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Publication numberUS3585823 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 22, 1971
Filing dateJul 16, 1969
Priority dateJul 16, 1969
Publication numberUS 3585823 A, US 3585823A, US-A-3585823, US3585823 A, US3585823A
InventorsNagel Alice R
Original AssigneeNagel Alice R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chain lock
US 3585823 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72} Inventor Alice R. Nagcl 68-01 60th Road, Maspeth, N.Y. 11378 [21] Appl. No. 842,206 [22] Filed July 16, 1969 [45] Patented June 22, 1971 [54] CHAIN LOCK 3 Claims, 8 Drawing Figs.

[52] [1.8. Cl 70/49, 70/38 [51] Int. Cl ..E05b67/l8, E051: 67/24 [50] Field ofSearch 70/l5, 30, 49,18, 39, 53, 38 A, 259, 260

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 507,948 10/1893 Waine 70/49 1,419,469 6/1922 Paschke 70/260 1,779,716 10/1930 Shaw 70/38 2,125,052 7/1938 Ranson 70/49 X 2,465,008 3/1949 Carlson 70/49 3,117,437 l/l964 Russell 70/38 FOREIGN PATENTS 7,540 II] 879 Germany 70/49 213 l/1879 Great Britain 70/49 Primary Examiner-James A. Leppink Assistant ExaminerEdward J. McCarthy Attorney-Sparrow & Sparrow ABSTRACT: A chain lock of the type embodying an encircling chain and a lock housing secured at one end of said chain, the lock housing including a chain passage and a lock tumbler rotatable in the housing, so as to throw a locking bolt through the chain passage and the chain supported in the passage. The housing may also include an additional leash end plug aperture and an additional locking bolt, so as to lock an additional chain into the housing.

' CHAIN LOCK BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention A great deal of recent attention has been given to devices for locking pets in automobiles and other unattended areas so as to prevent theft. A principal shortcoming of most such prior art devices is their relative lack of adjustability to the various chain lengths required in different locking situations. These devices for the most part have included a lock tumbler and slidable locking bolts engageable with a chain length, but have not been adapted for dual chain use.

2. Description of the Prior Art Prior art searching has developed the following:

Eldridge, U.S. Pat. No. 277,469,

Martens, U.S. Pat. No. 294,058,

Merrill, U.S. Pat. No. 599,245,

Powell, U.S. Pat. No. 640,221,

Swoggers, U.S. Pat. No. 880,932,

Zukowski, U.S. Pat. No. 1,340,928,

Grimes, U.S. Pat. No. 1,372,020,

Dolan, U.S. Pat. No. 1,497,093,

Lichtenberger, U.S. Pat. No. 1,681,416,

Johnson, U.S. Pat. No. 1,788,396,.

Stone, U.S. Pat. No. 1,792,403,

Miller, U.S. Pat. No. 1,835,317,

Falk, U.S. Pat. No. 2,104,981,

Wise, U.S. Pat. No. 2,140,490,

Carlson, U.S. Pat. No. 2,465,008.

These earlier inventors have devised locking hasps which have used a key-lock tumbler to abut a reciprocable pin in a locking hasp. Note, for example, Swoggers and Miller. Millers tumbler engages an annular recess in the locking hasp pin. Stones tumbler includes a pin (10) which laterally reciprocates to engage two chain lengths. Grimes shows a lock pin displaceable laterally by the key.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed principally to a lock housing and an encircling chain, the housing including a rotatable tumbler and a locking bolt. In the housing there are both a chain extending passage and a leash plug passage or, alternatively, two chain extending passages. As a result, the device may be used not only to encircle the pct as an adjustable leash but also to attach the lock device to a steering wheel, lamp post, or the like. Sturdiness, easy adjustment, and simplicity are inherent in the device. The chain lock is not restricted to locking of pets, but also may be used as a chain lock for hand cuffing or shackling a prisoner and securing a chained gate or door.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the first lock housing embodying a chain passage and a leash end plug passage and the second lock housing, embodying dual chain extended passages;

FIG. 2 is a vertical section of the first lock housing, embodying a chain passage and leash end plug aperture;

FIG. 3 is a top plan thereof;

FIG. 4 is a transverse section, taken along section line 4-4 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 is a transverse section, taken along section line 5 -5 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 6 is a bottom plan, partially in fragment;

FIG. 7 is a vertical section of the second housing, embodying dual chain passages; and

FIG. 8 is a transverse section, taken along section line 8-8 of FIG. 7.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. I lock housing 10 is illustrated as having a linked chain 12 connected at its end to bracket 14 on top 28 of the housing.

Housing 10 includes a chain-extending passage 18 through which guide 16 may be pushed. A rotatable lock tumbler 22, having a key aperture 24, is supported in the bottom of the housing intermediate chain passage 18 and leash end plug aperture 20.

As illustrated in FIGS. 2-5, the rotatable tumbler 22 had axially aligned pins 36 and 38 supported at its inner end, so as to engage corresponding apertures 42 and 40 in lock bolts 44 and 34. These lock bolts may include compression springs 52 and 54. Bolt recess 48 and bolt recess 46 are provided in the housing, so as to support the bolt in unlocked position.

The bolts are indicated in locked position on both FIGS. 2 and 4, bolt 34 engaging recess 32 intermediate the plug end 30 and its base section 28. Bolt 44 end extends through a link in chain 12, thus simultaneously locking the chain and the leas plug end.

An additional linked chain 36 may be secured to plug 28 by means of bracket 35 and extend through identical chain extending passages 18' in lock housing 50. As illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8, lock tumbler 22 includes axially aligned locking pins 36' and 38 which engage identical aperturesin locking bolts 34' and 44', the ends of the bolts extending through the chain links in the mode illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8. Chain 36 may have an optional locking guide 16 in one end thereof to facilitate pulling of the chain through passages 18.

As will be apparent, the chain may be linked around the neck of the animal at one end or through his collar and at the other end may encircle a stationery locking object. By removal of the keys from the lock tumblers, the pet is securely locked in place.

Specific dimensions of the tumbler, locking bolts, and passages as well as the leash end plug may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention.


I. A chain lock of the type including an encircling chain comprising:

A. a first lock housing having a chain passage extending completely therethrough and a chain leash plug housing extending from one end of said housing and terminating therewithin and including:

i. a lock tumbler with a key aperture rotatably supported in said lock housing;

ii. a chain locking bolt connected to said tumbler and extensible into said chain passage, as said tumbler is rotated;

iii. a plug locking bolt connected to said tumbler and extensible reciprocably into said chain leash plug housing as said tumbler is rotated;

B. a linked chain connected at one end to said lock housing and extensible through said chain locking passage; and

C. a key insertable into said lock tumbler, so as to rotate said tumbler;

D. a second lock housing having two chain passages extending completely through either side and including:

i. a lock tumbler with key aperture rotatably supported therein;

ii. a pair of locking bolts connected to said tumbler and extensible into said chain passages, as said tumbler is rotated;

iii. a linked chain extensible through said chain passages and having at one end a locking plug complementally engageable with said chain leash plug housing and said plug locking bolt in said first housing and at its other end having a guide member; said plug having a substantially annular reduced diameter portion providing locking clearance for said plug locking bolt; and

E. a key insertable in said second lock tumbler.

3. A chain lock as in claim 2, including compression spring means interspersed between the inner ends of said locking bolts and said housings so as to urge said bolts respectively through said chain passage and said plug aperture.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US507948 *Oct 31, 1893 waine
US1419469 *Jan 3, 1921Jun 13, 1922Automatic Truck Brake CompanyAutomatic safety lock device
US1779716 *Nov 8, 1928Oct 28, 1930Sargent & CoPadlock
US2125052 *Jul 3, 1936Jul 26, 1938Ranson Interlocking Marking SyChild identification device
US2465008 *Apr 12, 1946Mar 22, 1949Carlson Dean WUniversal padlock for locking together unequal objects
US3117437 *May 29, 1962Jan 14, 1964Fred J RussellLow friction padlock mechanism
*DE7540C Title not available
GB187900213A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3738132 *Jun 21, 1971Jun 12, 1973Nagel AChain lock
US3953990 *Mar 30, 1973May 4, 1976Nagel Alice RLocking device
US4850207 *Oct 22, 1987Jul 25, 1989K. Ylvens MekaniskaLock with flexible cable
US5517835 *Sep 9, 1994May 21, 1996Smith; AllenCable locking device
US5613381 *Apr 3, 1995Mar 25, 1997Savage; Julie M.Handcuff
US6470718 *Feb 7, 2002Oct 29, 2002Jin Tay Industries Co., Ltd.Cable lock
US6557384 *Nov 8, 2000May 6, 2003Johnny M. CuestaMultifunction padlock
US7204107 *Aug 26, 2004Apr 17, 2007Se-Kure Controls, Inc.Adjustable tethering system for securing an article
US7431555 *Dec 30, 2004Oct 7, 2008Liberman Barnet LSystem and method of delivering groceries purchased over the internet
US20050039498 *Feb 2, 2004Feb 24, 2005Budge Paul W.Trailer coupler locking device
US20050061038 *Sep 23, 2003Mar 24, 2005Sinox Co., Ltd.Shackle locks with a removable shackle
US20050175441 *Dec 30, 2004Aug 11, 2005Liberman Barnet L.System and method of delivering groceries purchased over the internet
US20060045613 *Aug 26, 2004Mar 2, 2006Roger LeydenAdjustable tethering system for securing an article
US20060201212 *Mar 14, 2005Sep 14, 2006Zollinger Jeffery VEnd cover assembly for a hollow structural member
US20080045067 *Oct 24, 2007Feb 21, 2008Matsushita TeruakiFastening method and fastener
US20090301145 *Oct 17, 2007Dec 10, 2009Origineering Pty. Ltd.Padlock
U.S. Classification70/49, 70/38.00A
International ClassificationE05B67/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B67/003
European ClassificationE05B67/00B