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Publication numberUS3578744 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 18, 1971
Filing dateSep 12, 1969
Priority dateSep 12, 1969
Also published asDE2039226A1
Publication numberUS 3578744 A, US 3578744A, US-A-3578744, US3578744 A, US3578744A
InventorsWildman Alexander J
Original AssigneeAlexo Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for orthodontic treatment
US 3578744 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent .l,976,l15 10/1934 Boyd et a1 Alexander J. Wildman Eugene, Oreg. 857,351

Sept. 12,1969

May 18, 1971 Alexo, Corp.

Eugene, Oreg.

lnventor Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT 9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs. US. (1 32/14 Int. Cl .1: .1: A61c 7/00 Field ofSearch 32/14 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,671,964 3/ 1954 Russell et al 32/14 2,686,365 8/1954 Schurter 32/14 3,087,244 4/1963 Huettner et a1 32/14 Primary Examiner-Robert Peshock Attorney-Buckhom, Blore, Klarquist and Sparkman ABSTRACT: After securement of brackets of novel design to teeth of a patient to be treated, impression is taken of the mouth. The impression is removed, replicas of brackets are inserted in impression and casting made of teeth which are then separated and positioned in ideal location in a model. Arch wires are then preformed to fit brackets on ideal model and after preforming, arch wire transferred to mouth of patient. Brackets have groove to receive arch wire which is locked in place by follower and snap ring.

PAT ENTED MAY 1 8 |97| sum 1 UF 2 ALEXANDER J. WI LDMAN INVENTOR BUCKHORN, BLUFF, KLAROU/S 7' 8 SPAR/(MAN ATTORNEYS PAfENIEU Rm 8 l97| SHEET 2 OF 2 FIG. 4

FIG. 5

ALEX AN DER J. W! LDMAN lNVENTOR BUCKHORIV, BLORE, KLAROU/ST 8 SPAR/(MAN ATTORNEYS BACKGROUND OF INVENTION In accordance with what is known as the direct method of orthodontic work, bands are positioned around the individual teeth of a patient with brackets to permit connection of the bands to the arch wire and various spring wires as are ordinarily utilized. This technique requires considerable skill and judgment on the part of an orthodontist in manipulating and forming the various force applying wires so as to attain the desired movement of teeth.

In accordance with the so-called indirect method utilized heretofore, bands and arch wires are formed in an ideal model and then transferred to the patient. However, it is virtually impossible to secure the bands on the patients teeth in the same location as on the model.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION In accordance with the method of the invention and utilizing the apparatus of the invention, an orthodontist is enabled to perform the difficult and intricate task of forming an arch wire so as to obtain the desired tooth movement on an ideal model of the teeth of the patient while the arch wire is out of the mouth. Thereafter, the arch wire can be transferred to the patients mouth and easily and quickly secured to the individual teeth by the novel brackets of the invention.

More particularly, in accordance with the method of the invention, arch wire brackets are secured by bands to the teeth of a patient after which an impression is made of the patients mouth. After removal of the impression, replicas of the brackets are inserted in a corresponding position in the impression and a casting made of the teeth in the course of which the brackets will become rigidly attached to the tooth castings. Thereafter, the individual tooth castings are separated and reset in an ideal model of the patients mouth whereupon an arch wire can be formed so as to conform to the bracket locations of the teeth in the ideal model. After formation of such wire, it is transferred to the patients mouth, whereupon the memory of the wire will apply corrective force to the teeth causing them to move towards their ideal location.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a bracket made in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a so called follower utilized in the bracket of the invention;

FIG. 3 is a top view of an assembled bracket;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a top view of a modification of the bracket of the invention;

FIG. 6 is a top view of still another modification of a bracket made in accordance with the invention; and

FIG. 7 is an elevation on reduced scale of a modification of a snapring adapted for use in the invention.

Reference is made first to FIG. 1 in which is illustrated a bracket 10 made in accordance with the invention and which bracket comprises a base portion 12 adapted to be secured as by brazing or other suitable means to a tooth band 14 which is mounted upon the patients tooth in any conventional manner. The bracket also includes a head portion 16 having a labial surface 18. As indicated, the base and head portions are preferably of circular configuration, but need not be so, and extending between them is a shank 20 which is of reduced diameter with respect to both the base portion 10 and the head portion 16. The head portion 16 is formed with a horizontal groove 28 therein for receiving an arch wire 30. Preferably but not necessarily both the groove 28 and the arch wire 30 are of rectangular configuration. The head portion 16 is also provided with a vertical groove 26 which in depth may be less than the depth of the groove 28 but at least is of such depth that the difference between the depth of the groove 28 and the groove 26 is not greater than the thickness of the arch wire 30, the reason for which will become apparent.

A second vertical groove 32 is provided in the bracket, such vertical groove extending in the present embodiment through the base and shank portions and preferably being of rectangular cross section. Extending between the grooves 26, 32 is a notch 34. I

Referring now to FIG. 2, adapted to cooperate with the bracket 10 is a locking member or follower 38 which includes a base portion 40 of rectangular cross section adapted to be slidably received within the groove 32. Extending forwardly from the base portion 40 is an arm 42. adapted to be received in the notch 34 at the end of which arm is a locking finger 44 adapted to extend forwardly of the arch wire 30 when the same is engaged within the groove 28, the lower end of the finger 44 being received within the lower portion of the groove 26.

The follower 38 is adapted to be locked in place by a snapring 46 which in turn is adapted to be engaged about the shank 20, the ends of the snap ring extending over the top of the follower 38 when the follower is fully inserted, as may be seen in FIGS. 3 and 4. The follower base portion 40 is formed with grooves 48 in the opposite sides thereof in which the ends of the snapring 46 are received during retraction or insertion of the follower. Preferably the follower 38 is provided with means releasably to engage the snapring in its partially withdrawn position with the finger 44 clear of the groove 28. Such means may comprise an indentation 50 formed in one or both of the walls 52 of the grooves 48 as shown in FIG. 4, or other suitable stop means may be provided.

The bracket and follower are preferably formed of stainless steel or other suitable corrosion resistant, high strength metal and can obviously also be formed of high strength plastic or other material. The groove 26 and arch wire 30 are preferably of such dimension as to form a close fit, but they should, at the same time, permit some longitudinal movement of the arch wire 30 through the groove 28. Such movement is necessary, of course, to permit adjustment of the position of the bracket on the arch wire as a tooth rotates under pressure applied to it through the arch wire. Likewise, the clearance between the finger 44 and an arch wire 30 must be such as to permit sliding movement of the wire.

In accordance with the method of the invention, the brackets 10 and bands 14 are secured to the teeth of a patient. An impression of the patients mouth is then taken so as to obtain an impression of the position of the teeth with the brackets attached thereto. The impression is removed from the mouth and replicas of brackets 10 are inserted in the corresponding apertures formed in the impression. Thereafter, a casting is made in the impression so as to obtain a model of the patients teeth with the bracket replicas attached to the cast teeth. Next, the individual tooth castings are separated by cutting or other suitable means and reset in their ideal locations in a model. Next, an arch wire is formed so as to fit the brackets of the ideal model and upon its completion this arch wire is removed and attached to the brackets on the teeth in the patients mouth. Upon attaching to the teeth in the patients mouth, the memory of the wire will, of course, apply the desired pressure to the teeth in the mouth to cause them to rotate or tip or otherwise move as desired towards the ideal location. It may be preferred to start the treatment with a wire applying only a small amount of force and to increase the force applied as the treatment continues by changing the wire. In any case, the orthodontist can go back to his ideal model for forming the arch wire which is to be positioned in the patients mouth.

As will be clear from the foregoing, to attach the arch wire to the bracket the follower 38 is mounted on a bracket with the snapring engaged in the openings 50 so that the groove 28 is clear. The arch wire 30 is then inserted within the groove 28 and positioned against the rear wall of such groove and pressure then applied to the follower 38 to cause it to move downwardly, thereby moving the finger 44 over the arch wire 30 to hold it in position. When the follower 38 clears the ends of the snapring 46, they will close over the top of the follower to retain it in position.

To remove an arch wire the process is reversed, that is, the orthodontist opens the snapring 46, for which purpose a suitable tool is provided. The follower 38 is then moved upwardly until the ends of the snapring 46 engage in the indentations 50. At this point the finger 44 will have cleared the groove 28 so that the arch wire 30 can be moved sideways and out of the groove 28. While the bracket of this embodiment has been illustrated in connection with a rectangular arch wire 30, it will be obvious that round arch wires or bundles of two or more arch wires can be suitably utilized. Also, while the method of the invention has been described in connection with the brackets of FIGS. 1 to 4, it will be apparent it may also be performed with other types of brackets.

Referring to FIG. 5, a modification of a bracket of the invention is therein illustrated, the bracket of this modification comprising a base portion 12 and a head portion 16', the horizontal groove 28' in this embodiment being of such depth as to extend to the shank 20'. Thus, the arch wire 30' abuts the surface of the snapring 46'. The follower in this embodiment includes a base portion 70 fitting within a groove 72 formed in the base 12'. Extending from the base portion 70 is an arm 42. The arm 42 is provided at its end with a finger 44 for engaging over the arch wire 30' when it is fully inserted. The present embodiment has the advantage over the prior described embodiment in that the length of arch wire contact is increased to the edge of the snapring 46', that is, to the point X compared to the point X thus increasing the torque arm for rotational inclination of a tooth.

Referring to FIG. 6, in still another modification of the invention, the finger 44" is of enlarged cross section relative to the arm 42" and the vertical groove 26" of the receiving bracket is correspondingly enlarged. This has the advantage of more securely holding the follower in place than in the previously described embodiments.

To still further increase the rotational torque arm, the snapring may be provided with Wings 8%) as shown in FIG. 7. Such wings can be provided on a snapring as used in any of the foregoing embodiments.

Having described certain preferred embodiments it will be apparent that the invention permits of still other modifications in arrangement and detail.

I claim:

1. An orthodontic arch wire bracket for attachment to a tooth band and for connection to an arch wire means of predetermined thickness comprising:

a body member including a base portion having a base surface for attachment to a tooth band, a head portion having a labial surface,

said head portion having a horizontal groove therein opening to said labial surface for receiving an arch wire, said groove having a depth greater than the said arch wire thickness,

said head portion having a first vertical groove therein opening to said labial surface and having a depth relative to the depth of said horizontal groove by an amount substantially no less than said arch wire thickness,

said base portion having a second vertical groove therein,

said head portion having a notch therein extending between said first and second vertical grooves and opening to said labial surface of said head portion,

a follower member comprising a base portion adapted slidably to engage within said second vertical groove, an arm portion adapted to be received within said notch, and a finger portion adapted to be received in said first vertical groove and to extend over an arch wire engaged within said horizontal groove,

and lock means for releasably engaging said follower to prevent accidental removal of the same from said body member.

2. A bracket as set forth in claim 1 wherein said body member comprises a shank portion between said base and head portions of reduced cross-sectional dimension relative to said base and head portions, said lock means comprising a sna rin adapted to be receiyed about said shank.

3? A %racket as set forth in claim 2 wherein the bottom of said horizontal groove is spaced from said base portion by the thickness of said snapring.

4. A bracket as set forth in claim 1 wherein said notch is of lesser width than said vertical grooves.

S. A bracket as set forth in claim 2 wherein said snapring is formed with wings projecting horizontally therefrom.

6. A bracket as set forth in claim 2 wherein said follower member base portion is formed with indentations on each of its opposite sides for receiving the ends of said snapring during insertion or demounting of said follower.

7. A bracket as set forth in claim 2 wherein said follower member is provided with means releasably to engage the ends of said snapring at a predetermined position of said follower member so as to retain said follower member in a partially demounted position.

8. A bracket as set forth in claim 2 wherein said snapring is of a diameter greater than the horizontal extent of said head portion.

9. An orthodontic arch wire bracket for attachment to a tooth band and for connection to an arch wire comprising:

a body member including a base portion having a basesurface for attachment to a tooth band, a head portion having a labial surface, and a shank portion positioned between said base and head portions and being of reduced cross-sectional dimension relative to said base and head portions,

said head portion having a horizontal groove therein opening to said labial surface for receiving an arch wire,

said head portion having a first vertical groove therein opening to said labial surface of the same depth as said horizontal groove,

said base and shank portions having a second vertical groove therein,

said head portion having a notch therein extending between said first and second vertical grooves and opening to the surface of said head portion,

a follower member comprising a base portion adapted slidably to engage within said second vertical groove, an arm portion adapted to be received within said notch, and a finger portion adapted to be received in said first vertical groove and to extend over an arch wire engaged within said horizontal groove,

and a snapring adapted to be received about said shank and to engage said follower to prevent accidental removal of the same from said body member.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1976115 *Apr 1, 1933Oct 9, 1934Edward Boyd CharlesOrthodontia band bracket
US2671964 *Dec 10, 1952Mar 16, 1954Brestrup Frederick BOrthodontic appliance
US2686365 *Mar 10, 1953Aug 17, 1954Joseph G SchurterOrthodontic device
US3087244 *Jun 28, 1961Apr 30, 1963Goodyear Chalmers MOrthodontic attachment device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3780437 *Mar 2, 1972Dec 25, 1973Consyne CorpOrthodontic bracket
US3842503 *Aug 29, 1973Oct 22, 1974Silverado IndustriesMethod for orthodontic treatment
US4209906 *Nov 21, 1977Jul 1, 1980Kinya FujitaOrthodontic appliance (bracket and lock pin)
US4909735 *Sep 26, 1988Mar 20, 1990Wildman Alexander JStraight line orthodontic setup method and apparatus
US5094614 *Mar 8, 1991Mar 10, 1992Wildman Alexander JMiniature self-locking labial bracket
US5466151 *Jun 28, 1994Nov 14, 1995Damon Family Limited PartnershipSpring-locked orthodontic bracket
US5630715 *Feb 21, 1995May 20, 1997Voudouris; John C.Orthodontic bracket with an engagement mechanism for retaining an archwire
US6257883Jun 8, 1999Jul 10, 2001John C. VoudourisOrthodontic bracket
US6488675Oct 15, 1999Dec 3, 2002Fred R. RadfordContaminated medical waste disposal system and method
US6648638Dec 28, 2001Nov 18, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyOrthodontic appliances including polycrystalline alumina-based ceramic material, kits, and methods
US6733285Dec 14, 2001May 11, 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyOrthodontic appliance with lingual retaining groove
US6878456Dec 28, 2001Apr 12, 20053M Innovative Properties Co.Polycrystalline translucent alumina-based ceramic material, uses, and methods
US6957957Nov 4, 2002Oct 25, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyMolar appliance for orthodontic therapy
US7140875Feb 3, 2004Nov 28, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyOrthodontic bracket with reinforced tiewings
US7585171May 4, 2006Sep 8, 2009World Class Technology CorporationOrthodontic bracket with rotary ligating cover
US7621743May 19, 2005Nov 24, 2009Orthodontic Research And Development, S.L.Orthodontic bracket
US7780443Apr 20, 2007Aug 24, 2010World Class Technology CorporationSelf-ligating bracket with rotary cover
US7878802Feb 23, 2009Feb 1, 2011World Class Technology CorporationOrthodontic bracket with rotary ligating cover
US7963767Jun 26, 2008Jun 21, 2011Ultradent Products, Inc.Self-ligating orthodontic bracket with sliding ligation cover
US20040086826 *Nov 4, 2002May 6, 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyMolar appliance for orthodontic therapy
US20050005554 *Feb 3, 2004Jan 13, 2005Oppermanm R. ScottEquipment support for a metal building
US20050170308 *Feb 3, 2004Aug 4, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyOrthodontic bracket with reinforced tiewings
US20050239012 *May 19, 2005Oct 27, 2005Juergen BathenOrthodontic bracket
US20060051721 *Nov 25, 2003Mar 9, 2006Luis Carriere LluchImprovements to orthodontic supports applicable to teeth
US20060269895 *Aug 4, 2006Nov 30, 2006Voudouris John COrthodontic bracket
US20070166658 *Jan 12, 2007Jul 19, 2007Ceramic Sciences, Inc.Self-ligating orthodontic bracket with mid-undercut
US20070243497 *Apr 18, 2006Oct 18, 2007Ceramic Sciences IncorporatedOrthodontic bracket assembly
US20070259304 *Apr 20, 2007Nov 8, 2007Rolf HagelganzSelf-ligating bracket with rotary cover
US20090162807 *Feb 23, 2009Jun 25, 2009World Class Technology CorporationOrthodontic bracket with rotary ligating cover
US20090325120 *Dec 31, 2009Ultradent Products, Inc.Self-ligating orthodontic bracket with sliding ligation cover
WO2003051223A1 *Oct 21, 2002Jun 26, 20033M Innovative Properties CoOrthodontic appliance with lingual retaining groove
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/14
International ClassificationA61C7/28, A61C7/14, A61C7/00, A61C7/12
Cooperative ClassificationA61C7/287, A61C7/12
European ClassificationA61C7/12, A61C7/28S
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 25, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. ASSIGNS THE ENTIRE INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAC/THERMOLYNE, INC.;SAC/BARNSTEAD, INC.;SAC/THERMO-BARN, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004834/0513
Effective date: 19871020
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY,STATELESS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAC/THERMOLYNE, INC.;SAC/BARNSTEAD, INC.;SAC/THERMO-BARN, INC. AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:4834/513
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAC/THERMOLYNE, INC.;SAC/BARNSTEAD, INC.;SAC/THERMO-BARN, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004834/0513
Sep 15, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: ORMCO CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SYBRON CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004607/0103
Effective date: 19860731
Owner name: ORMCO CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE., STATELESS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SYBRON CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004607/0103
Sep 15, 1986AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: ORMCO CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.
Effective date: 19860731
Owner name: SYBRON CORPORATION
Sep 20, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: SYBRON CORPORATION, 1100 MIDTOWN TOWER, ROCHESTER,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY CORPORATION A CORP. OF ILL.;REEL/FRAME:004051/0902
Effective date: 19820831