US 359434 A
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No. 359,434.' Patented'Mar. 15, 1887Y WVM/Lagoa@ Shoah-toi N. Pneus, mwummpw. wmngm. nA c.
'l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ROBERT DATEsMAN, OE MILTON, PENNSYLVANIA.
FENCE-POST- SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 359.434, dated March 15, 1887.
Application filed January 7, 1887. Serial No.223,680. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern-z Be it known that I, ROBERT DATEsMAN, a citizen ofthe United States, residing at Milton, In the county of Northumberland and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements vin Fence-Posts; and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters and iigures of reference marked thereon, which form apart of this specification.
This invention relates to fencc-posts; and ,it consists in the novel construction and combination of the parts, hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure l is a side View of a portion of a fence having posts constructed according to this invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-section throughone of the posts.
Each post consists of a foundation-block, a, which is sunk below the surface ofthe ground, and upon which other blocks, a', are built up until the desired height is obtained. Any number of these blocks may be used, but I generally prefer to use two. Each block is formed of a composition consisting, chiey, of clay, which is molded to the desired form and afterward baked or iired in the same man ner as bricks are treated.
The foundation-block a is provided with a central cavity, a2, which does not pass through it, and each of the blocks a has a central hole, a3, which passes clear through it vertically. Transverse holes a* are also formed through the sides of the blocks a' for the stems of the' hook-bolts to pass through.
A central bar of iron, b, is inserted into the cavity azof the foundation-block, and is secured therein by the gastar cement o, which is also placed between the joints ofthe blocks a', to unite them together, and may also ll the central holes of them around the bar I). The barb is provided with holes b,which register with the holes afin the sides of the blocks, and a nut, b2, is screwed upon the top end of the bar, `and on the bottom, if desired.
The bar b may be flat, round, or square, as found most convenient, and may' be solid or hollow.
The cement c consists of a mixture of gastar, lime, and sand.
The hook-bolts d are passed through the holes ci4 and b', andare secured by thumb screws or nuts d at the back of the post. Wires e'are carried by the hook-bolts on the opposite side of the post from the thumb screws or nuts and form the fence.
Instead of the wires, as shown, wooden or iron bars of any shape or form or barbed fence-Wiremay be used,and may be supported by hook-bolts in a similar manner.
The posts may be made of any external shape desired-round or square-fand may be made straight or tapering. They may also have panels or figures imprinted on their surfaces to give them an ornamental appearance. A central hole, ai, may also be formed in the foundation-block, if desired, for the bar b to pass through. The bar b is then provided with a nut, b2, upon the lower end of it.
I do not confine myself to the use of the post, as before described, for fencing, as the same may be used as a gate-post and have hinges attached to it, or it may be used as a bar-post, cemetery-post, or tie or hitching post,
as found convenient. s
I am aware that it is not new to construct a fence-post of separate blocks held together by a central bolt, or to secure rails or wires to a Y fence-post by means of hook-bolts,and I do not claim such construction, broadly.
What I claim is- The combination of the composition foun- (lation-block having the cavity a2, the composition blocks a', having central holes, as, and transverse holes at, the bar Z), provided with holes b', registering with the said transverse holes, the gas-tar cement securing the bar in the cavity and uniting the blockstogether,and the hook-bolts passing through the holes a* and b', substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
Trios. SWENK, Jr., Jos. ANGscrADr.