US 3572602 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 3,058,682 10/1962 Mottetal. 3,382,021 5/1968 DeWoskin.....
ABSTRACT: The dispenser includes a frame for receiving a pair of tissue rolls mounted on spindles therein and retaining same one above the other, lower release means in the form of a movable ring for retaining the lowermost tissue roll in a dispensing position, upper release means in the fonn of a double tab and intermediate slot structure for retaining the uppermost tissue roll in a reserve position, and means for actuating the lower and upper release means when the lowermost tissue roll is substantially depleted to remove the spindle for same and to lower the uppermost tissue roll to the dispensing position.
Patented March so, 1971 3,572,602
2 Sheets-Sheet RALPH BEACH MOTZ' 5/: RALPH BEACH MOTT, J/r ROBERT L. WOODS INVIBN'I'ORS Patented March 30, 1971 7 3,572,602
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 RALPH BEACH M077. 5r
RALPH BEACH MOTZ Jr.
ROBERT L. WOODS- lNVLiN'I'URS Hugduz Rave! Matthew;
ATTORNEYS rissus sou. DISPENSER CROSS REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application is an improvement over application, Ser. No. 561,995 filed Jun. 30, I966 by Ralph Beach Mott, Sr. and Ralph Beach Mott, .lr., now US. Pat. No. 3,4l6,744.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to the art of tissue roll dispensers and more particularly to the art of new and improved tissue roll dispensers.
2. Description of the Prior Art Prior art devices, such as that disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,416,744, illustrate a releasable edge means or edge retainer for a lowermost spindle and tissue roll. The edge means retains the spindle on channels formed in parallel side panels and adjacent a dispenser opening. -A pair of movable members each having releasable lock curved ends retain the edge means projecting outwardly into the channels until the movable means are actuated to release the edge means to thereby release the lowermost tissue spindle.
The prior art such as illustrated in US. Pat. No. 3,416,744, also discloses that continuous channels in the parallel side panels include a rest opening adjacent a pair of projection means. An uppermost tissue roll and spindle are retained in the channels by the projection means and as an actuation means is actuated the projection means is moved downwardly until the tissue spindle is positioned in the rest opening. With the uppermost tissue spindle positioned in the rest opening, the projection means is returned upwardly to its original position and the uppermost tissue spindle thereafter moves downwardly in the channels toward the edge means.
SUMMARY or THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a new and improved tissue roll dispenser including a pair of slotted spindle retainers formed in the upper portion of a pair of continuous channels formed in first and second side panels of the dispenser for retaining an uppermost tissue roll and related spindle in a storage position until actuation of an actuation means for release of the uppermost tissue roll and related spindle. When the spindle means is released, it slides down the continuous channels to contact releasable roll means extending into each of the channels which thereby retains the tissue roll on such spindle for use.
An object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved tissue roll dispenser.
Still yet another object of the present invention is to provide a releasable roll means for maintaining a lowermost spindle in a locked position until a pair of first and second movable members are moved downwardly to thereby release the roll means to enable a lowermost spindle to be removed from an opening in the front portion of the dispenser.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved means for storing an uppennost spindle and tissue roll in a storage section of a dispenser while at the same time enabling the uppermost dispenser rolls to be quickly and easily released from the storage section for use as desired adjacent the opening in the front portion of the dispenser.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a front view of one form of a tissue roll dispenser of the present invention illustrating the front panel of the dispenser having an opening for receiving a tissue roll;
FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 illustrating that a means for indicating that the front of the tissue roll dispenser illustrated by the drawing has only one full tissue roll remaining therein and available for use;
FIG. 3 is a side view, partly in section, taken along line 3-3 of FIG. ll illustrating a pair of tissue rolls mounted on spindle means with each of the ends of the spindle means positioned in a channel formed in a side panel of the dispenser;
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 3 illustrating actuation of a means adjacent a front panel of the frame of the dispenser and the relationship of the actuating means to the releasable roll means for enabling removal of a spindle means from an area of use and for enabling an uppermost tissue roll and spindle means to be moved into the use area;
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIGS. 3 and 4 illustrating another spindle means for thetissue roll positioned thereon available for use in an opening in the front panel of the dispenser; and
FIG. 6 is a partial view taken along line 6-6 of FIG. 3 illustrating the relationship of a plate member of the actuation means and a pair of movable members.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Attention is directed to FIGS. I and 2 wherein the tissue roll dispenser of the present invention is generally designated by the numeral It) and is'further illustratedas including a frame generally designated at I5 which frame includes afront portion or panel 16 having an opening 17 for receiving a lower tissue roll 20. The front portion of panel 16 of the frame 15 is defined by an upper portion 116a, lower portion 16b and sides 16c and 16d, respectively. The opening I7 is positioned between the upper portion 16a and the lower portion -I6b of the panel 16 and is illustrated as being adapted to receive a roll of tissue 20, as previously mentioned.
As set forth in the US. Pat. No. 3,4l6,744, the tissue dispenser I0 is adapted to be positioned in an opening or recess in a wall, with the front panel 16 adapted to extend outwardly from the opening in the wall to enable the front portion 16 to be positioned parallel to such wall. A keyhole 21 is provided in the upper portion of the front panel 16 for enabling maintenance personnel and the like to remove the tissue dispenser 10 from the wall opening when the dispenser I0 is empty and needs refilling with tissue rolls. However, it should be noted that the frame I5 may be encased in a suitable container for securing to a wall as desired.
As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, the frame 15 also includes first and second side panels 24 and 25, respectively, with only one side panel 25 being illustrated in the drawings. Each of the panels, 24 and 25, are fixedly secured to and extend rearwardly from the back surface 16a of the panel 16. Side panel 25 includes upper and lower portions 26 and 27 and a front or forward portion and back edge 28 and 29, respectively. As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, the side panel 25, which is similar to first side panel 24 as set forth hereinabove includes a continuous longitudinal channel 30 which communicates with the space between said first and second parallel side panel 24 and 25, respectively.
The channel 30 begins adjacent the comer of the side panel 25 formed by the intersection of the back edge 29 and the upper portion 26 of the panel and extends downwardly parallel to the front panel 16 until substantially the center of panel 25 to then curve inwardly toward the opening 17 and the front panel 16 to a point generally designated at 35. Channel 30 then curves away from the opening 17 to extend downwardly and outwardly to terminate at the corner of a side panel 25 formed by the intersection of the lower portion 27 and back edge 29. As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and S the channel 30 is generally defined by a pair of ribs or edges 31 and 32.
As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, side panel 25 is adapted to receive a movable member 41 positioned adjacent to back surface We of the front panel 16. It is to be understood that side panel 24 parallel to side panel 25 also receives a movable member similar in construction to movable member 4i mounted with side panel 25. Movable member 41 extends longitudinally from the upper portion 26 to the lower portion 27 of the side panel 25 respectively. Movable member 41 includes a pair of guide slots 42 and 43 for receiving screws or bolts 44 for securing the movable member 41 to the side panel 25. As explained in U.S. Pat. No. 3,416,744 movable member 41 is spaced from the side panel 25 by a pair of side ribs 45 and 46 (FIG. 3). As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and movable member 41 is longitudinally positioned relative to side panel 25 and is received within a channel defined by guide member ribs 47, 47a and 48. Guide member rib 48 extends outwardly from adjacent the back edge 16e and is divided into an upper and lower portion 480 and 48b which are separated by a gap 48c.
As illustrated in FIG. 6 a plate 49 is positioned immediately adjacent back surface 16c of front panel 16 and between the spaced parallel side panels 24 and 25. A pair of slot guides 50 and 51 extends outwardly from the ribs 45 of each of the movable bars 41 to be received within slot guide openings 50a and 51a respectively, which are formed in the plate 49.
As illustrated in FIG. 3 a pin 54 is mounted with movable member 41 adjacent slot 42 and side panel 25 is provided with a spring pin 55 adjacent the upper portion 26 of each of the panels. A continuous urging meansor spring means 56 is connected at each end to one of each of the spring pins 54 and 55 for continuously urging the movable member 41 upwardly. Since plate 49 is connected to each of the movable members 4!. by the guides 50 and 51, plate 49 is also urged continuously upwardly. A lever or actuating means 57 which extends outwardly from the opening 17 adjacent the upper portion 17a of the opening 17 is mounted with plate 49 and is also urged continuously upwardly.
A spindle edge retainer or projecting means 60 extends rearwardly from the movable means 41 toward the channel 30 formed in the side panel 25. As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 the projecting means 60 extends rearwardly toward the channel 30 such that the edge 60a of the projecting means 60 is parallel to the edge 31 of such channel 30. As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 the edge 31 defining one side of the channel 30 includes a slotted segment 62 adjacent the projecting means 61) for a purpose to be brought out hereinafter. The edge 32 defining one side of the channel 30 includes tabs 63 and 64 which are positioned opposite from the slot 62 and each of the tabs members 63 and 64 is spaced to define a spindle retainer slot 65.
As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 channel 30 is provided with initial spindle openings 71 and 72 for receiving a pair of spindle means or spindle shafts generally designated at 75 (FIG. 3) each of which includes heads or edges 76. The heads 76 extend outwardly from and are guided by the lips 31 and 32 which define the channels 30. As illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4 the spindle means 75 with toilet tissue positioned thereon is adapted to be positioned in the space between the two parallel side panels 24 and 25 by inserting each of the edges or heads 76 of the spindle means 75 into the initial opening 71 so that the spindle means 75 and tissue roll 12 is positioned and suspended in the space between the side panels 24 and 25 by the engagement of a spindle guide 75a of the spindle 75 with the edge 60a of the projecting means 60 and the upper edge 64a of the outwardly extending tab 64. It is to be understood that the relationship of the projecting means 60 and the outwardly extending tabs 63 and 64 with the retainer slot 65 positioned therebetween is one of the improvements over U.S. Pat. No. 3,416,744.
A pin 81 is mounted with each of the side panels 24and 25 adjacent point 35 in the channel 30 and adjacent the opening 17 in the front panel 16. A releasable roll means 80 is circumferentially mounted about the pin 81 and is retained longitudinally in its position by the inner surface of the movable members 41 and the outer surface of the side panel 25 such that the roll member 80 continually surrounds the pin 81. As illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 the roll member 80 has a diameter much larger than the diameter of the pin 81 so that the roll member 80 is permitted to move transversely relative to the longitudinal length of the members 41 as will be brought out hereinbelow. It is to be understood that the releasable roll member 80 also constitutes an improvement over U.S. Pat. No. 3,416.744. As illustrated in FIG. 3 with the movable member 41 in the up position so that the bolt or screw 44 is in the lower end 42a of the guide slot the releasable roll member continually contacts a lower portion 45b of the rib 45. It should also be noted that the ribs 45 include upper portions 45a and 45b which are separated by a gap 450.
As illustrated in FIGS. 3. 4 and 5, a tab member 82 is secured at one end with a pivotal pin 82a and depends downwardly at the other end 82b so that the arm 82b extends outwardly into the channel 30 between the ribs 31 and 32 which define the channel. If it is desired to position a lowermost tissue roll 20 (FIG. 3) adjacent and within the opening 17 for use of such roll 20, the spindle means generally designated at 75 may be inserted in the initial opening 72 wherein the channel guides 75a of the spindle means 75 will be guided down the curved portion of the lips 31 and 32 which define the channel to contact the depending arm 82!; of the tab member 82. The arm 82!) will be pivoted upwardly in the direction of the arrow 82c (FIG. 4) so that a stop tab 82d of tab member 82 pivots in the opposite direction away from a stop pin 33 to enable the spindle means to move past the tab member 82. When this occurs tab member 82 will pivot in a direction opposite from the arrow 82c so that the depending arm 32b will once again move into the channel 30 until the tab 82d contacts the pin 83 to prevent further pivotal movement. When the spindle means 75 has moved past the pin member 82 the spindle heads 76 will contact the releasable roll members 80. When the spindle heads 76 contacts the roll members 80 the movement of the spindle means 75 will be terminated because of the fact that the releasable roll members 80 are retained in position by the lower portion 45b of the rib 45 of movable member 41. Thus, in this position the tissue roll 20 is rigidly positioned and locked relative to the opening 17.
As illustrated in FIG. 3, and as set forth in U.S. Pat. No. 3,416,744 a trip bar 85 is secured with the movable member 41 below the guide slot 42 and in substantial longitudinal alignment therewith. The trip bar 85 extends outwardly into the space (not numbered) between the inner surface of the movable member 41 and the outer surface of the side panel 25 parallel to the ribs 45 and 46 of the movable member 41. A pivotal detection member 94 is mounted in an opening 93 of the side panel 25 and is adapted to be actuated by downward movement of the trip bar 35 so that the detection plate 94 moves outwardly into the space between the side panels 24 and 25. The detection member 94 is positioned adjacent the lowermost tissue roll 20 and above the spindle edges 76 and spindle means 75 positioned with the lowermost tissue roll in the opening 17.
As illustrated in FIG. 6, a lock is mounted with and surrounds a keyhole 21 in the usual manner. The lock 110 is positioned in the upper portion 160 and on the back surface 16a of the front panel 16 of the frame 15. The lock 110 includes a spring mounted plunger 11] which enables a dispenser 10 to be locked into a wall as previously mentioned. Plunger 111 also includes a responsive plunger 112 which responds to the actuation of the plunger 111 so that when a key or a lock is inserted in the keyhole 21 and the plunger 111 is actuated in the usual manner and forced downwardly by the key until the upper surface of the plunger 111 is parallel and even with the upper surface 110a of the lock 110, the plunger 112 will extend outwardly from the bottom surface 1 10b of the lock.
A rotatable plate 115 is secured to the back surface 16a of the front portion 16 of the frame 15 by a screw or bolt means 116. The rotatable plate 115 includes a curved plunger tip surface 117, a curved surface 119 which is illustrated in FIG. 6 as being immediately adjacent a tab 49a mounted with the plate 49 and a depression slot (not numbered) adjacent the curved surface 119, and an engaging surface 120 positioned below an extension tab 4% mounted with the plate 49. It is to be understood that the locking mechanism 110 and rotatable plate 115 operate in substantially the same manner as that disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,416,744.
In the operation of the invention, tissue rolls 20 and 12 are adapted to be positioned in the tissue roll dispenser 10 by inserting the spindle means 75 mounted with each of said tissue rolls in the usual manner in the initial openings 72 and 71, respectively, so that the channel guides 75a of each of said spindle means 75 engage the ribs 31 and 32 of the channels 30 in the first and second side panels 24 and 25, respectively. When the lowermost tissue roll 20, spindle means 75 mounted therewith, and heads 76 of such spindle means 75 are inserted in the initial opening 72, channel guides 75a slide or glide along the ribs 31 and 32 adjacent the channels 30 until the guides 75a engage the depending arms 82a of tab member 82, thereby forcing the depending arm 82a upwardly to pivot about pivotal pin 82 to enable the spindle means 75 to continue traveling down the channel 30. The guides 75a thereafter engage the releasable roll means 80 to lock the tissue roll 20 and spindle means75 adjacent the opening 17 of the dispenser since the releasable roll means 80 is prevented from moving relative to the channel 30 because the releasable roll means 80 is in contact with the lower portion 45b of the rib 45 of the movable member 41.
As illustrated in FlG. 3 the uppermost tissue roll 12 is positioned above the lowermost tissue roll by similarly inserting the spindle means 75 mounted with such tissue roll in the initial opening 71 in the channels 30. The guides 75a thereafter engage the edge 60a of the projecting means 60 which extends outwardly into the area of the channels formed by the slot 62. The guides 75a of the uppermost spindle means 75 also engages the edge 64a of the tab member 64 so that the uppermost tissue roll 12 is suspended between the side panels "24 and 25 for storage.
With the tissue roll 20 in the opening and available for use, separate sheets of such tissue are adapted to be separated from the roll and used as desired. As the sheets are used," the lowermost tissue roll 20 decreases in diameter. If a user or maintenance personnel desires to remove the lowermost tissue roll 20 from the opening 17 'while adequate tissue sheets remain thereon for further use, the detection member 94 will prevent actuation of the plate 49 and the movable bar 41. If the lever 57 is actuated by an individual, the plate 49 will move in a downwardly direction relative to the front panel 16. The downward movement of the plate 49 overcomes the upward urging of the spring means 56 to urge the movable mem bers 41 downwardly (FIGS. 4 and 5). As the movable member 41 is moved in a downward direction relative to the sidepanel 25, the trip bar 85, mounted therewith moves downwardly so that the trip bar engages the detection member 94 to cause the member 94 to rotate or pivot outwardly into the space between the first and second side panels 24 and 25. When the detection member 94 swings outwardly, such'member 94 engages the side of the unused tissue on the lowermost tissue roll 20 and prevents any further downward movement of the bar 41. Since the member 41 is connected with the plate 49, this also prevents any further downward movement of the plate 49 and movable member 40.
However, if the tissues on the lowermost tissue roll 20 are sufficiently exhausted to thereby decrease the diameter of the tissue roll 20, sufficiently, the member 94 swings outwardly without contacting the tissue roll and movable members 40 and 4t and plate 49 thereby continue their downward move ment. As illustrated in FIG. 4, continued downward movement of the movable members 41 causes the slotted portion or gap 450 of the rib 45 to become aligned with the open portion or gap 48c of the rib 48. This enables the weight of the spindle means 75 to push the releasable roll members 80 outwardly away from the channel 30 and toward the panel 16 to enable the guides 75a of the spindle means 75 to continue travel down the continuous channel 30 in the direction of the arrow 64 therepast the edge of tab member 64 extending into the channel 30. As the movable members 41 reach the limit of their downward travel defined by the upper end 42b of the guide slot 42 and the lever 57 is released the spring means 56 forces the movable members 41 and their corresponding projection means 60, upwardly. As this occurs the guides 75a of the uppermost spindle 75 are forced into the slots 65 between tabs 63 and 64 until the projection means return to a higher position as illustrated in FIG. 5. When the projection means 60 has moved past the uppermost spindle means 75 retained in the slot 65 the spindle means falls down the channel 30 to be locked and retained adjacent the opening 17.
It is to be understood that while only one movable member 41 and complete side view of one panel 25 have been described in so many aspects, the other movable member and the first side plate 24 are similar in shape and size to their respectivecounterparts. ln the embodiment shown, the detection member 94 is mounted only on member 41. Other arrangements of the detection member may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Further, the locking means and its operation are described in US. Pat. No. 3,4l6,744. More particularly the portion of the plate 49 illustrated in FIG. 2 by REFILL and its operation are described in such application.
It is to be understood that while the preferred embodiment of the invention has been disclosed. other suitable embodiments may be incorporated herein. For example, if desired, the tissue dispenser 10 is adapted to be constructed and machined to enable a plurality of spindle means to be disposed therein.
1. A dispenser for rolls of tissue comprising:
a. a frame including a front panel, said front panel having an opening therein;
b. a first side panel fixedly secured with said front panel;
c. a second side panel fixedly secured with said front panel, said second panelbeing spaced from said first side panel wherein the tissue rolls are adapted to be positioned in the space between said panel;
d. said first panel having a channel therein forming a continuous opening throughout the length of said channel communicating with the space between said panels;
c. said second panel having a channeltherein forming a continuous opening throughout the length of said channel communicating with the space between said panels;
f. a pair of spindle means each having ends adapted to be received in said channels in said first and second panels wherein each of such spindle means is adapted to extend across a space between said first and second panels when one of each of said ends of each of said spindle means is received in said channels, respectively g. each of said spindle means being adapted to circumferentially receive and support a roll of tissue between said ends;
h. a first movable member mounted adjacent and longitudinally relative to said first side panel;
i. a second movable member mounted adjacent and longitudinally'relative to said second side panel;
j. each of said first and second movable members including a longitudinal rib adjacent said front panel, said rib having an opening in a lower portion thereof;
k. a pair of spacer ribs mounted with said front panel adjacent each of said first and second movable members for spacing said first and second movable members from said front panel, each of said ribs having an opening in the lower portion thereof;
1. a first releasable roll means mounted adjacent said longitudinal rib of said first movable member adjacent said opening in said longitudinal rib;
- m. a second releasable roll means mounted adjacent said longitudinal rib of said second movable member adjacent said opening in said longitudinal rib;
n. each of said releasable roll means contacting each of said respective longitudinal ribs and extending outwardly into each of said respective channels to retain a lowermost spindle means adjacent said opening in said front panel;
0. means connected with said first panel for continuously urging said first movable members upwardly;
p. means connected with said second panel for continuously urging said second movable member upwardly; and
q. means for actuating secured with each of said first and second movable members for actuating and moving said movable members downwardly wherein downward movement of said first and second movable members by overcoming said means for continuously urging said movable members upwardly enables one of each of said openings in said longitudinal ribs to be aligned respectively with one of each of said openings in each of said spacer ribs wherein the weight of said lowermost spindle means forces one of each of said first and second releasable roll means outwardly into one of each of said aligned openings and out of one of each of said channels to thereby release said lowermost spindle means for continued movement in said channels and away from said opening in said front panel.
2. The structure as set forth in claim 1 including:
a. a first projection means mounted with said first movable member and extending rearwardly therefrom, said first projection means having a forward edge positioned parallel to said channel in said first side panel;
b. a second projection means mounted with said second movable member and extending rearwardly therefrom, said second projection means having a forward edge positioned parallel to said channel in said first side panel;
c. each of said channels being defined by a pair of spaced edges;
d. each of said edges of each of said channels adjacent said projection means having an indented slot wherein each of said first and second projection means extends partially into the space adjacent said slots in each of said respective channels; and
e. each of said opposite edges of each of said channels including an upper and lower tab extending outwardly into each of said respective channels, said upper and lower tabs being spaced to define a retainer slot therebctwccn wherein one of each of the ends of an uppermost spindle positioned in one of each of said channels contacts said forward edge of said first and second projection means, respectively, and the upper edge of each of said upper tabs extending outwardly into each of said channels, respectively, to suspend and store said spindle means and accompanying tissue roll for storage in said dispenser.
3. The structure as set forth in claim 2 including:
a. A detection member secured with said first side panel, said detection member being adapted to extend into the space between the said first and second side panels; and
b. a trip bar mounted with said first movable member wherein downward movement of said actuating means causes said trip bar to move said detection member relative to said lowermost spindle to contact the tissue roll thereon whereby further downward movement of said actuating means is prevented until the lowermost tissue roll is substantially exhausted.
4. The structure asset forth in claim 3 including:
a. a first tab member pivotally mounted on said first side panel, said first tab member being positioned adjacent and behind said first releasable roll means; and
b. a second tab member pivotally mounted on said second side panel, said second tab member being positioned adjacent and behind said second releasable roll means wherein one of each of said ends of said lowermost spindle means is locked between said first releasable roll means and said first tab member and said second releasable roll means and said second tab member, respectively, to prevent removal thereof until actuation of said means for actuating.