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Publication numberUS3568895 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 9, 1971
Filing dateJul 30, 1968
Priority dateJul 30, 1968
Publication numberUS 3568895 A, US 3568895A, US-A-3568895, US3568895 A, US3568895A
InventorsPorter Alvin J
Original AssigneeProduct Design & Engineering I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing closure cap for a container
US 3568895 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Q United States Patent H 13,568,895

[72] Inventor Alvin J- Porter 3,318,494 5/1967 Porter et a1. 222/534 Minneapolis, Minn. RE26,318 12/1967 Wilson 222/534x [2]] Appl. No. 748,850 3,390,890 7/1968 Kurtz 285/111X [22] Filed July 30, 1968 3,393,817 7/1968 Meierhoefer 215/ 1 1.2 [45] Patented Mar. 9, 1971 Prime v ry Exammer-Samuel F. Coleman [73 1 Asslgnee {is Engmeermg Assistant Examiner-Norman L. Staclk, Jr.

neapo Attorney-Wicks & Nemer' [54] DISPENSING CLosU-RE CAP FOR A CONTAINER ABSTRACT: A dispensing closure cap including a base por- 3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs.

tron having an annular wall and a top portion formed with a [52] US. Cl ZZZ/534, slot together with a spout having an arm'portion tenninating in 222/536 a base with a passageway extending through said arm and said Int. Cl. base An insert for said base having an outlet formed [50] Field ofSear-ch 222/536, therethrough together with complementary socket means 67;220/(Inqu1red);215/ formed within said top portion and said insert in which the U q 'ed); 2 2/ base of said spout is mounted for pivotal movement together with means for securing the insert in the base portion with the [56] References clued arm of the spout extending through said slot, the pivotal move- UNITED STATES PATENTS ment of the spout causing said passageway of said spout to rel,726,3l5 8/1929 Rose 2221536 gister with said outlet hole of said insert or to not register 3,265,256 8/1966 Chaber et al. 222/534 whereby the outlet hole is sealed off.

It: 4 44 50 I4 35 PATENTEDHAR 919m 3568,8525

3 INVENTOR.

ALV/N J. PORTER BY C, W Jhm; Z

A T TOFFN E Y8 DISPENSING CLOSURE CAP FOR A CONTAINER SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to an improvement in closure caps for a container including at least one part which may be moved relative to another part in order to obtain a dispensing and a sealing action generally of the type found in US. Pat. Nos. 2,793,795 and 3,318,494. r

In a plastic closure cap which is screwed onto the neck of a container it is highly preferable to have the outer cap portion made of a relatively hard plastic which resists rupture, which mounts movable parts more effectively, and is easier to grip with the fingers. The outer cap portion is generally screwed onto the neck of a container, and a sealing engagement is made between the inner surface of the top of the cap and the upper edge of the neck of the container. However, with the hard plastic material of the outer cap portion a sealing engagement with the neck of the container is not completely effective. If the outer cap portion is molded of a softer material to give better sealing contact with the neck of the container, it is with a loss of the benefits of the harder plastic outer cap as mentioned above.

It is an object of the invention to provide a dispensing cap having an outer cap portion which may be formed of a relatively hard plastic and an insert formed of a softer and more pliant plastic which allows an effective sealing contact with the upper edge of the neck of a'container and which carries partial socket means for the base end of a pivotable spout, the partial socket means complementary to partial socket means formed in the outer cap portion. The partial socket means of the insert being pliant provides effective sealing engagement with the base end of a pivotal spout constructed of a material of less pliancy. It is a further object to provide an insert having an outlet hole with which the passageway of the spout is aligned for dispensing or misaligned to accomplish a sealing function of the outlet hole.

These and other more detailed and specific objects will be disclosed in g the course of the following specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1. is a top plan view of a container cap embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view on the-line 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view identical to FIG. 2 but with the spout moved to an open position and the frangible sealing member removed;

FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of the insert removed from the cap;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of the insert and the cap;

FIG. 6 is a top plan view of the insert; and

FIG. 7 is a bottom plan view of the cap with the insert and spout member removed.

Referring to the drawings in detail, the cap A includes the base portion 10 which includes theinte rnally threaded circular wall 12. The top peripheral edge of the wall 12 terminates in the annular right angularly disposed partial top wall 14 which terminates radially inwardly in the circular wall 16 concentric with the wall 12. The upper edge of wall 16 terminates in the top 18 parallelly disposed to the partial top wall 14. The top 18 is formed with the slot 20 extending on a diameter thereof. Formed on the underside of the top 18 and adjacent the edge of the slot 20 is the first partial annular socket portion 22 and opposite the partial socket portion 22 is the companion or second partial annular socket portion 24. The base portion may be made from a relatively hard plastic such as polypropylene which resists rupture and effectively mounts the movable spout hereinafter described.

The numeral 26 designates an insert which includes the main disc body 28. The disc body 28 has formed therein the semispherical socket formation 30 which is offset from the center of the main disc body. The axis of the socket portions 22 and 24 is common with the axis of the companion socket 30 when the insert 26 is in operative position within the base portion 10 as hereinafter described. Formed in the center of the socket 30 is the outlet hole 31.

The insert 26 further includes the annular peripheral relatively thin flange 32 extending radially outwardly from the main disc body 28. Depending from the underside of the insert 26 is the orienting pin 34. The insert 26 also includes the upstanding lug 35 the width of which is substantially the width of the slot 20.

The insert 26 may be formed of a plastic which is more pliant than that of the base portion 10 such as polyethylene whereby an effective sealing contact is made with the neck of a container threadedly engaged with the threads of the base 10. The annular top wall 14 has formed in the underside thereof the annular recess 36 formed of the bottom surface 38 and the right-angularly disposed edge surface 40. The lower edge of the annular edge surface is formed with the annular head 42 which has a relatively small cross-sectional dimension. The diameter of the annular edge surface of the recess 36 is equal to the diameter, of the insert 26 with the thin flange folded down upon and parallel with the annular edge 29 of the disc body 28. The insert 26 is secured in the recess 36 by forcing the flange 32 over the annular head 42 and causing the thin flange to be folded upon the edge 29 with the edge of flange 32 into engagement with the bead 42. As a result the insert 26 is securely mounted in the cap body 10. The area between the bead 42 and the surface 38 forms a recess for the flange 32 of the insert.

The numeral 44 designates a spout which includes the substantially spherical base portion 46 from which extends the arm portion 48. Extending through the base portion 46 and the arm portion 48 is the outlet passageway 50. The spout 44 may be made of a material of less pliancy than the insert whereby effective sealing is made between the base 46 and the socket 30 of the insert. The outlet hole 31 of the insert 26 is sealed by means of the plug 52. The plug 52 is attached at its lower end at the periphery thereof as at y by a thin frangible connection. Thus with the plug 52 in place material cannot flow through the spout and sealing is not dependent on contact of the spherical base portion with the socket 30.

The spherical base portion 46 of the spout 44 is formed with the recess 54 into which the plug 52 fits. The recess 54 is positioned in the base 46 so that when the spout 44 is in its lowermost or closed position as in FIG. 2, the plug 52 is in the recess 54. In assembly of the cap the arm 48 of the spout is positioned upwardly through the slot 20 with the semispherical base 46 up against the partial socket portions 22 and 24 with the arm portion 48 positioned upon the corner end edge 56 of the slot 20 as in FIG. 2. The insert 26 is then forced into the inside of the cap inwardly to a point against the bottom surface 38 of the recess 36 with the annular flange 32 folded over and urged upon the edge 29 with the lower outer edge of the flange abutting the annular rib 42. With the insert 26 forced into place over the bead 42, the semisocket 30 is forced into pressure engagement with the base portion 46 of the spout thus holding the spout up against the socket portions 22 and 24. The flange 32 also tends to urge outwardly upon the annular surface 40. i

As the insert is inserted into position as above, the plug 52 is extended up into the recess 54 as in FIG. 2. When the insert 26 is moved up into position, the lug 35 fits up intothe slot 20 thereby aligning the insert relative to the slot.

When the spout 36 is initially pivot-ed from the position of FIG. 2 to that of FIG. 3, the plug 52 is. broken from its frangible connection upon the hole 31 by means of the wall of the recess 54 contacting and being forced against the plug. As the plug is severed, it is carried captive and away from the outlet hole 31 and within the recess 54 by the turning movement of the wall of the recess upon the plug. The recess 54 may be positioned so that it opens upon the slot 20 whereby the severed plug may be removed from the recess. The recess 54 is so positioned, relative to the outlet hole 31 that when the recess 54 is in the positionof FIG. 3, the passageway 50 is in alignment with the outlet hole 31 whereby the contents of a container (not shown) attached to cap A can flow outwardly through the spout 44. The cap A is closed by returning the spout 44 to the position of FIG. 2 whereby the passageway 50 and hole 31 are out of alignment. With the aforementioned construction the cap is easily and securely assembled by first positioning the spout in place and then inserting the insert which maintains the spout in place. The small annular rib 42 adequately maintains the insert in locked operative position and additionally the bead is capable of being molded as part of the cap base portion due to its small cross-sectional dimension.

lclaim: l. A dispensing closure cap comprising: a. a base for securement to the neck of a container including an annular wall; b. a top portion; c. said top portion having a slot; d. a spout including an arm portion terminating at its inner end in a base;

e. said arm and base having a passageway extending therethrough;

f. an insert for said base including a substantially flat body having:

g. an outlet hole extending therethrough;

h. means for pivotally mounting said base of said spout between said top portion and said insert with said arm portion of said spout extended through said slot;

'. means for securing said insert within said base whereby said spout may be pivoted from a position with said passageway out of alignment with said outlet hole to seal said outlet hole to one of alignment with said outlet hole to allow flow through said outlet hole and said passageway;

j. said base of said spout being spherical in formation;

k. said means for pivotally mounting said spout base between said top and said insert including a socket formation in said top portion of said base;

1. said means for securing said insert within said base including recess means formed on the inner surface of said base in which the edge of said insert body is positioned; and

m. said insert body having a thin flange extending from the edge thereof and foldable upon the edge of said insert body when said insert body is positioned within said recess means.

2. The device of claim 1 in which said means for pivotally mounting said spout base further includes a socket formation in said insert complementary to said socket formation of said top portion and in which said base of said spout is positioned.

3. A dispensing closure cap comprising:

a. a base for securement to the neck of a container including an annular wall;

b. a top portion;

0. said top portion having a slot;

d. a spout including an arm portion terminating at its inner end in a base;

e. said arm and base having a passageway extending therethrough; I

f. an insert for said base including a substantially flat body having:

g. an outlet hole extending therethrough;

h. means for pivotally mounting said base of said spout between said top portion and said insert with said arm portion of said spout extended through said slot;

i. means for securing said insert within said base whereby said spout may be pivoted from a position with said passageway out of alignment with said outlet hole to seal said outlet hole to one of alignment with said outlet hole to allow flow through said outlet hole and said passageway;

j. said means for securing said insert within said base including recess means formed on the inner surface of said base in which the ed e of said insert body is positioned' and k. said insert bo y having a thin flange extending from the edge thereof and foldable upon the edge of said insert body when said insert body is positioned within said recess means.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1726315 *Dec 24, 1927Aug 27, 1929Rose Charles MClosure and pouring device for containers
US3265256 *Sep 16, 1964Aug 9, 1966Ronson CorpSpout structure
US3318494 *Oct 4, 1965May 9, 1967Product Design & Engineering IDispensing closure cap for container having frangible sealing means
US3390890 *Sep 16, 1966Jul 2, 1968Clow CorpPush-joint and gasket for cast pipe
US3393817 *Apr 12, 1965Jul 23, 1968Abbott LabSealed feeding bottle assembly
USRE26318 *Nov 2, 1962Dec 5, 1967Polytop CorporationWilson closure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3751787 *Feb 1, 1972Aug 14, 1973Product Design & Eng IncMethod of mounting a sealing disc in a cap for a container
US4756451 *Jul 27, 1987Jul 12, 1988Polytop CorporationChild resistant closure with energy planes
US4938393 *Nov 6, 1989Jul 3, 1990The Procter & Gamble CompanyBimodal storage and dispensing package for fluent material
US5341960 *Dec 17, 1993Aug 30, 1994Aptargroup, Inc.Toggle-action dispensing closure with capture structure for severable actuation-prevention abutment
US5346100 *Jan 14, 1994Sep 13, 1994Aptargroup, Inc.Toggle-action dispensing closure with an actuation-prevention abutment and a fracture control surface
US5862963 *Aug 6, 1997Jan 26, 1999Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.Dispensing closure
US6283333Jan 17, 2001Sep 4, 2001Seaquist Closures Foreign, Inc.Toggle-action dispensing closure with an actuation-prevention abutment and a recessed striker rib
US6431416 *Oct 9, 2001Aug 13, 2002Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.Disk-type toggle-action dispensing closure, package and method of assembly
US20090255929 *Apr 21, 2009Oct 15, 2009Inoflate, LlcMethod and device for pressurizing containers
US20120129127 *Aug 12, 2010May 24, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyDevice for storing and dispensing a material and method of making such a device
USD657876Apr 17, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyDental capsule
USD658763May 1, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyDental capsule
WO2011025665A1 *Aug 12, 2010Mar 3, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyDevice for storing and dispensing a material and method of making such a device
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/534, 222/536
International ClassificationB65D47/04, B65D47/30
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/305
European ClassificationB65D47/30B