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Publication numberUS3585685 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 22, 1971
Filing dateJul 1, 1969
Priority dateJul 1, 1969
Publication numberUS 3585685 A, US 3585685A, US-A-3585685, US3585685 A, US3585685A
InventorsHenry J Mcdermott
Original AssigneeFmc Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spinneret assembly for making composite filaments
US 3585685 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 22, 1971 J. MCDERMOTT 3,585,685

SPINNERET ASSEMBLY FOR MAKING COMPOSITE FILAMENTS Filed July 1, 1969 United States Patent ice 3,585,685 SPINNERET ASSEMBLY FOR MAKING COMPOSITE FILAMENTS Henry J. McDermott, Collingdale, Pa., assignor to FMC Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa. Filed July 1, 1969, Ser. No. 838,223 Int. Cl. D01d 3/00 US. Cl. 18-8 9 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A spinneret assembly for producing composite filaments having sharply defined components or segments extending longitudinally thereof in side-by-side relationship.

The present invention is directed to a spinneret assembly for making composite filaments.

Known in the prior art are various spinneret assemblies for making composite filaments having components disposed in side-by-side relationship. In some of such assemblies areas exist at which filament-forming materials remain stagnant. In others, intermixing of the different filament-forming materials is often encountered within the assembly itself so that continuous production of composite filaments having uniform properties along their re spective lengths is generally not achieved. In still other known spinneret assemblies, extremely fine and often'tortuous passages are employed for feeding different filament-forming materials to extrusion orifices. Aside from such passages being easily plugged, high back pressures are induced on the filament-forming materials and may cause intermixing of such materials as well as distortion and perhaps leakage of the assembly itself.

In general, the larger the number of composite filaments produced by a single spinneret assembly, the lower are the costs of production. Lacking in the art, however, are spinneret assemblies which are capable of producing a tow containing a relatively large number of composite filaments in which the individual filaments are of substantially like character along their respective lengths and which are substantially the same as the other filaments in such two of filaments. Accordingly, a primary object of this invention is the provision of a generally new or improved and more satisfactory apparatus for making composite filaments. I

Another object is the provision of an improved spinneret assembly for use in simultaneously making a relative large number of composite filaments which are of substantially like character.

Still another object is the provision of an improved spinneret assembly for making composite filaments in which different filament-forming materials are delivered to each of a plurality of extrusion orifices under generally unifonm and controllable pressures.

A further object is to provide an improved spinneret assembly for making composite filaments having sharply defined components disposed in side-by-side relationship.

A still further object is to provide an improved spinneret assembly which is capable of operating satisfactorily under a generally wide range of pressures applied to filament-forming materials flowing therethrough, is of simple and economical construction, and is adapted to be easily disassembled for cleaning and repair.

These objects are accomplished in accordance with the present invention by a spinneret assembly which includes a spinneret plate having a downstream face and an upstream face, between which extends a row of extrusion orifices. A feeder plate, also having a downstream face and an upstream face, is positioned adjacent to the upstream face on the spinneret plate and includes a slot in Patented June 22., 1971 its downstream face which is aligned with the row of orifices in the spinneret plate. Extending through the feeder plate is a row of openings which are aligned with and open into the slot thereof at locations inbetween adjacent orifices in the spinneret plate. Means are provided for supplying, under pressure, one flowable filamentforming material to alternate of such openin s and a different flowable filament-forming material to the remainder of such openings.

Desirably, the spinneret plate is formed with a plurality of substantially parallel rows of extrusion orifices and the downstream face of the feeder plate is likewise formed with a plurality of parallel slots which are aligned with the rows of extrusion orifices in the spinneret plate. Parallel rows of openings extend through the feeder. plate and are aligned with the respective feeder plate slots at locations inbetween adjacent orifices in the spinneret plate. Different flowable filament-forming materials are supplied under pressure, with one such material being directed to alternate openings in each row of openings while another of such materials is delivered to the remainder of such openings.

To facilitate proper spinning and setting of the extruded filament-forming materials, the extrusion orifices in each row of orifices are preferably disposed in staggered relationship relative to the orifices in the rows adjacent thereto. In view of the locations of the openings in the feeder plate relative to the extrusion orifices in the spinneret plate, as mentioned above, the openings in each row of openings are also in staggered relationship relative to the openings in the rows adjacent thereto.

The means for supplying the different filament-forming materials to the rows of openings include a plurality of independent channels in the upstream face of the feeder plate. Each of these channels extends across at least some of the rows of openings and is aligned with a single opening in each of the rows of openings with which it crosses, with adjacent channels being aligned with adjacent openings in the respective rows of openings.

Positioned adjacent to the upstream face of the feeder plate, and constituting part of the supply means, is a distributor plate having a downstream face and an upstream face. Two rows of passages extend through the distributor plate with the passages in one of such rows being aligned with alternate channels in the feeder plate. The passages in the other of such rows of passages are aligned with the remaining channels in the feeder plate. Separate supplies of different flowable filament-forming materials are delivered to each row of passages at the upstream face of the distributor plate. Along the downstream face of the distributor plate, each passage includes a groove which extends at least along a portion of the length of the particular channel with which such passage is aligned.

The different plates of the spinneret assembly of the present invention are held together in a single housing and, from the standpoints of economy, ease of operation and space requirements, these plates are made as thin as possible. To avoid any significant flexing or distortion of such plates, a reinforcing bar extends substantially centrally across the downstream face of the spinneret plate, removed from the orifices extending therethrough.

The spinneret assembly and extrusion orifices contained therein may be of any desired configuration. Further, the assembly may be employed in dry or wet spinning operations; that is, with either molten thermoplastic filamentforming materials which are set by cooling, or filamentforming materials which are set by chemically reacting with a fluid coagulating medium. The spinneret assembly of the present invention which is hereafter described in detail is of circular configuration and is intended for use in producing circular composite filaments from molten thermoplastic filament-forming materials.

In the drawing, FIG. 1 is a section taken vertically through the apparatus of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a top view of one element of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a top view of another element of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a section taken through the apparatus along the line IVIV in FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary section taken along the line VV of FIG. 1;

FIG. 6 is a further section taken along the line VI- VI; and

FIG. 7 is a transverse section taken through the composite filament produced by the apparatus of the present invention.

With reference to FIG. 1 of the drawing, the spinneret assembly of the present invention includes a unitary cylindrical housing having a continuous inwardly directed flange 17 at one end thereof. A reinforcing bar 19, having ends which are of reduced thickness, extends diametrically across one end of the housing 15, with its ends seated within recesses 21 formed in the housing flange 17. Except for the portions seated within the flanged recesses 21, the reinforcing bar 19 is of substantially the same thickness as the housing flange 17 and serves to prevent distortion of other elements of the assembly under the pressures of filament-forming materials flowing therethrough, as more fully described hereafter.

Disposed within the housing 15, and supported by the flange 17 and the reinforcing bar 19, is a spinneret plate 23 on which are stacked a feeder plate 25 and a distributor plate 27. At least a pair of dowel pins 29 extends through holes 31 in the feeder plate 25 and are received in recesses 33 and 35 formed in the spinneret and distributor plates 23 and 27, respectively, for maintaining these plates in desired orientation relative to each other. Alternatively, and preferably in addition to the dowel pins 29, the plates 23, 25 and 27 are keyed to the housing 15 to prevent such plates from rotating relative to the housing and the reinforcing bar.

The spinneret plate 23 has a downstream face 37 and an upstream face 39 between which extend rows of like circular extrusion orifices 41. These extrusion orifices 41 are of reduced diameter at their ends adjacent to the downstream face 37 of the spinneret plate and, as shown in FIG. 6, the orifices 41 in each such row of orifices are preferably in staggered relationship relative to the orifices in the rows of orifices which are adjacent thereto. In order that a maximum number of orifices 41 may be provided in the circular spinneret plate 23, all rows of orifices will not include a like number of orifices.

The staggered arrangement of orifices 41, as distinguished from an array in which orifices in one row are aligned with orifices in adjacent rows, is not essential for satisfactory use of the spinneret assembly of the present invention. This arrangement is preferred, however, since streams of filament-forming material extruded from such orifices can be set at substantially the same distance away from the spinneret assembly and, more important, facilitates greater production by permitting the orifices 41 to be more closely spaced without risk of contact between extruded streams or other spinning problems. Of course, no extrusion orifices are formed in the portion of the spinneret plate 23 which overlies the reinforcing bar 19.

A gasket 43, which conforms with the housing flange 17 and the reinforcing bar 19, is provided to insure proper seating of the spinneret plate. Another gasket 45 is interposed between spinneret and feeder plates 23 and 25 to insure proper sealing therebetween and includes a plurality of circular holes which correspond in size, shape and spacing to the extrusion orifices 41 in the spinneret plate 23.

The feeder plate 25 also has a downstream face 47 and an upstream face 49. The downstream face 47 of the feeder plate is provided with straight and substantially parallel slots 51 which, as shown by broken lines in FIG. 2, are aligned with the rows of orifices 41 in the spinneret plate 23. The lengths of the slots 51 are substantially equal to the respective rows of orifices 41 which they overlie and are of like cross-sectional size.

Rows of like, circular uniformly spaced openings 53 extend through the feeder plate 25 and are aligned with and open into the slots 51. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 6, the openings 53 in each row of openings enter the respective slots 51 at locations between, and preferably midway between, the extrusion orifices 41 with which such slots 51 are aligned. For reasons as more fully described hereafter, each row of openings includes one opening more than the number of orifices in the row of orifices which it overlies.

The upstream face 49 of the feeder plate 25 is formed with independent channels 55 which extend across at least some of the rows of Openings 53. As shown in FIG. 2, each channel 55 is aligned with a separate opening 53 in each of the rows of openings with which it crosses, with adjacent of such channels being aligned with adjacent openings in the respective rows of openings.

Overlying the feeder plate 25 is the distributor plate 27 which has a downstream face 57 and upstream face 59. Between these faces 57 and 59 extend two rows of passages 61. The passages 61 are equal in number to the channels 55 in the feeder plate 25 and are aligned with such channels. More particularly, the passages 61 in one of such rows open into alternate channels 55 in the feeder plate 23 while the passages of the other of such rows open into the remaining of such channels 55.

As shown in FIG. 1, the downstream face 57 of the distributor plate 27 is provided with a plurality of parallel grooves 63 which are aligned with portions of the feeder plate channels 55. Each of the grooves 63 communicates, at one end thereof, with a separate passage 61 and, as illustrated by broken lines in FIG. 3, extends from such communicating passage 61 toward and beyond the center line of the distributor plate. The upstream face 59 of the distributor plate 27 includes a plurality of parallel recesses 65 which open at one end thereof into the passages 61 but extend from such respective passages 61 toward the periphery of the distributor plate. As will be more fully apparent hereafter, the recesses 65 assist in funneling flowable filament-forming material into the passages 61 while the grooves 63 facilitate the distribution or spreading of filament-forming material along the lengths of the channels 55 with which they are aligned. A sealing gasket 67, conforming with the downstream face 57 of the distributor plate 27, is disposed between the feeder and distributor plates 25 and 27 to prevent any intermixing of the different filament-forming materials passing through the passages 61 and into the channels 55.

The spinneret assembly of the present invention is adapted to be attached to a tubular sand pack holder 69 by a series of bolts 71 which extend through suitable openings in the housing 15. The sand pack holder 69 is itself part of a conventional extrusion apparatus and includes a perforated bottom wall and a partition 73 which defines, in such holder, two chambers 75 and 77 into which different molten thermoplastic filament-forming materials are delivered under pressure. A gasket 79 is positioned between the spinneret assembly of the present invention and'the holder 69 to provide for a good seal therebetween. Heating means may be provided along the periphery of the spinneret assembly to maintain the materials flowing therethrough at a desired temperature.

With the spinneret assembly mounted onto the sand pack holder 69 asshown in FIG. 1, one molten thermoplastic filament-forming material is continuously delivered into the chamber 75 simultaneously with the continuous delivery of a different molten thermoplastic material into the chamber 77. Flowing through the perforated bottom wall of the holder 69 and the passages 61 in the distributor plate 27, the molten material from the respective chambers 75 and 77 passes into and along the feeder plate channels 55. The distributor plate recesses 65 encourage the flow of the molten material into the passages 61 and thus prevent the same from remaining stagnant along any areas of the upstream face of the distributor plate. The grooves 63 along the downstream face of the distributor plate 27 facilitates the spreading of the molten materials along the lengths of the respective channels 55 so as to avoid any significant differences in pressure on the molten materials in the individual channels.

As described above, the passages 61 in each such row of passages are aligned with separate channels 55 in the feeder plate 25, with the passages 61 in one such row opening into channels 55 which alternate with the channels into which open the passages of the other of such row of passages. Thus, all channels 55 in the feeder plate 25 will be filled with molten materials, with like molten material flowing only in alternate of such channels. The gasket 67 prevents communication between any of the feeder plate channels 55 so that no mixing of the molten materials in such channels occurs.

The openings 53 convey the molten materials from channels 55 in the upstream face 49 of the feeder plate 25 to the slots 51 in the downstream face 47 of such plate. It will be noted from FIG. 2 that an opening 53 is located at each end of each of the channels 55, to avoid stagnant areas in the molten materials.

As heretofore described and shown in FIG. 2, the openings 53 are disposed in rows, each of which is aligned and communicates with an individual slot 51. Adjacent openings 53 in each such row of openings extend from adjacent channels 55 and, since such adjacent channels 55 contain different molten materials, the adjacent openings 53 in each such rows of openings will likewise contain different molten materials.

The molten materials flowing through the openings 53 toward the upstream face 39 of the spinneret plate 23 impinge against the portions of the gasket 45 which are opposite to such openings and are thereby deflected in directions extending lengthwise of the respective slots 51 with which such openings are aligned. Except for the endmost openings 53 as shown in each row of openings, the molten material issuing from each of the remaining openings 53 is divided into two flows, as indicated by arrows 81 and 83 in FIG. 4, which flows travel in opposite directions lengthwise of the respective slots 51. Thus, the different molten materials discharged into a common slot 51 from adjacent openings 53 flow lengthwise of such slot, meet at the upstream end of an orifice 41 and are extruded therefrom in side-by-side relationship.

The endmost openings 53 of each row of openings communicate with the respective slots 51 at the ends thereof. Thus, the molten material issuing from each of the endmost openings 53 of each row of openings impinges against the portion of the gasket 45 opposite thereto and is deflected into the slot 51 with which such endmost opening 53 communicates and flows toward an adjacent extrusion orifice 41.

As heretofore mentioned, each row of openings 53 includes one opening more than the number of orifices 41 in the row of orifices which it overlies. Therefore, in each of the slots 51, the molten materials delivered by the endmost openings 53 of the row of openings which communicates therewith and the openings 53 in such row which are adjacent to the endmost openings will meet at the upstream ends of orifices 41 and will be extruded therefrom in side-by-side relationship.

With the arrangement of the rows of extrusion orifices 41 and rows of openings 53, each of the extruded streams will consist of different molten materials in side-by-side relationship. These streams are quenched outwardly of the spinneret assembly by cool wall or air to provide individual composite filaments 85 as shown in FIG. 7,

each having components 87 and 89 which are formed of the different thermoplastic materials originally supplied to the assembly.

The absence of turbulence in the different molten materials especially at the upstream ends of the extrusion orifices insures that so significant intermixing occurs between such different molten materials. As a result, components 87 and 89 of the composite filaments are sharply defined. The pressure applied to each of the two molten thermoplastic materials delivered to the spinneret assembly may be the same or may differ. Like pressure applied to each of the two different molten materials will provide a filament as shown in FIG. 7 in which the components 87 and 89 are of substantially the same crosssectional size. By increasing the pressure of one of such molten materials, the filament component formed from such one molten material will be larger than the other of such components in cross-sectional size, without affecting the size or shape of the composite filament itself.

I claim:

1. A spinneret assembly for producing composite filaments including a spinneret plate having a downstream face and an upstream face, a row of extrusion orifices extending through said spinneret plate, a feeder plate positioned adjacent to the upstream face of said spinneret plate and having a downstream face and an upstream face, a slot in the downstream face of said feeder plate aligned with said row of orifices in said spinneret plate, a row of openings in said feeder plate aligned with said slot, each of said openings extending through said feeder plate and communicating with said slot inbetween adjacent orifices in said spinneret plate, and supply means upstream of said feeder plate for delivering under pressure one flowable filament-forming material to alternate of said openings and a different flowable filament-forming material to the remainder of said openings.

2. An assembly as defined in claim 1 wherein said spinneret plate includes a plurality of substantially parallel rows of extrusion orifices and said feeder plate includes a plurality of 'slots in the downstream face thereof and rows of openings extending therethrough, said slots extending parallel to and being aligned with the rows of extrusion orifices and said rows of openings extending parallel to and being aligned with and communicating with said slots at locations inbetween adjacent orifices in said spinneret plate and wherein said supply means delivers under pressure one fiowable filament-forming material to alternate openings in each row of openings and a different filament-forming material to the remainder of said openings.

3. An assembly as defined in claim 2 wherein the orifices in each row of orifices are in staggered relationship relative to the orifices in the rows adjacent thereto.

4. An assembly as defined in claim 2 wherein said supply means includes a plurality of independent channels in the upstream face of said feeder plate, each of said channels extending across at least some of the rows of openings with the respective channels being aligned with a separate opening in each of the rows of openings with which it crosses and with adjacent of said channels being aligned with adjacent openings in the respective rows of openings.

5. An assembly as defined in claim 4 wherein said supply means includes a distributor plate positioned adjacent to the upstream face of said feeder plate and having a downstream face and an upstream face, two rows of passages extending through said distributor plate, the passages in one of said rows of passages being aligned'with alternate channels in said feeder plate and the passages in the other of said rows of passages being aligned with remaining channels in said feeder plate.

6. An assembly as defined in claim 5 wherein said passages each open into a separate groove in the downstream face of said distributor plate, each of said grooves extending at least along a portion of the length of the respective channels with which said passages are aligned.

7. An assembly as defined in claim 6 wherein the orifices in each row of orifices are in staggered relationship relative to the orifices in the rows adjacent thereto.

8. An assembly as defined in claim 2 wherein the openings in each row of openings communicate with the individual slots at locations midway between adjacent orifices with which the respective slots are aligned.

9. An assembly as defined in claim 1 further including means for supporting said spinneret plate, feeder plate and supply means in fixed relationship, said supporting means -8 including a reinforcing bar eirtending substantially centrally across the downstream face of said spinneret plate and removed from the orifices therein for preventing distortion' of said spinneret plate under the pressures of the flowable 5 filament-forming materials passing therethrough.

TRAVIS s. McGEHEE, Primary Examiner

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3924990 *Jan 18, 1973Dec 9, 1975Dow Chemical CoCoextrusion apparatus
US4290989 *Dec 10, 1979Sep 22, 1981Frito-Lay, Inc.Method and apparatus for extruding a plurality of ribbons
US5162074 *Aug 7, 1989Nov 10, 1992Basf CorporationMethod of making plural component fibers
US5227109 *Jan 8, 1992Jul 13, 1993Wellman, Inc.Maintaining differential pressure in the spinning pack between the sheath component and the core component low enough and concurrently maintaining the total spinning pack pressure low enough to prevent leaks and doglegging
US5256050 *Jun 5, 1992Oct 26, 1993Hoechst Celanese CorporationMethod and apparatus for spinning bicomponent filaments and products produced therefrom
US5344297 *Jun 4, 1992Sep 6, 1994Basf CorporationApparatus for making profiled multi-component yarns
US5397227 *Jan 13, 1994Mar 14, 1995Basf CorporationApparatus for changing both number and size of filaments
US5466410 *May 11, 1994Nov 14, 1995Basf CorporationProcess of making multiple mono-component fiber
US5511960 *Mar 17, 1993Apr 30, 1996Chisso Corp.Spinneret device for conjugate melt-blow spinning
US5551588 *Jun 6, 1995Sep 3, 1996Basf CorporationFor use in the melt spinning of fibers
US5562930 *Jun 6, 1995Oct 8, 1996Hills; William H.Distribution plate for spin pack assembly
US7919419Nov 5, 2008Apr 5, 2011Buckeye Technologies Inc.High strength and high elongation wipe
US8501647Feb 4, 2011Aug 6, 2013Buckeye Technologies Inc.High strength and high elongation wipes
USB324739 *Jan 18, 1973Jan 28, 1975 Title not available
EP0227020A2 *Dec 17, 1986Jul 1, 1987Chisso CorporationSpinneret assembly for conjugate spinning
EP2463425A1Dec 8, 2011Jun 13, 2012Buckeye Technologies Inc.Dispersible nonwoven wipe material
WO2012078860A1Dec 8, 2011Jun 14, 2012Buckeye Technologies Inc.Dispersible nonwoven wipe material
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/131.5, 425/382.2, 425/192.00R, 65/145, 425/198, 65/121, 425/DIG.217
International ClassificationD01D5/32
Cooperative ClassificationD01D5/32, Y10S425/217
European ClassificationD01D5/32
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 15, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: KELLOGG CREDIT CORPORATION A DE CORP.
Free format text: AGREEMENT WHEREBY SAID HELLER AND RAYONIER RELEASES ALL MORTGAGES AND SECURITY INTERESTS HELD BY AVTEX ON APRIL 28, 1978, AND JAN. 11, 1979, RESPECTIVELY AND ASSIGNS ITS ENTIRE INTEREST IN SAID MORT-AGAGE AGREEMENT TO ASSIGNEE;ASSIGNORS:WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC. A NY CORP.;ITT RAYONIER INCORPORATED, A DE CORP.;AVTEX FIBERS INC., A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:003959/0350
Effective date: 19800326
Owner name: WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC., A CORP. OF DEL.
Free format text: AGREEMENT WHEREBY AETNA RELEASES AVTEX FROM ALL MORTAGES AND SECURITY INTERESTS IN SAID INVENTIONS AS OF JANUARY 11,1979, AND ASSIGNS TO ASSIGNEE THE ENTIRE INTEREST IN SAID MORTAGE AGREEMENT TO ASSIGNEE;ASSIGNORS:AETNA BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., A CORP. OF N.Y.;AVTEX FIBERS, INC, A CORP. OF NY;KELLOGG CREDIT CORP., A CORP. OF DEL.;REEL/FRAME:003959/0250