Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3593915 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1971
Filing dateApr 30, 1969
Priority dateSep 25, 1968
Also published asDE1782612B1
Publication numberUS 3593915 A, US 3593915A, US-A-3593915, US3593915 A, US3593915A
InventorsSteinacker Peter
Original AssigneeWestphalia Separator Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Controlled desludging of centrifugal separators
US 3593915 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventor Appl. No.

Filed Patented Assignee Priority Peter Steinacker Oelde, Westphalia, Germany 820,421

Apr. 30, 1969 July 20, 1971 Westfalia Separator AG. Oelde, Westphalia, Germany Sept. 25, 1968 Germany CONTROLLED DESLUDGING OF CENTRIFUGAL SEPARATORS 4 Claims, 1 Drawing Fig.

u.s. Cl 233/20 Int. Cl B04b 11/00 Field ofSearch 233/19,20,

OPEN POSITION Primary Examiner-Robert W. Jenkins Attorney-Burgess, Dinklage & Sprung ABSTRACT: A self-cleaning liquid-solids separator with valve means, such as a controllable sliding-ring valve, for discharging sludge through the periphery of the bowl is equipped with a float that will sense the liquid-solids interface in the bowl during operation. A sensing device, e.g. an electric coil, is attached to the shaft of the drum and senses the position of an elongated member or rod attached to the float and extending inwardly towards the shaft. When the end of the rod approaches close enough to the shaft, which indicates the sludge has built up to a predetermined level, the sensing device activates opening of the sludge discharge valve means, and if desired, after a certain amount of sludge has been discharged, the closing of the valve means.



V CONTROLLED DESLUDGING OF CENTRIFUGAL SEPARATORS PRlOR ART Control apparatus for self-cleaning separators are known which automatically cause sludge discharge ejection or orifices in the periphery of the drum to open according to a specific time program. Since the filling of the sludge chamber depends upon the solid content of the mixture, the throughput of the drum and the capacity of the sludge chamber, it can happen that the sludge ejection orifices may be opened too earlyor too late when the solid content in the mixture varies, when the throughput varies, or when the drum is not completely emptied in the preceding desludging operation.

In the first case, too much of the desired liquid is lost in the desludging operation; in the second case the sludge stratum grows into the plate stack, impairing the flow of the liquid and hence the clarifying action of the drum.

ln automating the operation of separators, the tendency has been to construct the drum of the separator so that it starts the desludging action itself when the level in the sludge chamber has reached a predetermined point. A self-controlling system that operates independently of time in this manner obviates the above-named disadvantages of time control, and apparatus of this sort have previously been described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,167,509 and 3,301,476.

Every control system has its advantages and disadvantages. Electrical systems have performed well as regards sensitivity and reliability of response. Mechanically, however, they are usually very delicate and hence poorly suited for the severe conditions of separator operation. Also, nearly all electrical components require an insulated mounting, and since liquid mixtures are as a rule electrically conductive, liquid spray and condensation might imperil the insulation when the com ponents are used in a separator. Another difficulty in the use of electrical systems for sensing sludge level in a centrifugal separating drum is caused by the fact that the drum is rotating and the controls and switchgear are located outside of the drum. When an element that responds to changes in sludge level is installed in the drum, the power to operate it must be delivered to it from the outside and the signal it emits must be transmitted to the outside. For this purpose, sliprings are generally used, whichhave to be mounted on the shaft in an insulated manner. Aside from the fact that insulated mounting presents difficulties for the reasons stated above, they can also interfere with and be damaged by the disassembly and reassembly of the drum.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,189,268 discloses a system wherein the shifting of the boundary surface between two components of the mixture being separated varies the capacity between two insulated wires and the drum when the boundary surface lies within the radial reach of the wires.

ln this system the use of sliprings is avoided by connecting a second condenser in series with the sensing capacitor, one plate of which is attached to the rotating drum and the other to the stationary housing.

This prior art system, however, is evidently suitable only for mixtures of high ohmic resistance, such as may be constituted by mixtures of oil and water. In the case of liquids having relatively high conductivity, capacitive measurements are not easily possible.

' 5 THIS INVENTION The invention is a system for the automatic initiation of the desludging of a centrifugal separator. It operates with equal reliability with all mixtures and in all types of separators, even in so-called hermetic separators. An electrical transducer instead of sliprings is used as the sensing element.

The system according to the invention is characterized by a float which is disposed in the sludge chamber of the drum and is displaceable toward and away from the axis of rotation. lt is suitably guided in its movements in the drum, and is provided on its inner extremity with a means for influencing an electrical or magnetic field produced by a condenser or coil affixed to a structural part extending into the drum. The disadvantages described above are eliminated by the cooperation of a stationary electrical part with a mechanical part that rotates with the drum.

THE DRAWlNG An example of one embodiment of the invention is represented in the drawing.

DESCRIPTION AND EXAMPLE With reference to the drawing, the lower part of the drum 1 and the drum cover are held together by a ring 3 and its retaining ring 3a. The lower part of the drum is provided with sludge ejection orifices 4, shown closed on the right side and open on the left. These orifices are periodically opened by a slidingring valve 5 in a known manner. In the sludge chamber 6, out side of the plates 7, there is disposed a float 8, which is guided by means of a rod 9 in a bore in the drum cover 2. The float body is specifically lighter than the heaviest component of the mixture to be separated and immersed only partially in the latter. As the level of the heaviest component or sludge increases, the float is displaced toward the axis of rotation.

Rod 9 has on its inner extremity an appropriately shaped body 10 of suitable material, so that, when the float 8 is displaced inwardly, it affects the capacity of a condenser or the inductance of a coil 11.

In the example, a coil 11 is fastened to the stationary infeed tube 12, and the body 10 cooperates with it according to the position of the float 8. Coil 11 is connected outside of the drum to other electrical elements in the box 13, which start the desludging of the drum when a certain inductance value in coil 1 is reached, doing so, for example, by closing an electrically operated valve 14 in the mixture-feeding tube 15 and opening valve 16 in a hydraulic fluid line 17, the fluid causing valve 5 to open. At the end of a preset time of when the sludge falls to a predetermined level, the positions of these valves can be reversed.

What 1 claim is:

I. In a self-cleaning liquid-solids centrifugal separator having a rotatable bowl with a sludge discharge orifice on the periphery thereof adapted to be opened and closed during the operation of the separator; an improvement for initiating the desludging of said separator comprising a float means within said bowl and adapted to sense the liquid-solids interface in said bowl, said float means including an elongated member disposed inwardly towards the axis of revolution of said bowl, sensing means for sensing the position of the end of said elongated member relative to axis of revolution, and control means operatively connected to said sensing means and adapted to open said sludge discharge orifice when the builtup solids in said bowl reaches a predetennined level.

2. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said bowl, is conical and said elongated member is supported by and extends along the inner conical periphery of said bowl towards said axis of revolution.

3. The improvement of claim 2 wherein said sensing means includes an element attached to a fixed member within said bowl and extends around said axis of revolution and is adapted to sense changes in said electromagnetic field induced by the position of the end of said elongated member relative thereto.

4. The improvement of claim 3 wherein said element is an electric coil and said end of elongated member inductively couples therewith.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3167509 *Jun 12, 1962Jan 26, 1965Westfalia Separator AgCentrifugal separator
US3189268 *Dec 17, 1962Jun 15, 1965AbDevice for determining the position of the interface between two separated components in a centrifugal separator
US3301476 *Jan 27, 1964Jan 31, 1967Westfalia Separator AgApparatus for signaling a predetermined level in the sludge chamber of a centrifugaldrum
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3765599 *Sep 29, 1971Oct 16, 1973Westfalia Separator AgSelf cleaning centrifuge drum with stepwise variable closing pressure
US3823868 *Feb 14, 1973Jul 16, 1974Baram MSludge ejecting centrifuge
US3938734 *Dec 12, 1974Feb 17, 1976Westfalia Separator AgControlling system for the displacement of the specifically lighter liquid components from a self-emptying separator
US3976242 *Jul 14, 1975Aug 24, 1976Westfalia Separator AktiengesellschaftSelf-emptying clarifying separator having a foam-free removal of the clarified liquid by means of a paring disk and an automatically operating system for detecting the level of the solids in the sludge chamber
US3986663 *Dec 28, 1973Oct 19, 1976Alfa-Laval AbCentrifugal separator with sensing means
US4288029 *Nov 27, 1979Sep 8, 1981Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AgSeparator with pressure-responsive discharge
US4347971 *Feb 26, 1981Sep 7, 1982Joy Manufacturing CompanyCentrifuge apparatus
US4392846 *May 18, 1981Jul 12, 1983Joy Manufacturing CompanyCentrifuge apparatus
US4432748 *May 15, 1978Feb 21, 1984Joy Manufacturing CompanyCentrifuge apparatus and method of operating a centrifuge
US4525155 *Apr 11, 1984Jun 25, 1985Alfa-Laval Marine And Powering Engineering AbCentrifugal separator and method of operating the same
US5800330 *Jul 20, 1995Sep 1, 1998Alfa Laval AbFor separating a supplied mixture of liquid components
US6358193 *Sep 14, 1998Mar 19, 2002Alfa Laval AbRegulation device for a centrifugal separator to control discharge from outlets
US6837842 *Mar 3, 2000Jan 4, 2005Alfa Laval AbMethod and device for indicating an undesired operation condition of a centrifugal separator
US7708152Jan 30, 2006May 4, 2010Hanuman LlcMethod and apparatus for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US7824559Jan 30, 2006Nov 2, 2010Hanumann, LLCApparatus and method for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US7866485Jul 31, 2007Jan 11, 2011Hanuman, LlcApparatus and method for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US7987995May 3, 2010Aug 2, 2011Hanuman, LlcMethod and apparatus for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US8012077May 23, 2008Sep 6, 2011Biomet Biologics, LlcBlood separating device
US8096422Nov 1, 2010Jan 17, 2012Hanuman LlcApparatus and method for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US8105495Jan 10, 2011Jan 31, 2012Hanuman, LlcMethod for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US8133389Jul 29, 2011Mar 13, 2012Hanuman, LlcMethod and apparatus for preparing platelet rich plasma and concentrates thereof
US8187475Mar 6, 2009May 29, 2012Biomet Biologics, LlcMethod and apparatus for producing autologous thrombin
US8337711Feb 27, 2009Dec 25, 2012Biomet Biologics, LlcSystem and process for separating a material
US8702576 *Mar 16, 2011Apr 22, 2014Alfa Laval Corporate AbDevice and method for monitoring and adjusting the radial position of an interface layer in a nozzle centrifuge
US8783470May 25, 2012Jul 22, 2014Biomet Biologics, LlcMethod and apparatus for producing autologous thrombin
US8801586 *Dec 20, 2012Aug 12, 2014Biomet Biologics, LlcSystem and process for separating a material
US20130029828 *Jan 28, 2011Jan 31, 2013Alfa Laval Corporate AbSystem comprising centrifugal separator and method for controlling such a system
US20130065744 *Mar 16, 2011Mar 14, 2013Per KarlssonDevice and method for monitoring and adjusting the radial position of an interface layer in a nozzle centrifuge
US20130196425 *Dec 20, 2012Aug 1, 2013Biomet Biologics, LlcSystem and Process for Separating a Material
U.S. Classification494/3
International ClassificationB04B1/00, B04B1/18
Cooperative ClassificationB04B1/18
European ClassificationB04B1/18