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Publication numberUS3581832 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1971
Filing dateJun 2, 1969
Priority dateJun 1, 1968
Publication numberUS 3581832 A, US 3581832A, US-A-3581832, US3581832 A, US3581832A
InventorsRichard Heermann, Andreas Stihl, Anton Wehle
Original AssigneeStihl Maschf Andreas
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Free-cutting device
US 3581832 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventors Richard Heermann Hebsack;

Anton Wehle, Stuttgart-Westphalia; Andreas Stihl, Neustadt, all of, Germany 829,676

June 2, 1969 June 1, 1971 Andreas Stilil Maschinenfabrik Neustadt, Germany June 1, 1968 Germany Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee Priority FREE-CUTTING DEVICE 27 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.

US. Cl 173/162,

30/167, 143/43 Int. Cl. E210 l/00, B23d 49/00, B27b 9/00 [50] Field ofSearch 173/162, 30; 143/43; 30/167, 296

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,629,364 2/1953 Anderson 173/162 2,697,457 12/1954 Lawrence 30/167 2,810,409 10/1957 lbelle et al. 30/167 3,409,056 11/1968 Rauh 173/162 3,453,732 7/1969 Wilkin 143/43 Primary Examiner-James A. Leppink Attorney- Walter Becker ABSTRACT: A free-cutting device with an internal combustion engine drivingly connected through a pipe surrounded shaft with a free-cutting tool adapted to be moved over the ground, said pipe being provided with handle means for guiding the device while said handle means is connected to the device through at least one vibration-damping bearing.

PATENTED JUN 1 IBYI FREE-CUTTXNG DEVICE The present invention relates to a freecutting device with a combustion engine which engine is drivingly connected to a free-cutting tool through the intervention of a shaft surrounded by a pipe, said device, especially said pipe, being provided with at least one handle means for guiding the device. Such devices, especially portable free-cutting devices, are as a rule provided with a supporting and guiding device so that the engine can be carried directly on the body of a person by means of a shoulder strap while a sufficiently long shaft extends to the free-cutting tool from the engine or motor located approximately at the hip of said person, the arrangement being such that the shaft can be held at an angle of 30 with regard to the ground so that the axis of the free-cutting tool will be approximately perpendicular to the ground and that the tool will be located in the immediate vicinity of the ground. When working with the free-cutting device, the free-cutting tool is by means of the handle guided in the desired manner, for instance, above the ground.

It is an object of the present invention so to design a freecutting device of the above-mentioned type that vibrations are avoided at the handle as far as possible.

This object and other advantages of the invention will appear more clearly from the following specification in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which;

FIG. 1 diagrammatically illustrates a side view of a freecutting device according to the invention.

FlG. 2 is a top view of a portion of the device according to FIG. 1.

The aboveoutlined object has been realized by connecting the handle to the device through at least one vibration-damping bearing. In this connection it is particularly advantageous to connect the handle to the device exclusively through the intervention of at least one vibration-damping bearing.

Referring now to the drawing in detail, FIGS. 1 and 2 thereof illustrate a free-cuttin g device according to the invention which is provided, for instance, with a one-cylindentwocycle engine or motor 1 which is flanged to one end ofa pipe 2 having a length of, for instance, 1 meter. The motor 1 is by means of a clamp 3 detachably connected to pipe 2 in such a way that the main bearing axis of the crankshaft of motor 1 is located in the axis of the pipe 2. The other or lower end of pipe 2 has connected thereto a transmission housing 4 for a bevel gear transmission. The drive shaft 31 of said bevel gear transmission defines with the axis of the pipe 2 an angle of approximately 125 and protrudes downwardly beyond the transmission housing 4 while carrying a free-cutting tool 32, for instance in the form of a grass-cutting knife or a circular sawing blade. The bevel gear transmission is through a nonillustrated shaft joumaled in pipe 2 drivingly connected to the crankshaft of the motor 1. A handle 5 is in a simple manner connected to the pipe 2 somewhat closer to the motor 1 than to the transmission housing 4. The said handle 5 serves for guiding the free-cutting device when working therewith. In addition to the handle 5, a nonillustrated shoulder strap may be connected to the motor 1 which strap preferably has such a length that the motor 1 can be carried laterally of the body of a person or directly on the body of a person in approximately the height of the hip of said person so that the tool 32 will then be directly above the ground and approximately perpendicular thereto.

For purposes of mounting the handle 5, the pipe is provided with two serially arranged holding members 6, 7 which extend around the pipe 2 with clamplike extensions 8, 9 and by means of screws 10 are detachably connected to the pipe 2 so that it will also be possible to equip prior-art free-cutting devices with an arrangement according to the present invention. The from holding member 6 or the holding member which is closer to the tool 32 than the other holding member has two arms 11 which extend upwardly and in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the pipe 2. These arms 11 are located symmetrically with regard to the axis of the pipe 2 and form a fork. Between the said arms 11 there is provided a rubber elastic vibrationdamping bearing 12 which is safely supported in a space-saving manner. The outer connecting surfaces 13 located at the end face and pertaining to the vibration-damping bearing 12 are arranged parallel to those inner surfaces of the arms 11 which face each other and engage said arms while being parallel to the longitudinal direction of the pipe 2. Inasmuch as the vibration-damping bearing 12 forms a body of revolution with end faces 13 which are perpendicular to its axis, the axis of said vibration-damping bearing 12 is located perpendicular to the axis of pipe 2. The arrangement of the vibration-damping bearing 12 is such that its central axis 14 will in the position of use of said free-cutting device and in conformity with FIG. 1 be located horizontally or vertically to the axis of rotation of the tool 32 and will be subjected to thrust or pressure by vibrations acting perpendicularly with regard to the motor axis. When working with the free-cutting device, the latter is as a rule moved back and forth in the manner of a scythe so that it is advantageous to have the axis of the bearing 12 located ap proximately horizontally whereby this bearing will in view of the cutting pressure be subjected to a thrust or pressure. The vibration-damping bearing 12 comprises two bearing portions 15 which are arranged axially adjacent to each other and are preferably of the same design. Between the end faces 16 which face each other and pertain to the bearing portions 15 there is provided a fishplate 17 which forms a connecting member which is connected to the bottom side of a holding plate 18 for holding handles 19 so that a simple assembly will be assured. The fishplate 17 has its plane parallel outer surfaces in engagement with those end faces 16 of the bearing portions 15 which face each other and are perpendicular to the axis 14.

The other holding member 7 located toward the motor 1 in spaced relationship to the holding member 6 has two symmetrically located forks arranged at both sides of the longitudinal axis of pipe 2, said forks being formed by two parallel arms 21. Between said arms of each fork there is arranged a vibrationdamping bearing 22 for increasing the damping effect. The arms 21 are so located that the central axes 24 of the vibration-damping bearing 22 are parallel to the central axis of the pipe 2, in other words the connecting surfaces 23, 26 at the end faces are located perpendicularly with regard to the central axis of pipe 2, and a stabilization of the handle relative to the device will be obtained. The vibration-damping bearings 22 which are particularly subjected to shearing stresses and have a high vibration-damping effect are precisely of the same design as the vibration-damping bearing 12. The holding plate 18 has within the range of each vibration-damping bearing 22 its bottom side provided with a connecting fishplate 27 which is held between the two bearing portions 25 of the respective rubber elastic bearing 22. The holding plate 18 is thus at three points located at the tips of an imaginary triangle connected to the pipe 2 by means of vibration-damping bearings. Two of these bearing have their axes parallel to each other while the third bearing has its axis perpendicular thereto, while all of the vibration-damping bearings are located symmetrically with regard to a plane which is parallel to the axis of rotation of the tool 32 and passing through the central axis of pipe 2.

Inasmuch as the internal combustion engine is connected to the pipe in an axis-parallel manner or along the axis of the shaft, vibrations may occur in all directions perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the shaft. These vibrations can in a simple manner be damped by the design referred to above inasmuch as the connecting surfaces of two or more bearings or the central axes thereof are located at an angle with regard to each other. This also brings about the advantage that the handle is on one hand joumaled in a highly vibration-damping manner and on the other hand is relatively rigid with regard to the device which means that the maximum possible deviations of the handle in view of its elastic connection with the device are only very small so that the free-cutting tool can be guided in a safe manner.

The vibration-damping bearings are, for instance, by means of screws connected to the arms 11, 21. These screws are located in the axis of the respective vibration-damping bearing while said vibration-damping bearings are so designed that the connection of the handle 19 with the pipe 2 is effected exclusively through rubber elastic material.

The holding plate 18 which is located above the vibrationdamping bearing and is substantially plane is inclined toward the tool 32 and at an acute angle toward the axis of the pipe 2. The plate 18 is located in a plane which is parallel to the axis 14 of the front vibration-damping bearing 12 so that the vertical distance of the third vibration-damping bearing 12 from the shaft is less than the distance between the two other vibration-damping bearings 22 so that this bearing 12 is by a force acting axis-parallel to the shaft subjected to shearing stresses in the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the shaft. The rear end of the holding plate 18 extends rearwardly beyond the rear vibration-damping bearing 22 and has a bent-off portion which in cross section forms a portion of a circle and extends perpendicularly to the axis of the pipe 2 while a handle bar 28 is provided for receiving the central portion. The handle bar 28 is by means of screws 29 detachably connected to the holding plate 18 so that a handle suitable for the respective purpose of employment may be provided. The two ends of the tubular handle bar 28 which protrude laterally beyond the somewhat trapezoidal holding plate 18 are approximately at a right angle to its central part bent ofi upwardly and extend at an acute angle with regard to the holding plate 18. The said ends of the handle bar 28 are provided with handle members 30 which are located symmetrically on both sides of the central axis of the pipe 2 and bring about an improvement in the guiding of the free-cutting device.

The rubber elastic bearings 12, 22 are of a double conical design and preferably consist of rubber or another material with similar elastic properties.

It is, of course, to be understood that the present invention is, by no means, limited to the particular showing in the drawing but also comprises any modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

What we claim is:

l. A free-cutting device which includes: an internal combustion engine, pipe means having one end connected to said engine, transmission housing means connected to the other end of said pipe means, transmission means within said housing means, a free-cutting tool movable over the ground and drivingly connected to said transmission means, shaft means rotatably journaled in said pipe means and drivingly connecting said engine to said transmission means, handle means adjacent said pipe means, and vibration-damping bearing means interposed between and interconnecting said handle means and said pipe means intermediate said engine and said housing means, said vibration-damping bearing means comprising two vibration-damping bearings arranged on opposite sides of said pipe means and having their axes substantially parallel to the axis of said shaft means.

2. A free-cutting device which includes: an internal combustion engine, pipe means having one end connected to said engine, transmission housing means connected to the other end of said pipe means, transmission means within said housing means, a free-cutting tool movable over the ground and drivingly connected to said transmission means, shaft means rotatably journaled in said pipe means and drivingly connecting said engine to said transmission means, handle means adjacent said pipe means, and vibration-damping bearing means interposed between and interconnecting said handle means and said pipe means intermediate said engine and said housing means, said vibration'damping bearing means comprising two vibration-damping bearings arranged on opposite sides of said shaft means and symmetrically with regard to each other while having their axes substantially parallel to the axis of said shaft means, said vibration-damping bearing means also comprising a third vibration-damping bearing having its plane of symmetry extending through said pipe means and having its axis arranged substantially at a right angle with regard to the axes of said first-mentioned two bearings, said third bearing having its axis substantially perpendicular to the axis of rotation of said shaft means.

3. A device according to claim 2, in which the three vibration-damping bearings are located symmetrically through a central plane passing through the axis of said shaft means.

4. A device according to claim 2, in which the vertical distance of the third bearing from said shaft means is less than the vertical distance of the other two bearings from said shaft means.

5. A device according to claim 2, which includes a holding element common to and supporting said first-mentioned two vibration-damping bearings, said holding element being detachably connected to said pipe means.

6. A device according to claim 5, in which said holding element includes a fork-shaped portion for engaging opposite end faces of the respective adjacent vibration-damping bearmg.

7. A free-cutting device which includes: an internal combustion engine, pipe means having one end connected to said engine, transmission housing means connected to the other end of said pipe means, transmission means within said housing means, a free-cutting tool movable over the ground and drivingly connected to said transmission means, shaft means rotatably journaled in said pipe means and drivingly connecting said engine to said transmission means, handle means adjacent said pipe means, and vibration-damping bearing means interposed between and interconnecting said handle means and said pipe means intermediate said engine and said housing means, and a holding member having a top side and a bottom side while having the latter provided with web means for connection of said holding member to said vibration-damping bearing means, said holding member being formed by a trapezoidal holding plate the plane of which defines an acute angle with said shaft means.

8. A device according to claim 7, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means comprise a plurality of vibrationdamping bearings, each of said bearings being formed by two bearing sections separated from each other and connected to said holding member.

9. A device according to claim 7, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means comprise a plurality of vibrationdamping bearings, each of sad bearings forming a body of revolution and having its end faces designed as connecting surfaces for connection to said holding plate, said end faces being substantially perpendicular to the central axis of the respective pertaining bearing.

W. A device according to claim 7, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means comprise a plurality of vibrationdamping bearings, each of said bearings being formed by two bearing sections separated from each other and connected to said holding member located therebetween for mounting said sections.

11. A device according to claim 7, in which said handle means includes a handle bar protruding on both sides beyond said holding member and also comprises handles arranged at the ends of the handle bar, said handle bar being detachably connected to said holding member.

12. A device according to claim 11, in which said handle means is connected to that end portion of said holding member which is adjacent said engine.

13. A free-cutting device which includes: an internal combustion engine, pipe means having one end connected to said engine, transmission housing means connected to the other end of said pipe means, transmission means within said housing means, a free-cutting tool movable over the ground and drivingly connected to said transmission means, shaft means rotatably journaled in said pipe means and drivingly connecting said engine to said transmission means, handle means adjacent said pipe means, and at least two vibration-damping bearing means provided approximately longitudinally of pipe means direction and spaced serially one after another as interposed between and interconnecting said handle means and said pipe means intermediate said engine and said housing means, at least one of said vibration-damping bearing means having an axis itself extending transverse to longitudinal direction of said pipe means.

14. A device according to claim 13, in which at least one vibration-damping bearing means extends on both sides of a plane that passes through said pipe means axially and vertically thereof.

15. A device according to claim 13, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means are provided symmetrically with respect to a plane that passes through said pipe means axially and vertically thereof.

16. A device according to claim 13, in which at least one vibration-damping bearing means is provided directly above said pipe means.

17. A device according to claim 13, in which at least two vibration-damping bearing means have identical spacing from the axis of said pipe means.

18. A device according to claim 13, in which said bearing means comprise at least two vibration-damping bearings each having respective axes thereof arranged substantially at a right angle with regard to each other.

19. A device according to claim 13, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means comprise two vibration-damping bearings which are located so that their common plane of symmetry extends at a right angle to the longitudinal axis of said pipe means.

20. A device according to claim 13, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means comprise a plurality of vibrationdamping bearings comprising connecting surfaces which are so arranged that at least the connecting surfaces of one of said bearings are perpendicular to the axis of said pipe means.

21. A device according to claim 13, in which vibrationdamping bearing means are located directly above said shaft means and said pipe means surrounding the same.

22. A device according to claim 13, which comprises holding elements supporting said vibration-damping bearing means, said holding elements being detachably connected to said pipe means.

23. A device according to claim 13, which comprises one holding element arranged in common for at least two vibration-damping means.

24. A device according to claim 13, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means include rubber bodies.

25. A device according to claim 13, in which said vibrationdamping bearing means comprise a plurality of identical vibration-damping bearings.

26. A device according to claim 13, in which said vibrationdarnping bearing means comprise two vibration-damping bearings which are located one behind the other when viewed in the longitudinal direction of said pipe means.

27. A device according to claim 26, in which said bearings have end faces that are located substantially at a right angle with regard to each other.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2629364 *Jun 16, 1950Feb 24, 1953Ingersoll Rand CoVibration absorbing handle for rock drills
US2697457 *Jul 23, 1952Dec 21, 1954Brushmaster Saw IncManually portable brush cutting power tool
US2810409 *Oct 26, 1955Oct 22, 1957Lombard Governor CorpRotary cutter attachment for power units of chain saws
US3409056 *Sep 13, 1965Nov 5, 1968Stihl Maschf AndreasPortable power chain saw
US3453732 *Sep 1, 1967Jul 8, 1969Mcculloch CorpPortable brush cutter
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3693676 *Dec 16, 1970Sep 26, 1972Burch Edward NUnderwater pile cutting saw
US4819742 *Jun 12, 1987Apr 11, 1989White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Vibration-damping control handle for a portable power tool
US4825548 *Mar 31, 1987May 2, 1989White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Vibration-damping control handle for a portable power tool
US4867244 *Nov 16, 1987Sep 19, 1989Outboard Marine CorporationTurf aerating apparatus
US5345684 *Jan 25, 1993Sep 13, 1994Wci Outdoor Products, Inc.Flexible line trimmer having an anti-vibration handle
US5692306 *Jan 25, 1996Dec 2, 1997Andreas StihlHand-held working tool
US6942416 *Feb 13, 2002Sep 13, 2005Aktiebolaget ElectroluxDevice for attaching a handle
US6981625 *Jan 20, 2004Jan 3, 2006Hilti AktiengesellschaftPercussive electrical hand-held power tool
US7676890Oct 25, 2005Mar 16, 2010Black And Decker, Inc.Vibration dampening handle for a powered apparatus
US8141209Mar 12, 2010Mar 27, 2012Black And Decker, Inc.Vibration dampening handle for a powered apparatus
US8771275 *Sep 23, 2008Jul 8, 2014Ping XieDevice for shaping object with a profile of at least a partial sphere
US8967288 *Aug 30, 2011Mar 3, 2015Starting Industrial Co., Ltd.Anti-vibration structure for operation lever of portable brush cutter
US20040206521 *Jan 20, 2004Oct 21, 2004Hanspeter SchadPercussive electrical hand-held power tool
US20100076442 *Mar 25, 2010Ping XieDevice for shaping object with a profile of at least a partial sphere
US20120048582 *Aug 30, 2011Mar 1, 2012Tetsuya YamadaAnti-vibration structure for operation lever of portable brush cutter
US20130243526 *Mar 15, 2013Sep 19, 2013Susan Joyce WilliamsonVibration Damper
US20130333229 *Jun 18, 2012Dec 19, 2013Jack Webster WilliamsSwivel-clamp reach extension pole device
EP1530890A1Nov 8, 2004May 18, 2005Active S.r.l.Portable device with anti-vibration handle for use in agriculture and gardening
EP2145521A2 *Jul 3, 2009Jan 20, 2010Starting Industrial Co., Ltd.Bush cutter
WO2006004515A1 *Jun 29, 2005Jan 12, 2006Fredrik EjdehagArrangement for securing a handle bar to a portable tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification173/162.2, 30/388, 30/123
International ClassificationA01D34/90, B25F5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA01D34/905, B25F5/006
European ClassificationA01D34/90D, B25F5/00E