US 3578295 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 2,805,846 9/1957 Dewan (26 l/Carb.)
ABSTRACT: A pressuretight receptacle contains the water or other liquid to be saturated with gas, such as carbon dioxide gas supplied to it from a conventional carbon dioxide cylinder, through an elongated capillary tube leading to a porous sintered powdered metal diffuser which creates a myriad of small bubbles of the gas which, passing upward through the liquid, saturates the liquid with gas. The elongated capillary tube retards the flow of gas to the diffuser and thereby prevents the gas bubbles from being discharged therefrom too rapidly for the liquid to absorb them. The surplus gas not absorbed by the liquid collects in the top space above the liquid level and serves as a pressurized chamber to dispense the carbonated liquid through a dispensing pipe leading to the bottom of the receptacle. The diffuser is supported by a pipe through which the capillary tube extends and is protected thereby.
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I l l l l I I l I l l l l l l l l Patented May 11, 1971 3,578,295
42 FIG, l 40 Emma l7, /5 /5 l7 Kalli! fll rd? i 2 0" n I8 30 3 x Z4 0 a a I I) 4"? o I u o u I u a 0 52 u u o a o d v u o O I p N o 3 y n u a 66 ,t it-r-r-- a J w 72 70 k mvsm'on JAMES L. HUDSON ATTORNEYS SELF-CONTAINED ABSORPTION GAS CHARGER FOR LIQUIDS BACKGROU ND OF TH E INVENTION Hitherto, carbonators have been made with the incoming gas flow attemptedly retarded by the use of a disc or aplug with a tiny hole having a diameter of the order of 0.0 l inches. Such a flow-retarding hole 47 in a plug 46 is shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 of the Coleman Pat. US. Pat. No. 2,250,295 ofluly 2i, 1941 for Carbonating Apparatus." A hole of this small diameter was found necessary in order to give a satisfactory retardation of flow, yet it was so tiny that it constantly was obstructed by foreign matter, causing the carbonator to become inoperative. Furthermore, the drilling of such small holes in the stainless steel necessary to avoid corrosion caused frequent breakage of the tiny drills needed, and consequently entailed an excessively high cost for each plug or disc. The present invention overcomes this difficulty by providing an elongated small bore tube which, although it has twice the internal diameter as the plug, nevertheless gives satisfactory flow retardation yet is free from becoming obstructed like the plug or disc.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a central vertical section through a self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, according to one form of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the gas charger shown in HO. 1; and
HO. 3 is a cross section taken along the line 3-3 in FIG. 1.
Referring to the drawing in detail, FIG. 1 shows a self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, generally designated 10, according to one form of the invention as consisting of an elongated pressuretight liquid receptacle 12 preferably of stainless steel or other corrosion-resisting and stain-resisting metal. The top wall 20 of the receptacle [2 is provided with an oval liquid filling opening 14 which receives an oval closure member 16 containing an O-ring 18 clamped upward against the inner edge of the opening 14 by a double-arm bent clamping lever pivotally mounted in bearing bosses 17 on the top of the closure member l6. A handle 22 connected at its opposite ends to the top wall of the receptacle l2 enhances handling of the gas charger 10. The closure member 16 is centrally bored at 23 to receive a so-called purge cock 24 having a handle 26 which, when pulled upward to uncover the port 28 in the purge cock body 30 releases any accumulated gas in the upper chamber 32 above the level 34 of the liquid L in the receptacle 12.
The liquid receptacle 12 at opposite sides of the top 20 thereof is provided with tubular inlet and outlet bosses 36 and 38 respectively provided with quick-disconnect gas inlet and gas-charged liquid outlet couplings 40 and 42 for incoming gas and outgoing ga-charged liquid respectively. The quickdisconnect couplings 40 and 42 are conventional and available on the open market, and are of such nature that pulling upward on either of the clamping rings 44 or 46 enables the coupling 49 or 42 to be immediately disconnected from its particular boss 36 or 38. The tubular bosses 36 and 38 communicate with ports 48 and 50 in the dome-shaped top 20 of the receptacle l2. Extending downward within the bosses 36 and 38 and secured thereto are vertical pipes 52 and 54 respectively tenninating near the bottom wall 56 of the receptacle 12. The latter is conveniently of a S-gallon capacity which renders it portable and has a cylindrical sidewall 58 connecting the bottom wall 56 to the dome-shaped top wall 20. The pipe 54 serves as a gas-charged liquid-dispensing or discharge pipe.
The pipe 52 serves as an elongated diffuser support to carry a gas diffuser, generally designated 60, and also as a protective housing for an elongated metering small bore or capillary tube 62-leading to the diffuser 60. The capillary or gas-flow'retardation tube 62 has a length of about 18 inches and an internal diameter of about 0.035 inches to impart proper retardation to the gas, such as carbon dioxide, flowing downward from the quick-disconnect gas coupling 40 so that it does not except at too high a speed and pressure from the minute pores of the diffuser 60. The capillary tube 62 at its upper end is supported in the mouth of the tubular boss 36 by a closure plug 64 which prevents the incoming gas from passing directly down through pipe 52 and forces it to traverse the capillary tube 62.
The diffuser 60 consists of an annular inwardly flanged body 66 with a bottom closure plate 68 through a hole 70 in which the capillary tube 62 passes in a pressuretight connection to discharge into a diffuser gas chamber 72 beneath a minutely porous diffuser disc or plate 74. The latter is preferably formed of finely divided sintered powdered metal, such as stainless steel, through the minute pores of which the gas passes upward in a myriad of tiny bubbles. The pores are of the order of 5 microns in size, where a micron equals 1/25400 inch or 0.0000394 inch. An O-ring 76 prevents undesired leakage of gas. The diffuser body 66 has a radially-projecting boss 78 (FIGS. 1 and 3) which is bored vertically at 80 to snugly receive the lower end of the pipe 52 to which it is clamped by the setscrew 82.
In connection with the operation of the invention as an absorption carbonator, there are four principle factors in carbonating water: l agitation or the mixing of water and gas by stirring the water in the gas atmosphere; (2) the pressure of the gas within the receptacle; (3) the temperature of the liquid, such as water, to be saturated with gas, since cold water has a strong affinity for absorbing carbon dioxide gas; and (4) the length of time during which carbonation is conducted. In the present invention there are no moving parts and hence no agitation or other mechanism, and the carbonation takes place entirely by absorption.
In the operation of the invention, if the device has been previously used, the operator first pulls upward on the handle 26 of the purge cock 24 to release any gas remaining in the upper chamber 32. He then removes the closure member 16, fills the receptacle 12 with the liquid to be gas charged, and then replaces the closure member 16. The liquid to be gas charged with carbon dioxide, for example, may consist of water, beer, wine or premixed water and flavored syrups such as are used for soft drinks, leaving a space of about 2 inches for the top gas chamber 32. The operator then connects the outlet coupling 42 to a faucet, fountain connection or other means of dispensing the gas-charged liquid. Finally, the operator connects the gas coupling 40 to a gas cylinder (not shown) through a suitable conventional pressure regulator (not shown) set at 50 to 75 pounds per square inch. When the gas valve (not shown) is opened, gas flows through the gas intake coupling 40 downward through the capillary or flow-retardation tube 62 where its speed of flow is greatly retarded before it is discharged into the diffuser chamber 72, whence it passes upward through the microscopic pores in the diffuser disc 74, emerging in the form of an enormous number and continuous stream of very tiny bubbles. These bubbles make their way upward through the liquid L in the receptacle 12, most of them being absorbed before they reach the top chamber 32 beneath the top wall 29 of the receptacle 12. The gas flow is so regulated through the elongated metering capillary tube 62 that 5 to 10 minutes is required to raise the gas pressure in the top chamber 32 to that set on the input pressure regulator (not shown) mentioned above. During this time period, a continu ous slow feeding of tiny gas bubbles through the liquid L produces, as shown by experience, a carbonation of 3 k to 4 volumes of carbonation by the time the gas flow is halted by g the equalization of the pressure in the top chamber 32 to that set on the input pressure regulator.
Carbonated liquid, such as soda water, is withdrawn through the gas outlet coupling 42as the liquid is dispensed,
Since this carbonator is self-contained without requiring any external power and without any moving parts, with the sole connection required being. to the gas cylinder and the dispensing nozzle or faucet respectively, the carbonator is inexpensive to manufacture, completely portable and thus can be carried in vehicles on boats, to picnics, at the pool side, to banquets, small group parties or family gatherings in a patio without requiring any experience or skill to operate itv 1 claim:
l. A self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, comprising:
a vertically disposed receptacle having near the top thereof a gas inlet connection and a gas-charged-liquid outlet connection adapted to be connected to a source of compressed gas and to a gas charged-liquid dispensing device respectively,
said receptacle also having a closable liquid filling open ing therein,
a gas diffuser disposed in said receptacle near the bottom thereof,
said diffuser including a diffuser plate of minutely porous sintered powdered metal having a diffuser chamber adjacent thereto,
an elongated diffuser support extending downward from the upper portion of said receptacle to said diffuser, said diffuser being secured to said diffuser support,
' an elongated small-bore gas-flow-retardation tube extending from said gas inlet connection to said diffuser and communicating with said diffuser chamber, said tube being small enough to substantially retard and control gas flow, and gas-charged-liquid discharge pipe extending from a location near the bottom of said receptacle to said gascharged-liquid outlet connection.
2. A self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, according to claim 1, wherein said gas-flow-retardation tube has an internal diameter not exceeding thirty-five thousandths of an inch.
3. A self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, according to claim 2, wherein the length of said tube is approximately 18 inches.
4. A self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, according to claim I, wherein said diffuser support is connected to said receptacle near said gas inlet connection, and wherein said gas-flow-retardation tube extends downward adjacent said diffuser support.
5. A self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, according to claim 1, wherein said diffuser support consist of a pipe connected to said receptacle near said gas inlet connection, and wherein said gas-flow-retardation tube extends downward inside said pipe.
- 6. A self-contained absorption gas charger for liquids, according to claim 5, wherein said diffuser has a bored portion at one side thereof, and wherein the lower end portion of said pipe is secured in said bored portion.
7. A self-contained absorptiongas charger for liquids, according to claim 1, wherein said diffuser has pores therein of a size approximating 5 microns.