|Publication number||US3585101 A|
|Publication date||Jun 15, 1971|
|Filing date||Jul 25, 1968|
|Priority date||Jul 25, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3585101 A, US 3585101A, US-A-3585101, US3585101 A, US3585101A|
|Inventors||Dana D Stratton, Sidney Hirsch|
|Original Assignee||Dana D Stratton, Sidney Hirsch|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (33), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 15, 1971 D. D. STRATTON ET L 3,585,101
ADHESIVE-APPLIED KNURLING Filed July 25, 1968 INVENTORS DANA D. STRATTON SIDNEY HIRSCH ATTORNEY ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A thin sheet of a soft, flexible material having a knurled pattern embossed on its top surface is mounted on a solid, smooth object using a suitable adhesive bond material to provide an improved gripping surface therefor.-
The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.
The invention relates particularly to the application of a knurled gripping surface to smooth surfaces of various rigid materials such as metals, plastics and glass or the like, without the use of knurling tools, machining or other conventional means of applying knurled surfaces and without damaging or reducing the thickness of the underlying surface.
Presently, the common method of applying knurling to metallic or other rigid surfaces is by utilizing machine shop procedures employing special knurling tools which, when applied with considerably pressure to thesurface to be knurled, cause flow of the metal resulting in the knurl. However, several serious disadvantages are inherent in the abovementioned method. Among the most common are that the knurling cannot be easily applied to flat surfaces or brittle materials and the pressure required for the knurling can, in some designs, cause deformation or weakening of adjacent metal. Also, the degree of coarseness cannot be closely controlled nor can conventional knurling be extended up to a shoulder. For example, one presently existing problem is how to improve grip-friction on the CO cylinders being used in inflatable life jackets, so that tightening may be more easily accomplished. A logical solution to alleviate this problem would be to knurl the walls of the cylinder. However, this approach reduces the wall thickness of the cylinders which in turn weakens the walls and leads to subsequent failure of the cylinder. It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved method and article for applying a knurled gripping surface to a metallic or the like rigid object which is easily and quickly applied on a flat or curved surface without reducing the surface thickness thereof.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved method and article which permits a machine part to be knurled without the use of special tooling and the high cost of machines and machine labor.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved adhesive-applied knurling which requires no pressure on or deformation of the base metal or other rigid material on which the knurling is mounted.
It is still a further object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved adhesive-applied knurling which is relatively simple in construction and operation and yet highly reliable in use.
Other objects and many of the attendent advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein:
3,585,101 Patented June 15, 1971 FIG. 1 of the drawing is a perspective view of a sheet of adhesive knurling constructed according to this invention; and
FIG. 2 of the drawing is a perspective view of a cylindrical object showing the adhesive knurling applied to its surface.
Referring now to the details of the drawing, wherein like reference numerals apply to like parts throughout, it will be seen that the present invention comprises a thin sheet of a soft, ductile, flexible material 10, such as aluminum, brass, plastic or the like, having a series of fine ridges or knurling 11 of a standard commercial pattern embossed on the top surface of the sheet material 10. The knurling 11 is shown as being a diamond knurl but any straight or diagonal knurl may be utilized depending on the particular application therefor. The knurling 11 is applied to the sheet material '10 by stamping or pressing or by any other suitable conventional embossing method. A suitable bonding adhesive 12 is applied to the bottom surface of the sheet material 10 to enable the knurling 11 to be secured to or mounted on substantially any solid, smooth, rigid surface 13, such as metal, wood, plastic, glass or the like. The knurling 11 may be applied to fiat or curved surfaces of single curvature as shown in FIG. 2, or it may be applied to surfaces having compound curvature, depending on the thickness of the sheet material 10 which, for example, can vary between and A; of an inch to insure effective operation.
The bonding adhesive 12 may suitably be composed of any preferred liquid, solvent activated, silicate, epoxy resin, metal-plastic or pressure sensitive type adhesive which will provide the desired bonding strength and which does not react with the metals or other like materials to be joined. An excellent bonding adhesive 12 for this purpose, when bonding a metal sheet 10 to a metal object 13, is any of the large variety of epoxy adhesive resins available in the market. If a solvent activated type adhesive 12 is utilized, a removable moistureproo'f cellophane or paper backing 14 is provided to protect the adhesive 12 prior to activation and application. For example, if a water-remoistenable adhesive is utilized, one similar to the gumming used on labels and the backs of envelopes, a thin cellophane backing 14 is provided and removed after soaking in water prior to application of the knurling 11. If a solvent activated type of adhesive is utilized, such as Scotchcal (3M Co.), a paper backing 14 is provided to protect the adhesive and is removed prior to activation with the activator, which may be cyclohexanone or some other suitable ketone compound.
The sheet material 10 is preferably supplied in large sheets, so that it may be cut with shears or sawed to the desired size and shape before being applied. Also, if both surfaces 10 and 13, are constructed from dissimilar metallic materials, a nonconductive conversion coating is preferably applied to the bottom surface of the sheet material 10, or it may be applied to the surface of the base material 13, to prevent corrosion caused by galvanic action. The coating, such as chromium plating, may be applied to the proper surface in any well known manner, as by means of an anodizing process, for example.
In operation, the knurled sheet material 10 is shaped and cut to the necessary and proper size wherein a suitable adhesive 12 is then applied to the bottom surface, or the previously applied adhesive is activated. The knurling 11 is then secured on the smooth surface 13 where increased grip-friction is needed. Knurled sheets made in accordance with this invention have been found to hold smoothly and durably to plastic and metallic surfaces alike, maintaining their original tight-fitting relationship over extended periods of use.
Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.
What is claimed is:
1. A knurled gripping surface on a smooth rigid base material which comprises:
(a) a sheet of soft, flexible material having a knurled pattern embossed on the top surface thereof; and
(b) a bonding adhesive provided on the bottom surface of the sheet material so that said material may be secured to a smooth, rigid base material which requires increased grip-friction thereon, said adhesive being a solvent activated type and having a removable moisture-proof paper backing to protect said adhesive prior to activation.
2. A gripping knurled surface as recited in claim 1 wherein the smooth, rigid base material is constructed from metal and wherein the adhesive is an epoxy type resin.
3. A knurled gripping surface which comprises:
(a) a sheet of soft, flexible material having a knurled pattern embossed on the top surface thereof;
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,435,088 11/1922 Smith l456l.7UX 1,441,986 1/1923 Land 14561.7UX 1,472,689 10/1923 Skiles 145-6l.7UX 2,046,164 6/1936 Herkner 1456l.7UX 2,708,578 5/1955 Mitchell 16l-406UX 3,072,955 1/1963 Mitchell 14561UX 3,098,669 7/1963 Fortin et a1 145-6lX WILLIAM A. POWELL, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
161; l562l9;16l--167, 406
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|U.S. Classification||428/169, 16/421, 16/DIG.120, 428/346, 156/219, 428/464|
|Cooperative Classification||F16B11/006, Y10S16/12|