Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3577601 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 4, 1971
Filing dateMar 12, 1969
Priority dateMar 12, 1969
Also published asDE2011838A1
Publication numberUS 3577601 A, US 3577601A, US-A-3577601, US3577601 A, US3577601A
InventorsGeisinger George H, Mariani Remo
Original AssigneeThomas & Betts Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Article fastening device
US 3577601 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventors Remo Mariani Berkeley Heights; George H. Geisinger, Union County, NJ. [211 App]. No. 806,369 [22] Filed Mar. 12, 1969 [45] Patented May 4, 1971 [73] Assignee Thomas & Betts Corporation Elizabeth, NJ.

[54] ARTICLE FASTENING DEVICE l 1 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 2.4/16, 128/335 [51] Int. Cl ..B65d 63/00, A6lb 17/08 [50] Field of Search 24/90 (TSE), 150, 150(1); 128/335.5;24/16 (PB); 128/335 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,591,063 4/ 1952 Goldberg 128/3355 2,681,488 6/ 1954 Ferrajolo 24/9OTSE Primary Examiner-Donald A. Griffin Att0meyDavid Teschner 24/ 16PB 24/ 16PB ABSTRACT: The disclosure is directed to a device for fastening two or more articles together and which does not require threading apertures. The device is constructed of a generally elongated flexible body portion terminating at a first end in a head member having a transverse aperture therein to permit passage of the body portion therethrough. The opposite end of the body portion terminates in a substantially rigid tail end portion having thereon a cutting edge such as a point. The tail end portion is generally formed in an arcuate manner to facilitate its being returned through the article once it has been inserted therein. The tail end portion may be provided in one of three ways; (1) a preformed metallic member is joined to the end of the body portion; (2) the end of the body portion is cold worked or otherwise treated in order to increase its physical strength and rigidity; or (3) the cold worked, or treated, tail end portion is plated with a metallic plating. Additionally the plated tail end portion may be cold worked to further increase its strength and rigidity.

. PATENT-EDI" men 3577.601

FIG. 1 A FIG. 2

INVIiN'IORS REMO MARIAN! GEORGE H. GEISINGER ATTORNEY preformed in a ARTICLE FASTENING DEVICE BACKGROU ND OF THE INVENTION I. Field of the Invention The invention is directed to the field of fastening together two or more articles which articles do not have preformed therein apertures for receipt of a'fastening device. For example, if it is desired to suture together portions of the human body the device employed must generally be provided with means for cutting the body members to permit insertion of the fastening device. Similarly, in the fastening together of a plurality of garment portions, or other material sections, it is essential that the article fastening device be able to create its own passage for the device to pass therethrough.

2. Description of the Prior Art In typical prior art fastening devices for general use it was required that the device either pass about the articles themselves or pass through preformed apertures in order that the parts be fastened. With special fastening devices, such as sutures, certain additional problems were created. The suture SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention overcomes the difliculties noted above by providing a single device which can be used either for the fastening of a plurality of individual articles together or as a suture for body portions which provides both a cutting edge, tail end portion and a locking head end portion. This is achieved by providing a fastening device having an elongated,

flexible body portion terminating at one end in a locking head member having a passage for receiving therethrough the body portion of the fastening means. At the opposite end from that of the head end member is a substantially rigid tail end portion generally arcuate configuration terminating in a cutting edge such as a point. In this manner the tail end portion of the strap may be inserted through articles or human body parts to be joined and the entire mechanism then locked in a loop-type relationship without the requirement for additional tying of the device or the use of special tools. The tail end portion is generally formed in an arcuate manner to facilitate its being returned through the article once it has been inserted therein. The tail end portion may be provided in one of three ways; (I) a preformed metallic member is joined to the end of the body portion; 2) the end of the body portion is cold worked or otherwise treated in order to increase its physical strength and rigidity; or (3) the cold worked, or treated, tail end portion is plated with a metallic plating. Additionally the plated tail end portion may be cold worked to further increase its strength and rigidity. It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an improved form of article fastening device. 7

It is still another object of this invention to provide an im proved article fastening device constructed of a flexible body portion and terminating at a first end in a locking head member and at a second end in a substantially rigid tail end portion having a cutting edge thereon.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide an improved suture for joining together human body portions hav- 'ing a flexible body portion terminating in a locking head end member at a first end and terminating at the second end in a substantially rigid tail end portion having a needle point which facilitates its passage through such human body parts and which permits closure of the suture without the requirement for tying.

It is still another object of this invention to provide an improved article fastening device having a substantially rigid tail end portion which may be fabricated by the addition of a metallic substantially rigid tail end portion to a flexible body portion.

It is still another object of this invention to provide an improved article fastening device wherein a substantially rigid tail end portion may be formed from a flexible body portion by means of cold working or similar mechanical operations.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide an improved article fastening device having a substantially rigid tail end portion formed by the mechanical working of a portion of the flexible body portion and plating such tail end portion with a metallic plating.

Other objects and features of the invention may be pointed out in the following description and claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose, by way of example, the principles of the invention, and the best modes which have been contemplated for carrying them out.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings in which similar elements are given similar reference characters:

FIG. 1 is a front elevation of an article fastening device, foreshortened, constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the article fastening device of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the tail end portion of the article fastening device of FIG. I and illustrating a modification thereto.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the article fastening device taken along the line 4-4 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the tail end portion of an article fastening device taken along the lines 5-5 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 6 is a side elevation, in' section, of an alternative construction of the tail end portion of the article fastening device constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning now to FIGS. 1 and 2 there is shown an article fastening device I0 constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention. Article fastening device 10 consists of an elongated body portion 12 terminating in a head end poring into the transverse aperture 16 is a locking member 18 to engage with and lock in position the elongated body portion 12 passed through the transverse aperture 16. A tab 20 extends from the head end portion I4 to permit the unlocking of the locking mechanism 18 when the tab 20 is twisted. Details of the head end member 14 and the locking mechanism I8 are more fully described and claimed in US. Pat. No. 3,339,247, issued Sept. 5, I967, to George Geisinger, entitled Self- Clinching Bundling Strap and assigned to the assignee of the instant invention, which patent is incorporated herein by reference. Elongated strap body portion 12 tenninates in a tail end portion 22, the most remote end thereof formed as a cutting edge 24. The strap body portion 12 is constructed of a flexible, resilient material so that it may readily be bent about articles when such articles are to be fastened. Tail end portion 22, on the other hand, is fabricated or formed of a substantially rigid material such that the same will not readily bend. As is better seen in FIG. 2 tail end portion 22 is formed in a generally arcuate manner along its length as at 26, andhas a cross section as is better seen in FIG. 4 which is generally triangular. Tail end portion 22 has a plurality of individual ribs 28 thereon for additional strength and rigidity. 'Iail end portion 22 may be constructed by cold working the end portion of 3 a in use the tail end portion22 will be employed more ,or less asan upholstery needle in that it will be grasped at the jointure between'the tail end portion 22 and the strap body portion 12.

Cutting edge 24 will then beemployed to cut through either the articles to be fastened or the body portions and will be gently turned in order that the cutting edge 24 return to the original surface through which the tail end portion was inserted. Then by grasping the tail end portion 22 the body portion 12 may be properly positioned or tightened within the articles to be fastened and a portion of the body portion 12 will thenbe inserted into the transverse aperture 16 and locked into position by means of the locking means 18.

To further improve rigidity of the tail end portion 22 a metallic plating 30 may be placed atop the tail end portion 22 as shown in FIG. 3. The plating will be thin enough to conform to the general contours of the tail end portion 22 and will increase the overall strength and rigidity of the tail end portion. As is shown in FIG. 5, the overall configuration of the tail end portion of the strap remains the same, with the addition of a metallic plating 30 thereon.

Tuming now to FIG. 6 there is shown a further alternative arrangement of an article fastening device constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention. A separate metallic tail end portion 32 is joined to the end of a body portion 12' which has a straight end as at 34. The end 36 of the metallic tail end portion 32 is then clamped to the end 34 forming a unitary member.

While there have been shown and described and pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to the preferred embodiments, it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes of the form and details of the devices illustrated and in their operation may be made by those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

lclaim:

1. A loop-type strap for joining two or more articles comprising an elongated flexible strap body portion; a head portion; the second end of said'elong'atedstrap body portion terminatingin'a substantially rigid tailend portion having a member coupled to one end of said elongated strap body portion; said head member having a transverse aperture therein to receive said elongated strap body portion therethrough; a metallic tongue in said head member ex'tending into said transcutting edge thereon whereby said tail end portion may be passed through an article having no aperture'to receive said strap therethrough.

2. A loop-type strap, as-defined in claim 1,-wherein said rigid tail end portion comprises: a metallic member attached to said second end of said elongated strap body portion.

3. A loop-type strap, as defined in claim 2, wherein said rigid tail end portion is arcuate along itslength.

4. A loop-typestrap, as defined in claim 1, wherein said rigid tail end portion comprises: a metallic member attached to said second end of said elongated body portion and said cutting edge is a point.

5. A looptype strap. as defined in claim 1, wherein said rigid tail end portion comprises: a hardened portion of said elongated strap body portion.

6. A loop-type strap, as defined in claim 5, wherein said rigid tail end portion is arcuate along its length.

7. A loop-type strap, as defined in claim 1, wherein said rigid tail end portion comprises: a hardened portion of said elongated strap body portion and a metallic layer thereover.

8. A loop-type strap, as defined in claim 7, wherein said rigid tail end'portion is arcuate along its length.

9. A loop-type strap, as defined in claim 1, wherein said rigid tail end portion comprises: a hardened portion of said elongated strap body portion and a metallic layer thereover and said cutting edge is a point.

10. A loop-type strap, as defined in claim 1, wherein said rigid tail end portion is arcuate a lon its length.

11. A loop-type strap for jommgwo or more articles comprising an elongated flexible strap body portion; a head member coupled to one end of said elongated strap body por-

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2591063 *May 14, 1949Apr 1, 1952Harry GoldbergSurgical suture
US2681488 *Jul 17, 1950Jun 22, 1954Nicola FerrajoloButton anchor
US3009220 *Feb 24, 1958Nov 21, 1961Westinghouse Electric CorpFlexible tieing and locking device
US3339247 *Aug 17, 1965Sep 5, 1967Thomas & Betts CorpSelf-clinching bundling strap
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4532926 *Jun 20, 1983Aug 6, 1985Ethicon, Inc.Two-piece tissue fastener with ratchet leg staple and sealable latching receiver
US4532927 *Jun 20, 1983Aug 6, 1985Ethicon, Inc.Two-piece tissue fastener with non-reentry bent leg staple and retaining receiver
US4534350 *Jun 20, 1983Aug 13, 1985Ethicon, Inc.Two-piece tissue fastener with compressible leg staple and retaining receiver
US4548202 *Jun 20, 1983Oct 22, 1985Ethicon, Inc.Mesh tissue fasteners
US4573469 *Jun 20, 1983Mar 4, 1986Ethicon, Inc.Two-piece tissue fastener with coinable leg staple and retaining receiver and method and instrument for applying same
US4627437 *Jun 5, 1985Dec 9, 1986Ethicon, Inc.Method of applying a fastener to tissue with a pair of hollow needles
US4693248 *Jul 29, 1985Sep 15, 1987Ethicon, Inc.Two-piece tissue fastener with deformable retaining receiver
US4730615 *Mar 3, 1986Mar 15, 1988Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc.Sternum closure device
US5304188 *Jan 26, 1993Apr 19, 1994Marogil Joseph BSurgical clamp and method
US5318575 *Feb 3, 1992Jun 7, 1994United States Surgical CorporationMethod of using a surgical repair suture product
US5330489 *Oct 9, 1992Jul 19, 1994United States Surgical CorporationSternum closure buckle
US5339870 *Oct 9, 1992Aug 23, 1994United States Surgical CorporationSternum buckle and applier
US5355913 *Oct 9, 1992Oct 18, 1994United States Surgical CorporationSurgical repair device
US5356412 *Oct 9, 1992Oct 18, 1994United States Surgical CorporationSternum buckle with rotational engagement and method of closure
US5356417 *Oct 9, 1992Oct 18, 1994United States Surgical CorporationAbsorbable sternum closure buckle
US5383882 *Jul 26, 1993Jan 24, 1995Ethicon, Inc.Ligature and ligature applying endoscopic instrument
US5403346 *Dec 31, 1992Apr 4, 1995Loeser; Edward A.Self-affixing suture assembly
US5417698 *Oct 9, 1992May 23, 1995United States Surgical CorporationApparatus for tightening elongated wound closure elements
US5462542 *Jan 24, 1994Oct 31, 1995United States Surgical CorporationSternum buckle with serrated strap
US5549619 *Jun 4, 1992Aug 27, 1996Clinical Product Development LimitedMedical/surgical devices
US5601604 *May 27, 1993Feb 11, 1997Inamed Development Co.Universal gastric band
US5632753 *Apr 4, 1995May 27, 1997Loeser; Edward A.Surgical procedures
US5741283 *Jan 6, 1997Apr 21, 1998Lrt, Inc.Vessel and duct salvage device and method
US5752966 *Mar 7, 1997May 19, 1998Chang; David W.Exovascular anastomotic device
US5851209 *Jan 16, 1996Dec 22, 1998Hospital For Joint DiseasesBone cerclage tool
US7229445Jun 21, 2004Jun 12, 2007Synthes (Usa)Bone plate with bladed portion
US7951176May 11, 2004May 31, 2011Synthes Usa, LlcBone plate
EP1108393A2 *Dec 8, 2000Jun 20, 2001Ethicon GmbHSurgical needle for implanting a tape
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/16.0PB, 606/151, 606/74
International ClassificationA61B17/06, F16B7/08, B65D63/12, F16B7/00, B65D63/10
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/06066, A61B17/06, A61B17/06004
European ClassificationA61B17/06N, A61B17/06A