|Publication number||US3584168 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1971|
|Filing date||Dec 30, 1968|
|Priority date||Dec 30, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3584168 A, US 3584168A, US-A-3584168, US3584168 A, US3584168A|
|Inventors||Peter O Fiore, Robert T Halpert|
|Original Assignee||Texas Instruments Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (18), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Inventors Robert T. Halpert Providence;
Peter 0. Fiore, Cumberland, R.l. 787,639
Dec. 30, 1968 June 8, 1971 Texas Instruments Incorporated Dallas, Tex.
Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee FLUID PRESSURE OPERATED DIAPHRAGM SWITCH WITH IMPROVED MEANS AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATION 6 Claims, 1 Drawing Fig.
U.S. Cl 200/83, 92/101 Int. Cl H0lh 35/40 Field of Search 200/83, 83.2;29/622;92/13, 96,101
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 5/1916 Pardue 200/83X 9/1928 Bast .r 200/83(.2)X 8/1945 Moorhead 200/83( .2) 2/1967 Cooper et al. 29/622 1/1968 Cooper et a1. 200/83 2/1968 Charter 92/ 1 3 Primary Examiner-4. R. Scott Attorneys-Harold Levine, Edward J. Connors, J r., John A.
Haug and James P. McAndrews ABSTRACT: A pressure responsive device including a primary subassembly of a casing member having a cavity sealed by a snapacting diaphragm member of either mono or bimetal. An annular calibration-stop member is located adjacent to the diaphragm and is deformed in either of two directions to change the calibration of the diaphragm member, The device is shown operatively connected to an electric switch.
PATENTED JUN 8197! 3584.168
IN V EN TORS Robert 2. Halyert, Petcr 0. Fiore,
" f Att y.
FLUID PRESSURE OPERATED DIAPHRAGM SWITCH WITH IMPROVED MEANS AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATION This invention relates generally to condition responsive devices, and the methods of making them, and in particular with regard to certain more specific features to pressure responsive devices particularly adapted for actuation of electrical switches.
Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of pressure responsive devices which are particularly adapted for miniaturization and light weight hermetically sealed constructions, and methods of making the same; the provision of such devices which include improved calibration means while enabling the pressure sensing means to withstand relatively large overpressures without incurring deleterious changes in calibration; the provision of such pressure responsive devices, and methods of making the same, which can be more easily and inexpensively calibrated than prior art devices; the provision of new and improved pressure responsive devices, and methods of making the same, which employ a diaphragm member which seals a compartment or cavity in the device; and a provision of new and improved devices which are responsive to a combination of predetermined pressure and temperature conditions. Other objects will be in part apparent and in part pointed hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises the elements and combinations of elements, steps and sequence of steps, features and structures of manipulation, and arrangements of parts, all of which willbe exemplified in the structures and methods hereinafter described, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated, the sole figure is an axial cross section of a pressure responsive device according to the present invention.
Dimensions of certain of the parts as shown in the drawings, and relative movements between parts, have been modified and/or exaggerated for the purposes of clarity of illustration.
The pressure responsive devices embodying the invention have many useful applications wherein it is desirable to provide a sudden or rapid actuation force whenever the pressure from an independent source reaches either one of two selected limit values. For example, a pressure responsive or combined temperature pressure device according to this invention, may be used in connection with an electrical switch or with a valve or other mechanism or device for which actuation is desired in response to predetennined changes in pressure.
The relative simplicity and relatively small number of parts comprising the pressure responsive device according to the present invention, advantageously permits miniaturization and light weight construction. Devices of this general type are known in the art and are disclosed and claimed in coassigned U. S. Pats.: Nos. 3,302,269 and 3,365,557 which issued Feb. 7, 1967 and Jan. 23,1968 respectively. As disclosed in these patents, calibration is effected by employing precisioned fonned parts, as by machining. The invention disclosed and claimed herein permits the use of inexpensive stamped parts to effect calibration as will be explained below.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, switch comprises a cylindrical cup-shaped member 12 formed of a conventional molded phenolic material, electrically insulating, and is formed with apertures 14, 16 for reception therein of support member 18 and stationary contact 20 respectively. Movable contact arm 22 of electrically conductive material having good spring characteristics, such as beryllium nickel, is cantilever mounted to support member 18 as by riveting at 24. Arm 22 is formed with a dimple 26, for a purpose to be described below, and mounts on its free end movable contact 30. A boss 28 is formed in the bottom wall of base 12 so that when support member 12 and movable contact arm 22 are inserted through aperture 14, they are biased against the boss to effect a given angle so that a predetermined contact force will exist between contacts 20 and 30. To improve electrical conductivity while minimizing additional expense, stationary contact 20, which also serves as part of the terminal structure, is preferably provided with a layer 32 of highly conductive material, such as silver alloy. The outer ends of support 18 and stationary contact 20 pass through apertures 34, 36 of terminal members 38, 40 respectively, and are headed over to firmly lock the contact assembly in the housing and to provide electrical connection to the switch via leads L1, L2. Leads L1, L2 are clinched in tabs 42, 44 respectively, which are in turn welded to terminal members 38, 40 respectively. To mitigate the deleterious effects of arcing, ribs 46 are formed in base member 12 to prevent tracking of vaporized contact material by providing an arc shadow, a common expedient employed in the art.
A disc 50, generally plate-shaped of electrically insulating material, is formed with a seating groove 52 about its periphery and is received in the distal portion of wall 54 of base 12. Disc 50 slidably mounts in a centrally located bore 56 provided with a motion transfer pin 58 of electrically insulating material, such as a ceramic or glass material, and isolates the electrical switch from diaphragm area. Pin 58 may be formed with projection 60 on one end which contacts dimple 26 in movable arm 22 to enhance smooth transfer of motion from pin 58 to movable arm 22.
A cavity 64 is formed by recessing disc 50 at 60 and 62 to provide clearance for diaphragm 76 to snap from the position shown to the opposite configuration, and for calibration-stop element 74.
Tubular member 66 which may be formed of a conventional metallic material, is formed with a radially outwardly extending flange and is placed over the distal wall 54 of base 12 and attached thereto, as by crimping, at 70. It will be noted that a small flange 72 is provided on distal wall 54 to permit locking of the tubular member 66 to base 12. Mounted on flange 68 are calibration-stop member 74, imperforate circular diaphragm member 76 and cover 78, all hermetically secured at their periphery as by welding at 80. Cover 78 is dished out at 82 to provide a cavity 88 sealed by diaphragm 76 and provided with bore 84 for reception therein of a port fitting 86 which is hermetically attached thereto. Port fitting 86 permits attachment to a pressure source which it is desired to monitor.
Although it is preferred that cover 78, diaphragm 76, calibration-stop member 74 and tubular member 66 be welded together at theirmarginal periphery, it will be understood that other means may be employed to clamp and seal the diaphragm member between the upper and lower casing members.
Diaphragm 76 is shown as a bimetallic member but can also be formed of a monometallic member such as stainless steel. This diaphragm is formed into a snap-acting disc by means known in the art; basically, it involves forming a nondevelopable surface by permanently deforming the disc.
During operation of the device when a monometallic diaphragm 76 is employed, it snaps from the position shown in the figure to the opposite curvature when a predetennined amount of pressure is introduced into chamber 88 through port fitting 86.
The diaphragm will snap back to its original position when the pressure decreases a predetermined amount. This differential, i.e., the difference in pressure between that amount at which the diaphragm snaps in a first direction and that amount at which the diaphragm will return to its original position, is controlled by calibrating in the following manner.
First, the device is partly assembled by hermetically attaching cover 78, diaphragm 76, calibration-stop member 74 and tubular member 66 together as by welding about their periphery as described above, with port fitting 86 mounted on cover 78 as by brazing or resistance welding. If it is desirable to increase the differential, that is, to lower the pressure at which the diaphragm will snap back to its original position,
sufficient pressure is introduced through port fitting 86 to snap the diaphragm and deform the calibration-stop member 74. On the other hand, if it is desired to narrow the differential, i.e., increase the amount of pressure at which the diaphragm will snap back to its original position, a force is exerted against the side of member 74 remote from the diaphragm (as by a tool) and it is deformed toward the diaphragm.
It will be understood that the pressure exerted on the diaphragm to effect calibration is far greater than the pressures which the diaphragm will be subjected to during operation of the device, so that member 74 during operation also effectively acts as a stop member preventing a change in the calibration of the diaphragm. Considerable care must be taken to select the proper material for calibration-stop member 74. It has been found that heat treating permits the use of member 74 effectively as a calibration member (so that it can be deformed beyond its elastic limit) as well as a stop member (so that it will retain its configuration during operation). One example which has worked well as A.l.S.l. type 304 stainless steel, hydrogen annealed after being formed to achieve a depth hardness of 110-l50 DPH (Diamond Pyramid Hardness) with a 500 gram load. It has also been found preferable to initially form the annular member 74 in a slightly concave configuration (somewhere between the solid and dotted lines shown in the drawings) in applications where a wide differential is desired.
After calibration, the switch mechanism contained in member 12 is fixedly attached to tubular member 66 at 70 by crimping to complete the assembly.
One use of a pressure switch built in accordance with the invention is to deactivate an electrical circuit over a particular pressure range. Port fitting 86 is attached to the pressure source to be mounted and when the pressure rises to a predetermined level, P,, diaphragm 76 snaps from the convex curvature shown in the PK]. through center to a concave curvature thereby transmitting motion through pin 58 to dimple 26 on movable arm 22, causing movable contact 30 to disengage from stationary contact 20. Calibration-stop member 74 is sufficiently rigid that operating pressures above P will not affect the calibration of the diaphragm. When the pressure drops to a second level P,, deten'nined by the amount member 74 was deformed during calibration, the diaphragm will snap back to its convex position shown in the drawing and the spring bias of movable arm 22 will cause contacts 30, to reengage.
It is within the purview of the invention to locate stationary contact 20 on the opposite side of movable arm 22 if it is desired to cause circuit closing rather than circuit opening when the diaphragm snaps to the concave configuration, or, if desired, an additional circuit can be controlled (double throw) by placing a stationary contact in base 12 for engagement by movable contact arm 22 when diaphra m 76 snaps to the concave configuration while still maintainifig the location of stationary contact 20 as shown.
If a bimetallic diaphragm (as shown) is employed in the device, the device will respond to temperature as well as pressure. That is, the diaphragm will snap through center when specific combinations of pressure and temperature conditions exist.
While it is preferred that the cavities 88, 64 be hermetically sealed from each other, which sealing is advantageously accomplished by the sealing action of the diaphragm member according to the present invention, it should be understood that there may be some cases in which these two cavities need only be adequately sealed against entry of the pressure creating medium during the calibration operation. In such cases, the parts may be sealed and clamped against the marginal periphery of the diaphragm member by means other than welding, e.g., flange 68 could be extended and clamped over the aligned portion of cover 78.
in view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained. The cost of making devices employing marginally held diaphragms is materially reduced and assembly greatly facilitated since the calibration-stop member 74 is merely a stamped part compared to the precision machined elements used for calibration in prior art devices.
it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawings, since the invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation.
As many changes could be made in the above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings, shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense, and it is also intended that the appended claims shall cover all such equivalent variations as come within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
1. A condition responsive device comprising a generally circular cover member, the cover member having an aperture therein for ingress and egress of fluid pressure and formed with a medial annular flange; a snap-acting diaphragm movable to and from first and second positions and having a generally circular periphery attached about and adjacent its periphery to the radial annular flange of the cover member; and an annular calibration-stop member deformable by fluid pressure within a calibration range but nondeformable within a lower operating range, the calibration-stop member having a generally circular inner and outer periphery attached about and adjacent its outer periphery to the diaphragm adjacent and about its periphery, that portion adjacent the inner periphery shaped in a generally concave configuration with respect to the diaphragm and contacting the diaphragm throughout 360when the diaphragm is in one of its two positions.
2. A condition responsive device comprising a generally circular cover motion the cover member having an aperture therein for ingress and egress of fluid pressure and formed with a radial annular flange; a snap-acting diaphragm having a generally circular periphery attached about and adjacent its periphery to the radial annular flange of the cover member; an annular calibration-stop member having a generally circular inner and outer periphery attached about and adjacent its outer periphery to the diaphragm adjacent and about its periphery, that portion adjacent the inner periphery shaped in a generally concave configuration with respect to the diaphragm; an electric switch including a cup-shaped base having an upstanding wall; a stationary contact and a movable contact arm, the movable contact arm adapt to engage and disengage the stationary contact; a platelike member of electrical insulation enclosing the base, the platelike member having an aperture therein; and a motion transfer pin slidably mounted in the aperture and adapted to transfer MOTION from the diaphragm to the movable contact arm.
3. A device according to claim 2 in which the platelike member is recessed on the side thereof remote from the base to provide clearance for the calibration-stop member.
4. A device according to claim 2 including a tubular member having two ends, one end formed with a radial flange connected to the outer peripheral portion of the calibrationstop member; the distal end portion of the upstanding base wall formed with a radial flange extending outwardly, the flange of the base wall receiving the other end of the tubular member which is crimped around the flange to lock the electric switch to the device.
5. A condition responsive device comprising a first member having a recessed portion, a snap-acting diaphragm having a nondevelopable surface responsible for its snapping to and from a first and second position sealingly covering the recessed portion, a calibration-stop member deformable by fluid pressure within a calibration range but nondeformable and adjacent its periphery to the cover flange; and a stop member deformable by fluid pressure within a calibration range but nondeformable within a lower operating range, the calibration-stop member having an inner and outer periphery attached about and adjacent its outer periphery to the diaphragm adjacent and about its periphery, the surface of the stop member adjacent the inner periphery thereof shaped in a generally concave configuration with respect to the diaphragm and contacting the diaphragm when the diaphragm is in one of its two positions.
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|U.S. Classification||200/83.00R, 92/101|
|International Classification||H01H35/34, G01L9/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G01L9/00, H01H35/343|
|European Classification||G01L9/00, H01H35/34B|