|Publication number||US3593671 A|
|Publication date||Jul 20, 1971|
|Filing date||Oct 21, 1969|
|Priority date||Oct 21, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3593671 A, US 3593671A, US-A-3593671, US3593671 A, US3593671A|
|Inventors||Bramlett Glenn D|
|Original Assignee||Narad Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (22), Classifications (6), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Glenn D. Bramlett Stockton, Calif. 121] App]. No. 868,172
Oct. 21, 1969  Patented July 20, 1971 NaradJnc. Wayne, Mich.
' 6 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.
United States Patent  Inventor  Filed  Assignee  REINFORCED LOAD SPACER  Int.
YQX .1 May/6 PATENTED JUL20 IHYI 747,988, filed July 26, 1968.
'within the selected the structure is initially expanded.
C OSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLIICAWON This invention is an improvementcn the invention disclosed in the copending application of Ronald D. Hess, Ser. No.
' aAcK'ottou o OF THE INVENTION;
T his invention is in' the field of dunnag e load spacers for filling void spaces between articles of freight.
" The copending application referred to above. discloses a load spacer comprising an expandable honeycomb structure suspended between stacks of freight articles. The-spacer is suspended between the stacks by pivoted supports, pivotally mounted on an elongated base member secured to the top of A 'the honeycomb structure When such a spacer structure is suspended from its top, and particularly if it is of considerable depth, the weight of the honeycomb structure tends to elongate at least the upper portion'arid the cells therein in a vertical direction and thus draw the lateral edges of the structure inwardly to an excessive degree. The present invention seeks to remedy this deficiency.
SUMMARY OF THlE INVENTION This invention relates to means for preventing excessive or undue 1 vertical elongation of the cells of an expandable honeycomb structure when thesame is suspended from its upper edge. In general, the invention comprises the positioning'of a substantially'rigid bracing member in selected cells,
particularly near the top of the honeycomb structure, tolimit the horizontal contraction and vertical elongation of the selected cells. The rigid member may be'either loose and positionable in selected cells at will or may be'secured at one end cell so that it is already in position when BRIEF DESCRIPTION or THE DRAWINGS FIG! is a perspective'view illustrating the'improvement of thepresentinvention; V J m w FlG..2 is an enlarged, fragmentary vertical, sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of FIG. I; and FIG, 3 is a fragmentary elevational vicwof anexpandable tion. m .r
ticles of freight, suggested by the dotted lines shown at 4. The stacks of freight articles are separated by a generally planar space 6and that space is substantially filled by the honeycomb structure 2 to prevent shifting of the load. Numeral 8 generally designates a wall of a freight container which may be a railroad car, truck body or the like. As disclosed in the prior application referred to above, anelon'gated substantially. rigid base member 10 is secured to the top of the honeycomb structure and has pivoted thereto, bypivots 12, support anns l4.
When the honeycomb structure is collapsed for storage or shipment, the arms 14. areswung to overlie the base 10 so that the assembly will occupy aminimuin of space; When the spacer is installed between the stacks of freight articles, the
trated. Such honeycomb construction is well known. When such a structure is suspended in the manner described, and
' particularly if the vertical dimension is considerable, the
Weight of the material forming at least the lower portion of the structure is sufficient to unduly stretch the cells in a vertical direction and thus draw opposite side edges of the spacer structure inwardly more than is'desired, To prevent such excessive distortion of the cells, transversely extending substantially rigid reinforcement members 20 are positioned in selected cells. Those reinforcement members may be made of the same corrugated paper board material as the honeycomb structure itself and are so dimensioned that they will engage opposite side edges 22 of their respective cells when those cells have expanded vertically to the desired degree, and thus prevent further or undue vertical elongation of those cells. As is obvious, the reinforcement members 20 need not be positioned in all of the cells but need only be dispersed through the upper portion of the spacer structure in a few scattered cells, and this will adequately support the structure in its desired configuration.
The reinforcement members 20 may be loose and selectively positioned in their cells when thespacer is installed in the freight container or they may be permanently secured to the honeycomb structure by adhering one edge thereof to an adjacent sidewall of the stack of strips forming the honeycomb structure, as illustrated generally in FIG. 3. In this FIG. 3 the reinforcement members 20-ar'e shown as being adhesively secured, at 24, to one. side edge 22.0f their respective cells and adjacent an adhered area 18 between strips 16. As clearly ap parent, from FIG. 3, the horizontal length of the reinforcements 20 is considerably less than the corresponding dimenhoneycomb structure in substantially fully collapsedcondiarms .14 areswung to the lateral position shown in FIG. I 1
wherein theyreston the tops' of the stacks of articles to suspend the honeycomb structure therebetween.
The -honeycomb structure itself is fully described in. the
prior application referred to and preferably comprises strips 16 ,of doublefaced corrugated paper board or thelike superimposed to define a stackof strips with adjacent strips being adhered at. spaced-staggered positions 1810 that the stock may be expanded to the honeycombconfiguration illussion of the respective honeycomb cells when the structure is collapsed so that the cells may be expanded in a vertical direction until the free edges 26 of the reinforcements 20 engage the opposite edges 22 of their respective cells, at which time further vertical expansion is arrested.
As shown, the width of the reinforcements 20 is substantially equal to the thickness of the honeycomb structure and these reinforcement members thus further serve to assist in holding the stacks 4 of articles in spaced relation. However, the invention contemplates that the strips may be narrower than shown and in factmay comprise relatively narrow elongated strips of material as long as they have sufficient rigidity to limit vertical expansion of the cells.
While a limited embodiment of the invention has been described, it will be obvious that'other modifications may be adopted.
l. The combination comprising: a freight container; a plurality of discrete articles of freight in said container, said articles being arranged inat least one stack of articles with a generally planar space between said stack and an adjacent vertical surface; an expandable honeycomb structure of sheet material substantially filling said space with the sheet material thereof extending transversely across said space, said honeycomb structure being expandable and contractable in a verticaldirection; means'at the top of said honeycomb structure, supported adjacent the top of said stack of articles to suspend said structure between said stack and said adjacent vertical surface; said honeycomb structure defining a multiplicity of cells having foldably joined bounding walls whereby said cells may be expanded to horizontally elongated shape or to vertically elongated shape; and substantially rigid define a honeycomb slab having a multiplicity of cells; elongated substantially rigid members in certain of said cells, each member being of less length than the collapsed length of its cell, whereby to engage opposite sides of said cell when said structure is expanded and thereby limit the extent of expansion of said structure.
5. A structure as defined in claim 4 wherein said rigid members are loose in their cells and readily removable therefrom for positioning in different selected cells.
63. A structure as defined in claim 4 wherein each of said rigid members is secured, at one end, to the adjacent end of its cell adjacent one of said spaced positions.
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|US3389665 *||Jul 6, 1966||Jun 25, 1968||Narad Inc||Doorway void filler|
|US3405659 *||Dec 30, 1966||Oct 15, 1968||Narad Inc||Honeycomb load spacer|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3985242 *||Jul 14, 1975||Oct 12, 1976||Burlington Northern Inc.||Dunnage filler|
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|US8727682||Dec 1, 2011||May 20, 2014||Premark Packaging Llc||Shock absorption and restraint apparatus|
|US9090378||Sep 13, 2013||Jul 28, 2015||Signode Industrial Group Llc||Shipping container load securer|
|EP2147180A1 *||May 16, 2008||Jan 27, 2010||3-Form, Inc.||Collapsible light-weight perforated partition|
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|U.S. Classification||410/154, 410/155, 428/116|
|May 17, 1982||AS01||Change of name|
Owner name: DOWN RIVER INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Owner name: NARAD INC.,
Effective date: 19800730
|May 17, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DOWN RIVER INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:NARAD INC.,;REEL/FRAME:003993/0033
Effective date: 19800730