Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3583200 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 8, 1971
Filing dateMay 19, 1969
Priority dateMay 19, 1969
Also published asDE1943740A1, DE1943740C2
Publication numberUS 3583200 A, US 3583200A, US-A-3583200, US3583200 A, US3583200A
InventorsRatko Cvijanovic, Hans R Luedi
Original AssigneeGrotnes Machine Works Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Expanding head and improved seal therefor
US 3583200 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] lnventors Ratko Cvijanovic Chicago; Hans R. Luedi, Highland Park, both of, Ill. [Zl] Appl. No. 825,553 [22} Filed May 19,1969 [45] Patented June 8, 1971 [73] Assignee Grotnes Machine Works, Inc.

Chicago, Ill.

[54] EXPANDING HEAD AND IMPROVED SEAL THEREFOR 4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs. [52] US. Cl 72/393, 72/399, 72/452 [51] Int. Cl B21d 39/08 [50] Field of Search 72/393, 399, 402, 452, 472, 415; 21 1/205, 206

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,117,961 11/1914 Phillips 277/205 2,461,565 2/1949 Morrill 72/393 2,943,667 7/1960 Ewing..... 72/393 3,461,710 8/1969 Luedi 72/372 FOREIGN PATENTS 295,61 1 7/1963 Netherlands 279/206 Primary Examiner-Charles W. Lanham Assistant Examiner-Gene P. Crosby AttorneyWolfe, Hubbard, Leydig, Voit & Osann PATENTEU JUN 8 I9?! 3583 200 sum 1 or 2 PATENTED JUN 8m 3583200 SHEET 2 BF 2 EXPANDHNG HEAD AND IMPROVED SEAL THEREFOR BACKGROUND AND OBJECTS This invention relates to expanding mandrel-type machine tools. More particularly, it provides a sealed expanding head for such tools and an improved seal therefor.

Expanding mandrel-type tools stretch-fonn cylindrical workpieces by radially expanding a head or mandrel within the workpiece and radially stretching the workpiece beyond its yield point. These tools are becoming widely used for a variety of metal forming operations, ranging from pipe sizing to the forming of complex thin metal shapes.

The basic elements common to expanding mandrel tools are a series of radially expansible and contractable die units, the inner sections of which define a polysided wedge-shaped cavity. A mating polysided cone or plug is drawn into the cavity and, as longitudinal movement of the die units is prevented, the cone expands the units radially outward to stretch the workpiece.

As may readily be appreciated, the frictional force applied on the wedge or ramp surfaces of the die units and the cone require careful lubrication. Lubricants, usually heavy-duty greases, must be confined within the expanding head. Concomitantly, metal scale and other debris on the workpiece must be prevented from contacting the grease and penetrating to the lubricated surfaces. An object of the invention is to provide an improved sealing means for confining the grease within the expander head, preventing its contamination by externaldebris, and achieving both aims without the penalty of inordinately complex grease seals.

Grease seals of various designs have been proposed and used for expanding mandrel tools. In general, however, the more effective seals have proven to be complex and, in any event, to require complete disassembly of the expander head when replacing the seals. Simple compressible seals have also been proposed, but in high output machine tools have proven insufiiciently durable. Another object of the invention is to provide expanding mandrel and grease seal therefor which uniquely combines simplicity of construction, ruggedness of operation, and ease of replacement. An associated object is to provide a low cost sealing element which can be replaced without requiring disassembly of the expanding mandrel.

Other and further objects, aims and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the description thereof proceeds.

BRIEF DESCRlPTION OF DRAWINGS The invention is exemplified in the annexed drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a lateral view of an expanding mandrel machine tool head incorporating the seals of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a partial sectional view of the expanding head, showing the die units in their retracted position and, in phantom, the units in their radially expanded position; the section is taken to show the construction of replaceable liners on the several die units;

FIG. 3 is another partial sectional view on a plane perpendicular to the draw bar axis ofFlG. 1, this time showing the expanding head in its expanded position,and with the plane selected to show the construction of the cone liner with respect to the cone; and

FIG. 4 is a partial elevation of the sealing element according to the invention.

DETAlLED DESCRlPTlON While the invention is susceptible of various modifications and alternative forms, certain specific embodiments thereof have been shown by way ofexample in the drawings which will be described in detail herein. It should be understood, however, that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular forms disclosed but, on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Turning now to the drawings, particularly FIG. 1, a lateral view of the expanding head 11 is depicted. The head 11 in this case is horizontally disposed and is adapted to stretch-form a cylindrical workpiece into a cylinder of generally smooth shape.

The expanding head 11 includes a plurality of radially expansible and contractable die units disposed around the generally conical, or' more accurately a polysided wedgeshaped, cone 12, located near the end of a drawbar 14. The tapered surfaces of the cone l2 taper inwardly from the end of the cone towards the drawbar l4 direction. A table, omitted from the drawing, is positioned against the right end (as viewed from the aspect of FIG. 1) of the expander head to prevent axial movement of the several die segments as the drawbar I4 is pulled to the right.

A cover 15, shown removed from the end of the expanding head 11, is secured to the expanding head to prevent discharge of lubricant grease and entrance of mill scale and other debris. The attachment between the cover 15 and the expanding head 11 includes a circumferential gasket 16 provided with radial slots or keyways 17, which match a series of keys 18 on the expanding head and permit the die units to move radially with respect to the cover 15. As best shown in FIG. 2, each die unit comprises ajaw 19 to which is removably secured a replaceable die segment 20. The die segment 20 has an external surface defining a portion of a cylinder wall, with the cylinder radius substantially equal to the final radius of the expanded workpiece. Capscrews 21 arranged centrally along a longitude of each die segment 20 permit the segments to be removed from their respective jaws 19.-

On the radially inward face of each jaw 19 is a replaceable jaw liner 22, removably secured to the jaw by cap screws 24, 25. A similar liner, namely cone liner 26, is removably secured to the cone 12 (FIG. 3) by capscrews 27, 28. Thus, sliding surfaces on the cone 1.2 and on the die jaws 19 are made replaceable.

To restrict movement between the jaw liners 22 and the cone liner 26 to a longitudinal movement only, a longitudinal slot 29 is provided in the cone liners 26, and a key 30 is secured to the die jaw 19 by a bolt 31 (as best shown in FIG. 3). A keyway slot 32 is machined longitudinally in the cone [2 to receive the key 30.

As the cone 12 is drawn axially with respect to the die segments, the wedge or slant surfaces on the cone liner 26 and on the jaw liner 22 cam the die jaws l9 radially outward, from the retracted position shown in FIG. 2 to the expanded position shown in F IG. 3. As this occurs, the adjacent die segments are separated, from the proximate position shown in FIG. 2 to the distal position of FIG. 3. In the absence of a grease seal, grease or other lubricant in the frictional zone between the cone liners 26 and the jaw liners 22, and between the key 30 and the slots 29, would normally be exposed to external contamination from mill scale and other debris. Additionally, the lubricant would escape from the areas between adjacent die segments, where it would contaminate the work area and surrounding equipment components.

Escape of lubricant grease and entrance of debris are simultaneously prevented by the improved grease seals according to the invention. As shown best in FlGS. 3 and 4 conjointly, the seal element 34 comprises a generally U-shaped, or omegashaped, longitudinally uniform element 34, extending substantially along the entire length of the expanding head ll (FIG. 1). The seal element 34, as viewed from the end as in FlG. 3, includes a pair of leg portions 35, 36, the free ends of which are removably secured to adjacent die units, e.g., to the die jaws l9. Flanges 38, 39 extend generally outwardly and then toward the arch of the seal element 34 near the respective ends of the leg portions 35, 36. Thus, as the die units of the expanding head 11 are moved from their radialoutward position of FIG. 3 to the contracted position of FIG. 2, the seal elements 34 are'compressed at their leg portions 35, 36.

The material constituting the seal elements 34 is a resilient nonmetallic material, advantageously an extruded flexible organic plastic such as polyethylene, polypropyle..e, a nylon, or

polytetralluoroethylene. These materials provide the desired flexibility, grease impermeability, and low cost, as well as virtually complete scaling for the lubricant against contamination from external debris.

Removal of the seal elements 34 is effected by providing an undercut recess 40 (FIG. 3) in the die units, preferably along the joining surfaces between the jaws l9 and the die segment 20. Consequently, and as best shown in FIG. I, the seal elements 34 may be slid into or out of position with respect to the expanding head 11 without any need for disassembling the head 11 as has usually been the practice with prior grease seals.

The particular structure depicted in FIGS. 2 and 3 affords an additional advantage. As may be seen from FIG. 2, when the die units are in their contracted position, the grease seal elements 34 provide a partially enclosed tubular zone 41 defined by the inner portion of the seal element 34, or, in other words, that portion of the seal element 34 which is not compressed by the retracting die jaws 19. As a result, this can receive and contain debris which has entered the seal 34 while the expanding head 11 is in its expanded position (FIG. 3).

Obviously, the expanding head 11 and the grease seal elements 34 may be of varied sizes, depending upon the size requirements of the workpiece, the expected amount of debris, the expected frequency of seal cleaning and of seal replacement, and the like. lllustratively, for a pipe expander designed to expand a tubular pipe to about 22 to 22 k inches internal diameter, the expanded diameter of the head 11 is about 22 k inches, while the nominal contracted diameter of the head is about 2l.375 inches. The seal elements 34 are of polyethylene, 0.032 inch thick at the leg portions 35, 36 (FIG. 3) and a maximum of 0.062 inch at the apex of the arch portion. The flanges 38, 39 are about one-sixteenth inch thick, and their inner sides extend about one-sixteenth inch from the outer surfaces of the leg portions 35, 36.

Thus, it is apparent that there has been provided, according die units, said element being formed of resilient nonmetallic' material, longitudinally uniform, and having a generally U- shaped cross-sectional configuration defining a pair of sealing legs for sealing engagement with respective different ones of a pair of adjacent die units, said element including means for securing said legs to respective different ones ofa pair of adjacent die units.

2. Sealing element of claim 1 wherein said resilient nonmetallic material is selected from the group consisting of polyethylene, polypropylene, a nylon, and polytetrafluoroethylene.

3. Sealing element of claim l wherein said securing means comprises an external flange near the end of each of said legs and receivable in a corresponding undercut in each of said adjacent die units.

4. A sealed expanding head of the type including a plurality of radially expansible and contractable die units together with means for controlled actuation thereof and sealing means interposed between each adjacent pair of die units, said sealing means comprising in combination with said expanding head an elongated resilient sealing element having a generally U- shaped crosssectional configuration defining a pair of sealing legs, a pair of flanges formed near the free ends of said legs and extending substantially the entire length of said elongated flexible sealing element, and a flange'receiving recess in each of said adjacent die units whereby lubricant is retained within said expanding head and scale and other debris is prevented from entering said head.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1117961 *Jun 15, 1912Nov 17, 1914Phillips Metallic Hose CoJoint member for flexible pipe-joints.
US2461565 *Dec 7, 1944Feb 15, 1949Morrill Wayne JMetal sleeve expanding device with integral wedge and piston rod
US2943667 *Oct 14, 1957Jul 5, 1960Arrowsmith Tool & Die CorpExpanding mandrel hydro-press
US3461710 *Dec 28, 1967Aug 19, 1969Grotnes Machine Works IncMethods and apparatus for shrink forming metal articles
NL295611A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3762041 *Nov 10, 1971Oct 2, 1973Gen ElectricMethods for manufacturing slotted core structures
US3798955 *Sep 5, 1972Mar 26, 1974Mannesmann Roehren Werke AgTube expander
US3872705 *Sep 19, 1973Mar 25, 1975Gen ElectricApparatus for manufacturing slotted core structures
US4278490 *Dec 21, 1979Jul 14, 1981Owens-Corning Fiberglas CorporationSleeve for changing diameter of collapsible mandrel
US4594873 *Oct 29, 1984Jun 17, 1986Kaunitz Clyde FMethod and apparatus for preparing pipe sections for welding
US5976436 *Mar 20, 1997Nov 2, 1999Fisons PlcProcess for production of medicament formulations
US6098717 *Oct 8, 1997Aug 8, 2000Formlock, Inc.Method and apparatus for hanging tubulars in wells
US6325148Dec 22, 1999Dec 4, 2001Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Tools and methods for use with expandable tubulars
US6415863Mar 4, 1999Jul 9, 2002Bestline Liner System, Inc.Apparatus and method for hanging tubulars in wells
US6425444Dec 22, 1999Jul 30, 2002Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Method and apparatus for downhole sealing
US6446323Dec 22, 1999Sep 10, 2002Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Profile formation
US6454013Nov 2, 1998Sep 24, 2002Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Expandable downhole tubing
US6457533Jul 13, 1998Oct 1, 2002Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Downhole tubing
US6513588Sep 13, 2000Feb 4, 2003Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Downhole apparatus
US6527049Dec 22, 1999Mar 4, 2003Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and method for isolating a section of tubing
US6543552Dec 22, 1999Apr 8, 2003Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Method and apparatus for drilling and lining a wellbore
US6598678Nov 13, 2000Jul 29, 2003Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and methods for separating and joining tubulars in a wellbore
US6688400May 14, 2002Feb 10, 2004Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Downhole sealing
US6702029Dec 22, 1999Mar 9, 2004Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Tubing anchor
US6708769May 4, 2001Mar 23, 2004Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and methods for forming a lateral wellbore
US6732806Jan 29, 2002May 11, 2004Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.One trip expansion method and apparatus for use in a wellbore
US6742606Feb 11, 2003Jun 1, 2004Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Method and apparatus for drilling and lining a wellbore
US6851475Mar 14, 2003Feb 8, 2005Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and methods for separating and joining tubulars in a wellbore
US6899181Jan 22, 2003May 31, 2005Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Methods and apparatus for expanding a tubular within another tubular
US6920935Aug 9, 2002Jul 26, 2005Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Expandable downhole tubing
US6923261Dec 16, 2002Aug 2, 2005Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and method for expanding a tubular
US6976539Sep 11, 2003Dec 20, 2005Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Tubing anchor
US7004257Nov 29, 2004Feb 28, 2006Weatherford/Lamb, IncApparatus and methods for separating and joining tubulars in a wellbore
US7048050Oct 2, 2003May 23, 2006Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Method and apparatus for cementing drill strings in place for one pass drilling and completion of oil and gas wells
US7093653Oct 24, 2003Aug 22, 2006Weatherford/LambDownhole filter
US7124821Jul 18, 2005Oct 24, 2006Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and method for expanding a tubular
US7124830Jul 26, 2005Oct 24, 2006Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Methods of placing expandable downhole tubing in a wellbore
US7168497Dec 30, 2003Jan 30, 2007Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Downhole sealing
US7172027Jun 10, 2003Feb 6, 2007Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Expanding tubing
US7267175Mar 17, 2005Sep 11, 2007Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus and methods for forming a lateral wellbore
US7308944Oct 7, 2003Dec 18, 2007Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Expander tool for use in a wellbore
US7360604Apr 16, 2004Apr 22, 2008Shell Oil CompanyExpander system for stepwise expansion of a tubular element
US7389822Apr 16, 2004Jun 24, 2008Shell Oil CompanyExpander system for incremental expansion of a tubular element
US7551705 *Dec 11, 2003Jun 23, 2009Areva Np, Inc.Fuel assembly top nozzle repair sleeve and method for repairing a fuel assembly
US7597140May 3, 2004Oct 6, 2009Shell Oil CompanyExpansion device for expanding a pipe
US8454870Dec 19, 2008Jun 4, 2013The Boeing CompanyManufacturing one-piece composite sections using outer mold line tooling
US20010020381 *Feb 14, 2001Sep 13, 2001Manfred KolbeMechanical pipe expander
CN1906377BApr 16, 2004May 5, 2010国际壳牌研究有限公司Expander system for incremental expansion of a tubular element
WO1999018328A1 *Oct 7, 1998Apr 15, 1999Formlock IncMethod and apparatus for hanging tubulars in wells
WO2004097169A1 *Apr 16, 2004Nov 11, 2004Wilhelmus Christianus LohbeckExpander system for incremental expansion of a tubular element
WO2004097170A1 *Apr 16, 2004Nov 11, 2004Wilhelmus Christianus LohbeckExpander system for stepwise expansion of a tubular element
U.S. Classification72/393, 72/452.8, 72/399, 425/DIG.140
International ClassificationB21D41/02, B21D19/00, B21D3/14, B21D22/02, F16J15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB21D41/02, Y10S425/014, F16J15/00, B21D22/025
European ClassificationF16J15/00, B21D22/02T, B21D41/02
Legal Events
Feb 6, 1981AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Effective date: 19810119
Feb 6, 1981ASAssignment
Effective date: 19810119