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Publication numberUS3582978 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1971
Filing dateAug 28, 1969
Priority dateAug 28, 1969
Publication numberUS 3582978 A, US 3582978A, US-A-3582978, US3582978 A, US3582978A
InventorsRonald O Petersen, Jerry E Turnbaugh
Original AssigneeTektronix Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rivet-shaped electrical lead-through contact
US 3582978 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] inventors Ronald 0. Petersen Beaverton; Jerry E. Tumbaugh, Portland [2i] Appl. No. 853,642 [22] Filed Aug. 28, 1969 {45] Patented June 1, 1971 [7 3] Assignee Tektronix, Inc.



52 u.s.c1 313/64, 313/283, 174/5052, l74/50.6l, 339/144 511 1111.01 H01j5/46, 1101 19/66, HOlj 29/00, HOlr 33/20 [501FieldofSearch 3l3/64, 283, 318; 174/5052, 50.61; 339/144 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,820,166 II! 958 Pinotti 313/64 2,847,595 8/1958 Kaseman 313/64 2,882,430 4/1959 Nordby 313/64 2,928,968 3/1960 Hoagland 313/64 3,017,452 1/1962 Rongoed 174/5061 Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant Examiner V. Lafranchi Attorney-Buckhorn, Blore, Klarquist and Sparkman ABSTRACT: An electrical lead-through contact for a cathode ray tube'is described which is in the shape of a hollow metal rivet having an enlarged head portion closing one end thereof and an open end portion which is bent outward over a washer to mechanically fasten the rivet within an aperture in a ceramic envelope. A hermetic sea] is then formed by heat fusion of glass previously provided around such rivet either as a glaze coating or as a compressed glass frit washer. The contact may be provided with a conductive coating over an oxide surface on such head portion to electrically connect it to a wallband electrode formed by another portion of such coating on the inner surface of the envelope. In another embodiment, a projection extends from such head portion for attachment to a lead conductor connected to another electrode within the tube envelope.

PATENTEDJUH Hen 3,582,978

RONALD O. PETERSEN JERRY E. TURNBAUGH lNVE/VTO/PS BY BUG/(HORN, B4095, KLAROU/ST 8 SPAR/(MAN ATTORNEYS RIVET-SHAPEI) ELECTRICAL LEAD-THROUGH CONTACT BACKGROUN D OF TH E INVENTION The subject matter of the present invention relates generally to electrical lead-through contacts for transmitting DC supply voltages or other signals through an envelope wall such as in a cathode ray tube. In particular, the present contacts are of a rivet shape so that they may be mechanically attached to the envelope prior to hermetic sealing, thereby enabling automated production, accurate positioning and lower production cost. In addition, the present contact is provided with an ex tremely low resistance, on the order of l ohm, and provides a highly reliable electrical contact to an anode wall coating or other electrode within a cathode ray tube.

Conventional cathode ray tubes have lead-through contacts in the form of buttons which are hermetically sealed in apertures provided in glass envelopes as shown in Us. pat. No. 2,820,166 of A. D. Pinotti, issued Jan. 14, I958. However, these contacts are not of a rivet shape and are not mechani cally attached to the envelopes prior to scaling. As a result, the contacts must be manually inserted into the envelope aperture and held in that position during sealing which is extremely cxpensive and inaccurate. These prior art tubes have glass envelopes and the contacts are attached by local heating of the glass envelope wall and then punching a hole in the center of the heated area by inserting the contact through the softened glass. This produces distortions in the glass envelope surrounding the button which makes electrical connections to wall coating electrodes difficult and also produces distortion in the electrical field within the envelope.

The above-mentioned problems are overcome by the rivetshaped contact of the present invention. In addition, a layer of conducting material may be provided over the oxide surface of the enlarged head portion of the rivet to provide a low contact resistance, on the order of about I ohm, and to prevent any electrical charge accumulation on the insulating material adjacent such contact which might distort the field within the envelope. Furthermore, because of its reduced seal surface area, the present contact has less capacitance and lower leakage current characteristics than convention lead-through contacts which typically have a region of increased envelope wall thickness at the seal due to spreading of the melted portion ofthe glass envelope during the heat sealing.

It is therefore one object ofthe present invention to provide an improved electrical lead-through contact and method of attachment which is less expensive and more accurate.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved electrical lead-through contact in the shape of a rivet which may be mechanically attached within an aperture to the envelope by automatic machines prior to scaling.

A further object of the present invention is to provide such a lead-through contact in a cathode ray tube having an envelope of ceramic material with a glass seal portion fusing the metal contact to the ceramic envelope to form a contact of low capacitance and low leakage.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide such a contact in which a conductive coating is applied over the enlarged head portion of the contact, as well as the surrounding portion of the envelope wall, to provide a reliable low resistance electrical connection between such contact and an electrode coated on such envelope wall, and to prevent charge accumulation around such contact.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments thereof and from the attached drawings ofwhich:

fig. I is an elevation view of a cathode ray tube employing the electrical lead-through contact of the present invention with parts broken away for clarity;

FIG. 2 is a section view taken along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1 showing one embodiment of the leadthrough contact of the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a section view ofa second embodiment of the leadthrough contact of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As shown in FIG. I, the electrical Iead-through connector 10 of the present invention may be employed as a high voltage connection on the envelope of a cathode ray tube I2. While the envelope of the cathode ray tube may be made ofglass, its funnel portion 14 is preferably made of a crystalline ceramic material such as a Fosterite porcelain ceramic, as shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,207,936, issued Sept. 2], I965 to W. H. Wilbanks et al. The ceramic funnel portion 14 is sealed to a glass faceplate I6 by a seal I8 of fused glass frit. The fluorescent screen may be in the form of a layer 20 of phosphor material provided on the inner surface of the glass faceplate I6. Such phosphor screen is bombarded by an electron beam emitted from an electron gun 22 including a cathode 24 provided in the neck portion of the envelope. A pair of horizontal deflection plates 26 and a pair of vertical deflection plates 28 are provided within the envelope between the electron gun and the phosphor screen for deflecting the electron beam in accordance with signals applied to such deflection plates. Of course when the cathode ray tube 12 is part ofan oscilloscope, the input signal conventionally is applied to the vertical plates while the ramp voltage is applied to the horizontal plates.

An anode electrode 30 is provided as a metal coating on the inner surface of the funnel portion 14 of the envelope. The anode 30 may be the spiral shaped post deflection acceleration anode of a conventional cathode ray tube or it may be in the form of a wallband electrode in a direct viewing bistable storage tube of the type using a phosphor storage dielectric, as shown in U.Sv PAT. No. 3,293,473 of R. H. Anderson. The electrical lead-through connector 10 connects the wallband electrode 30 to a source of DC supply voltage located exterior of the envelope. It should be noted that the lead-through connector 10 may also be employed to transmit electrical signals to or from other electrodes within the envelope as hereafter described with reference to FIG. 3.

As shown in FIG. 2, the lead-through connector 10 is a socket member of a hollow rivet shape including an enlarged head portion 32 closing one end which extends beyond the edges of a mounting aperture 34 through the envelope wall of the ceramic funnel 14. The connector I0 has a chamber or socket 36 which opens at the other end of such connector on the other side of the envelope wall from head 32, and terminates in an outer flange 38 formed by staking or outward bending of the open end of the rivet. A metal washer 40 is provided around the shank of the rivet at its open end so that the flange portion 38 extends over the edge of the central opening in such washer in order to mechanically attach the rivet 10 to the envelope wall portion by clamping it between the head portion 32 and the washer 40. After such riveting, a hermetic seal of metal to glass to ceramic is formed by a sealing glass 42 between the outer surface of the rivet I0 and the inner surface of the hole 34 formed in the ceramic envelope wall 14. The rivet connector 10 and washer 40 may be formed of a metal alloy of 42 percent nickel, 6 percent chromium and 52 percent iron. In order to form this seal, the metal rivet is oxidized by heating in an atmosphere of wet" hydrogen containing water vapor to a temperature of about I900 to 2lOO F. before the sealing step. The sealing glass 42 is made of any suitable soft sealing glass, such as a lead borosilicate glass, having a low temperature softening point and a coefficient of expansion which matches that of the metal alloy and Fosterite ceramic. One such suitable sealing glass is Harshaw" 0-12. This sealing glass may be provided as a glaze on the surface of the rivet connector 10 or it may be formed as a self-supporting washer of compressed glass frit and organic binder. The glass frit washer is provided beneath metal washer 40 and upon heating flows down the sides of the shank portion of the rivet connector 10 and underneath the enlarged head portion 32 by capillary action and gravity. After heating at about 600 C. for approximately 1 hour, the sealing glass 42 fuses to the metal and the ceramic to form a hermetic seal which extends between the envelope wall and the washer 40 and the enlarged head portion 32, as well as between the shank of the rivet connector l and the surface of aperture 24. When it is desired to make an electrical connection to the wallband electrode 30, a conductive layer of gold 44 is coated on the surface of the head portion 32 of the rivet and on the ceramic area of the ceramic envelope wall. This conductive layer 44 is formed by applying a layer of gold resinate mixture including a gold salt, such as gold chloride, an organic resin binder and a suitable volatile carrier. When the gold resinate layer is heated, the binder and carrier are removed and the gold salt is converted into elemental gold which penetrates through the oxide layer on the surface of the head portion 32 so that it is fused to the rivet to make a low resistance contact of about 1 ohm resistance. At the same time, the gold is also bonded to the surface of the ceramic envelope wall to form the anode wallband 30. This electrical connection of the rivet to the wallband electrode through the conductive coating is achieved simultaneously by the same heating step of 600 C. which forms the seal 42. It should be noted that the heating temperature is above the softening point of the sealing glass, but below the melting point of the metal alloy used in the rivet and washer, and is sufficiently high to cause the gold coating 44 to fuse to the rivet and ceramic metal wall.

An electrical plug 46 including a plurality of resilient spring finger contacts 48 may be employed as a male connector for insertion into the socket 36 of the lead-through connector 10. The spring fingers 48 are electrically connected within the plug 46 to a lead conductor 50 having an insulating coating 52 thereon, such conductor being connected to a suitable source of DC supply voltage or a source of electrical signals as the Case may be. Of course it is also possible to provide the lead conductor 50 as a coating on the exterior surface of the envelope 14 which extends over the washer 40 in a similar manner to the way conductive coating 44 extends over head portion 32.

Another embodiment of the lead-through connector of the present invention is shown as connector in FIG. 3. Connector 10 is similar to that of FIG. 2 but also includes a cylindrical projection 54 of solid metal extending from the enlarged head portion 32. Projection S4 is attached to a metal lead strip 56 by welding or other suitable means, and such lead is connected to an electrode other than a wallband coating. Since the rivet connector of FIG. 3 is in other respects similar to that of FIG. 2, the same reference numerals have been applied to designate like parts which will not be described in detail. In both embodiments of the rivet connector 10 and 10, the connector is mechanically attached to the ceramic envelope wall before sealing, thereby enabling automatic assembly operation by a rivet machine which reduces expense and enables accurate positioning of the connector. It should be noted that the metal washer 40 is not absolutely essential since the flange 38 may instead be bent over the edge of the ceramic envelope surrounding aperture 34. However, this tends to cause chipping or cracking of the ceramic during the bending operation which is prevented by the washer 40.

It will be obvious to those having ordinary skill in the art that many changes may be made in the details of the description of preferred embodiments of the present invention. For example, while the enlarged head portion 32 has been shown on the interior of the envelope, it is possible to reverse the rivet connector so that such head portion is on the exterior of the envelope. In addition, other combinations of female and male connectors can be employed such as those shown in copending U.S. Pat. application Ser. No. 766,9 l 2 filed on Oct. l 1, I966 by 'I. C. Morinaud. Therefore the scope ofthe invention should only be determined by the following claims.

We claim:

I. An electrical lead-through contact apparatus comprising:

an envelope of insulating material having an aperture through the envelope wall; an electrical contact member of metal having an enlarged head portion at one end and a side portion extending from said head portion, said contact member being supported with said side portion in said aperture and with said head portion extending over the edge of the aperture and engaging the inner side of the envelope wall to accurately position the contact member; and

seal means for sealing at least the side portion of said contact member to the envelope to form a metal to insulator seal hermetically sealing said aperture and providing an electrical lead-through envelope wall.

2. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the contact member is a socket member in the form of a hollow rivet with the enlarged head portion closing one end and having an open end portion with a tubular side portion thcrebetween said open end being bent outward on the outer side of the envelope wall to mechanically hold the contact in position within the aperture when the seal is formed.

3. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim I in which the seal is formed of an insulating material different than that of the envelope.

4. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim 3 in which the envelope includes a wall portion of crystalline ceramic material having the aperture provided therethrough and in which the seal is formed of glass.

5. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim 4 in which the envelope is the evacuated envelope of a cathode ray tube and the ceramic wall portion is sealed to a glass faceplate portion supporting the phosphor screen of said tube.

6. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the metal contact member has an oxide surface layer and a coating of noble metal is provided over the oxided surface on the enlarged end of said contact member and over a portion of the inner surface of the envelope to make contact with an electrode provided within said envelope.

7. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim 6 in which the electrode is an anode of a cathode ray tube, said anode being provided as a conductive coating on the inner surface of the envelope.

8. A contact apparatus in accordance with claim 2 provided in a cathode ray tube in which the rivet has a projection extending inside the envelope from the head portion and such projection is connected by a lead conductor to an electrode in said envelope.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2820166 *May 18, 1955Jan 14, 1958Owens Illinois Glass CoConductive medium for anode button in a cathode ray tube
US2847595 *Jan 6, 1956Aug 12, 1958Rca CorpSpring contact high voltage connector
US2882430 *Feb 18, 1958Apr 14, 1959Zenith Radio CorpHigh voltage connector
US2928968 *Feb 27, 1959Mar 15, 1960Paramount Pictures CorpCathode-ray tube switching grid support system
US3017452 *Dec 23, 1958Jan 16, 1962Bell Telephone Labor IncHigh pressure seals for lead-in conductors
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3854069 *Nov 22, 1972Dec 10, 1974Sony CorpMethod of making an electrical contact for a color pickup tube
US3857037 *Sep 29, 1972Dec 24, 1974Matsushita Electric Ind Co LtdColor camera tube having color strip filter and an index electrode
US3912851 *May 8, 1974Oct 14, 1975Philips CorpElectric discharge tube and method of manufacturing same
US3969647 *Feb 10, 1975Jul 13, 1976Gte Sylvania IncorporatedCathode ray tube electrical connective traversal incorporating internal shielding and contact means
US4039888 *Jan 31, 1973Aug 2, 1977Hitachi, Ltd.Image pick-up tube having a plurality of electrodes on the face-plate
US4198588 *Jul 27, 1978Apr 15, 1980Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaAnode button for a cathode ray tube
US4638213 *Oct 8, 1980Jan 20, 1987Rca CorporationElectroconductivity; adhesion, wear resistance
US5272283 *May 16, 1991Dec 21, 1993Commonwealth Of AustraliaFeedthrough assembly for cochlear prosthetic package
US6476464 *Feb 15, 2000Nov 5, 2002Ixion, LlcLow resistance hermetic lead structure
US6951467 *Jul 8, 2004Oct 4, 2005The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The ArmyConductive rivet for circuit card
US8067883Feb 29, 2008Nov 29, 2011Corning IncorporatedFrit sealing of large device
USB328391 *Jan 31, 1973Jan 28, 1975 Title not available
U.S. Classification313/482, 439/886, 174/50.61, 313/283, 174/50.52, 439/611, 439/935
International ClassificationH01J29/92
Cooperative ClassificationH01J29/925, Y10S439/935
European ClassificationH01J29/92B