Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3595223 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 27, 1971
Filing dateSep 3, 1968
Priority dateSep 3, 1968
Publication numberUS 3595223 A, US 3595223A, US-A-3595223, US3595223 A, US3595223A
InventorsJohn Frank Castagna
Original AssigneeJohn Frank Castagna
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Massaging device
US 3595223 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,394,415 7/1968 Parker.......m.r............. 1,358,184 3,148,391 3,463,087 3,467,081

[72] Inventor John Frank Casuigna 5/1932 Buengerm.

835 Remsen Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. 11236 756,983

9/1964 Whitney.. 8/1969 Grant....,.

9/1969 Glass..................,i...:::::

Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant ExaminerG. F. Dunne AttorneyPhilip G. Hilbert [21 Appl. No. [22] Filed Sept. 3, 1968 [45] Patented July 27, 1971 Eur m H mm nw Gm N0 M7 m mm C M 1 4 U ga 3 3 ABSTRACT: A body manipulating and massaging device [50] Field which includes means for alternately lifting and lowering selected body portions while the body is in a supine condition,

to effect a simulated massaging effect; and further, to lift References Cited spaced body portions while simultaneously lowering spaced body portions immediately adjacent the lifted body portions and alternating these operations in a rhythmic manner, to further simulate a massaging action.

30 36 88 22 sew T. m" N ,m E m" T u A mew MT ms m wSB u; mu /H 77 22 7|: 46 89 22 MASSAGING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Various devices have been suggested for massaging the human body. Such devices are mainly of the vibratory type operating at high frequencies. These devices also are arranged for operation at somewhat lower frequencies through complicated motor driven linkages, or the like. However, they all rely on a vibratory action which is quite different from the hand massage as practiced by a masseuse.

Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide an improved device of the character described, which more closely simulates hand massaging.

Another object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described which is in the form of a mat for contacting selected portions of the human body; such mat having one or more chambers defined by flexible walls, the chamber or chambers being alternately expanded and collapsed to induce a lifting and lowering of the pertinent body portions.

A further object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described, wherein a mat is comprised of a plurality of laterally adjacent, flexible walled chambers which are in a closed circuit with air moving means whereby predetermined chambers are progressively expanded while other chambers are progressively contracted in response to predetermined air movements; thereby allowing certain body portions to be lifted while other body portions are lowered, with a reversing pattern of the lifting and lowering operations at predetermined frequencies.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described and including a chambered mat of selected configuration and a selected pattern of chambers which at any given time are being selectively expanded and contracted, to produce a body-manipulating action which closely simulates hand massaging.

Other objects will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a massaging device embodying the invention disposed on a contour chair as a support for the same;

FIG. 2 is a schematic showing of a system including the massaging means and auxiliary equipment for the same;

FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing the chambered elements of the device;

FIG. 4 is a top plan view showing the chambered elements in assembled relation;

FIG. 5 is an end view thereof;

FIG. 6 is atop plan view showing another form of the chambered elements; I

FIG. 7 is a top plan view showing still another form of the chambered elements.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERREI) EMBODIMENTS generally indicated at is mounted on panels 22. The same may comprise a pair of comblike sections 26, 27 of a configuration and dimensions to allow the same-to be interfitted to form a rectangular shaped mat of substantially uniform thickness. The sections 26, 27 are formed of fabric which has been impregnated with rubber, plastic or the like, to render the same air impervious and oflimited elasticity.

Section 26 comprises fingerlike, parallel portions 28, 29 and 30 which are hollow and in intercommunicating relation by way ofa transverse manifold portion 31 provided with an inlet 32. Similarly, section 27 comprises parallel hollow chamber portions 33, 34 and 35 which are in intercommunicating relation by way of a manifold portion 36 having an inlet 37.

The chair 11 comprises the usual sections 15, l6, l7 1 The device 10 is in flexible mat form and comprises a series of laterally adjacent, thin rigid panels 22 which may be forme of plywood or the like. The panels 22 are held in hinged rela tion to each other by a sheet of fabric 23 adhesively secured to the top surfaces thereof. A flexible chambered construction The sections 26, 27 are interfitted to provide a composite mat 25 having substantially flush top and bottom surfaces, by way of cutout portion 38 on section 26 and a corresponding cutout portion 39 on section 27. Thus, portions 2830 are in alternating, lateral relation to portions 33-35, as indicated in FIGS. 4, 5. A fabric envelope E of stretchable material encases mat 25 and its supporting panels 22; allowing the mat to flex and take desired positions in respect to the human body overlaying the same, as in chair 1].

The mat 10 is adapted to lift spaced portions of the human body overlying the same, while adjacent body portions are being lowered, with successive alternation of these operations to produce a simulated kneading or hand massage effect. Accordingly, air is introduced into the chambers of one of sections 26, 27 while simultaneously air is being withdrawn from the chambers of the other section; such action being repeated in an alternate manner.

To this end, there is provided within console 12 a pair of collapsible air chambers 40, 41 which are connected in a closed circuit with sections 26, 27 of one or more mats 25 by way of inlets 32, 37 thereof. Each of chambers 40, 41 comprises a flexible walled portion 42 with rigid headers 43, 43' and rigid base supports 44, 44'.

Each of the chambers 40, 41 is alternately expanded and contracted with one chamber being expanded while the other is contracted. For this purpose there is provided an inverted T- shaped rocker member 45 having a horizontal arm portion 46 which is connected at the outer ends thereof to headers 43, 43'by links 47, 47. The arm portion 46 is pivoted at its midpoint as at 48.

Rocking motion is imparted to member 45 by means of a motor 49 having a speed control 50, which is connected to a crank means 51 by means of a belt 52 and pulleys 53, 54. A crank arm 55 is pivotally connected at one end thereof to crank means 51, as at 56 and is pivotally connected at the other end thereof to a nut 57, as at 58. Nut 57 is slidably mounted in a slot 59 formed in the vertical arm 60 of member 45 and in threaded engagement with a screw member 61 mounted in slot 59 for rotation. A flexible cable 62 connected at one end to an outwardly projecting end of screw member 61 and at the other end thereof to a crank handle 63, to adjust the position of nut 57; provides for regulation of the amplitude of movement of member 45.

Chambers 40, 41 are arranged for communication with one or more mats 25, and for the purpose of illustration, such connection is made to two mats 25, 25', FIG. 2. Here the mat 25 is located in contact with upper portions of the human body while mat 25 is in contact with lower portions of said body.

Thus, chamber 40 is connected to inlets 32, 32' of mats 25, 25' through conduits 65, 66 and 66' while chamber 41 is connected to inlets 37, 37 through conduits 67, 68 and 68'. Valves, not shown, may be suitably located in the conduits to provide for use of mat 25 or mat 25; or mats 25, 25' simultaneously. The air within the pads 25, 25 may be warmed by the use of electric resistance elements indicated by 69, which are suitably embedded within inlets 32, 37; 32 117 or the conduits connected to the same. A rheostat control indicated at 69' on console 12, regulates the heat supplied by the elements It will be apparent that with the body B resting on pads 25, 25' and motor 49 in operation; the chambers 40, 41 will displace air in a manner to alternately expand and contract one set of chambers 2830 and to alternately contract and expand the other set of chambers 33-35; thus lifting and lowering adjacent portions of body B, to provide a kneading or massaging effect.

Since the weight of body B will determine the maximum expansion of the chambers of mats 25, 25'; it may be necessary to introduce additional air into the system, as in the case of bodies of greater weight. To this end, an air tank 70 is pro-' vided with a pump 71 and motor 72 for operating the same, together with a supply conduit 73 and a valve 74, to introduce air as required into conduits 66, 68.

lt is understood that mats 25, 25' may have varying patterns of chambers to provide desired patterns of kneading or massaging effects. Thus, as shown in FIG. 6, the pad 80 is made up of a set of chambers 81 suitably interconnected to each other and a second set of chambers 82 suitably interconnected to each other; with an inlet 83 for chambers 81 and an inlet 84 for chambers 82. Here the individual chambers 81, 82 are arranged in checkerboard fashion.

Alternatively, as shown in FlG, 7, the pad 85 is made up of spaced chambers 86 in alternating relation with spaced chambers 87, with arcuate lines 88 separating the adjacent chambers. Inlet 89 is connected to interconnected chambers 86 while inlet 90 is connected to interconnected chambers 87.

It is also understood that water or other hydraulic fluid may be used in lieu of air to effect the expansion and contraction of the chamber portions of mats 25, 25'. In such case, suitable pump and valve means may be provided to move the liquid into and out of said chamber portions to produce the desired body lifting and lowering actions.


1. A device for manipulating the human body comprising base means, said base means comprising a plurality of laterally adjacent rigid panels and means for hinging said panels together, pad means on said base means, said pad means comprising a pair of chamber sections, each chamber section comprising a plurality of parallel chamber portions, and a manifold portion interconnecting said chamber portions, said manifold portions being of thickness less than that of said chamber portions, said chamber sections being arranged in interfitted rela tion with the chamber portions of one section being disposed respectively between chamber portions of the other section, the manifold portions of said sections being in superposed relation, the combined thickness of said manifold portions being substantially equal to the thickness of one of said chamber portions, and means for alternately expanding and contracting the chamber portions of said chamber sections in a sequential manner, to thereby alternately raise and lower body portions relative to said base means.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1858184 *Jan 10, 1930May 10, 1932Hills Mccanna CoLiquid pump
US2684672 *Oct 26, 1951Jul 27, 1954Aeromat Products Company IncBody support device
US2896612 *Jun 28, 1956Jul 28, 1959Rolland H BatesPhysical therapeutic apparatus
US3148391 *Nov 24, 1961Sep 15, 1964John K WhitneySupport device
US3394415 *Apr 6, 1966Jul 30, 1968Buster A. ParkerPressure pad with independent cells
US3463087 *Oct 16, 1967Aug 26, 1969Towmotor CorpControl response valve for hydrostatic transmission
US3467081 *May 4, 1966Sep 16, 1969John P GlassInflatable massaging mattress
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3760801 *Mar 22, 1971Sep 25, 1973Borgeas ATherapeutic exercising apparatus for torso and body extremities
US3853121 *Mar 7, 1973Dec 10, 1974B MizrachyMethods for reducing the risk of incurring venous thrombosis
US3867732 *Feb 23, 1973Feb 25, 1975William C MorrellSeat cushion
US4066072 *Feb 12, 1976Jan 3, 1978Cummins Betty LComfort cushion for infants
US4133305 *Mar 11, 1977Jan 9, 1979Rudolf SteuerRelaxation apparatus including mattress and pneumatic vibrating device
US4191177 *Aug 2, 1978Mar 4, 1980Tony AbbottMassage apparatus
US4346298 *Mar 2, 1981Aug 24, 1982Dixit Jagannath KAutomatic air pillow for diagnostic X-ray machine
US4346486 *Aug 23, 1979Aug 31, 1982Keller Dorothy VTranquilizing bed
US4551874 *Dec 16, 1982Nov 12, 1985Nitto Kohki Co., Ltd.Pneumatic massage mat
US4798414 *Feb 22, 1988Jan 17, 1989Vincent HughesPhysiotherapeutic chair like device
US4858598 *Sep 22, 1987Aug 22, 1989Halpern Alan AAntiosteoporosis device having drop platform with powered drop
US4858599 *Jun 14, 1988Aug 22, 1989Halpern Alan AAntiosteoporosis device and method
US4986260 *Nov 16, 1987Jan 22, 1991Superspine, Inc.Apparatus and method for providing continuous passive motion to the spine
US5029939 *Oct 5, 1989Jul 9, 1991General Motors CorporationAlternating pressure pad car seat
US5103518 *Aug 1, 1989Apr 14, 1992Bio Clinic CorporationAlternating pressure pad
US5152021 *Mar 18, 1991Oct 6, 1992Kinetic Concepts, Inc.Low air loss bag for patient support system
US5176706 *Sep 6, 1991Jan 5, 1993Lee Jong WSpinal curvature correction device
US5251349 *Mar 19, 1992Oct 12, 1993Ssi Medical Services, Inc.Multi-modal patient support system
US5267365 *Sep 18, 1990Dec 7, 1993Walter Bruno HBed mattress or the like and pressurized liquid supply system
US5331698 *Jan 11, 1993Jul 26, 1994Hill-Rom Company, Inc.Mattress for birthing bed
US5387181 *Jun 11, 1992Feb 7, 1995Olsen; Robert J.Environmentally-controlled lounge chair
US5396671 *Jul 26, 1993Mar 14, 1995Stacy; Peter C.Pad for generating alternating pressure
US5606754 *Jul 17, 1995Mar 4, 1997Ssi Medical Services, Inc.Vibratory patient support system
US5762618 *Jun 13, 1996Jun 9, 1998Kabushiki Kaisha Fuji IryokiChair-type air massage device
US5785669 *Apr 12, 1995Jul 28, 1998Proctor; Richard I.Back supporting and exercising cushion
US5792082 *Jun 13, 1996Aug 11, 1998Kabushiki Kaisha Fuji IryokiChair-type air massage device
US5802646 *May 24, 1996Sep 8, 1998Hill-Rom, Inc.Mattress structure having a foam mattress core
US5815865 *Nov 30, 1995Oct 6, 1998Sleep Options, Inc.Mattress structure
US5827206 *Oct 21, 1996Oct 27, 1998Jtl Enterprises, Inc.Dry hydromassage chair
US5848982 *Mar 19, 1996Dec 15, 1998Kabushiki Kaisha TecLounger-type air massager
US5983429 *Sep 23, 1998Nov 16, 1999Stacy; Richard B.Method and apparatus for supporting and for supplying therapy to a patient
US6092249 *May 27, 1997Jul 25, 2000Deka Products Limited PartnershipConstant pressure seating system
US6098222 *Feb 21, 1997Aug 8, 2000Hill-Rom Company, Inc.Vibratory patient support system
US6115861 *Apr 22, 1998Sep 12, 2000Patmark Company, Inc.Mattress structure
US6202237 *Jun 1, 1999Mar 20, 2001Horng Jiun ChangBed having massage device
US6378152Mar 2, 1998Apr 30, 2002Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress structure
US6415814Aug 7, 2000Jul 9, 2002Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Vibratory patient support system
US6460209Jan 18, 2000Oct 8, 2002Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress structure
US6687935Jul 1, 2002Feb 10, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress structure
US6695798 *Nov 14, 2001Feb 24, 2004Chi-An ChangAir cushion bed with massaging device
US6782573 *Feb 12, 2002Aug 31, 2004Ib R. OddersonBody supporting, serial inflating seat
US6820640Jul 8, 2002Nov 23, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Vibratory patient support system
US6952852Dec 23, 2003Oct 11, 2005Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress structure
US7122015May 27, 2004Oct 17, 2006Water Pik, Inc.Vibrating personal massager
US7264601 *Jan 24, 2005Sep 4, 2007Liao Bi-ChihSpine massager using inflatable bladders
US7849544Jun 12, 2008Dec 14, 2010Hill-Rom Industries SaSupport device of the mattress type comprising a heterogeneous inflatable structure
US8104126Oct 13, 2008Jan 31, 2012Hill-Rom Industries SaMethod of inflating, in alternating manner, a support device having inflatable cells, and a device for implementing the method
US8348872Jun 11, 2008Jan 8, 2013Jtl Enterprises Inc.Apparatus for dry hydro-therapy body massage with fluid spray control device
US8429774Aug 13, 2010Apr 30, 2013Hill-Rom Industries SaLateral tilt device
US8601622Apr 5, 2013Dec 10, 2013Hill-Rom Industries S.A.Patient support apparatus including a lateral tilt device
US8789224Nov 6, 2001Jul 29, 2014Tempur-Pedic Managemant, LLCTherapeutic mattress assembly
US20010029344 *Feb 28, 2001Oct 11, 2001Blomberg Patrick J.Back support
US20020128572 *Nov 14, 2001Sep 12, 2002Chi - An ChangAir cushion bed with massaging device
US20040031103 *Nov 6, 2001Feb 19, 2004Wyatt Charles CTherapeutic mattress assembly
US20050015028 *May 27, 2004Jan 20, 2005Luettgen Harold A.Vibrating personal massager
US20050209539 *Mar 16, 2005Sep 22, 2005Mordechai LevBody therapy apparatus
US20050228321 *Jan 24, 2005Oct 13, 2005Liao Bi-ChihSpine massager
US20060155223 *May 9, 2003Jul 13, 2006Dietmar KochPiece of furniture comprising a massage unit
US20070027413 *May 9, 2003Feb 1, 2007Dietmar KochPiece of furniture comprising a massage unit
US20070233190 *Feb 28, 2007Oct 4, 2007Forsey Philip AMethod and apparatus for vertebrae realignment through muscle relaxation and spinal manipulation
US20090100604 *Oct 13, 2008Apr 23, 2009Jean-Luc CaminadeMethod of inflating, in alternating manner, a support device having inflatable cells, and a device for implementing the method
US20090312680 *Jun 11, 2008Dec 17, 2009Jtl Enterprises Inc. (A Delaware Corporation)Apparatus for dry hydro-therapy body massage with fluid spray control device
US20110047703 *Aug 13, 2010Mar 3, 2011Jean-Francois TarsaudLateral tilt device
US20110173758 *Jun 22, 2009Jul 21, 2011Ricky Jay FontaineInflatable mattress and method of operating same
US20140041125 *May 1, 2012Feb 13, 2014S. M. GrealyTri-cell lumber support travel pillow
US20140336552 *May 7, 2014Nov 13, 2014Edward George Varga, Jr.Massaging apparatus and method
USRE38135 *Sep 7, 2000Jun 10, 2003Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress structure having a foam mattress core
DE4219624A1 *Jun 16, 1992Dec 23, 1993Willi KochAir mattress for gymnastics or massage containing two compartments - has first compartment divided into lengthwise interiors, stable side strips with handles, front reinforcement, vertical pocket for stabiliser
DE29507712U1 *May 10, 1995May 30, 1996Planeta HausgeraeteMassageliege mit Punktmassage
EP0270699A1 *Dec 8, 1986Jun 15, 1988Katsumasa HaraAn air-massage chair
EP0331458A2 *Mar 1, 1989Sep 6, 1989Pirelli LimitedSystem for inflating support bag in seat
EP0331458A3 *Mar 1, 1989Jul 25, 1990Pirelli LimitedSystem for inflating support bag in seat
WO1997019619A1 *Nov 25, 1996Jun 5, 1997Sleep Options, Inc.Mattress structure
WO1999003440A1 *Jul 16, 1997Jan 28, 1999Alexander StohrPneumatic motion splints and orthoses
U.S. Classification601/55, 92/13, 5/713, 601/148
International ClassificationA61H23/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61H9/0078, A61H2201/0149, A61H2201/0134
European ClassificationA61H9/00P6