Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3584339 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 15, 1971
Filing dateJul 14, 1969
Priority dateJul 14, 1969
Publication numberUS 3584339 A, US 3584339A, US-A-3584339, US3584339 A, US3584339A
InventorsKamachi Yutaka, Miwa Shigeyuki
Original AssigneeChisso Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spinneret for both composite and ordinary fibers
US 3584339 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

FIG. l-b

YUTAKA KAMACHI F-TAL Filed July 14. 1969 SPINNERET FOR BOTH COMPOSITE AND ORDINARY FIBERS June 15., 1971 FIG. 2

W-OOOOOOO United States Patent 3,584,339 SPINNERET FOR BOTH COMPOSITE AND ORDINARY FIBERS Yutaka Kamaclii and Shigeyuki Miwa, Shiga-ken, Japan,

assiguors to Chisso Corporation, Osaka, Japan Filed July 14, 1969, Ser. No. 841,426 Int. Cl. D01d 3/00 US. Cl. 188 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A novel spinneret useful for both composite and ordinary fibers comprising right and left reservoirs for two kinds of fiber-forming liquid and right and left filters therefor; a filter-reinforcing plate having holes divided into right and left groups and for introducing fiber-forming liquids after filtration into right and left hand liquid distribution chambers, which are formed as hollow spaces on the back surface of the plate; a distribution plate having holes for distributing the liquids from the chambers into straight, distributing grooves formed on the back surface of the plate, at equal intervals and in parallel with each other, the liquid from the right and left chambers being alternately distributed into subsequent grooves; and a nozzle plate having spinning holes positioned under the middle part of each two adjacent grooves and opened to each of the said two adjacent grooves to receive the liquids from both of the said two adjacent grooves and further arranged so that each hole can form a square having the pitch same with the distance between two adjacent grooves, whereby the two kinds of liquid extruded from the holes can form composite fibers and if the distribution plate is rotated by 90, they can form ordinary fibers.

The present invention relates to a novel spinneret, and particularly it relates to a spinneret capable of extruding and spinning any of ordinary and composite fibers.

It has heretofore been considered impossible in the production of man-made fibers carried out by extrusion and spinning to form any of ordinary and composite fibers by means of the same spinning apparatus and spinneret.

Namely, since the spinning method for producing composite fibers usually comprises preparing fiber-forming liquids of two different kinds of high molecular weight substances separately and leading them into common spinning nozzles, the structures of apparatus and spinneret are so complicated that various limitations are necessitated compared with the method for producing ordinary fibers by spinning fiber-forming liquid of only one kind of high molecular substance.

For example, there are such drawbacks as lowering of production efliciency resulting from the decrease of spinning holes due to complicated spinneret, difliculty of installing of filter, complicated structure of the filter even when it could be installed, and markedly smaller filtration area.

In addition to these drawbacks, if ordinary fibers are to be spun by the use of the apparatus and spinneret for spinning composite fibers, regular fibers cannot be obtained, because each fiber-forming liquids turn to have different properties such as brittle point, etc., depending upon differences in conditions such as temperature encountered during the course down to spinning holes. This is caused because fiber-forming liquids of the same high molecular substance are separately prepared and led to the same spinning holes.

An object of the present invention is to provide a spinneret capable of spinning any of ordinary and composite fibers with a high efficiency in which as many holes are bored as in case of spinneret for ordinary fibers.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a spinneret capable of affording two kinds of ordinary fibers simultaneously.

These objects can be attained by the spinneret of the present invention.

In brief, the present invention consists in a spinneret useful for both composite and ordinary fibers comprising right and left reservoirs for two kinds of fiber-forming liquid and right and left filters therefor; a filter-reinforcing plate, placed just under the filter, which has holes divided into right and left groups, to introduce fiber-forming liquids after passing through the filters into right and left chambers for distributing fiber-forming liquids which are formed as follow spaces on the back surface of the filterreinforcing plate; a perforated distribution plate; placed just under said filter-reinforcing plate, which has holes for distributing fiber-forming liquids from said right and left chambers into straight, distributing grooves formed on the back surface of the perforated distribution plate and arranged at equal intervals, in parallel and in the direction perpendicular to the boundary between the right and left groups, the fiber-forming liquid from the right and left chambers being alternately distributed into subsequent grooves; and a nozzle plate placed just under said perforated distribution plate and having spinning holes positioned under the middle part of each two adjacent grooves and opened to each of said adjacent grooves to receive fiber-forming liquids from both of said two adjacent grooves, and further arranged so that each of the spinning holes form a square configuration having the pitch same with the distance between two adjacent grooves, whereby the two kinds of fiber-forming liquid extruded from the holes can form composite fibers and if said perforated distribution plate is rotated by they can form ordinary fibers.

The spinneret of the present invention and an embodiment thereof will hereinafter be illustrated referring to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1-a is an elevational cross section of the spinneret of the present invention viewed from the front in case where it is set for spinning composite fibers.

FIG. 1-bis a part of the elevational cross section of the spinneret viewed from the said and showing the relationship of straight, distributing grooves of the spinneret with spinning holes.

FIG. 2 is an elevational cross section of the spinneret viewed from the front in case where it is set for spinning ordinary fibers.

FIG. 3 is a plan of the back surface of a filter-reinforcing plate constituting the spinneret of the present invention, and

FIG. 4 is a plan of the back surface of a distribution plate constituting the spinneret of the present invention.

In FIG. l-a, fiber-forming liquids A and B enter right and left inlets for the liquids 7 and 8 formed in a covering plate 1 and are introduced through the corresponding right and left reservoirs for fiber-forming liquids 9 and 10, right and left fibers 3 and 3' and introducing holes 11, into right and left chambers for distributing fiber-forming liquids 13 and 4. Filters may be preferably used which are a net of metal partitioned right and left, whereby the filters have almost the same filtration area with that of spinneret for spinning ordinary fibers and become simple in form and low in cost.

The right and left chambers for distributing fiberforming liquids 13 and 14 are formed on the back surface of the filter-reinforcing plate 4 and have a partition 12 between them. Introducing holes 11 for leading each fiber-forming liquid after passing through the filters are bored in the filter-reinforcing plate so that they are divided into two right and left groups. FIG. 3 is a plan of the back surface of the filter-reinforcing plate, which illustrates a state in which introducing holes 11 are arranged so that they can be divided by the partition 12 into equal right and left groups. It goes without saying that the number and arrangement of the introducing holes are not always necessary to be equal in the right and left sides, but they can be optionally installed so long as they are within the range where the object of the present invention can be attained.

Fiber-forming liquids A and B introduced into the chambers for distributing fiber-forming liquids 13 and 14, are then introduced through distributing holes 16 bored in the distribution plate 5, into straight, distributing grooves 15 formed on the back surface of the distribution plate 5. As shown in FIG. 4, the straight, distributing grooves 15 are formed on the back surface of the distribution plate, at equal intervals and in parallel with each other with a proviso that the interval between the two adjacent grooves lying in the middle is not necessarily the same with the interval between two grooves of other parts. The distributing holes 16 are so installed that hole or holes communicating with the chamber 13 for distributing the liquid A and hole or holes communieating with the chamber 14 for distributing the liquid B, communicate alternately with subsequent grooves of the above-mentioned grooves. For example, the liquid A enters and fills the groove 15 positioned in the second row counting from the top of FIG. 4 through three distributing holes 16 perforated in the left half part of the groove, which the liquid B enters and fills the groove positioned in the third row through four distributing holes perforated in the right half of the groove, and so on. The number of the distributing hole or holes in one groove is usually one to several according to the length of the straight, distributing grooves, as seen in FIG. 4. The liquids thus introduced into the straight, distributing grooves are taken out from two adjacent grooves 15 and introduced into spinning holes 18 which are opened to the two adjacent grooves as seen in FIG. l-b and then extruded therefrom and spun. The spinning holes 18 are bored in the nozzle plate 6 and under the middle part 19 between two adjacent grooves 15 formed on the back surface of the distribution plate 5, and further are arranged to form a square configuration having the pitch same with the distance between two adjacent grooves. Thus, excellent composite fibers can be obtained from the liquids A and B.

Due to the above-mentioned square configuration of spinning holes 18, if the distribution plate is rotated by 90, the abovementioned spinneret can be converted to the one suitable for spinning ordinary fibers.

FIG. 2 illustrates an embodiment of the present spinneret wherein the spinneret is set to spin ordinary fibers in a manner as mentioned above. Fiber-forming liquids A and A are always isolated in all the parts from reservoirs for fiber-forming liquids, filters, chambers for distributing fiber-forming liquids till straight, distributing grooves, and hence ordinary fibers are obtained by separate extrusions of liquids A and A.

In the spinneret of the present invention, since the productions of both composite and ordinary fibers can be attained by rotating by and setting the distribution plate 5 as mentioned above, it is necessary to make the rotation and setting easily. For this purpose, for example, perforated distribution plate 5 and nozzle plate are set bynmeans of set pins, and filters 3 and 3', filter-reinforcing plate 4, perforated distribution plate 5 and nozzle plate 6 are set in covering plate 1 and columnar body 2, by means of bolts 17.

In the spinneret of the present invention, both composite and ordinary fibers can be extruded and spun easily and securely by means of the same spinningapparatus and the same spinneret, and further two kinds of ordinary fibers can be simultaneously extruded and spun, whereby an effective utilization of equipment and a sharp cutting down of equipment cost become possible.

Further, due to great number of spinning holes and setting of filters for fiber-forming liquids in the spinneret, productivity is made higher, spinning holes are protected in better condition, and products of good quality are obtained. Thus, the spinneret of the present invention has great, industrial advantages.

What is claimed is:

1. A spinneret useful for both composite and ordinary fibers comprising right and left reservoirs for two kinds of fiber-forming liquid and right and left filters therefor; a filter-reinforcing plate, placed just under the filter, which has holes divided into right and left groups, to introduce fiber-forming liquids after passing through the filters into right and left chambers for distributing fiber.- forming liquids which are formed as hollow spaces on the back surface of the filter-reinforcing plate; a perforated distribution plate, placed just under said -filter reinforcing plate, which has holes for distributing fiberforming liquids from said right and left chambers into straight, distributing grooves formed on the back surface of the perforated distribution plate and arranged at equal intervals, in parallel and in the direction perpendicular to the boundary between the right and left groups, the fiber-forming liquid from the right and left chambers being alternately distributed into subsequent grooves; and a nozzle plate placed just under said perforated distribution plate and having spinning holes positioned under the middle part of each two adjacent grooves and opened to each of said adjacent grooves to receive fiber-forming liquids from both of said two adjacent grooves, and further arranged so that each of the spinning holes form a square configuration having the pitch same with the distance between two adjacent grooves, whereby the two kinds of fiber-forming liquid extruded from these holes can form composite fibers and if said perforated distribution plate is rotated by 90, they can form ordinary fibers.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS I 3,237,245 3/1966 Nonami et al. 18-8 3,375,548 4/1968 Kido et a1. 18 -8 TRAVIS S. MCGEHEE, Primary Examiner

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3963406 *Jun 20, 1975Jun 15, 1976E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanySpinneret assembly for multifilament yarns
US4717325 *May 25, 1984Jan 5, 1988Chisso CorporationSpinneret assembly
US4738607 *Dec 19, 1986Apr 19, 1988Chisso CorporationSpinneret assembly for conjugate spinning
US4875844 *Feb 15, 1989Oct 24, 1989Chisso CorporationSpinneret assembly for sheath-core type composite fibers
US5035595 *Feb 13, 1990Jul 30, 1991Chisso CorporationSpinneret device for conjugate fibers of eccentric sheath-and-core type
US5162074 *Aug 7, 1989Nov 10, 1992Basf CorporationMethod of making plural component fibers
US5234650 *Mar 30, 1992Aug 10, 1993Basf CorporationMethod for spinning multiple colored yarn
US5344297 *Jun 4, 1992Sep 6, 1994Basf CorporationApparatus for making profiled multi-component yarns
US5393219 *Apr 30, 1993Feb 28, 1995Basf CorporationApparatus for spinning different colored filaments from a single spinneret
US5456982 *Mar 29, 1993Oct 10, 1995Danaklon A/SBicomponent synthesis fibre and process for producing same
US5466410 *May 11, 1994Nov 14, 1995Basf CorporationProcess of making multiple mono-component fiber
US5540992 *Jun 30, 1992Jul 30, 1996Danaklon A/SPolyethylene bicomponent fibers
US5551588 *Jun 6, 1995Sep 3, 1996Basf CorporationFor use in the melt spinning of fibers
US5562930 *Jun 6, 1995Oct 8, 1996Hills; William H.Distribution plate for spin pack assembly
US5720838 *Feb 29, 1996Feb 24, 1998Yugengaisya TowaMethod of manufacturing colored doormats
US5762734 *Aug 30, 1996Jun 9, 1998Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Process of making fibers
US6461133May 18, 2000Oct 8, 2002Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Breaker plate assembly for producing bicomponent fibers in a meltblown apparatus
US6474967May 18, 2000Nov 5, 2002Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Breaker plate assembly for producing bicomponent fibers in a meltblown apparatus
USRE35108 *Apr 8, 1994Dec 5, 1995Basf CorporationMethod for spinning multiple colored yarn
CN1063804C *Oct 24, 1997Mar 28, 2001美国Basf公司Multi-composition spinnerette assembly used for spinning multi-ply colour filament from single spinning board
CN102154719A *Apr 21, 2011Aug 17, 2011张家港市龙杰特种化纤有限公司Manufacturing method for irregular-section differential-shrinkage polyester filament yarn
CN102154719BApr 21, 2011May 23, 2012苏州龙杰特种纤维股份有限公司Manufacturing method for irregular-section differential-shrinkage polyester filament yarn
EP0128013A2 *May 31, 1984Dec 12, 1984Chisso CorporationSpinneret assembly
EP0227020A2 *Dec 17, 1986Jul 1, 1987Chisso CorporationSpinneret assembly for conjugate spinning
EP0563785A1 *Mar 25, 1993Oct 6, 1993Basf CorporationAn apparatus and method for spinning multiple colored filaments from a single spinneret.
WO1998009008A1 *Jul 9, 1997Mar 5, 1998Kimberly Clark CoSingle extruder multiportion fiber
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/131.5, 425/199, 425/198
International ClassificationD01D5/30, D01D4/06, D01D4/00
Cooperative ClassificationD01D4/06, D01D5/30
European ClassificationD01D4/06, D01D5/30