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Publication numberUS3584564 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 15, 1971
Filing dateMar 12, 1969
Priority dateMar 12, 1969
Publication numberUS 3584564 A, US 3584564A, US-A-3584564, US3584564 A, US3584564A
InventorsRollins Dallas W
Original AssigneeAcf Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Aerating system for a railway car
US 3584564 A
Images(6)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent I 1111 3,534,5 4

[72] Inventor DallasW.Rollins [56] Referen cesCited l N 2 6C3 1, M0. UNITED STATES PATENTS 953 12 1969 82,887 10/1868 Somes 98/53X Pmmed 1m 5'19" 1,256,677 2/l9l8 French 98/55 2,186,700 1/1940 Johnson /243 [73] Assgm ggggfl gfii 3,486,241 12/1969 c6 1e61n1 105/247x Primary Examiner-William E. Wayner Attorneys-Samuel J. Snyder and Eugene N. Riddle ABSTRACT: A system for aerating and controlling the temperature of ladings, such as potatoes or other perishable com- [54] :E? T A RAILWAY CAR modities, in a covered hopper railway car, includes a portion of the center sill, formed as an air duct, and connections {52] U.S. Cl 98/10, between the center sill and perforated plates at the bottom of 98/55, 105/247 the hoppers. To complete the air circuit, there are also pro- [51] Int. Cl 861d 27/00 vided ducts at the top of the car connected to one side of an [50] Field of Search 98/55, 53, air blower, the other side of which is connected to the center 8, l0, 6; 62/237, 407, 4] l; l05/247 X, 240 sill.

PATENTEU JUN] 519m 3584 564 sum 1 or 6 FIG.

INVENTOR.

DALLAS W. ROLLINS ATTORNEY PATENTEU JUN] 519m SHEET 2 BF 6 FIG. 4.

PATENTEU un 5 I97! SHEET 3 [IF 6 PATENTED mm 5197:

SHEET 5 [IF 6 83- EVAPORATOR Y 1 5155 4 I04 94 92) I! com BLOWER'FLQW BLOWER PRESSOR $5 BLOWER BLOWER [90 MOTOR I VERSE MOTOR i I I VALVE l I l v I L I l CONTROL l0z\- PANEL I 98 /00 2 2 ENGINE GENERATOR PATENTEUJUNISM 3584,56 1

' sum s []F 5 FIG. 9.

FIG. 7.

FIG. 8.-

AERATING SYSTEM FOR A RAILWAY CAR BACKGROUND AND DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION the invention to provide an air distribution system using existing structure of the car to convey and distribute air throughout the car. 1

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention provides a covered hopper car for perishable lading, in which the center sill is formed asa high capacity air duct for conveying air between a blower and a pair of perforated plates in the bottom outlet of each hopper. Air ducts atthe top ofthe car also are connected to, the blower for causing air circulation through the car. Means are mounted on the car for heating or cooling the air circulated through the car.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING In the accompanying drawing, the following figures illustrate embodiments of the invention: 1

FIG. I is a side elevation, partly schematic, of a covered hopper railway car, with one side partly broken away, illustrating the air system for aerating the interior'of the car from bottom outlet structures and providing a continuous recirculation of air.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the car of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a top plan of one of the hoppers.

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal section of a bottom outlet of a hopper, taken on line 44 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 isa section taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the power supply and air circulating apparatus.

FIGS. 7 to 9 are sectional views of the connection of air ducts to the center sill.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, a covered hopper car 10 has a pair of side sheets 12, a center sill l4, and side sills l6. Vertical stakes 18 are fixed to side sheets 12 to stifien them, and a roof 20 is provided with hatches 21. A midportion 22 of center sill 14 is closed by end plates 24 and bottom cover plates 26 to convert this portion of the center sill into an air duct.

Car 10 has a plurality of hoppers 30 separated by partitions 32. End slope sheets 34 and side slope sheets 36 lead to bottom discharge or outlet structures generally indicated 38, disclosed in detail in U.S. Pat. No. 3,343,886, dated Sept. 26, I967. Bottom discharge structures 38 are adapted to permit a flow of air, either upwardly or downwardly, through the lading for aerating the interior of the car, in addition to permitting the discharge of lading from the car. Each outlet structure 38 includes a housing having an upper rectangular flange 40 which may be bolted or welded to a flange 42 on the underside of each hopper 30. A gravity gate 44 carried by bottom outlet structure 38 is mounted thereon for sliding movement between open and closed positions. A rack and pinion combination 43 may be provided for opening and closing gate 44. The portions 45 of gate 44 within the hoppers have perforations 46. Covers 48 supported by links 49, 50 are spaced from gate 44 to provide chambers 52. The car may be covered with insulating material 53, as indicated in FIGS. 2 and 5.

The bottoms of the hoppers are divided by shrouds 54 over the center sill. Chambers 52 of each hopper communicate with duct 56 through opening 58, and duct 56 is connected to the center sill by upwardly extending duct 60, which enters center sill 14 through opening 62 in bottom cover plate 26. The bottom of shroud 54 is covered by plate 64. The right hand end of center sill portion 22, as seen in FIG. 1, is connected to blower system 66 by air ducts 68. FIGS. 6 to 9 show onemanner of connecting ducts 68 to the center sill. Herein, ducts 68 are divided into ducts 69 and 70, having a bridging portion 72 communicating with center sill 14 through opening 74 of cover plate 26. Bridging portion 72 also has a plate portion extending into the center sill to form the end closure plate 24.

The apparatus for circulating the air and controlling its temperature is shown schematically in FIG. 6, and is disclosed fully in previously mentioned application Ser. No. 760,933 in FIGS. 10, ll, 19 and 20 thereof. The apparatus may include a conventional refrigeration system comprising a compressor having a driving motor for compressing refrigerant gas and supplying it to condenser unit 82, which includes a fan and motor for cooling mega; while condensing it. The resultant liquid refrigerant is then supplied to evaporator unit 84, wherein the liquid is allowed to boil or vaporize at a controlled rate in a coiled pipe in the path of the air to be cooled, the heat of the air being absorbed by the refrigerant vapor in the process.

For circulating the air either blower 86 or 88 is driven by motor 90 or 92 and a flow direction control valve 94 is provided for closing the inlet to one blower or the other. Thus, the direction of air circulation may be reversed, as more specifically disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,486,241. Generally it is desirable to operate the blowers and the flow control valve so that cold air is fed to the top of the car and withdrawn from the, bottom of the car, while heated air is passed through the car in the opposite direction.

To supply power for the operation of the aerating system, a diesel engine 98 drives a generator 100. Controls for the phasing of the various operations are arranged in control panel 102. Electric energy from generator 100 drives compressor 80, condenser 82,.and blower motors 90 and 92.

When the exhaust air from the interior of car 10 reaches a predetermined minimum, such as 40 F., the cooling cycle is stopped by various thermostatic controls in control panel 102, and a heat cycle may be started at around 35 F., for example. A heating element 104 is located in the bottom of evaporator 84. Heating element 104 is preferably of the electric resistance-type, and air passing downwardly over it is heated before entering blower 88. Ducts 106 and 108 extend from hood 83 'into the car along the upper edges of sidewalls 12. These ducts open into one or more hoppers and convey air from the evaporator unit to the car or from the car to hood 83 and blower 88. It can be seen that the aerating system circulates heated or cooled air throughout the car by utilizing a center sill communicating with each hopper and perforated plates at the bottom of each hopper.

Iclaim:

l. A covered hooper railway car having a plurality of hoppers and a center sill extending the entire length of the car and having an intermediate portion intersecting all said hoppers; a wall in said center sill at each end Of said intermediate portion for sealing off said intermediate portion from the remainder of the center sill; a blower mounted on said car outside said hoppers; means connecting one side of said blower to an upper portion of the hoppers; conduit means connecting the other side of the blower to said intermediate portion of the center sill; a plate closing the bottom of said intermediate portion of the center sill to form an air conduit and having a plurality of spaced openings therein; and air ducts means extending downwardly from the spaced openings in said cover plate and outwardly to the bottom of each hopper whereby air is circulated through the car including the intermediate portion of the center sill.

2. A covered hopper car according to claim 1, wherein each hopper includes an outlet having a movable horizontal gate insaid air duct means being connected to said outlets below said perforated plates.

4. A car according to claim 1, including a second blower for moving air in the direction opposite to that in which air is moved by the first-mentioned blower, means for rendering one of said blowers operative and the other inoperative, and means for selectively heating or cooling the circulating air.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3731053 *Dec 27, 1971May 1, 1973Acf Ind IncRailway car having a heated fresh air intake
US4459070 *Jun 2, 1981Jul 10, 1984P.B.C. Systems, Inc.Pneumatic tank system for storage and transfer of pulverulent material
US4478155 *Dec 22, 1981Oct 23, 1984Atchison, Topeka And Santa Fe Railway CompanyRailway container and car
US4644871 *Dec 11, 1985Feb 24, 1987Canadian National Railway CompanyArticulated hopper railcar
US4662137 *Dec 26, 1985May 5, 1987Chicago Bridge & Iron CompanySilo for bulk storage of large quantities of products at closely controlled humidity and temperature conditions throughout
US5058509 *Jun 6, 1991Oct 22, 1991Bethlehem Steel Corp.Railway car with vented bolster to facilitate the thawing of lading
US5367958 *Feb 28, 1994Nov 29, 1994Johnstown America CorporationTwo piece center sill shroud for railway cars
US7861659Apr 23, 2007Jan 4, 2011Gunderson LlcLightweight hopper car with through center sill
US8534203 *Feb 7, 2011Sep 17, 2013American Railcar Industries, Inc.Support system for a railcar and method for assembling the same
US20120199042 *Feb 7, 2011Aug 9, 2012Roger DalskeSupport system for a railcar and method for assembling the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification454/91, 219/202, 105/247
International ClassificationB61D7/00, B61D27/00, B61D7/20
Cooperative ClassificationB61D27/0027, B61D7/20
European ClassificationB61D7/20, B61D27/00B2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 25, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ACF INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED, 750 THIRD AVENUE, NE
Free format text: RECONVEYS ALL LETTERS PATENTS BACK TO BORROWER RECITED IN REEL 4307FRAMES 396 AND 397 RECORED OCT. 2, 1984 (LOAN HAS BEEN PAID IN FULL);ASSIGNOR:NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, AS AGENT;REEL/FRAME:004365/0266
Effective date: 19841220
Oct 2, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, A NATIONAL BANKING
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ACF INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:004307/0396