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Publication numberUS3571870 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 23, 1971
Filing dateMar 14, 1969
Priority dateAug 5, 1965
Also published asDE1629329B1
Publication numberUS 3571870 A, US 3571870A, US-A-3571870, US3571870 A, US3571870A
InventorsDixon Margaret Patricia, Dixon Olaf George, Fagge John
Original AssigneeCourtaulds Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for the production of crimped tow for cigarette filters
US 3571870 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventors Olaf George Dixon, deceased, late of Leamington Spa, England;

Margaret Patricia Dixson, Personal Representive, Leamington Spa; John Fagge, Huberston, Cleepthorpes, England [21 1 App]. No. 807,455

[22] Filed Mar. 14, 1969 [45] Patented Mar. 23, 1971 [73] Assignee Collrtaulds Limited London, England [32] Priority Aug. 5, 1965 [33] Great Britain Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 568,748, July 29, 1966.

[54] PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CRIMPED TOW FOR CIGARETTE FILTERS 6 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.

{52] US. Cl 28/72.14 [51] Int. Cl D02q 1/12 [50] Field of Search 28/ l .6, 72.14 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,793,418 5/1957 Pfau 28/l.6

FOREIGN PATENTS 962,516 7/1964 Great Britain 28/1 (CR) Primary ExaminerLouis K. Rimrodt Attorney-Davis, Hoxie, Faithfull and Hapgood PATENTEDMARZSISYI 357L870 f fix vmwmmems.isma smmvm.

INVENTORS Davis, Hoxie, Faithfull 8c Hapgood ATTORNEYS E TROCESS EUR TiillE ERODUCTION F CRIMPED TOW FOR (IlIGARlETTE FllLTlERS This application is a continuation-in-part of our copending application Ser. No. 568,748, filed Jul. 29, 1966.

This invention relates to the production of crimped cellulose acetate tow of a type especially suitable for the production of cigarette filters.

in the normal process for the production of cellulose acetate cigarette filters, as described for example in British Pat. 909,940, cellulose acetate is spun through a spinnerette having say 100 200 orifices. The bundles of filaments or ends" from each of a number of spinnerettes and their associated spinning cabinets" are assembled to form a tow. This tow is normally composed of filaments of about 1.5 to about denier and the denier of the tow is from about 25,000 to about 100,000. The tow is then sent to a crimping device in the form of a fiat band of say l to not more than 6- filament-diameters thickness. The width of the tow or band may vary considerably, depending on the number of ends combined. Typically it may he say 2 to 2-Vzinches wide.

Atypical crimper comprises a pair of nip rollers by which the tow is forced into a stuffing box against back pressure.

This causes the tow to crimp.

it is, of course, highly desirable that the crimp inserted in the tow be regular. in the conventional crimping process, the tow is crimped horizontally, that is to say the crimps lie in the plane of the band of tow. It has been discovered, however, that a much more uniform product is obtained if the tow is crimped vertically, that is if the crimpslie in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the tow. It is an object of this invention to provide tow which has a vertical crimp.

According to the invention vertically crimped cellulose acetate tow is obtained by feeding a band of cellulose acetate filaments each having a denier of say 1.5 to 10, the thickness of the band being not more than about 6 filament diameters, all of the filaments in the band being substantially parallel to one another and all having some degree of adherence to neighboring filaments, to a stuffing-box crimper having a width sufficient to accommodate the band and a height not more than 3/16 inch.

The adherence of the filaments one to another may be secured by a variety of methods. Thus, the nip rollers which feed the band of tow to the stuffing box crimper may be so arranged that the nip pressure is high enough to cause the adherence. Alternatively, a relatively light nip may be applied and the band of tow may be lightly plasticized it may even be sufficient in some cases to moisten the band with water when the capillary action of the adjacent fibers may be sufi'rcient to cause the individual filaments to adhere together. When the adherence is produced by the pressure of the rollers or by the application of the plasticizer, it is frequently advantageous to treat the band of filaments with steam to soften them slightly before passing through the rollers.

After the treatment to secure adherence of the filaments to one another the band is passed from the nip rollers into the stuffing box crimper which is of a smaller height than the usual stuffing box crimper. This height, that is to say the distance across the opening of the stuffing box in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the band of tow, must not be greater than three-sixteenths of an inch and is preferably about oneeighth of an inch.

Tow which has been crimped in accordance with the invendriven b driving means (not shown). On issuing from the nip of the ro lers 2 and 3 the band of filaments rs fed into the opening of the stuffing box formed .of a fixed blade 4 and a movable blade 5 pivoted at 8 on which a load is applied at 6. The band of filaments folds in the stuffing box as a result of the resistance applied by the load 6 to its egress and crimping takes place. The crimped tow is withdrawn under minimum tension for example over the guide roller 10. A steam heater i2 is provided through which steam may be passed through the inlet 13 and outlet 14 if it is desired to apply steam heating to the tow l before crimping.

Referring to H6. 2 the opening of the stuffing box is wide enough in the dimension A to accommodate the band of filaments ll without substantial folding over of the edges. According to the invention, it is not greater than 3/16 inch in the dimension B. Preferably the dimension B is about A; inch. Smaller openings can be used, but increased frictional factors make these openings less desirable. Side extensions 11 of the fixed doctor blade 4 complete the stuffing-box assembly and the pivot 8 passes through these side extensions.

it is claimed:

1. In a process for the crimping of cellulose acetate tow for cigarette filters by forcing a tow having a denier from about 25,000 to about l50,000 into a stuffer box against back pressure, the improvement which comprises maintaining the individual filament denier in said tow at from 1.5 to about 10, forming the filaments into a band having a thickness not more than about 6 filament diameters and in which the filaments are adhered to one another and delivering the band to a stuffer box having an opening wide enough to accommodate the band and not more than 3/16 inches high, to crimp said filaments in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the band.

2. A process as claimed in claim 1 in which the height of the opening of the stuffing-box crimper isone-eighth of an inch.

3. The process as claimed in claim 1 in which filaments are caused to adhere to one another by moistening the band of filaments with water.

4. The process claimed in claim 1 and comprising passing the band between a pair of feed rollers prior to delivering it to the stuffer box and maintaining the nip pressure in said feed rollers at a level sufficient to cause adjacent filaments in said band to adhere to one another.

5. The process claimed in claim 1 and comprising applying a plasticizer to the filaments and passing the band of filaments between a pair of feed rollers prior to delivering it to the stufi'er box, to cause the adjacent filaments in said band to adhereto one another.

6. The process claimed in claim l and comprising contacting the band with steam to soften the filaments thereof and passing the hand between a pair of feed rollers prior to delivering it to the stuffer box, to cause adjacent filaments to adhere to one another.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2793418 *Aug 6, 1953May 28, 1957Bachmann Uxbridge Worsted CorpCrimping of filaments
GB962516A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3949454 *Jun 13, 1972Apr 13, 1976Textured Yarn Co., Inc.Treatment of textile film strands
US4075746 *Jun 16, 1976Feb 28, 1978Kling-Tecs, Inc.Compression crimping apparatus
US5020198 *Aug 10, 1988Jun 4, 1991Filter Materials Ltd.Crimped textile fibers and stuffer box apparatus and methods for crimping textile fibers
US5316827 *Mar 7, 1991May 31, 1994Filter Materials LimitedTobacco filters
US7585441 *Jun 25, 2004Sep 8, 2009Celanese Acetate, LlcProcess of making cellulose acetate tow
US7585442 *Jun 25, 2004Sep 8, 2009Celanese Acetate, LlcProcess for making cellulose acetate tow
US20130115452 *Nov 3, 2011May 9, 2013Celanese Acetate LlcHigh Denier Per Filament and Low Total Denier Tow Bands
EP0115706A2 *Dec 29, 1983Aug 15, 1984Celanese CorporationStuffer box crimper
EP1778903A2 *Apr 26, 2005May 2, 2007Celanese Acetate, LLCCellulose acetate tow and method of making same
EP1789615A2 *Apr 26, 2005May 30, 2007Celanese Acetate LLCCellulose acetate tow and method of making same
WO2006007011A2Apr 26, 2005Jan 19, 2006Celanese Acetate LlcCellulose acetate tow and method of making same
WO2014018645A1Jul 24, 2013Jan 30, 2014R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyMixed fiber sliver for use in the manufacture of cigarette filter elements
Classifications
U.S. Classification28/265
International ClassificationD02G1/12
Cooperative ClassificationD02G1/12
European ClassificationD02G1/12