|Publication number||US3575185 A|
|Publication date||Apr 20, 1971|
|Filing date||Oct 23, 1968|
|Priority date||Oct 23, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3575185 A, US 3575185A, US-A-3575185, US3575185 A, US3575185A|
|Inventors||Daniel J Barbulesco|
|Original Assignee||Gen Motors Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (31), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventor Daniel J. Barbulesco Dayton, Ohio  AppLNo. 769,918  Filed Oct.23, 1968  Patented Apr.20, 1971  Assignee General Motors Corporation Detroit, Mich.
[541 SELF-CLEANING DISHWASHER STRAINER 2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.
 U.S.Cl 134/104, 134/111,210/167 51 Int.Cl B08b 3/02  Field of Search 134/10, 104, 111; 210/167 (lnquired)  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,090,391 5/1963 Kaldenberg et al 134/104 3,491,780 111970 Kaldenberg 134/104 TO DRAI Primary Examiner-Daniel Blum Attorneys-John C. Evans and Warren E. Finken ABSTRACT: In preferred form, a domestic dishwasher including an improved self-cleaning strainer which removes food particles from washing fluid during its recirculation in a wash phase of operation. It includes an annular screen supported by a fluid distributing rotatable spray bar for rotation therewith and in surrounding relationship to a recirculating pump intake to prevent the entrance of food particles therethrough. A portion of the pumps output is diverted from the spray bar and directed by a stationary deflector plate through the revolving screen to backflush particles from the screen to prevent clogging. A drain pump with its inlet located below the screen removes both wash water and food particles from the dishwasher during a drain cycle.
PATENIED M20 ml sum 1 or z ATTORNEY SELF-CLEANING MSTTIWAMTIERS 7' i WEIR This invention relates to domestic dishwashers and, more particularly, to dishwashers having automatically operated self-cleaning strainers to prevent recirculation of food particles through the dishwasher compartment during a washing phase of operation.
Dishwashers normally recirculate water during the washing cycle by means of a recirculating pump to conserve both hot water and detergent. To prevent undesirable deposits of food particles on articles being cleaned, it is necessary either to carefully prerinse the articles before placement in the dishwasher or to strain the wash water during recirculation. The prerinsing step obviously constitutes more work for the user. Also, strainers must be cleaned periodically to avoid clogging.
An object of the subject invention is to avoid food particle deposits on articles in domestic dishwashers by the provision of a self-cleaning strainer located upstream of an intake to a recirculating pump and operative to strain food particles from the wash water without clogging the strainer.
A further object of the subject invention is to conserve hot water and detergent usage in domestic dishwasher apparatus by recirculating wash water and to avoid food deposits on articles by passing the wash water through a self-cleaning, straining apparatus including means for continually back flushing the straining apparatus during a washing cycle of operation.
Further objects and advantages of the subject invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being made to accompanying drawings wherein a preferred embodiment of the present invention is clearly shown.
In the drawings:
F161. 2 is a front elevational view, partially broken away and sectioned, of a dishwasher including the inventive selfcleaning strainer; 1
FIG. 2 is an enlarged horizontal cross-sectional view taken along section line 2-2 of FIG. ll looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 3 is a view in vertical section of the strainer assembly taken along section line 3-3 of FIG. 2 and including a spray bar in elevation; and
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary view in vertical section showing deflection means which directs a flow of cleaning water through the strainer to flush particles from its outer surface.
in FIG. 1 of the drawings, a dishwasher i8 is illustrated including an exterior cabinet 12 which encloses an inner dishwasher housing or tub M. The tub M and a hinged cover 116 enclose a sealed interior space 18 in which dishes may be placed for washing. A rack 28 for holding dishes within the interior space 18 is supported by a plurality of brackets 22 which are attached to tub M.
Supported in the bottom of tub M is a fluid distribution system 24 including an electric motor 25 driving a recirculating pump 26 which directs water and detergent to a rotating hollow spray bar 28 of the water reaction driven type having a plurality of ports 29 through which fluid is directed into the interior space 18 of tub 16. After striking the dishes within rack 28, fluid runs down the sides of tub M and collects in the bottom of the tub where it passes through a circular screen assembly 38 which is attached to spray bar 28 for rotative movement therewith. The water which passes through the screen assembly 38 is drawn into the inlet of pump 26 for recirculation through the spray bar 28. When the washing cycle is completed, the water within tub Ml is discharged through a drain conduit 32.
The circular screen assembly 38, which strains recirculating water to prevent food particles from entering pump 26, is shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 in more detail. The fluid distributing system 24 including motor 25, pump 26, spray bar 28, and screen assembly 38, is secured within an opening in the bottom of tub M by means including a plurality of screw fasteners 36. More particularly, screw fasteners 36 extend through a radially outwardly directed flange 36 on an annular mounting ring 38, through a resilient vibration dampening gasket 40 on the bottom of tub l4 and into threaded engagement with a clamp ring 42. Fixedly secured within the annular mounting ring 38 is a horizontally positioned floor plate 44 which, in combination with the mounting ring 38, supports the aforementioned fluid distribution system within tub 14.
Motor 25 has a rotatable shaft 46 which extends through floor plate 44 into the interior space 18 of tub 14. A cupshaped drain pump housing 48 is secured to the underside of floor plate 44 to define a drain pump interior space 50 through which wash water may pass to the drain conduit during a drain cycle of dishwasher operation; A drain pump impeller 32 attached to the shaft 46 for rotative movement therewith has radially outwardly directed vanes thereon which draw water from a sump 53 in the bottom of tub 14 through a drain opening 56 in floor plate 44. From the interior space 30 the water is directed into drain conduit 32.
A separator plate 56 concentrically located around shaft 46 is secured to floor plate 44 in the interior space 18 and functions to separate drain flow from the fluid path through recirculating pump 26. It includes spaced depending walls defining plural radial passageways 57 leading to inlet 54. An annular base 58 of an upstanding tubular housing 60 of recirculating pump 26 is supported by a plurality of legs 61 on the floor plate 44 and is secured thereto by a plurality of screw fasteners 62 at a point radially outwardly from plate 56. Radially directed horizontal channels extend through the bottom of the recirculating pump housing 60 to form drain channels 63 communicating the sump region 53 with passageways S7 thence to drain pump inlet opening 54.
A plurality of upwardly directed vertical ribs 6 on the outer surface of housing 60 extend from the annular base 58 of the recirculating pump housing 60 to straighten flow into inlet openings 66 in the lower part of housing 60. A recirculating pump impeller 68 located within housing 60 adjacent inlet openings 66 therein is secured to shaft 46 for rotative movement therewith to draw water from the interior space 18 and pump it into the spray bar 28. The impeller 68 has a depending axially directed base portion 70 and an upwardly axially directed central hub 72 through which a concentric vertical bore 74 is formed to receive shaft 46.
A plurality of radially outwardly directed vanes 76 are formed on an annular outer surface of a cup-shaped segment 78 joined to hub 72. Vanes 6 have their tips located in close spaced relationship with housing 60 to move water from the interior space 18 axially upward through the housing 60 into spray bar 28.
The spray bar 28 is attached to a central hub 80 on spider arm 82 in the upper end of hosing 60 by a stud 83 having one end embedded in hub 80 and its opposite end threaded and directed through bar 28., The bar 28 is secured for free reactive rotation with respect to fixed stud 83 by means of a nut 84 on the end of stud 83 which bears against a washer 85 and a spray arm bearing 86 engaging the top of the spray bar 28. Water reaction ports 87 in the end of the bar 28 causes it to freely rotate on stud 83 so long as pump 26 is directing fluid into bar 28.
In accordance with certain principles of the invention, the circular screen assembly 30 is mounted for rotation with bar 28 and is concentrically positioned around the recirculating pump housing 68 to prevent the entrance of food particles into the pump inlets 66. The screen or strainer assembly 30 consists of two annular end portions 88, 89 with a cylindrical screen 90 held therebetween. The upper end portion 88 has an inwardly and downwardly turned upper lip 92 in sealing engagement with the outer surface of spray bar 28 at the inlet thereto.
The outer edge of end portion 88 is turned axially downward and has an annular groove 96 in its end face to engage the top edge of screen 90. The outer upper edge of base portion 89 is turned axially upward and has an annular groove 96 in its end face to engage the lower edge of circular screen 98. The lower base portion 89 of screen assembly 38 also has a radially inwardly turned edge 98 which encircles an axially upwardly directed annular flange 100 on housing base 58 in close spaced relationship therewith As the edge 98 rotates relative to fixed base 58 it slings fluid to prohibit the flow of fluid from sump region 53 in bypassed relationship to screen 90. End portions 88 and 89 holding screen 90 therebetween are held axially with one another and to spray bar 28 by a plurality of screw fasteners 102 which extend through the spray bar 28, through a cylindrical upwardly directed extension 104 which is molded or otherwise attached to the outer edge of base portion 88 and threadably into a similar formed extension 106 on the outer edge of base portion 89.
Screen 90 by virtue of the above-described structure is located about the recirculating pump inlets 66 to prevent the entrance of food particles therein so that a user may be relieved of the time consuming task of prerinsing or scraping the dishes. Another feature of the invention arises because food particles tend to collect on the outer annular surface of screen 90 as water flows radially inwardly thereof. This feature includes means which function to continually flush collected particles from the screen 90 concurrently with straining which occurs during recirculation of washing fluid that is incident to a dishwasher wash phase of operation.
More particularly, a plurality of axially directed ports 108 within the bottom portion of spray bar 28 receive fluid from the recirculating pump outlet and bypass it into an annular interior space 110 located between the screen assembly base portion 88 and the outer surface at the top of the recirculating pump housing 60. A flat disc-shaped deflector plate 112 having axially upturned outer and inner edges 114, 116 is supported by a shoulder portion 118 formed on the housing 60 to define a bottom boundary to the interior space 110 and a horizontal fluid collecting trough. A radially outwardly and downwardly formed outlet ramp 120 in the deflector plate 112 diverts fluid from the deflector plate 112 against the pump inlet side of the rotating screen strainer 90 in a radially outward direction to dislodge and flush away food particles from a limited arcuate extent of screen strainer 90 while other particles collect on the remaining extent of the outer annular surface of revolving screen 90. As best seen in FIG. 4 when the screen assembly 30 rotates with the spray bar 28 in relation to the fixed cylindrical pump outlet 66 and its attached deflector plate 112, a radially outward flow of water is continuously directed through the revolving screen by ramp 120 until all segments of the screen 90 are flushed. Food particles which are flushed from the outer surface of screen 90 sink toward floor plate 44 and are removed with the wash water through the drain paths 63, S7 thence into the drain pump for discharge through conduit 32 during a drain cycle of operation.
For purposes of describing the present invention, there is no need to set forth details of an automatic dishwasher control system or the fill system and its control. However, the abovedescribed self-cleaning strainer system is suited for use with dishwasher apparatus having the following working embodiment characteristics.
COMPONENT SCHEDULE Motor 25 'Reversible it: HP 515 amps Pump 26 70 gpm 7 feet H O head Strainer 90 -Area 38 sq. in.
, inlet opening 54.
When motor 25 is conditioned for reverse rotation, the impeller 68 no longer pumps fluid from sump 53 and washing fluid recirculatio'nis terminated. Such reverse motor rotation however, causes impeller 52 to draw fluid from sump 53 through inlet 54 for discharge to conduit 32 during a drain cycle of dishwasher operation.
While the embodiment of the present invention as herein disclosed constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted.
1. In a domestic dishwasher the combination of, a housing which encloses an interior space; an access opening through the housing for the placement of dishes in the interior space for washing; movable closure means for covering the access opening and sealing the interior space to prevent fluid leakage therefrom; recirculating pump means in the bottom of the housing having an inlet and an outlet for circulating fluid within the interior space; a fluid directing means fluidly connected to the pump outlet for distributing fluid within the interior space; said fluid directing means being supported within the interior space for rotative movement therein; a motor for driving said pump; screen filter means surrounding said inlet to prohibit entrance of food particles therein; said filter means including means for supporting it for rotative movement with said rotatable fluid directing means; a deflector plate located in a substantially horizontal plane on the pump inlet side of said filter means; passageway means for bypassing fluid from said fluid directing means onto said deflector plate; a downwardly, radially outwardly pointed ramp portion in the deflector plate for directing fluid through a limited extent of said filter means for flushing food particles from its outer surface; said pump inlet receiving fluid from the remainder of said filter means concurrently with flushing of said limited extent to strain particles from recirculated washing fluid.
2. In an improved domestic dishwasher of the type including a housing with an interior space, closeable access means through the housing for the movement of dishes therethrough for washing, fluid recirculating means having an inlet and outlet in the interior space, and a rotatable fluid directing means fluidly connected to the outlet for distributing fluid within the interior space, the improvement comprising: a circular strainer assembly encircling the inlet and attached to the rotatable fluid directing means for movement therewith; said strainer assembly having an annular screen therein to strain food particles from fluid passing to the inlet; a deflector plate within the strainer assembly in a substantially horizontal plane below the outlet; passageway means for bypassing fluid from the fluid directing means onto the horizontal deflector plate; a downwardly, radially outwardly pointed ramp portion in the deflector plate for directing fluid through the surrounding screen of the strainer assembly for flushing food particles from its outer surface while particles are being accumulated thereon.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3090391 *||Feb 2, 1961||May 21, 1963||Maytag Co||Dishwasher self cleaning arrangement|
|US3491780 *||Dec 11, 1967||Jan 27, 1970||Maytag Co||Self-cleaning filter for dishwasher|
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|U.S. Classification||134/104.1, 134/104.4, 210/167.1, 134/111|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L15/4206, A47L15/4208, A47L15/4202|
|European Classification||A47L15/42A, A47L15/42A4, A47L15/42A6|