|Publication number||US3583093 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1971|
|Filing date||Dec 3, 1968|
|Priority date||Dec 3, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3583093 A, US 3583093A, US-A-3583093, US3583093 A, US3583093A|
|Inventors||Dekan Howard L, Glass Marvin I, Meyer Burton C|
|Original Assignee||Marvin Glass & Associates|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (22), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventors Marvin 1. Glass;
Burton C. Meyer, Chicago; Howard L.
 Assignee Marvin Glass & Associates  ANIMATED DOLL  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,818,678 1/1958 Lemelson 46/118 46/141X 2,945,321 7/1960 Carter 3,234,687 2/1966 Elwell Primary Examiner-Louis Gv Mancene Assistant Examiner-J. N Eskovitz Attorney-Hofgren, Wegner, Allen, St-ellman & McCord ABSTRACT: A combination toy including a doll, a cup having a protruding lip, and a chamber pot or pot chair with which a child can play to feed the doll and place it on the pot chair for elimination of liquid from the doll. The doll also has a recorded speaking mechanism mounted internally and a programming system responsive to removal of the cup lip from the dolls mouth and/or responsive to seating of the doll upon the potty chair for actuating the record player mechanism to play appropriate portions of a prerecorded message with the record player programmed to turn off after each portion of the message has been played. A system is also provided for moving the lips of the doll during playing of each portion of the message to simulate movement during talking. After the entire message has been played, the recording mechanism is programmed to replay.
PATENTEI] JUN 8 I97] SHEET 2 BF 4 R M E V M0 4% Mwwj PATENTED JUN 8197! SHEET 3 OF 4 ANIMATED DOLL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to dolls of the type capable of simulating human activity and further relates to combinations of such dolls with accessory equipment.
2. Description of the Prior Art Many dolls are currently available on the market which are capable of talking" via an internal recorded message which is triggered by a pull string, button or the like. Dolls have also been available which are capable of receiving liquids from a nursing implement for discharge from the dolls torso. Other dolls simulate chewing action while being fed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In one aspect, this invention relates to a toy doll which can be fed from a nursing or feeding implement and which is capable of being positively actuated for discharge of liquid, e.g., responsive to being placed upon a chamber pot or the like. In another aspect, the invention relates to a doll which is capable of speaking" via a series of recorded message portions, with the speaking being triggered by withdrawal of the feeding implement from the dolls mouth and/or seating of the doll upon a chamber pot. As a further aspect this invention provides a doll which is capable of simulating mouth movement in timed coordination with playing of a recorded message to give a more realistic appearance of speaking. Various other aspects and features of the invention will be apparent from the description of the preferred embodiment given hereinbelow.
While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, there is shown in the drawings and will herein be described in detail a specific embodiment thereof, with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiment illustrated.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective illustration of an embodiment of a doll and nursing or feeding implement combination of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a chamber pot or pet chair useful in combination with the doll shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical substantially axial cross-sectional view of the doll of FIG. 1 with some of the internal parts removed for clarity purposes;
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view from along line 4-4 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional view from generally along line 5-5 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary view of an internal portion of the doll from along line 6-6 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 7 is a further enlarged fragmentary cross section from along line 7-7 of FIG. 4; and
FIG. 8 is a still further enlarged and partially exploded perspective view showing portions of the record player and control systems mounted within the doll.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In the preferred embodiment illustrated in the drawings there is provided a combination of a doll, a nursing implement and a chamber pot or "pot chair. The toy combination is intended to be played with by a child in such manner that the child may first feed the doll using the nursing implement and upon withdrawal of the nursing implement from the dolls mouth, the doll speaks a prerecorded message requesting more food for a predetermined period of time. The doll is then given more liquid by the nursing implement and upon withdrawal of the nursing implement, it again requests more food. A third feeding elicits a third request for more food and upon withdrawal of the nipple after the fourth feeding, the doll announces its need to use the pot chair. The doll is then placed on the pot chair and the liquid which it has taken in from the nursing implement is released from the dolls torso, into the pot chair and another message comes from the doll, e.g. singing or announcing that it is done using the pot chair. This play cycle can be repeated over and over again, each time initiated by the first feeding.
One advantage of the present toy combination is to present to a child a situation similar to that involved in its own toilet training with the result that the child can better understand and may better respond to toilet training attempts.
With more specific reference to the drawings, FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate a doll having articles of clothing I0 and 12, a nursing implement such as cup 14 having a protruding flat tubular or partly covered channel shaped lip 14a receivable in the dolls mouth, and a chamber pot in the form of pot chair 15 upon which the doll can be seated.
Turning to FIG. 3, the doll is composed of a hollow shell 16 which has various mechanisms mounted therein as will be hereafter described in greater detail. The shell 16 includes two cooperating hard plastic shell halves l8 and 20 joined along a central seam forming the torso portion of the doll with a circular neck opening. Shell 16 also includes a head shell portion 26 ofa soft resilient fleshlike plastic material having a circular neck opening in which is secured a circular hard plastic sleeve 28 having an outward projecting flange 30 at the lower end thereof received and secured in an annular groove 31 in an inside enlarged portion of the wall of the joined shell halves l8 and 20 at the circular torso opening.
Shell half I8 includes an indented receiver 22 having a removable cover plate 24. Receiver 22 contains batteries (not shown) in the usual manner for battery-operated dolls.
Shell portion 26 includes a mouth cavity 32. A flexible plastic tube 34 is connected internally of the doll head to an opening from cavity 32 for receiving liquid from cavity 32 and delivering liquid to a liquid-collecting receptacle or tank 36 (FIGS. 4, 6 and 7), mounted within the torso of the doll. A small receiver 42 is provided on tank 36 and the lower end of tube 34 is connected for delivering liquid through receiver 42 into the tank 36. Receiver 42 is vented. by vent tube 40 and is connected with tank 36 through an inlet to tank 36 surrounded by a standpipe 38 (FIG. 7) which extends into tank 36 and terminates at above the center of volume of tank 36. The inlet and standpipe 38 serve not only to deliver liquid from receiver 42 into tank 36 but also serve as the passageway for the release of air from tank 36 to receiver 42 where it is vented by a vent tube 40.
Because of the standpipe 38, no substantial spillage of liquid from tank 36 is possible. When tank 36 becomes full to the level of standpipe 38, which terminates at approximately the center of volume of tank 36, regardless of the position of the doll, no air can escape from the tank and no additional liquid can flow in so that flow of liquid into tank 36 is essentially stopped once the tank is half full. Also, regardless of the position of the doll, the liquid will not be able to escape through standpipe 38 so that tank 36 is substantially leak proof.
In the specific doll described, four feedings are used to fill tank 36. Cup 14 has a capacity approximately equal to the half-full capacity of tank 36 so that all four feedings can be made without having to refill the cup while at the same time eliminating the temptation of overfeeding and resulting spillage by the child. The protruding lip 14a restricts flow during feeding for the purpose of simulating a slower and more normal or natural rate of drinking.
The ability of the doll to receive and retain liquid from a protruding cup lip will be evident from the above structure. When the cup is withdrawn from the dolls mouth, the doll is programmed to speak, e.g., call for more food. Accordingly, there is provided a sound-producing system in the form of a phonograph mechanism mounted within the torso of the doll and generally designated at 44 in FIG. 3. Phonograph system 44 includes a motor 46 for driving various movable parts of the mechanism.
In the phonograph mechanism a turntable 48 is mounted for rotation on a shaft 64 which is joumaled in plate 60. Shaft 64 also has a cylindrical boss receiver fitted over boss 68 on plate 62. Turntable 48 is driven from motor 46 by belt 50 and has a deep grooved spiral sound track including a plurality of separate radially spaced recorded messages on surface 48a.
A tone arm 54 is provided with a stylus 52 and is mounted so that stylus 52 tracks the sound track groove on turntable 48 as turntable 48 is rotated. Stylus 52 is secured to arm 54 to vibrate arm 54 during tracking. Arm 54 is resiliently urged against contact surface 58 of a speaker cone or diaphragm 56 which amplifies the sound vibrations of arm 54.
The system which controls the dolls speaking program is driven from a pinion gear 70 (FIGS. 3 and 4) secured to shaft 64. Gear 70 drives idler gear 72 which is secured to a shaft 74 having its ends journaled for rotation in plate 62 and a bridge plate 78 which is secured to plate 62 (FIG. 4). Also secured to shaft 74 is a pinion gear 80 which is in mesh with and drives a cam gear 82 which is mounted for rotation by pin 84 on plate 62. The cam gear 82 is provided with suitable camming surfaces which function to control or program the operation of the talking mechanisms, in accordance with a predetermined plan.
The total message recorded on surface 480 is divided into five separate and distinct segments or portions, each to be initiated from a separate starting position in response to an external stimulus. At the end of each recorded message portion, the phonograph mechanism is stopped so that it can be readied for playing the next message. For this purpose, a series of five earns 90, 92, 94,96 and 98 (see FIGS. 4 and 8) are provided on the cam face of cam gear 82. The five cams are in circular array and the function of each cam is to operate an electrical switch device indicated generally at 99 via a cam follower 100 (FIGS. 4, 5 and 8) as each cam is indexed into position operating the cam follower. Operation of the switch device 99 normally breaks the electric circuitry to motor 46 and thereby stops rotation of turntable 48 and stops reproduction of the recorded message. Thus, each of the five cams defines the end of a separate portion of the recorded message.
More specifically with respect to operation of switch 99 for stopping the turntable, referring especially to FIGS. 5 and 8, switch 99 includes a block 114 of electrically insulating material mounted for rocking movement on trunnions 116 journaled in lugs 118 and 120 on plate 60. Secured to block 114 are three electrically conductive contacts in the form of leaf springs 122, 124 and 126. Suitable lead lines (not entirely shown) are provided connecting spring 126 with one pole of the battery, connecting the other pole of the battery with the motor and connecting springs 122 and 124 to the motor. The resiliency and mounting of springs 124 and 126 are such that the springs 124 and 126 are normally in electrical contact with each other. Spring 126 extends beyond springs 122 and 124 above follower 100 so that as one of the cams, e.g. cam 90, lifts the follower 100, follower 100 engages spring 126 and raises spring 126 to break electrical contact with spring 124 and thereby cut off current to motor 46. During lifting of spring 126, block 114 rocks until projection 130 of block 114 is blocked by a finger 128 which is in a retracted position spaced from projection 130.
The follower 100 is fixed on a plate 102, in turn secured to an arm 106 of a yoke 104. Yoke 104 which traverses tone arm 54 and has its two arms 106 and 108 pivotally mounted to plate 60 by suitable means 110 and 112, is provided as a lifting yoke for tone arm 54. As the cam 90, 92, 94, 96 or 98 pushes follower 100 upward as viewed in FIG. 8, yoke 104 is pivoted and lifts tone arm 54 upward so that tone arm 54 teeters on contact surface 58 to relieve needle pressure on the record surface while the sound mechanism is stopped. This protects against damage of the record and/r needle during storage and abusive treatment by the child.
After each portion of the recorded message is finished and the phonograph mechanism is stopped by engagement of one of the cams 90-98 with the follower 100, the phonograph mechanism can be readied for actuation to play the next message by placing lip 14a of cup 14 in doll mouth 32. The phonograph can then be actuated or restarted to play the next portion of the recorded message. Referring to FIGS. 3, and 8, the blocking finger 128 is mounted for movement from its retracted position to an engaging or operating position lifting projection 130 of block 114 to rock block 114 back to its former position, i.e. its position prior to rocking by follower and spring 126 during the above-described operation for stopping the turntable. Finger 128 is an extension of a lever 132 (FIG. 3) which is pivotally mounted by pin 134 in the dolls head between sideplates 136 and 138. Lever 132 is normally biased in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 3 by tension spring 155 mounted between the upper end of lever 132 and a pin 156 secured to sideplate 136 so that finger 128 is normally in its retracted position spaced from extension and block 114 has been permitted to rock clockwise in FIG. 8 under the urging of follower 100 against leaf 126 as described above.
Operation of lever 132 will move finger 128 into engaging position and control the phonograph mechanism. To operate lever 132 responsive to feeding of the doll, a stiff wire 142 is embedded in the dolls upper lip 140 and generally follows the contour of the upper lip. Wire 142 is secured to a slideplate 144 which is slidably mounted by pin 146 in slots 148 of sideplates 136 and 138. An extension or bar portion 150 of slideplate 144 extends rearwardly through an opening 152 near the upper end of lever 132 and lugs 154 of bar 150 bear against the face of lever 132. Insertion of the cup lip into mouth 32 urges slideplate 144 rearwardly the extent permitted by slots 148 resulting in pivoting lever 132 clockwise in FIG. 4 to urge finger 128 against and lift extension 130 of block 114 to rock the block 114 back to its former position, i.e. its position before rocking via follower 100 and spring 126, thereby making an electric contact between springs 126 and 122, with spring 126 still resting upon follower 100. This momentarily starts motor 46 and electrical contact is maintained until the cam, e.g. cam 90, moves a distance sufficient for follower 100 to fall, breaking contact between springs 126 and 122. At this point the stylus 52 has again been lowered via yoke 104 to engage the record and the phonograph mechanism is readied for actuation by switch 99 to play the next recorded message portion.
The next recorded message portion is played responsive to withdrawal of the cup lip from the dolls mouth. Accordingly, such withdrawal of the cup lip releases lever 132 to swing counterclockwise under the urging of spring 155 as seen in FIG. 3, thereby removing finger 128 to its retracted position to release extension 130 so that block 114 is again free to rock and does rock clockwise as viewed in FIG. 8 under the urging of leaf 126 biasing against the top of follower 100. Leaf 126 again completes electrical contact with leaf 124 and motor 46 drives the record player through its next cycle of operation for playing the next recorded message portion. Of course, reinsertion of the cup lip into mouth 32 during playing of the message will stop the message via the above-described linkages until the cup is again withdrawn. In absence of interruption of the message, the recorded message continues until the next of cams 92, 94, 96 or 98 raises follower 100 to terminate the message portion.
The operation of the mechanism is the same after follower 100 comes off of each of earns 90, 92, 94, and 96. There can be a difference in recorded message actuated after each of these four cams. For example, in the illustrated and preferred embodiment, the first three recordings, i.e., those played after follower 100 leaves cams 90, 92 and 94, are requests for more milk, while the fourth recorded message, i.e., that played after follower 100 leaves cam 98, is a request to go to pot chair 15. Upon hearing this request, the child places the doll on pot chair l5 and the doll is actuated to release water and speak another message or sing a song.
In order to ready the doll mechanism for actuation by the pot chair, a pin 162 (FIG. 4) secured to the back side ofcam gear 82, contacts the side edge of lever 164 to pivot lever 164 clockwise as viewed in FIG. 4 at about the time that lug 98 engages and lifts cam follower 100. Lever 164 includes a slot 168 mounted on a pivot pin 166 so that lever 164 can be moved a limited distance longitudinally as well as pivoted about pin 166. After pin 162 engages the side of lever 164, it drives lever 164 clockwise about pin 166 as viewed in FIG. 4, Le, counterclockwise as viewed in FIG. 6, until a receiver notch 170 in the lower end of lever 164 receives a valve stem 172 (FIGS. 6 and 7). Stem 172 projects from a spring-loaded valve plunger 173 seated in an outlet port in the bottom of tank 36 for operating plunger 173. This readies slidable lever 164 for moving valve plunger 173 to release water from tank 36.
The upper end of lever 164 terminates in a blocking element 174 (FIGS. 4 and 8) and the pivotal movement of lever 164 by pin 162 in the clockwise direction in FIG. 4 positions element 174 adjacent and just below an inwardly extending finger 198 on block 114.
The doll is now ready to place on chair 15, ie, after removal of clothing 12 by the child. In the bottom portion of the doll torso, an opening in the shell 16 is fitted with a trap door 186 hinged on a pin 188 and held in closed position by a yieldable spring 190. When the doll is placed on chair 15 an actuator projection 184 (FIG. 2) engages door 186 and pushes the door upwardly counterclockwise around pin 188 as viewed in FIG. 3. A web portion 192 on door 186 engages an end projection 194 of slide 164 to urge slide 164 upward until a camming surface 196 depresses valve stem 172 to open valve 173 and release water from tank 36 and the upper element 174 of slide 164 contacts and lifts finger 198, thereby pivoting block 114 counterclockwise in FIG. 8 less than previously accomplished by finger 128 but sufficient to make contact between springs 126 and 122. This again starts motor 46 and when cam 98 moves away from follower 100 leaf 126 breaks contact with leaf 122 and makes contact with leaf 124 so that motor 46 continues to run and the last recorded portion on the record is played.
The water released from tank 36 is directed by a trough portion 178 at the lower end of slide 164 toward the opening in shell 16 left by the upward pivoting of door 186. Most of the water thereby finds its way into receptacle portion 182 of the pot chair 15. The door 186 and adjacent regions of shell 16 become wet in the process and it is the childs responsibility to dry these parts before again dressing the doll.
When the doll is removed from chair 15, slide 164 is released to its normal downward position and projection 174 moves downward from finger 198. Additionally, pin 162 has moved a sufficient distance to permit pivotal return of lever 164 to remove notch 170 from pin 172. A spring 199 is mounted on a pin 200 on trough portion 178 and includes two spring arms 201 and 203. Arm 201 is engaged with and biases against lug 202 on plate 62 and arm 203 is anchored in lug 204 on trough portion 178 so that spring 199 tends to retain lever 164 in its lowermost clockwise position as viewed in FIG. 6, with notch 170 disengaged from about valve stem 172.
Toward the end of the last recorded portion, pin 162 en counters a flange 162aon lever 164 to urge lever 164 downward and counterclockwise as viewed in FIG. 4. With lever 164 returned to its original position, manipulation of trap door 186 will not release water from the doll.
At the end of the last recorded message, tone arm 54 is returned for replaying the first recorded message. Accordingly, a cam system 86 is provided for actuating an arm return system prior to operation of follower 100 by cam 90. As best seen in FIG. 8, tone arm 54 is secured to a hub 214 which is loosely mounted for pivotal movement on a pin 220, so that arm 54 has limited pivotal movement in a vertical plane as viewed in FIG. 8 for following variations in the record and to permit lifting the arm. The arm also has free pivotal movement in a horizontal plane for tracking the record. A compression spring 218 is received in a lower cavity 216 of hub 214 and urges hub 214 in an upward direction to provide normal frictional engagement between the upper surface 222 of hub 214 and the lower surface of plate 60. Extending rearwardly from hub 214 is an offcenter (see FIG, 4) tongue 213. An L-shaped finger 212 is secured to a pin 211 which upstands from one end of a lever 205 which is pivotally mounted on plate via pin 207 and has a cam follower element 206 to be engaged by cam system 86. Lever 205 is biased by a wire spring 208, anchored at 210 and engaging pins 207 and 209 to urge lever 205 in a clockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 4 and urge follower 206 against cam plate 82.
The cam system 86 includes three camming sections 224, 226 and 228. Camming section 224 is the first to engage fol lower 206 and comprises a ramp for raising the follower 206, thereby pressing finger 212 into frictional engagement with tongue 213. As cam 82 continues to rotate camming section 226 cams follower 206 radially outwardly to pivot lever 205 counterclockwise about pin 207 as viewed in FlG. 4. Cam section 228 is a down ramp which permits follower 206 to return to its initial position. Thus, as follower 206 rides up cam portion 224, finger 212 presses downwardly and pivots tongue 213 downward, compressing spring 218 and pivoting arm 54 about its contact point 58 with cone 56. This raises stylus 52 from the record surface 48a. The outward movement of follower 206, imparted by cam section 228, then causes post 211 and finger 212 to engage tongue 213 and drive tongue 213 and arm 54 counterclockwise about pin 220. This returns arm 54 beyond its starting position for playing the first recorded message and up onto ramp surface 230 of yoke 104. Thereafter arm 54 slides down surface 230 by gravity to its proper starting position. Cam 90 encounters follower 100 resulting in lifting of yoke 104 and opening of switch 99 as described above so that the mechanism is completely reset to again be actuated by inserting the protruding cup lip or other implement in the dolls mouth 32.
A system is also provided for moving the dolls lips during playing of each recorded message. Accordingly, a cam wheel 232 (FIGS. 3 and 4), located just below the dolls neck, is driven by a gear portion 234 from gear 72. Cam wheel 232 has a scalloped rim 236 running between two pins or followers 238 and 240 carried on a lever 242 which is pivotally mounted at 244. Lever 242 has a forwardly extending portion 246 secured to a wire 248 which is embedded in the lower lip 250 of the doll. It will be seen as cam 232 rotates with the sealloped rim 236 between follower 238 and 240, lever 242 will reciprocate between right and left as seen in FIG. 3 and wire 248 and lower lip 250 will reciprocate between up and down positions, imparting movement to the lower lips simulating talking during the playing of each portion of the recorded message.
An advantage of the present system is that it is self-correcting in case stylus 52 becomes shifted] due to droppage of the doll or otherjarring of the mechanism. Such shifting of the stylus would create a system where the message being played would not correspond with the position of the internal cams on wheel 82 or the doll play sequence. Should this happen, the doll is actuated to perform until the water elimination cycle is complete. At the end of the last recorded message, stylus 52 will merely run in the usual blank grooves provided toward the center of the record until the returning cam 86 engages cam follower 206 during the water elimination cycle to return the stylus to its starting position. At this point, the mechanism will automatically be back in synchronization.
in view of the above, it will be evident that the present development provides a doll capable of simulating human activity. The doll of the preferred embodiment is programmed to be fed from a cup, to request more milk, and to request to be placed on a pot chair when full. 0n the pot chair, the doll eliminates the liquids fed to it and can sing a song or make other sounds. Additionally, movement of the dolls lips during talking gives a greatly enhanced illusion of realism. The doll can be played with time and time again and the cycle repeated time and time again.
1. A toy doll comprising shell means defining a head and torso including a mouth opening in the head, a first operative element mounted in said mouth opening, a second operative element mounted at the bottom of said torso, sound-reproducing means in said torso including a recording having plural separate recorded portions on said recording, control means for starting said sound-reproducing means and for stopping said sound-reproducing means at the end of each message on said recording, and means responsive to operation of said operative elements for actuating said control means to start said sound-reproducing means.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said sound-reproducing means includes a phonograph disc defining said recording and having a plurality of messages in sequence thereon, and a pickup arm and stylus for tracking said disc and including means for returning said stylus to the beginning of the recording responsive to completion of the last recorded portion.
3. A toy combination comprising means defining a chamber pot including an actuating element and a doll having an internal record player, control means for starting said record player and operable means at the lower torso portion of said doll for starting said control means in response to actuation by said actuating element.
4. A doll including a torso and a head having a mouth opening, a first operative element mounted in said mouth opening,
a second operative element at the bottom of said torso, soundreproducing means in said torso including a record having a plurality of separate messages thereon, control means for starting said sound-reproducing means and for stopping said sound-reproducing means at the end of each message, and means responsive to operation of either of said operative elements for activating said control means to start said soundreproducing means at the beginning of one of said messages.
5. A doll as set forth in claim 4, wherein said second operative element is movable relative to said control means between an operative and an inoperative position so that it is only in an operative position effective to activate said control means after said first operative element has activated said control means a predetermined number of times to effect the playing ofa predetermined number of recorded messages.
6. A doll as set forth in claim 4, including means in said torso for receiving and storing liquid passed into said mouth opening, said liquid-storing means having a movable valve controlling an outlet, and said valve is movable to an open position in response to movement of said second operative element.
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|International Classification||A63H3/28, A63H3/00, A63H13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A63H13/005, A63H3/28|
|European Classification||A63H13/00B, A63H3/28|