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Publication numberUS3570357 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1971
Filing dateFeb 5, 1970
Priority dateFeb 8, 1969
Publication numberUS 3570357 A, US 3570357A, US-A-3570357, US3570357 A, US3570357A
InventorsAdachi Takeshi
Original AssigneeNippon Musical Instruments Mfg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electronic musical instrument with a touch reponsive dc voltage generator
US 3570357 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 72] [mentor T k hi Ad hi Primary ExaminerMilton O. Hirshfield Hamamatsu, Japan Assistant Examiner-U. Weldon {211 A N 8,892 Attorney-George B. Oujevolk [22] Filed Feb. 5, 1970 [45] Patented Mar. 16,1971 [73] Assignee Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Shizuoka-ken, Japan [32] Priority Feb. 8, 1969 ABSTRACT: An electronic musical instrument capable of [33] Japan controlling a tone color of a musical tone at the time of rise of [31] 44/9107 the tone as well as the intensity of the tone in proportion to a key-depressing force so as to produce, in particular, a musical sound simulating to that produced by a wind instrument, ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT WITH A whereby the expressionability of music can be improved. The TOUCH REPON SIVE DC VOLTAGE GENERAT R said electronic musical instrument comprising a touch respon 5 Clfllms, 7 Drawing B sive DC voltage generator circuit for deriving a DC output at a 52] us. Cl 84/l.26, level in i we key-depressing force, a tone generator 84/1 01, 34/113 34/1 19 for generating a tone, signal, means for switching said tom 51 Int. Cl own 1/02 Signal by the Output signal derived from Said DC voltage 501 Field ofSearch 84/l.01, generator circuit, tone-coloring circuit including a filter for H3, L19, L24' 1.26, 125, napp giving a musical tone color to the tone signal from said switching means, a pulse-deriving circuit for producing a pulse [56] References Cited from the DC output of said DC voltage generator circuit at the UNITED STATES PATENTS time of rise of the DC output, the intensity of the pulse being proportional to the intensity of the DC output, and a wave i i i from transducer for converting the pulse from the pulse-deriv- 3248470 4/1966 8 4/1 ing circuit into a control signal having a predetermined rising 3436466 4 1969 K S i e a 84/1 01 and decaying wave form, said filter circuit having variable im- 3507970 451970 J a e as l 8 4/1 I pedance means whose impedance is varied by and in response ones to the control signal from the wave form transducer and as a FOREIGN PATENTS result the frequency characteristic of the filter circuit being 1,164,422 9/ l 969 Great Britain 84/1 .26 carried in response to the control signal.

t 1e 17 TONE SWITCHING 835 GENERATOR CIRCUIT AMPL'F CIRCUIT I l2 TOUCH l RESPONS l VE DC. DC. VOLTAGE AMPLIFIER GENERATOR i I 1 PULSE WAVE DER l V l NG FORM CIRCUIT TRANSDUCER i l 8 l9 Patented March 16, 1971 357 V 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 S4 1; TONE 1'5 1? 17 TONE SWITCHING COLORING AMPLIFIER -m GENERATOR cI cuIT CIRCUIT TOUCH 1T REsPoNsIvE uc. VOLTAGE AMPLIFIER GENERATOR PULSE wAvE DERIVING FORM cIRcuIT TRANSDUCER m 2 I E NORMALLY I 5 CONTROL SIGNAL APPLIED .1: LL13 0 5E O RE 56 OO FREQUENCY INVENTOR.

BYXJ, 85 P/MYPKZA/ Patented: Mar ch 16, 1971 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 IIJ v i x -1 i n E ,0 .fi... W NTAW i I d W v 0 n .n w n m m u m n W 7 u u m W Y. u u m B wv. lllll L r 1w 57 Q m. 1 m w W J 7.1. o m m Tozo Q23 -T m mobmwzwo wzoh mNrllauw III-ON Patented March 16, 19 71 3,570,357

4 Sheets-Sheet. 5

INVENTOR.

Patented March 16, 1971 3,570,357

I 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.

. 14 13 16 TONE S SWITCHQINSG' TONE 17 GENERATOR CIRCUIT 8?' 85,'{ AMPL'F'ER m E TOUCH s RESPONSIVE D.C. V DC. VOLTAGE AMPLIFIER GENERATOR PULSE .wAvE DERIVING FORM CIRCUIT TRANSDUCER 18 1O 0.0. BlAS CIRCUIT 1 v 1 g i! 11 KEY TIME KEY ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT WITH A TOUCH REPONSIVE DC VOLTAGE GENERATOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to electronic musical instruments and more particularly to an electronic keyboard instrument capaisle of controlling a tone color at the time of rise of a musical sound as well as the intensity of the musical tone in proportion to a key-depressing force, thereby to improve musical expressionability.

A usual electronic keyboard instrument in which musical sounds are produced merely by switching the electrical system to ON and OFF positions in response to key depressing and releasing operations tends to produce musical sounds which are plain in terms of tonal intensity and color, and thus lacks, for example, powerfulness and sharpness with the result that expression" of music is inferior.

in order to solve this problem, it has been proposed to control a tone intensity in proportion to a key-depressing force. This, however, is not yet entirely satisfactory, while in a wind instrument a tonal color should be controllably changed as well as a tonal quality depending upon a blowing force.

summary of THE INVENTION The object of this invention is to provide an electronic musical instrument provided with means to control a tone color of a musical tone at the time of rise of a musical tone as well as the intensity thereof in response to the force with which the key is depressed (struck). Another object of this invention is to provide an electronic musical instrument having means to control a tone color of a musical tone during the sustaining time thereof together 2. Descriptin tone intensity. The invention thus provides an electronic keyboard instrument comprising a touch responsive DC voltage generator circuit for deriving a DC output at a level responsive to a key-depressing force, a tone generator for generating a tone signal, means for switching said tone signal by the output signal derived from said circuit, a tone-coloring circuit including a filter circuit for giving a musical tone color to the tone signal from said means, a pulse-deriving circuit for producing a pulse from the DC output of said DC voltage generator circuit at the time of rise of the DC output, the intensity of the pulse being proportional to the intensity of the DC output, and a waveform transducer for converting the pulse into the control signal having a suitable rising and decaying waveform, said filter circuit having variable impedance means whose impedance is varied by and in response to the control signal and as'a result the frequency characteristic of the filter circuit being varied in response to the control signal.

BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a block diagram showing one embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2A is a detailed circuit diagram with waveforms plified by a DC amplifier 12 and then impressed to a switching circuit 13 thereby to control the switching action of the circuit 13. The switching circuit 13 is connected to the output terminal of a tone generator 14 which produces a tone signal, and is controlled by the DC output such that a predetermined tone signal is obtained at the output terminal thereof at such a level that is proportional to the amplified DC output. The tone signal sent to the output terminal of the switching circuit 13 is supplied to a tone-coloring circuit 15, which modifies, for example, a harmonic component of the tone signal and produces a sound signal having a certain tone color, which is converted into a musical sound after being amplified by an amplifier 16 and emitted from a speaker 17. The DC output from the DC voltage generator 11 is also supplied to a pulse deriving circuit 18 which may be of a known type such as includes a differentiation circuit. Said circuit 18 detects the rise of the DC output to generate a pulse having a peak value proportional to the level of the output thus detected. The pulse is fed tonecoloring a known waveform transducer 19 including such as an integration circuit and conerted into a control signal having a waveform with a certain decay, the control signal then being supplied to the tone-coloring circuit 15. The frequency characteristic of the tone-olorig circuit 15 comprising, for example, a filter circuit as will be described later, is varied by and in response to said control signal in such a manner that the tone color of a sound emitted from the speaker 17 may be varied.

therein showing atone color control section of a tone-coloring DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In FIGS. I, 2A and 2B, a touch responsive DC rotary generator Ill derives a DC output having a level proportional to a key-depressing force as long as the key is depressed. A preferred example'is shown in FIG. 28 with a reference numeral 11, but this may be of any other conventional circuits which has the same or similar function. The DC output is am- In an electronic instrument of the arrangement described, a DC output at a level proportional to a key-depressing force can be obtained from the DC voltage generator 11, and the DC output thus obtained is impressed to the switching circuit 13 through the DC amplifier 12, so that a predetermined tone signal generated at the tone generator 14 is introduced to the output terminal of the switching circuit 13 at a level in response to a key-depressing force. The tone signal emitted from the switching circuit is converted into a sound signal having a suitable musical tone color after being supplied to the tone-coloring circuit 15, an further converted into a sound after being sent to the speaker 17 via the amplifier 16. The DC output from the voltage generator ll is, on the other hand, branched to be supplied to the pulse-deriving circuit 18. The pulse-deriving circuit 18 detects the rise of the DC output of the voltage generator 11 and produces a pulse having a peak value which is in proportion to the level of the voltage. After conversion of the pulse into a control signal by the waveform transducer 19 in the manner described above, the control signal is transmitted to the tone-coloring circuit 15 to vary the frequency characteristic thereof. Thus, a soud emitted from the speaker 17 will have a tone which varies in proportion to a key-depressing force at the time of rise of the sound. journal later waveforms The tone-coloring circuit 15 which has a novel and (F ET). The162ln important function in this invention is also shown in detail in FIG. 2A as one preferred example. Between an input terminal 20 and a common terminal 21 of the circuit 15 is connected a first resistor 33. Between said input terminal 20 and an output terminal 22 is connected a series circuit of a coil 25 and a second resistor 26. A first condenser 27 is connected between a common junction of said series circuit and said common terminal 21, and said common junction is further connected through a second condenser 28 to a drain electrode 29 of a field effect transistor (FET).The field effect transistor (FET) has its source electrode 30 connected to said common terminal 21 and its gate electrode 31 connected to a control terminal 23 upon which the control signal generated by the pulse-deriving circuit 18 and converted by the wave form transducer 19 is impressed. I the figure, portions surrounded by broken lines corresp to those in FIG. it and are designated by the same reference numerals, together with the representation of wavorms at main portions thereof. Further, a circuit indicated by 24 shows a modification in which a DC bias circuit shown in FIG. 4 is applied.

The tone control section of the tone-coloring circuit of the arrangement shown defines a low-pass filter. Since the field effect transistor (FET) is inoperative when control signal (having positive voltage) is not supplied to the control terminal 23, the sound signal supplied to the input terminal at such a cutoff frequency as determined by the coil and the first condenser 27 will appear at the output terminal 22 (Curve A in FIG. 3). When the control signal is impressed on the control terminal 23, however, it will be impressed on the gate electrode 31 thereby to render said transistor (FET) conductive, with the result that the second condenser 28 is parallel connected to the first condenser 27 as for the capacitive component of the filter circuit. This causes the cutoff frequency in the low-pass filter to decrease, so that the sound signal introduced to the output signal 22 is so controlled that the level of its high frequency components are dropped (Curve B in FIG. 3). In this case, the level of the control signal is varied responsive to a key-depressing force, and the impedance of the transistor (FET) changes, whereby the cutoff frequency of the low-pass filter or a tone color component of the sound signal is controlled in response to the key-depressing force.

FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating a modification of the invention, in which a DC bias circuit 24 which produces a DC bias signal in proportion to the DC output from the voltage generator circuit 11 is connected in parallel with the pulsederiving circuit 18 and the wave form transducer 19. The arrangement shown generally performs a similar operation with similar results to those obtained from FIG. 1. In particular, however, the control signal impressed-on the tone-coloring circuit in the arrangement shown in FIG. 1 decays quickly as shown in FIG. 5A, so that tone color control is terminated suddenly. In contract, with the arrangement of FIG. 4, the control signal will not decay as shown in FIG. 5B, but will be maintained at a certain constant level equal to that of the DC bias signal after the attack rise by the pulse is over, until the key depression is released. Control of tone-coloring can thus be made gently for a long period of time.

In FIG. 4, portions corresponding to those in FIG. 1 are designated by the same reference numerals and a description thereof is omitted.

In the above-mentioned embodiments the filter circuit is of a construction in which the frequency characteristic curve is moved left (lowered) upon receiving the control signal, but otherwise it can also be so constructed that the frequency characteristic curve is moved right (heightened) upon receiving the control signal by those skilled in the art.

As has been described, this invention provides an electronic musical instrument in which the expressionability of music can be promoted and in particular the formation of tone color simulating to that of a wind instrument can be advantageously effected. These advantages 'can be attained, as described, by controlling tone volume of a musical sound in proportion to a key-depressing force and at the same time by controlling a tone color at the time of rise of a musical sound.

Iclaim:

1. An electronic musical instrument comprising a touch responsive DC voltage generator circuit for deriving a DC output at a level in response to a key-depressing force, a tone generator for generating a tone signal, means for switching said tone signal by the output signal derived from said DC voltage generator circuit, a tone-coloring circuit including a filter for giving a musical tone color to the tone signal from said switching means, a pulse-deriving circuit for producing a pulse from the DC output of said DC voltage generator circuit at the time of rise of the DC output, the intensity of the pulse being proportional to the intensity of the DC output, and a waveform transducer for converting the pulse from the pulsederiving circuit into a control signal having a predetermined rising and decaying waveform, said filter circuit having variable impedance means whose impedance is varied by and in response to the control signal from the waveform transducer and as a result the frequency characteristic of the filter circuit being varied in response to the control signal,

2. An electronic musical instrument as claimed in claim I in which said variable impedance means is a field effect transistor with its gate connected to the output of said transducer so as to vary the impedance of itself by the pulse applied from said transducer 3. An electronic musical instrument as claimed in claim 1 further comprising a DC bias circuit of which the input is connected with the input of said pulse-deriving circuit and the output is connected with the output of said wave form transducer for controlling said tone-coloring circuit while the key is depressed.

4. An electronic musical instrument as claimed in claim 3 in which said variable impedance means is a field effect transistor with its gate connected to the outputs of said transducer and said bias circuit so as to vary the impedance of itself by the pulse applied from the outputs of said transducer and said bias circuit.

5. An electronic musical instrument as claimed in claim 4 in which said filter circuit comprises means to vary the capacitive component of said filter circuit by the variation of the impedance of said field effect transistor.

Patent Citations
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US2215709 *Mar 9, 1939Sep 24, 1940Miessner Inv S IncApparatus for the production of music
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3626075 *Jul 8, 1970Dec 7, 1971Nippon Musical Instruments MfgTouch-responsive tone envelope control circuit for electronic musical instruments
US3886836 *Apr 19, 1974Jun 3, 1975Nippon Musical Instruments MfgElectronic musical instrument capable of generating tone signals having the pitch frequency, tone color and volume envelope varied with time
US3897709 *Apr 3, 1974Aug 5, 1975Nippon Musical Instruments MfgElectronic musical instrument
US3902392 *May 23, 1974Sep 2, 1975Nippon Musical Instruments MfgElectronic musical instrument of voltage-controlled tone production type
US3902396 *Apr 16, 1974Sep 2, 1975Nippon Musical Instruments MfgElectronic musical instrument
US3949639 *Dec 30, 1974Apr 13, 1976Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaVoltage controlled type electronic musical instrument
US3952624 *Nov 1, 1974Apr 27, 1976Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaElectronic musical instrument capable of generating tone signals having pitch frequency, tone color and volume envelope varied with time
US3954039 *Jan 30, 1975May 4, 1976C. G. Conn, Ltd.Chord selection system for a musical instrument
US3965789 *Feb 1, 1974Jun 29, 1976Arp Instruments, Inc.Electronic musical instrument effects control
US3971284 *Mar 3, 1975Jul 27, 1976Hammond CorporationPlural mode envelope generator for voltage controlled amplifier
US3986426 *Aug 28, 1975Oct 19, 1976Mark Edwin FaulhaberMusic synthesizer
US3999458 *Aug 13, 1975Dec 28, 1976Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaElectronic musical instrument having preset arrangement with one group of switches controlling two groups of memories
US4023455 *Dec 17, 1975May 17, 1977Peterson Richard HCircuit for imitating the speech characteristics of reed organ pipes
US4099439 *Jun 19, 1975Jul 11, 1978Norlin Music, Inc.Electronic musical instrument with dynamically responsive keyboard
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US4510836 *Dec 1, 1983Apr 16, 1985Allen Organ CompanyTouch sensitivity in an electronic musical instrument having non-positive attack
Classifications
U.S. Classification84/688, 984/328, 84/700
International ClassificationG10H1/053, G10H1/14, G10H1/057, G10H1/06
Cooperative ClassificationG10H1/14
European ClassificationG10H1/14