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Publication numberUS3594707 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1971
Filing dateOct 20, 1969
Priority dateOct 20, 1969
Publication numberUS 3594707 A, US 3594707A, US-A-3594707, US3594707 A, US3594707A
InventorsWilliam Donald Peterson
Original AssigneeWilliam Donald Peterson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Circuit board with fluid pressurized insert strip
US 3594707 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Pate m m wvvw 7HH7 1991 33 9 9 3 3 3 3 L .H O n n" g. h m.m.m dda mmm MRRO 338 6666 9999 HHHH 4115i 6666 662 1 2 8606 7796 2333 U v. .n C e k la L n. ma a am u mm a n 6 D4 ma 5 h6 19m WWMS u r 0 N m c 0. v D. m A n m Filed Oct. 20, 1969 OTHERREFERENCES IBM TECHNICAL DISCLOSURE BULLETIN, Vol. 8, No. 4,Sept.l965,p.5l8

Primary Examiner-kin A. Calvert Assistant Examiner-Terrell P. Lewis M F g .m mm D m TS m mm C m:

[54] CIRCUIT BOARD WITH FLUID PRESSURIZED ABSTRACT: An electronic circuit board having a collapsible insert strip with a sealed pressurizable pocket between the insert strip conductors, by varying the amount'of fluid in the pocket being able to contract thinner for insertion into a con- [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS nector and expanding thicker to make electrical contact. A

system having a multitude of these circuit boards to connect to a multitude of connectors of an electronic assembly.

2,975,390 3/196] Cardasciaetal.............339/ll7(P)X BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a need for being able to quickly connect an automatic test system or system wiring analyzer to a multitude of connectors of a complex wired assembly. Two methods are presently being used to accomplish this connection requirement. One method is using a multitude of spring-loaded contact pins mounted on a press, each pin being wired to the wiring analyzer. The connection is made by forcing all of the pins against conduction surfaces within the assembly to be tested. The other method is inserting conventional circuit boards singularly, each board being wired to the test system.

The invention enables semiconventional circuit boards to be inserted in large groups. This is possible by using the invented circuit board, having a collapsible insert strip, which requires a much lower force for insertion into a connector.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to making an electrical contact between a unique circuit board insert strip (the male member, and an ordinary connector (the female member). The invention provides that the male member contract thinner for insertion into a connector and expand thicker to make electrical contact after insertion. The expansion is caused by forcing a fluid into a sealed pressurizable pocket between the insert strip conductors. The fluid is inserted via a manifold on one side of the circuit board. Because of the ease of insertion obtained, a multitude of circuit boards can be connected simultaneously to a multitude of connectors. By interconnecting the individual fluid manifolds, all of the insert strips of the circuit boards can be expanded together. When a disconnection is desired, the fluid causing the expansion is extracted thus causing the insert strips to again contract and allow extraction of the circuit board insert strips from the connections with little force.

The collapsible insert strip is constructed of inherently flexible materials or materials so thin they are relatively flexible even though not normally considered flexible. Because of the thinness of a circuit board structure, difficulty occurs in attempting to incorporate a homogeneous fluid blatter, thus the fluid pocket is formed by three faces of the circuit board filler, and three faces of the flexible conductor supporting material. Sealing of the pocket occurs by bonding the perimeter of the three faces of the flexible conductor supporting material to the circuit board filler. Various fluids can be used for pressurizing within the insert strip, air will probably be most advantageous because of its availability and also minor leaks which might occur would not be detrimental. The shape of the insert strip is controlled by leading edge segments of the board 2 filler.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. I is a perspective view of the insert end of the circuit board, having a section cut away to show the fluid passages in the manifold, board base, and insert strip.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken through the fluid passageway of the circuit board and a corresponding location of a typical circuit board connector. The insert strip is shown in its typically normal configuration.

FIGv 3 illustrates the insertion of an insert strip into the socket as shown in FIG. I. The insert strip is shown collapsed with fluid removed allowing the insert strip to be inserted causing no deflection of the conductors of the connector which deflections and its associated frictional resistance attributes to the insert resistance of normal circuit board inscrtion.

FIG. 4 illustrates the establishment of electrical contact of an insert strip and socket as shown in FIG. I. The insert strip is shown expanded with fluid pressure applied. The conductors of the connector are shown deflected as also occurs in a normal circuit board insert strip insertion as the leading edge of the circuit board is wider than the normal distance between connector conductors.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Fluid 1 is carried to the pocket 2 between the insert strip conductors 3 via a tube 4 to the manifold 5 through a hole in the flexible conductor supporting material 6 and through a slot in the rigid circuit board filler 7. The fluid pocket 2 has six sides consisting of the slotted edge of the board tiller 7 two sides of the leading edge segments 8 of the board filler 7 and three sides from the conductor-supporting material 6. The conductor-supporting material 6 is bonded to the board tiller 7, 8 to prevent leaks. A sealant is also used at the manifold fluid passageway 9 and the surface around the hole through the conductor-supporting material 6. The insert strip conductors 3 are bonded to the support material 6. The manifold 5 is attached with two screws 10 which pass through the assembly into a back support block 11. Where interconnection is required between directly opposite conductors 3 of the two sides of the circuit board, the conductors 3 will not be broken as shown at the leading edge 12 A typical circuit board connector is shown consisting of spring contact connectors 13 imbedded into a plastic structure 14.


I. In a pressure actuated connector assembly, an electric circuit board comprising a board filler, a flexible insert strip extending around one edge of said board filler and forming a sealed pressurizable pocket therewith, said strip having flexible conductors mounted on the outer surface thereof.

2. The connector assembly of claim 1 and further including means for inflating said pocket.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2975390 *Dec 31, 1958Mar 14, 1961IbmPluggable unit
US2978666 *May 27, 1957Apr 4, 1961IbmFluid pressure connector for printed circuit card
US3076166 *Sep 30, 1960Jan 29, 1963Monroe Calculating MachineElectrical connector for printed circuit cards
US3090026 *Sep 30, 1960May 14, 1963Monroe Calculating MachineElectrical connectors
US3366916 *Jul 15, 1966Jan 30, 1968IbmConnector with fluid pressure relief devices
Non-Patent Citations
1 *IBM TECHNICAL DISCLOSURE BULLETIN, Vol. 8, No. 4, Sept. 1965, p. 518
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5071357 *Apr 18, 1990Dec 10, 1991International Business Machines CorporationFluid pressure actuated electrical connector
US5102343 *Feb 22, 1991Apr 7, 1992International Business Machines CorporationFluid pressure actuated electrical connector
US5222668 *Apr 3, 1991Jun 29, 1993International Business Machines CorporationFluid actuated connector
US8780556 *Mar 26, 2012Jul 15, 2014Lochheed Martin CorporationFluid actuated cooling card retainer
EP0014511A1 *Feb 7, 1980Aug 20, 1980Bohdan UlrichZero insertion force connector for making a disconnectible electrical connexion
U.S. Classification439/59, 439/265, 439/197
International ClassificationH01R12/16, H05K1/11
Cooperative ClassificationH01R12/853, H05K1/118
European ClassificationH01R23/68B4D, H05K1/11F