|Publication number||US3584252 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1971|
|Filing date||May 23, 1969|
|Priority date||May 23, 1969|
|Also published as||DE2021767A1|
|Publication number||US 3584252 A, US 3584252A, US-A-3584252, US3584252 A, US3584252A|
|Inventors||Bois Richard Du Jr|
|Original Assignee||Wagner Electric Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Richard Du Bois, J r. Caldwell Township, NJ. Appl. No. 827,337
Filed May 23, 1969 Patented June 8, 1971.
Assignee Wagner Electric Corporation Inventor ELECTRlCALLY-SHIELDED SYMBOL DISPLAY TUBE 2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.
US. Cl 313/l09.5, 313/313 Int. Cl 1101j 1/52 Field of Search 313/109.5, 291, 313, 210
m 204 m 200 w r or  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,583,414 5/1926 (Jill etal 2,307,027 1/1943 Davie et al.........
Gowell 2,420,311 5/1947 3,062,980 1 1/1962 Bawdekar 3,508,101 4/1970 Tanji 2,343,630 3/1944 Atwood,Jr.
FOREIGN PATENTS 234,906 6/1925 Great Britain Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant Examiner- Palmer C. Demeo Attorney-Eyre, Mann and Lucas 313/313 313/313 3l3/3l3X 313/313X 3l3/l09.5 313/313X ABSTRACT: An electrically conductive layer coextensive with at least a portion of the envelope of a symbol-display tube is operative to shield the tube from external electric fields.
ELECTRlCALLY-SHIELDED SYMBOL DISPLAY TUBE The present invention relates to an improved symbol-display tube. Such a tube may employ a number' of phosphorescent, selectively energizable anodes mounted in an evacuated glass envelope with one or more thermionic cathodes to provide an electron beam or beams with which the anodes are selectively bombarded. Certain of these symboldisplay tubes operate with relatively low voltages, and thus are vulnerable to the effects to electrical fields imposed upon them in the environment in which they are employed. Such a low-voltage tube is disclosed in copending application Ser. No. 7Sl,l68, filed by Rein Raago on Aug. 8, 1968. The present invention specifically comprises an electrically conductive shielding layer disposed about a portion of the envelope of the tube. When grounded, this shielding layer serves as a shield against the aforementioned electrical fields. When placed at a negative potential with respect to the cathode, the shielding layer serves to blank out the display by preventing electrons from reaching the anodes. Since the anodes-tocathode circuit carries current and the shielding layer does not carry current, it is advantageous to perform the blanking function by placing the shielding layer at the proper potential than by opening the anodes-to-cathode circuit. A better understanding of the present invention may be had by referring to the accompanying drawings, of which:
FIG. 1 is a sectional view of one embodiment of the symboldisplay tube taken through line l-l, shown connected to external power and switching circuitry.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of one embodiment of the symboldisplay tube taken through line 2-2; the several electrical connectors associated with the anode elements and with the cathode have been omitted for the sake of clarity.
Referring specifically to FIG. 1, the display tube 10 comprises an envelope 12, preferably of glass, with cathodes 14A and 14B mounted therein between the viewing surface of envelope 12 and anode elements 16A, 16B, 16C, 16D, 16E, 16F, and 166. In this embodiment, the anode elements are arranged to form a FIG. 8. The glass envelope 12 has a thickened base portion through which pass electrical connectors 20A, 20B, 20C, 20D, 20E, 20F and 200, which support the anode elements 16A, 16B, 16C, 16D, 16E, 16F and 166, respectively. Electrical connectors 22 and 24 are attached to the terminals of the cathodes 14A and 14B and extend through the thickened base portion 18 for connection to a source of power. The electrically conductive shielding layer 26 is preferably disposed about a section of the inner surface of the cylindrical portion of the envelope 12. The shielding layer 26 may also be disposed about a corresponding section of the outer surface of envelope 12. In the preferred embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the shielding layer 26 is electrically connnected to exterior circuitry by means of conductive spring contacts 28 which are connected to lead wire 30. However, the shielding layer 26 may be connected to the cathodes within the envelope without any provision for connection to external circuitry. In such an embodiment, the layer 26 will perform its shielding function, but will not be utilizable for blanking out the display.
The external circuitry for controlling the symbol-display tube comprises a switching system 32 to selectively connecting the anode elements to a source of electrical power 34. A switch 36 serves to connect the shielding layer 26 to ground to enable it to perform the shielding function, and enables the shielding layer to be placed at a negative potential with respect to the cathodes by connecting it to the negative terminal of a source of electromotive force 38. A heating current source 40 is connected between electrical connectors 22 and 24 to render the cathodes 14A and 14B thermoemissive.
The advantages of the present invention, as well as certain changes and modifications to the disclosed embodiment thereof, will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. It is the a plicant's intention to cover all those changes and modl lcations which could be made to the embodlment of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
What I claim is:
1. In a symbol display tube including a sealed envelope having a substantially cylindrical portion, a plurality of display elements and means for bombarding said display elements with electrons when said tube is connected to a source of external power and switching circuitry, the improvement comprising: an electrically conductive layer disposed on about at least half of the circumference of said cylindrical portion of the envelope to form an electrical shield for the display elements within the envelope, and connecting means for connecting said layer to the external circuitry 2. The improvement according to claim 1 wherein said connecting means comprises:
a. a conductive spring disposed substantially diametrically within the envelope to contact the electrically conductive layer at two points; and
b. a lead wire connected to said conductive spring and extending through the envelope,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1583414 *||Oct 31, 1925||May 4, 1926||Brudenell Gill Ernest Walter||Vacuum-tube shield|
|US2307027 *||May 10, 1940||Jan 5, 1943||Davie||Shielded radio tube|
|US2343630 *||Apr 25, 1942||Mar 7, 1944||Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc||Shield for cathode ray tubes|
|US2420311 *||Feb 10, 1945||May 13, 1947||Raytheon Mfg Co||Conductive shield for external press type electron discharge tubes|
|US3062980 *||Apr 25, 1960||Nov 6, 1962||Ass Elect Ind||Thermionic valves|
|US3508101 *||Oct 19, 1967||Apr 21, 1970||Ise Electronics Corp||Character indicating electron tube|
|GB234906A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3716899 *||Oct 13, 1971||Feb 20, 1973||Sylvania Electric Prod||Vacuum tube readout device having ruggedized internal electrode structure and method of making same|
|US3780326 *||Aug 25, 1971||Dec 18, 1973||Wagner Electric Corp||Symbol display tube with auxiliary electrode|
|US4004186 *||Dec 1, 1975||Jan 18, 1977||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Vacuum fluorescent display having a grid plate coplanar with the anode|
|US4302706 *||Jan 14, 1980||Nov 24, 1981||Wagner Electric Corporation||Glass-to-glass sealing method with conductive layer|
|US4754199 *||Mar 4, 1987||Jun 28, 1988||Parker William P||Self contained gas discharge display device|
|U.S. Classification||313/496, 313/313|
|Nov 8, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COOPER INDUSTRIES, INC., 1001 FANNIN, HOUSTON, TEX
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:EDISON INTERNATIONAL, INC., A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004475/0382
Effective date: 19851031
|Dec 31, 1980||AS||Assignment|
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WAGNER ELECTRIC CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:003984/0757
Owner name: STUDEBAKER-WORTHINGTON, INC., ILLINOIS
Effective date: 19801229