Mar 30, 2004||Jonathan F. Quach||Adjustable mounting for jewelry|
|US6742359 *||Jul 17, 2002||Jun 1, 2004||Korabet Takessian||Jewelry piece with a changeable decorative article setting|
|US6907753||Oct 23, 2002||Jun 21, 2005||Silas Lieberman||Interchangeable jewelry setting|
|US7143607||Aug 27, 2003||Dec 5, 2006||Heart & Company||Jewelry article having interchangeable setting and capture module|
|US7219515||Nov 19, 2002||May 22, 2007||John Ravenstein||Earring having attachable accessory|
|US20050044891 *||Aug 27, 2003||Mar 3, 2005||Heart & Company||Jewelry article having interchangeable setting and capture module|
|US20050166634 *||Feb 17, 2005||Aug 4, 2005||Silas Lieberman||Interchangeable jewelry setting|
|WO2002080723A2 *||Mar 22, 2002||Oct 17, 2002||Silas Lieberman||Interchangeable jewelry setting|
|WO2002080723A3 *||Mar 22, 2002||Oct 16, 2003||Silas Lieberman||Interchangeable jewelry setting|
|International Classification||A44C17/02, A44C17/00|