US 3588964 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 29, 1971 v, DUDLEY ETAL 3,588,964
CABLE TIE Filed June 9, 1970 INVENTO/Pb': 55 1 [)U/JLEY,
PAUL J RYAN, Rona/er E. \SHA FFLTR,
AGENT United States Patent Othce 3,588,964 CABLE TIE Lee V. Dudley, West Chester, Pa., Paul J. Ryan, Willingboro, NJ and Robert E. Shalfer, Milwaukee, Wis., assignors to General Electric Company Filed June 9, 1970, Ser. No. 44,780 Int. Cl. B65d 63/00 US. Cl. 24-16 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION (1) Field of the invention This invention pertains to the art of tying bundles of cables.
(2) Description of the prior art To hold cables in a bundle and fasten them to a support point, the prior art teaches a variety of straps with fastening means which are, broadly, slots through which the distal end of the strap is passed, and is retained by pawls which may be separate pieces of springy material, or may (in the case of molded plastic straps) be simply suitably dimensioned protrustions from the edges of the slot. Since these devices are ordinarily used in large numbers, they are usually highly standardized, and the number of sizes required is reduced by clipping oil the excess length of strap remaining after the strap has been tightened to encompass the particular sized bundle of cables involved. Thus a given standard length of strap can accommodate a variety of sizes of cable bundles. But the severed end of the strap protrudes unguarded from the pawls. This is not ordinarly objectionable if the strap material is of plastic. However, plastic in general is objectionable for certain applications Where readily combustible material must be avoided. Substantially non-combustible, or very difficultly ignitible, plastics, such as fiuorinated organic materials, are known, but their mechanical properties require that they be objectionably heavier in a given application than the combustible plastics. Metal straps do not have this disadvantage (although many metalsnotoriously, aluminum and magnesium alloys-are combustible in high oxygen concentrations); but when severed they tend to present obiectionably sharp edges which are a hazard to .workers in their vicinity.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION We have modified the conventional prior art design by adding at the end of the strap which bears the pawl an elastic extension as a guard through which the end of the strap passes after its engagement with the pawl. A tool used for drawing the strap to tightness in the pawl and then severing it, an item commercially available, presses against the guard and forces it down during the tightening and cutting operation. The same operation may be per- 3,588,964 Patented June 29, 1971 formed by hand use of diagonal cutters. After severance of the strap, the tool moves away, and the guard springs up, surrounding the stump sufiiciently so that casual accidental contact with it is prevented.
The protection thus provided against contact with the sharp stump renders feasible the use of metal strap of lightweight oxidizable material covered with a coating of difiicultly ignitible or incombustible plastic which protects the metal against reaction with an external atmosphere and yet need itself be only sufficiently thick to cover the metal part, so that it adds very little to the total weight of the part. Plastics, such as the fluorocarbons, are commercially available which are nonflammable even in pure oxygen at atmospheric pressure, an environment in which even metals less reactive than aluminum and magnesium are combustible.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 represents a developed plan view of the embodiment;
FIG. 2 represents an elevation of the embodiment bent into its normal shape in use; and
FIG. 3 represents the use of the embodiment.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In FIG. 1 there is represented a body 10, which in an actual embodiment was of the aluminum alloy known as 6061-T6, 0.025 inch thick. The end portion 12 carrying the pawl 14 was 0.40 inch wide, as was the extension 16, which was provided with the aperture 18. The strap proper 20 was chemically milled to 0.023 inch thick and was 0.150 inch wide, but for the last inch of its length extending to the distal end tapered to a radius of 0.03 inch to facilitate insertion in pawl 14. Pawl 14 was a small disk of spring steel, pierced to form a unidirectional retention means by the action of the small sharp pawl tongues 22. Pawl 14 was cemented to portion 12 by an organic resin cement suflicient to hold it in place, since the load in use is one of compression on the cement and does no tend to rupture the cemented joint. A coating 24 of non-flammable plastic polyirnide was applied to the entire assembly; it is represented as transparent.
FIG. 2 is an elevation of FIG. 1, but with extension 1.6 bent into its normal position.
FIG. 3 represents the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 surrounding a bundle 26 of cables, which it ties to a support 28. Amputated distal end of strap proper 20 is shown dashed; and extension 16 is represented solid-lined in its normal position, in which it guards the stump 30 of strap 20, and dashed in the depressed position which it occupies during the amputation.
1. In a binding strap having at one end a first aperture for passage of the distal end thereof through the aperture; and unidirectional retention means for retaining the strap in position in the first aperture against forces directed to draw the ditsal end back through the first aperture, the improvement comprising an elastic extension of the strap beyond the first aperture, in a direction away from the distal end, folded back in the direction of the first aperture,
itself provided with a second aperture in sub stantial alignment with the first to permit ready passage of the distal end of the strap through References Cited m t UNITED STATES PATENTS the sand extenslon 1n the absence of stress resldi-ng out of contact with the portion of the strap in- 2709558 5/1955 Young 24874 cluding the first aperture 5 Logan its elasticity permitting it to be drawn down to the 3:159 708 12/1964 Deal 24874X said portion without permanent deformation.
2. The improvement claimed in claim 1 in \which the DONALD GRIFFIN Pnmary E'Xammer said strap, including the said elastic extension, is of an U.S.Cl.X.R.
oxidizable metal coated with a non-flammable plastic. 10 248-74PB