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Publication numberUS3580414 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 25, 1971
Filing dateDec 20, 1968
Priority dateDec 20, 1968
Publication numberUS 3580414 A, US 3580414A, US-A-3580414, US3580414 A, US3580414A
InventorsGinsburgh Irwin, Nebelsiek Hilbert J
Original AssigneeStandard Oil Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fueling device for automobiles and the like
US 3580414 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventors Irwin Ginsburgh Morton Grove, Ill.; Hilbert J. Nebelsiek, Hammond, Ind. [21] Appl. No. 785,562 [22] Filed Dec. 20, 1968 [45 Patented May 25, 1971 [73] Assignee Standard Oil Company Chicago, Ill.

[54] FUELING DEVICE FOR AUTOMOBILES AND THE LIKE 9 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.

[5 2] US. Cl 220/86, 25 l/ 1 49.2 [51] Int. Cl 865d 39/02 [50] Field of Search 251/149.2; 141/348, 349; 220/86, 35

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,113,484 4/1938 Krauss 220/35 uni-W110 2,247,509 7/1941 Lebus 2,801,767 8/1957 Mariani ABSTRACT: Our invention concerns a device adapted to be attached to the fill pipe of an automobiles gas tank and to receive the nozzle of a fuel dispenser. Its principal elements are: a cap member having means which enable said cap member to be attached to the till pipe, a passageway through the cap member which is adapted to pass the nozzle, and a closure member connected to one end of the passageway which seals said passageway, but which opens whenever the nozzle is inserted into the passageway. The passageway has one end protruding from the fill pipe and another end extending into the till pipe. The closure member may be attached to either end, or two closure members can be employed, one attached to each end.

FUELING DEVICE FOR AUTOMOBILES AND THE LIKE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As portrayed in US. Pat. No. 3,364,940, it now is feasible to design a system which automatically fuels an automobile. This system uses mechanical means to remove the gas cap covering the fill pipe of the automobile s gas tank, and to insert the nozzle of a fuel dispenser into the open fill pipe. Such a system is greatly simplified if the automobile is already equipped with a device for receiving the noule. This eliminates the mechanism which removes the gas cap. Such a device may also be used with equal advantage in customer self-service fueling systems, because a customer never soils his hands by touching a dirty gas cap. Ideally, this device should be easily attached to conventional fill pipes, and it should stop or greatly retard emissions from the tank of air-polluting and flammable gasoline fumes. But most conventional fill pipes have a very small in.- side diameter. To design a device small enough to fit-into such a pipe and still meet the above requirements poses a serious problem. We have solved this problem, inventing a device which is adapted to be removably attached to most fill pipes, which prevents or minimizes emission of gasoline fumes, which aids in guiding the nozzle of a fuel dispenser into the fill pipe, and which is inexpensive to manufacture.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Broadly, our device comprises: (i) a cap member having means which enable said cap member to be attached to the automobiles fill pipe, (ii) a passageway through the cap member which is adapted to pass the nozzle of fuel dispenser, and (iii) a closure member connected to one end of the passageway which seals said passageway, but which opens whenever the nozzle is inserted into the passageway. Desirably, the passageway is elongated, having one end extending into the fill pipe and the other end protruding from the fill pipe. The closure member may be attached to either end, or preferably, closure members are attached to both ends. In the latter instance, one closure member fits snuggly against an end, sealing this end so gasoline fumes and droplets cannot escape, and the other closure member merely abuts the other end, keeping dirt from entering the passageway. We prefer that the snug fitting closure member be attached to the end of the passageway which extends into the fill pipe. The reason, the internal pressure of the gasoline fumes within the tank will then act in concert with the sealing means to push this snug fitting closurev member even more tightly against the end of the passageway. Thus, the gasoline fumes within the tank aid in maintaining a tight sea].

In accordance with the more detailed features of our invention, the cap member has a tapered recess terminating in an opening. The opening has its center offset relative to the central longitudinal axis of the fill pipe, and it is large enough to pass the fuel nozzle. An elongated tube, which has a diameter smaller than the fill pipes diameter yet large enough to pass the nozzle, is connected at one end to the cap member and aligned with the opening such that the tubes longitudinal axis parallels the pipes longitudinal axis and intersects the openings center. The other end of the tube is truncated at an oblique angle (about 45 relative to the fill pipes longitudinal axis. A hinge attaches the closure member to the truncated end, and a spring urges this closure member against the truncated end, sealing it. If the diameter of the tube is no greater than three-fourths the diameter of the fill pipe, there will be, in most instances, enough space between the tube and the fill pipe to accommodate the hinge. When the fuel nozzle is inserted into the fill pipe through the opening and along the tube, it engages the closure member and pushes it open. When the nozzle is withdrawn, the spring returns the closure member to the sealing position. Because the end extending into the fill pipe is truncated at an oblique angle, the arc through which the closure member swings is minimized. A second closure member, which prevents dirt from accumulating within the tube, covers the cap member and opening, but

uncovers the cap member and opening when the nozzle is to be inserted into the device.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows the device of our invention attached to the fill pipe of an automobile 5 gas tank.

FIG. 2 is a plane view of our device.

FIG. 3 is a rear elevational view of our device.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view along line 4-4 of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As shown in FIGS. 1 through 3, our device 10 includes cap member 12 having coupling neck 14, tube 16 attached at one end 18 to neck 14, and closure member 20 attached to the other end 22 of tube 16. Protrusions 24 and 26 on neck 14 fit through a pair of slots (not shown) in the inwardly curled lip 28 of fill pipe 30. To connect device 10 to fill pipe 30, first insert device 10 into fill pipe 30 so that protrusions 24 and 26 pass through the slots in lip 28, and then turn device 10. With turning, protrusions 24 and 26 ride along the inside tip of lip 28, pressing underside 32 of cap member 12 tightly against lip 28. Spring loaded seal 34, lodged in underside 32, and closure member 20 retard or completely eliminate the escape of gasoline fumes from the automobiles gas tank (not shown).

With device 10 connected to fill pipe 30, cap member 12 protrudes from fill pipe 30, and tube 16 extends into fill pipe 30. Tube 16 serves as a passageway which enables fuel nozzle 36 to be inserted into fill pipe 30, and frustoconical recess 38 within cap member 12 serves as a guideway and entrance into the passageway. Recess 38 terminates in an opening 40 (FIG. 2) having its center ofiset relative to the central longitudinal axis of fill pipe 30. The diameters of tube 16 and opening 40 are smaller then the fill pipes diameter, yet they are large enough, to pass nozzle 36. As mentioned, the tubes diameter preferably is no greater than about three-fourths the pipes diameter.

To provide the maximum amount of room for mounting closure member 20 and enabling member 20 to open and close, tube 16, as best illustrated in FIG. 4, is off center relative to the fill pipes center, and end 22 is truncated at an oblique angle relative to the fill pipes longitudinal axis. Tube 16 is aligned with opening 40 so that the tubes longitudinal axis parallels the fill pipes longitudinal axis and intersects the center of opening 40. Consequently, side 42 of tube 16 is further from fill pipe 30 than any other side of tube 16. The truncation of end 22 occurs along an oblique plane moving away from this far side 42 towards side 44 of tube 16, the side nearest fill pipe 30. Thus, side 42 is the tubes shortest side, and side 44 is the tubes longest side. Closure member 20, hingedly attached to short side 42, seals the passageway along tube 16 but swings open when nozzle 36 engages it. Because end 22 is truncated in this manner, the arc through which member 20 swings is minimized.

The preferred closure member 20 includes hinge 46 secured to short side 42, gate 48 attached to hinge 46, and circular kick plate 50 secured to the inside of gate 48. Springs 52 and 54, connected to opposite sides of gate 48 and tube 16, bias gate 48 in a direction towards truncated end 22. When springs 52 and 54 pull gate 48 into contact with truncated end 22, kick plate 50 fits snuggly into end 22, and annular rubber gasket 56 secured to gate 48 and surrounding kick plate 50 seals off end 22. With gate 48 closing off end 22, gasoline fumes within the gas tank press against the back of gate 48, reinforcing the seal between gasket 56 and truncated end 22.

In addition to closure member 20, we also employ a second closure member 58 in order to prevent accumulation of dirt in tube 16. This closure member 58 includes cover and sponge rubber cushion 72 glued to the exterior of cover 70, and it is attached to cap member 12 by means of spring hinge 74. When the automobiles gas fiap 76 is open, as shown in solid lines, spring hinge 74 pushes cover 70 away from the entrance of the passageway along tube 16. When gas flap 76 is closed, as indicated in dotted lines, cover 70 moves into registration with the top of cap member 12, covering the entrance to the passageway along tube 16.

To fill a gas tank equipped with device 10, either manually or automatically, first open fiap 76, and then push nozzle 36 into the passageway along tube 16. With flap 76 open, spring hinge 74 swing cover 70 away from the top of cap member 12. This allows nozzle 36 to enter the passageway. If nozzle 36 is not in exact alignment with opening 40, recess 38 directs nozzle 36 into this opening 40. When nozzle 36 reaches truncated end 22, it strikes kick plate 50 and pushes gate 48' open. Upon withdrawing nozzle 36, springs 52 and 54 pull gate 48 open. Upon withdrawing nozzle 36, springs 52 and 54 pull gate 48 into the closed position, and upon shutting flap 76, the inside of flap 76 pushes against cushion 72 to move cover 70 into registration with the top of cap member 12.

We claim:

1. A d vice adapted to be attached to the fill pipe of an automobiles gas tank and to receive the nozzle of a fuel dispenser, comprising:

a cap member having means which enable said cap member to be attached to the fill pipe;

a passageway through the cap member which is adapted to pass the nozzle, said passageway having a first end protruding from the fill pipe and a second end extending into the fill pipe;

a first closure member, attached to the first end of the fill pipe, which normally covers said first end to prevent dirt from accumulating within said passageway, but which uncovers whenever the nozzle is inserted into the passageway; and

a second closure member, attached to the second end of the passageway, which seals said passageway to impede the escape of gasoline fumes, but which is pushed open by the nozzle when the nozzle is inserted into the passageway.

2. A device which, when coupled to the fill pipe of an automobiles gas tank, aids in guiding the nozzle of a fuel dispenser into said fill pipe, said device comprising:

a cap member adapted to be connected to the open, receiving end of the fill pipe so that said cap member covers said open, receiving end;

said cap member having a tapered recess terminating in an opening large enough to pass said nozzle, said opening having its center offset relative to the central longitudinal axis ofthe fill pipe;

an elongated tube which is smaller indiameter than the fill pipe yet able to pass said nozzle, said tube having one end connected to the cap member and anotherend extending into the fill pipe, and being aligned with the opening such that the tube's longitudinal axis parallels the pipes 1ongitudinal axis and intersects the opening's center, whereby one side of the tube will be further from the fill pipe than any other side of the tube;

said end of the tube extending into the fill pipe being truncated along an oblique plane such that the side of the tube furthest from the fill pipe is shorter than any other side of the tube; and

a closure member hingedly attached to the shorter side of said tube, said closure member being movable between an open position and a normally closed position fitting snuggly against and sealing said truncated end, said nozzle moving the closure member from a closed position to the open position by pushing against said closure member as said nozzle is inserted into the fill pipe through the opening and along the tube.

3. The device defined in claim 2 having a second closure member for the cap member which covers the cap member and opening, but which uncovers the cap member and opening when the nozzle is inserted into the device.

4. The device defined in claim 3 wherein the diameter of the tube is no greater than about three-fourths of the diameter of the fill pipe.

5. In combination:

a fill pipe of an automobiles gas tank and a gas flap spaced from' the fill pipe but movable between an open position wherein the fill pipe is exposed, and a closed position wherein the fill pipe is hidden;

a cap member having means which enable said cap member to be attached to the fill pipe, said cap member including a passageway which is adapted to pass the nozzle of a fuel dispenser, and a first closure member connected to the end of the passageway terminating in the fill pipe, said first closure member including;

a. means which normally urge said first closure member into a sealing position relative to the end of the passageway terminating in the fill pipe,

b. being mounted to move to an open position which lets the nozzle pass whenever said nozzle is inserted into the passageway and pushed against said closure member; and

a second closure member at the end of the passageway terminating outside the fill pipe for preventing dirt from accumulating in the fill pipe, said second closure member including means which normally urge said second closure member into a position which exposes the end of the passageway terminating outside of the fill pipe, said second closure member being spaced relative to the gas flap so that when said gas flap is moved into the closed position which hides the fill pipe said second closure member is moved by said gas flap into a position which closes off said open end terminating outside the fill pipe, and when said gas flap is moved into the open position said second closure member is moved by the urging means into the position which exposes said end outside the fill pipe.

6. The combination with the fill pipe on an automobile or the like:

a tubular member adapted to pass a fuel nozzle, said tubular member having a first open end terminating in a frustoconical guideway which projects from the fill pipe and a second open end terminating within the fill pipe;

.said first end being provided with a-first movable closure member which prevents dirt from entering said tubular member;

said second end being provided with a second closure member that seals off said second end whenever the automobile is not being fueled, said second closure member including;

a. means which normally urge said second closure member into a sealing position relative to said second end, and

b. being mounted to move to an open position which lets the nozzle pass when said nozzle is inserted into the tubular member and pushed against the closure member.

7. The tubular member defined in claim 6 wherein the second closure member is attached to the tubular member by means of a hinge, and a spring coupled to said second closure member urges said second closure member into a sealing position relative to said second end.

8. The tubular member defined in claim- 7 wherein the second closure member is provided with a sealing gasket and a kick plate which the nozzle engages upon insertion.

9. The tubular member defined in claim 6 wherein the diameter of the tubular member is no greater than about three-fourths the diameter of the fill pipe.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2113484 *Apr 23, 1936Apr 5, 1938Krauss Friedrich EmilHinged closure for petrol tanks
US2247509 *Nov 4, 1938Jul 1, 1941Protectoseal CoFiller attachment for gasoline tanks
US2801767 *May 2, 1955Aug 6, 1957Frank N MarianiTank cap
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3730216 *Apr 6, 1972May 1, 1973Ford Motor CoFuel tank insert for admitting preselected pump nozzles
US3750825 *Jan 25, 1971Aug 7, 1973Teledyne IndSelf-closing cap
US3754564 *Jan 3, 1972Aug 28, 1973Centralsug AbValve for a central suction system
US3835900 *Feb 27, 1973Sep 17, 1974Godbier TNon-leak safety valve in filling line for vehicle gasoline tank
US3845877 *Apr 6, 1972Nov 5, 1974Ford Motor CoInlet insert
US3913639 *Dec 4, 1974Oct 21, 1975Edwin R DavisAuto pollution gasoline tank cap assembly
US3942564 *Jul 10, 1974Mar 9, 1976Nissan Motor Company LimitedFuel tank filling inlet port device
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US4526216 *May 16, 1983Jul 2, 1985Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.Unleaded fuel filling system for tanks without inlet pipe
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US8322552 *Jan 8, 2010Dec 4, 2012Ford Global TechnologiesFuel filler system for automotive vehicle
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Classifications
U.S. Classification220/86.2, 251/149.2
International ClassificationB60K15/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60K2015/0445, B60K15/04, B60K15/0406
European ClassificationB60K15/04, B60K15/04F