Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3570359 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1971
Filing dateNov 18, 1969
Priority dateNov 20, 1968
Publication numberUS 3570359 A, US 3570359A, US-A-3570359, US3570359 A, US3570359A
InventorsJunji Ohno
Original AssigneeNippon Musical Instruments Mfg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Key member device
US 3570359 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0 United States Patent [111357 [72] Inventor JunjiOhno [56] References Cited gmgz J p UNITED STATES PATENTS [2]] APPLNO' 4 [22] Filed Nov'l8l969 748,378 12/1903 Hughes 84/ 33 2,470,659 5/1949 Sloan 84/423 [45] Patented Mar.l6, 1971 2,764,907 10/1956 Link 84/434 [73] Ass'gnee f xabmh'k'Kasha 3,032,455 5/1962 Fauser 84/423 Shizuoka-ken, Japan [32] Priority Nov. 20, 1968 Primary Examiner-Stephen J. Tomsky [33] Japan Assistant Examiner-Lawrence R. Franklin [31] 43/100741 Attorney-George B. Oujevolk [54] KEY MEMBER DEVICE ABSTRACT: A key member device is provided with a plurality of white key members and black key members regularly arranged by a chromatic scale. Each of the black key members has protrusions sidewise extending therefrom in a manner to contact the upper or lower surface of the adjacent white key members near or at a position at which each of the key members is rotatably supported Patented March 16, 1971 I i 3,570,359

INVENTOR.

BY jib? v@52 f BACKGROUND OFTI'IE INVENTION force applied to said key member when glissando is performed than is the white key member. This obstructs smooth performance and results in mechanical noises, because the black key member thus inclined happens to contact the adjacent key members or the key frame.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of this invention is to provide a key'member device so improved as to prevent the key member from being inclined in the transverse direction thereof.

In an aspect of this invention, the key member device is provided with a plurality of white key members andblack key members regularly arranged by a chromatic scale, the upper surfaces of said black key members being higher thanthat of said white key members, each of said black key members having protrusions sidewise extending therefrom in a manner to contact the upper or lower surface of the adjacent white key members near or at a position at which each of the key members is rotatably supported on the upper edge of a supporting member.

The other objects and advantages of the present invention will be understood from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view of a key member device embodying this invention; I Y 7 FIG. 2 is a perspective view of said key member device demounted in parts, wherein only two of the key members are illustrated; I

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of another embodiment of said key member device of this invention;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a key member device modified from that of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of part of a black key member modified from those of the above-mentioned embodiments; and

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of part of a black key member still further modified from those of the above-mentioned embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIGS. 1 and 2 indicate a key member device embodying this invention, said key member device being provided with a series of so-called white key members which are used for the natural tones and a series of so-called black key members which are employed for the sharps and flats, regularly arranged by a chromatic scale in a generally known manner. The upper surfaces of the black key members are elevated higher than those of the whitekey members. In the drawings, there are illustrated only two white and black key members 1 and 2 made of plastics. Each of said key members has a V-shaped groove 3 formed in the under portion thereof in a manner to extend in the transverse direction thereof, and is swingably supported on the upper edge of a supporting frame 4 with said edge fitted into said groove 3. A coiled tension spring 5 bridges the rear end portion of said key member and the lower edge portion of said supporting frame 4 rearwardly extending from the vertical portion, so as to cause the key member to be maintained in a nonoperating position. Said supporting frame on the upper surface of the black key member 2 in a manner 4 is attached to the rear end of a key bed frame 6, to the lower portion of which islso attached a keying switch device 7 as to correspond to each of said key members. An actuator member 8 for said keying switch device 7 upwardly extends through a bore 9 formed in the key bed frame 6, and faces the lower surface of the key member, so that when the key member is v pushed down against the action of the spring 5, the actuator 8 is downwardly moved so as to cause the switch device 7 to be operated.

Said black key member 2 has protrusions 10 and 11 sidewise extending therefrom. Said protrusions 10 and 11 may consist 'of a transverse bar formed ordisposed on the lower surface of the rear portion'of said black key member 2 in a manner to extend over the width thereof and to face with a slight gap (a gap of 0.1 to 0.2 mm.) the lower surface of the adjacent white key member 1 near a position at which each of the key members is rotatably supported as already described.

Accordingly, when glissando is performed, such a force is exerted as would incline the black key member in the transverse direction thereof,'but its inclination is prevented with the protrusion 10 or 11 being engagedon the lower surface of the adjacent white key member.

FIG. 3 indicates a modification of the key member device of this invention, wherein protrusions 10a and 11a are positioned to contact or face with a slight gap the upper surface of the adjacent white key members near or at a position at which each of the key members is rotatably supported. Since the other parts of said key member device are substantially of the same form as those of FIGS. 1 and 2, here is eliminated the detailed explanation of said parts.

FIG. 4 indicates white key members 1b slightly modified from those of FIG. 3, wherein a rounded portion 13 is so formed on the upper portion of each of said whitekey members lb as to contact the protrusion 10b or 11b. Said rounded portion 13 may be formed into a transversely extending semicircular body with its center defined at a point at which the key member is tumable. When the black key member 2 is depressed, the protrusions 10b and 11b rotate concentrically around the semicircular body of the rounded portion 13, thus providing no difficulties in the rotational movement of the key member.

FIGS. 5 and 6 indicate protrusions 10c and 110, and 10d and .1111, each of which is integrally formed by bending outward the cutout portion of the same channeled metal plate, from which is fabricated each of the black key members. Said protrusions 10c and 11c are positioned on the lower edges of the sidewalls of the channel, and said protrusions 10d and 11d on the upper edges thereof.

lclaim:

l. A key member device provided with a plurality of white key members and black'key members regularly arranged by a chromatic scale, the' upper surfaces of said black key members being higher than that of said white key members, each of said black key members having protrusions sidewise extending therefrom in a manner to face the upper or lower surface of the adjacent white key members near or at a position at which each of the key members is rotatably supported on the upper edge of a supporting member.

2. The key member device claimed in claim 1 in which said protrusions are positioned on the lower surface of the rear portion of said black key member.

3. The key member device claimed in claim 1 in which said protrusions are positioned on the upper surface of the rear portion of said black key member.

4. The key member device claimed in claim 1 in which said protrusions are formed by bending outward the cutout portion of the same channeled metal plate from which is fabricated each of the black key members.

5. The key member device claimed in claim 1 in which each of said adjacent white key members has a rounded portion with its center defined at a point at which said black key member is turnable, and each of said protrusions contacts the rounded portion.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US748378 *Sep 21, 1903Dec 29, 1903Edgar M HughesOrgan-pedal.
US2470659 *Apr 19, 1946May 17, 1949Wurlitzer CoPiano key mounting
US2764907 *May 23, 1952Oct 2, 1956 Key mounting for accordions
US3032455 *Jul 5, 1957May 1, 1962Aurora CorpPlastic molding for covering musical instrument keys
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4299155 *Jun 4, 1979Nov 10, 1981Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaSupporting construction for keyboard assembly
US4474100 *Jun 15, 1982Oct 2, 1984Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaMusical keyboard
US4476769 *Dec 3, 1982Oct 16, 1984Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaKeyboard apparatus in electronic musical instrument
US4914999 *Sep 2, 1988Apr 10, 1990Yamaha CorporationKeyboard assembly for forming keyboard apparatus of electronic musical instrument
US5796023 *May 16, 1996Aug 18, 1998Yamaha CorporationKeyboard apparatus with white keys and black keys having action member driving sections at substantially the same location
US6051767 *Dec 4, 1997Apr 18, 2000Yamaha CorporationKeyboard musical instrument having key inertia device
US6051768 *May 4, 1998Apr 18, 2000Yamaha CorporationKeyboard assembly
US6087576 *Feb 20, 1998Jul 11, 2000Yamaha CorporationElectronic musical keyboard apparatus resistant to yawing forces and rolling forces
US7476795 *Jun 18, 2007Jan 13, 2009Yamaha CorporationKeyboard device for electronic musical keyboard instrument
US7544876 *Jun 18, 2007Jun 9, 2009Yamaha CorporationKeyboard apparatus of electronic keyboard instrument
Classifications
U.S. Classification84/423.00R, 84/439, 84/436, 84/433
International ClassificationG10C3/12, G10H1/34
Cooperative ClassificationG10H1/344, G10C3/12
European ClassificationG10C3/12, G10H1/34C