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Publication numberUS3597690 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 3, 1971
Filing dateSep 11, 1967
Priority dateSep 11, 1967
Publication numberUS 3597690 A, US 3597690A, US-A-3597690, US3597690 A, US3597690A
InventorsKeith H Wycoff
Original AssigneeKeith H Wycoff
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tone control circuit having a frequency-controllable filter
US 3597690 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] lnvcntor Keith H. Wycoff 3,336,533 8/l967 Glasser 325/64 P. 0. Box 308, Lexington, Nebr. 68850 3,418,577 12/1968 Fischer 325/64 X leifg 9' 967 Primary Examiner Robert L. Grifiin Paemed g: 3 Assistant Examinerl(enneth W. Weinstein Attorney-Prangley, Clayton, Mullin, Dithmar & Vogel l 5 4] TONE CONTROL Cmcun. HAVING A ABSTRACT: A tone control circuit is in a receiver adapted to FREQUENCY-CONTROLLABLE FILTER respond to a sequence of control tones alternately selected from a first group of tones in a first band of frequencies and a 40 Claims, 9 Drawing Figs.

second group of tones in a second band of frequencies, [52] US. Cl 325/64, wherein the two bands are separated by an intermediate band 325/302325/392 325/408 and wherein the time duration of the gap between adjacent [5 l] lnt.Cl "04b 1/04, tones in the sequence f tones is Substantially Zero, the tone 1/26 control circuit including a filter device which is tuned to the 0 fre uencie of the control tones as they are received a plurali- 306, 392,408 ty of AND circuits corresponding in number to the control tones and respectively having one input coupled to the filter (56] References CM device and another in ut cou led to the receding AND cir- P P P UNITED STATES PATENTS cuit so that each AND circuit is operative to produce an out- 2,523,9l4 9/ I950 Molnar 325/64 put only in the presence of a tone being passed by the filter 2,524,782 l0/l950 Ferraret al. 325/64X and an output signal from the preceding AND circuit, the 2,531,416 I lll950 Ferrar 325/392 X filter device being tuneable either manually or electronically 3.304501 2/1967 Ruthenberg 325/64 X via the outlet signals from the AND circuits.

30 o .lOl VOICE INPUT I00 5| so so TONE I AUDIO SEQUENCE m9 I02 GEN.

32 F2 4| 7o (IDS-H3 n4 |I5 )20433 l, l RE BLF AUDIO 53? OUTPUT a olsc. OUTPUT 5 osc. "OWLATOR ems 7| CIRS. ems. CIRS' TONE DECODER CIRS.

zoo-zoo PATENTEDAUG 3mm SHEET 7 BF 9 rSELECT TONE *"4 (535 525 FSELECT TONE 2 [SELECT TONE 3 LIMITER /SELECT TONE1L1 FIG. 7

TONE CONTROL CIRCUIT HAVING A FREQUENCY- CONTROLLABLE FILTER The present invention relates to communication systems, and particularly to communication systems for selectively transmitting intelligence from a transmitter to at least one selected receiver.

It is an important object of the present invention to provide in a communicationsystem for selectively transmitting intelligence from a transmitter to at least one selected receiver, the combination comprising a transmitter including a tonegenerating circuit for generating tones selected'from a first group of tones in a first band of frequencies and for generating tones selectedfrom a second group of tones in a second hand of frequencies separate and distinct from the first band of frequencies, the tone-generating circuit generating a sequence of tones alternately selected from from the first and second I groups of tones, a transmitter output circuit coupled to the tone-generating circuit for transmitting signals corresponding to the sequence of tones and corresponding to the. intelligence to be transmitted, a receiver including an input circuit forreceiving the signals from the transmitter, a detecting circuit coupled to the input circuit for detecting'the sequence of tones and the intelligence of the signals, a translating circuit coupled to the detecting circuit for translating the intelligence into a useable form, an output control circuit coupled to the translating circuit and effective in a first condition thereof to render the translating circuit inoperative and effective in a second condition thereof to render the translating circuit operative, first and second tone control circuits, the first'tone control circuit being coupled to the detecting circuit and to the second tone control circuit and responsive to the application of tones from the first group of tones to provide first COIT- trol signals to the second control circuit, the second tone control circuit being coupled to the detecting circuit and to the first tone control circuit and responsive to the application of the tones from the second group of tones to provide second control signals to the first tone control circuit, and means for applying an output control signal from the tone control circuits to the output control circuit upon the application of the last tone in the sequence of tones for actuating the output control circuit from the first condition thereof to the second condition thereof, thereby to render the translating circuit opera- IlVe.

In connection with the foregoing object, it is another object of the invention to provide a communication system of the type set forth wherein the control tones are in the audio range of frequency, each band of frequencies containing at least 10 separate tones with each tone separated from the adjacent tones by about 3% percent of the frequency thereof with instantaneous switching between adjacent tones in the sequence.

Another object of the invention is to provide a communication system of the type set forth wherein the transmitter produces a carrier signal upon which the intelligence and the control tones are applied by modulation, the preferred type of modulation being frequency modulation.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a communication system of the type set forth wherein each tone in the sequence of tones has a time duration substantially not greater than about 40 milliseconds, and the spacing between adjacent tones in the sequence of tones each has a time duration as short as possible, whereby to provide for rapid receiver turnon with freedom from false operation.

Still another object of the invention is 'to provide an improved receiver for use in a communication system of the type set forth.

In connection with the foregoing object, another object of the invention is to provide an improved receiver of the type set forth having therein two tone control circuits each having a tapped filter therein adjustable to a selected one of a plurality of positions respectively corresponding to a selected tone in 2 one of the groups of tones so that upon the application of the selected tone thereto, an output is derived therefrom.

Yet a-further object of the invention is to provide an improved receiver of the type set forth wherein the tapped filter has a plurality of connections thereon, the appropriate connection being electronically established thereby to select the response frequency of the tapped filter.

Still another object is to provide an improved communication system compatible with a numbering system (or alphanumeric designation) wherein there will be a large shift in frequency between any pair of successive digits or letters regardless of the number or letter to be selected, all while requiring only a relatively narrow total frequency spectrum.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a receiver of the type set forth wherein the taps selected on the tapped filters, and therefore the frequency of response of the filter, are selected and detennined by the connectors interconnecting the tapped filter and the. other circuit components of the receiver.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved topped filter for use in the receiver of the present invention.

Further features of the invention pertain to the particular arrangement of the elements of the communication system, the receiver therefor, and the components circuits and elements thereof, whereby the above-outlined and additional operating features thereof are attained.

The invention, both'as to its organization and method of operation, together with further objects and advantages thereof will best be understood by reference to the following specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a communication system made in accordance with .and embodying the principles of the present invention, the transmitter and the receiver embodying the system being illustrated in block form;

FIG. 2 is a more detailed schematic and block diagram of the receiver diagram ofthe receiver forming a part of the communication system of FIG. 1;

FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, taken together, comprise a schematic electrical diagram of the tone control circuits forming a part of the receiver of FIG. 2;

FIG. 6 is a schematic block diagram of a second form of a receiver made in accordance with and embodying the principles of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic electrical diagram of the filters and inverter forming a part of the receiver illustrated in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of a third form of a receiver made in accordance with and embodying the principles of the present invention; and

FIG. 9 is a schematic electrical diagram of the filters and the NOR circuit forming a part of the receiver of FIG. 8.

The principles of the present invention are equally applicable to communication systems utilizing wire lines, modulated supersonic signals, AM radio signals, and FM radio signals. For illustrative purposes, there is shown in the drawings a communication system employing FM radio signals. Those skilled in the art will readily understand that the various principles to be describer hereinafter in conjunction with the system employing FM radio signals can be readily adjusted to. the other types of communication systems using other forms.

of transmission such as those set forth above.

Referring to FIG. I of the drawings, there is shown a mobile FM radio communication system made in accordance with and embodying the principles of the present invention, the system being generally designated by the numeral 20. The system 20 includes an FM transmitter-30 and an FM receiver 100, it being understood that the transmitter 30 and/or the receiver may be either fixed or mobile, each operating system typically containing both a transmitter 30 and a receiver 100.

The transmitter 100 includes the usual RF oscillator 31, the outputof which is applied via the conductor 32 to a modulator 40, the modulator 40-serving to impress audio signals upon the RF carrier provided by the oscillator 31 by means of frequency modulation. One of the audio inputs to the modulator 40 is derived from a voice input appearing on a conductor 51 which is applied through an audio amplifier 50 to a conductor 52 serving as an audio input to the modulator 40. There also is provided a tone sequence generator 60, the output of which is connected to the conductor 51 and is applied through the audio amplifier 50 and through the conductor 52 as a second input to the modulator 40. The output of the modulator 40 appears on the conductor 41 which is coupled to the output circuits 70 where power amplification is effected, the output from the circuits appearing on the conductor 71 that is coupled to a transmitting antenna 80, all in the usual construction and arrangement.

The tone sequence generator 60 is of the type that can generate a sequence of tones, for example, a sequence of two tones, three tones, ...seven tones, etc., the tone sequence being preferably generated automatically after being encoded therein. Furthermore, alternate tones in the tone sequence are selected from two different groups of tones in two different bands of audio frequencies. For example, the first, third, fifth, etc. tones would be selected from a first group of tones in a first band of frequencies, while the second, fourth, sixth, etc. tones in the sequence of tones would be selected from a second group of tones in a second band of frequencies separate and distinct from the first band of frequencies. Preferably the two bands of frequencies are separated by a substantial frequency gap from each other. In an illustrative example of a typical system providing tones in each group of tones, the first group of tones would have the following frequencies providing 10 different channels: 1177, 1219, 4

1261, 1306, 1352, 1400, 1449, 1500, 1553 and 1608; while the second group of tones would have the following frequen cies providing 10 different channels: 1980, 2049, 2121,2196, 2274, 2354, 2437, 2523, 2612 and 2704. it will be noted that each tone is spaced from the adjacent tones in an amount equal to approximately 3% percent of the frequency thereof, while there are five tones missing between the two groups of tones, thus constituting the frequency gap between the nearest adjacent tones in the two groups of tones. In a typical illustration, the odd-numbered tones in the sequence of tones would be selected from the first group of frequencies, while the evennumbered tones in the sequence of tones would be selected from the second group offrequencies. Selecting one tone from each group of tones to provide a two-tone sequence permits 100 different codes, while choosing four tones from one group of tones and three tones from the other group of tones to provide seven tones can provide 10 million different codes. If the frequency groups are reversed in sequence an additional 100, or 10 million codes can similarly be provided for 227-tone sequences. In the tone sequence generator 60, each tone may, for example, have a time duration of 15 to 100 milliseconds, a typical time duration being 30 milliseconds, for a seven-tone sequence or 75 milliseconds for a two-tone sequence, while the time gap between adjacent tones in the sequence should be as short as possible; as a consequence, for a seven-tone sequence, response times as low as 100 milliseconds are available, all while providing greater security against false activation, as will be explained more fully hereinafter.

The transmissions from the transmitter 30 are adapted to be received by the receiver 100 and more particularly by the antenna 101 thereof which is connected by a conductor 102 to the usual RF and IF and detecting circuits 103113. The output from the circuits 103-113 appears on a conductor 114 which applies an input to the audio output circuit 115117 that in turn have the output connected as the input to audio speaker circuits 120133. In accordance with the present invention, no output is obtained from the audio speaker circuits 120133 unless the tone decoder circuits 200300 are first operated by a suitable tone sequence, the input to the tone decoder circuits being on a conductor 124 and the output therefrom being on a conductor 126.

There is illustrated in F108. 2 of the drawings, a more complete diagram of the radio receiver forming a part of the communication system of the present invention. The carrier signal from the transmitter 30 is picked up on the antenna 101 and is conveyed by the conductor 102 to the input of a radiofrequency amplifier 103. The output of the radiofrequency amplifier 103 is supplied by a conductor 104 as one of the inputs to the mixer 105, the usual local oscillator 106 being provided and having the output thereof connected by a conductor 107 as a second input to the mixer 105. The intermediate frequency which is the output of the mixer is applied by a conductor 108 as the input to the IF amplifier 109, the output of which is transmitted by the conductor 110 to the input of a limiter 111. The output of the limiter 111 appears on a conductor 112 and is the input to the discriminator 113, the output of the discriminator 113 being an audiofrequency signal appearing on the conductor 114. The audio signal on the conductor 114 is amplified by an audio amplifier 115 and is then conveyed by a conductor 116 to an audio output amplifier 117. The output from the amplifier 117 is applied to an output transformer 120, and specifically to the primary winding 121 thereof, a secondary winding 122 being provided having one terminal connected by a conductor 123 to one of the input terminals of a loudspeaker 125, and the other terminal being connected to a conductor 124. The conductors 123 and 124 arealso connected as an input to the limiter 150 which provides a signal for a first tone control circuit 200 and a second tone control circuit 300. Before there is any output derived from the loud speaker 125, the tone control circuits 200-300 must be activated by a proper sequence of control tones, the output then being applied to a control relay 130 including a coil 131 to which are connected the conductors 134 and 139, respectively. The armature of the relay 130 controls a movable switch contact 132 which cooperates with a fixed switch contact 133 connected to the conductor 124. A conductor 126 interconnects the other input terminal of the loud speaker and the switch contact 132. A proper output from the tone control circuits 200-300 operates the relay to close the contacts 132-133 thereby to connect the loudspeaker 125 across the output terminals of the transformer secondary winding 122, thus to provide an audio output from the receiver 100.

The first tone control circuit 200 has as an input thereto a first control tone as the output of the limiter that appears on the conductor 165, the input being a series of pulses of essentially square waveformthat are applied as an input to a tapped filter 201, the output of the tapped filter 201 being a sinusoidal waveform appearing on a conductor 209, provided that the frequency of the input pulse is that to which the tapped filter 201 is tuned. The conductor 209 connects to a rectifier 220 which serves to rectify the input and to provide a DC output voltage on a conductor 227 that is connected as one input to a Schmidt trigger circuit 230. Another input to the Schmidt trigger 230 is a suitable bias from a DC voltage that is applied on a conductor 155. The output of the Schmidt trigger 230 is connected by a conductor 244 to a delay circuit 260, and if the DC voltage on the conductor 244 persists for a predetermined period of time, an output is derived from the delay circuit 260 upon cessation of the first control tone. The output of the circuit 260 appears on a conductor 262 that is connected to the input of the monostable multivibrator 270. The multivibrator 260 is effective to produce an output pulse on a conductor 296 which is applied as one of the inputs to the second tone control circuit 300.

The second tone control circuit 300 has as one of the inputs thereto a second control tone as the output of the limiter 150 that appears on the conductor 165, this input being a series of pulses of essentially square waveform that are applied as an input to a tapped filter 301, the output of the tapped filter 301 being a sinusoidal waveform appearing on a conductor 309, provided that the frequency of the input pulses is that to which the tapped filter 301 is tuned. The conductor 309 connects to a rectifier 320 which serves to rectify the input and to provide 'from the monostable multivibrator 270 described above. The

output of the Schmidt trigger 330 is connected by a conductor 344 to a delay circuit 360, and if the control voltage on the conductor 344 persists for a predetermined period of time, an output is derived from the delay circuit 360 on a conductor 366 that is connected as the input to the control circuits 370 that is sufficient to control 370. The output of the control circuits 370 appears on the conductors 134 and 139 that apply an energizing potential to the relay 130 to connect the loud speaker 125 to the audio output of the receiver 100 after the proper sequence of tones has been received. There further is provided a holding circuit 335 that has the input connected to the conductor 344 and has the output connected by a conductor 298 as one of the inputs to the monostable multivibrator 270.

Referring to FIG. 3 of the drawings, there is illustrated in detail a portion of the tone control. circuits, and specifically the limiter 150 and the two tapped filters 201 and 301. The output from the audio output amplifier 117 is coupled via the output transformer 120 and the conductors 123-124 to the input of the limiter 150, and specifically to the input terminals of a transformer 151. More specifically the transformer 151 has a primary winding 152 and a secondary winding 153, the terminal of the primary winding 152 being connected respectively to the conductors 123-124. The secondary winding 153 is center tapped and has connected to the center-tap one terminal ofa limiting resistor 154, the other terminal of the resistor 154 being connected to the conductor 155. It will be understood that the DC source circuit of which the conductor 155 is the output terminal provides a fixed DC voltage of for example 12 volts positive, the value of the voltage being regulated to a stable value as by a Zener diode, for example.

The upper terminal of the secondary winding 153 is connected as an input to a transistor 160, and particularly to the base 161 thereof, the collector 162 bcing connected as an output to a conductor 165 and through a resistor 167 to the +12- volt DC conductor 155; and the emitter 163 is connected to a conductor 166. The lower terminal of the secondary winding 153 is connected by a conductor 168 has an input to a second transistor 170, and specifically to the base 171 thereof. The collector 172 is connected by a conductor 174 to the +I2-volt DC conductor 155, while the emitter 173 is connected to the conductor 166. There also is provided in the limiter 150 a bias circuit in the form of a transistor 180, the' base 181 of the transistor 180 being connected by a conductor 184 to one terminal ofa potentiometer 185, the other terminal of the potentiometer 185 being connected to the +l2-volt conductor 155, the potentiometer being provided with the usual arm 186 having one end connected to the conductor 184 and the other end contacting an adjusted point on the resistive member of the potentiometer 185. The collector 182 is connected to the conductor 166, while the emitter 183 is connected by a conductor 187 to one terminal ofa resistor 188, the other terminal of the resistor 188 being grounded as at N.

The output from the limiter 150 is a train of essentially square waves appearing on the conductor 165, the train of square waves being coupled to the filters 201 and 301 by the conductor 165.

Considering now the construction of the tapped filter 201, there is provided an input capacitor 208 and an inductor in the form of a coil 202 having associated therewith a magnetic core 203, at least a portion of the core 203 being movable and adjustable, whereby the inductor 202 can be slug tuned. The inductor 202 has an input terminal 204 that is connected by a conductor 209 to one terminal of a capacitor 205, the other terminal of the capacitor 205 being grounded as at N, the output being on the conductor 209. As illustrated, the inductor 202 has a plurality of taps thereon, and specifically taps that are connected to contacts numbered 210 through 219.

Associated with the contacts is a movable contact arm 206 which is also grounded via the conductor N. The series of resonance impedance of the filter 201 can be readily changed by moving the contact arm 206 from one contact to another, whereby to change the frequency at which the parallel circuit consisting of the tapped coil 202 and the capacitor 205 become series resonant with the capacitor 208. At resonance the output from the filter 201 will be a maximum and the output will be sinusoidal.

The construction of the of the tapped filter 201, the 300 series have been the interest of brevity,

tapped filter 301 is identical to that whereby like reference numerals in applied to like parts thereof, and in no further description of the tapped filter 301 will be given, except to point out that the output therefrom is a sinusoidal wave on the conductor 309, and that the output will be a maximum when the audio input pulse rate is at the frequency to which the output filter 301 is tuned.

Referring to FIG. 4 of the drawings, there is illustrated the details of the construction of the remainder of the first tone control circuit 200. The sine wave on the conductor 209 is ap plied as an input to the rectifier 220, the rectifier 220 more specifically being a transistor having a base 221 to which the conductor 209 is connected. The collector 222 of the transistor 220 is connected to the +1 2-volt DC conductor while the emitter 223 is connected by a conductor 225 to a voltage divider network including resistors 226 and 228 connected in series to ground potential as at N, the adjacent terminals of the resistors 226-228 being connected by a conductor 227. A filtering capacitor 229 is connected between the conductor 225 and the ground potential and in parallel with the series resistors 226-4228.

The output from the rectifier 220 is a DC voltage appearing on the conductor 227 which is applied as one of the inputs to the Schmidt trigger circuit 230, and specifically to a transistor 240 therein, the base 241 of the transistor 240 being connected to the conductor 227. The collector 242 of the transistor 240 is connected via a conductor 244 and a resistor 245 to the +DC conductor 155, a capacitor 246 being provided in parallel with the resistor 245; while the emitter 243 is connected by a conductor 239 to a bias transistor 231 and to another transistor 250. 1

The bias transistor 231 has the base 232 thereof connected by a potentiometer 235 to the +DC conductor 155, the potentiometer 235 being provided with a movable contact 237 having one terminal thereof connected by a conductor 236 to the base 232 and having the other terminal thereof in sliding adjusted engagement with the resistive element of the potentiometer 235. The collector 233 is connected to the conductor 239, while the emitter 234 is connected through a resistor 238 to ground potential as at N.

The transistor 250 has a base 251 that is connected by a conductor 256 to one terminal minal of a resistor 258, the other terminal of the resistor 257 being connected to the conductor 244, while the other terminal of the resistor 258 is connected to ground potential as at N. The collector 252 of the transistor 250 is connected via a conductor 254 and a resistor 255 to the +DC conductor 155, while the emitter 253 is connected to the conductor 239.

The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 230 is a DC voltage appearing on the conductor 244 that provides an input to the delay circuit 260 which comprises a capacitor 261 and a resistor 263 interconnected by a conductor 262. More specifically, one terminal of the capacitor 261 is connected to the conductor 244 and the other terminal thereof is connected to the conductor 262, and one terminal of the resistor 263 is connected to the conductor 262 and the other terminal thereof is connected to ground potential as at N.

The output from the delay circuit 260 is a voltage pulse appearing on the conductor 262 that is applied as one of the inputs to the monostable multivibrator 270, and specifically to the input transistor 280 thereof. The transistor 280 has the base 281 thereof connected to the conductor 262, has the collector 282 thereof connected via a conductor 284 and a resistor285 to the +DC conductor 155, and has the emitter 283 thereof connected to aconductor.

of a resistor 257 and to one ter-' A bias transistor 271 is provided to apply suitable bias to the transistor 280 and a second transistor 290 in the monostable multivibrator 270. The transistor 172 has a base 272 that is connected through a potentiometer 275 to the DC conductor 155, the potentiometer 275 having a movable contact 277 bearing against the resistive element thereof, which contact 277 is connected by a conductor 276 to the base of 272. The transistor 271 also has a collector 273 connected to the conductor 279 and an emitter 274 connected to the ground conductor N.

The transistor 290 has the base 291 thereof connected to a conductor 298 that is in' turn connected to the adjacent terminals of resistors 286 and 299, the other terminal of the resistor 286 being connected to the conductor 284 and the other terminal of the resistor 299 being connected to the grounded conductor N; the transistor 290 also has a collector 292 connected via a conductor 296 and a potentiometer 295 to the +DC conductor 155, and an emitter 293 connected to the conductor 279. The potentiometer 295 is provided with the usual contact arm 297 in sliding contact with the resistive element of the potentiometer 295, the contact arm 297 being connected to the conductor 296. The output from the monostable multivibrator 270 appears on the conductor 296 as a positive going voltage pulse upon the removal of the first control tone from the receiver 100 provided the first tone has been present for a period longer than a minimum delay period determined by the time constants of delay circuit 260.

Referring next to FlG. of the drawings, there is illustrated in detail the remaining portions of the tone control circuit 300. The sinusoidal waveform corresponding to the selected second tone appears on the conductor 309 and is applied as an input to the rectifier 320, the rectifier 320 being in the form of a transistor having a base 321 to which the conductor 309 is connected. The transistor 320 further has a collector 322 being connected to the +DC conductor 155, and an emitter 323 connected via a conductor 325, a resistor 328 to the grounded conductor N, a capacitor 329 being connected in parallel with the resistors 326 and 328.

The output from the rectifier 320 appearing on the conductor 327 as +DC voltage that is applied a s an input to the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 including a bias transistor 331 and a pair of transistors 340 and 350. The bias transistor 331 has a base 332 to which is connected the conductor 296 carrying the output from the monostable multivibrator 270. The transistor 331 has a collector 333 connected to a conductor 339 and an emitter 334 connected by a resistor 338 to the grounded conductor N.

The transistor 340 has a base 341 to which is connected the conductor 327 carrying the DC tone rectifier output as an input to the Schmidt trigger circuit 330. The transistor 340 has a collector 342 that is connected via a conductor 344 and a resistor 345 to the +DC conductor 155, a capacitor 346 being connected in parallel with the resistor 345; and an emitter 343 that is connected to the conductor 339.

The transistor 350 has a base 351 that is connected by a conductor 356 to adjacent terminals of two resistors 357 and 358, the other terminal of the resistor 357 being connected to the conductor 344 and the other terminal of the resistor 358 being connected to the grounded conductor N. The transistor 350 also has a collector 352 connected via a conductor 354 and a resistor 355 to the +DC conductor 155 and an emitter 353 connected to the conductor 339.

The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 appears on the conductor 344 as a negative going voltage, the output being applied to the HOLD ON circuit 355 and the delay circuit 360. As illustrated, the HOLD ON circuit 355 is in the form of a diode having one terminal connected to the conductor 344 and the other terminal connected to the conductor 348 to provide a holding potential for the monostable multivibrator 270.

The input to the delay circuit 360 is applied to one terminal of the diode 361. The other terminal of the diode 361 is connected by a conductor 362 to one terminal of a charging capacitor 363, and one terminal of a resistor 364, the other terminal of resistor 364 being connected by a conductor 366 to one terminal of a capacitor 365, the other terminal of the capacitor 365 being connected to the +DC conductor 155.

The control circuit 370 contains two transistors 371 and 380, the transistor 371 being of the PNP type, whereas all of the other transistors described heretofore, and including transistor 380, are of the NPN type. The transistor 371 has a base 372 to which is connected the conductor 366, the base 372 also being connected through a resistor 375 to the +DC conductor 155. The collector of the transistor 371 is connected by a conductor 368 to the base 381 of the transistor 380, and the emitter 374 of the transistor 372 is connected by a conductor 377 to the adjacent terminals of a pair of resistors 376 and 378, the other terminal of the resistor 376 being connected to the +DC conductor 155 and the other terminal of the resistor 378 being connected to the grounded conductor N. The collector 382 of the transistor 380 is also connected to the +DC conductor 155 through a resistor 379 and is connected by the conductor 367 to one terminal of the capacitor 363. The emitter 383 of the transistor 381 is connected by a conductor 384 as the input to a transistor 391.

The conductor 384 more specifically connects to the base 392 of the transistor 391, the transistor 391 controlling the conduction of current through the control relay that has been described above, the conductor 139 being connected to the collector 393 of the transistor 391. The emitter 394 of the transistor 391 is connected to ground potential via a resistor 399, a conductor 387, and a resistor 385, a capacitor 386 being connected in parallel to the resistor 385. The other connection for the relay 130, namely the connector 134, is connected to the +DC conductor 155. Arranged in parallel with the relay 130 is a push to reset light" 137 having one terminal connected by a conductor 136 through a switch to the +DC conductor 155, and having the other terminal connected via a conductor 138 to one of the power terminals of a siliconcontrolled rectifier (SCR) 395, specifically to the power terminal 396 thereof, the other power terminal 397 being grounded. A control terminal 398 is provided for the SCR 395 and is connected to the conductor 397.

Considering now the operation of the receiver 100, in order to obtain an output from the loudspeaker 125, a two-tone sequence of control tones must be applied to the receiver 100, each tone preferably having a time duration of at least about 15 milliseconds without any gap therebetween. Furthermore, the first tone received must be that to which the tapped filter 201 is tuned, and the second tone received must be that to which the tapped filter 301 is tuned. Upon the reception of the first tone, an audio signal corresponding to the first tone is applied along the conductors 123-124 as an input to the limiter 150. The transistors -170 provide in essence a differential amplifier, the total current that can flow through the transistors l60170 being that which flows through the transistor 180 which is in turn controlled by the setting of the potentiometer 185. The potentiometer 185 is adjusted so that the current through the transistor 180 is not sufficient to allow one of the transistor 160170 to be driven to saturation when the other is nonconducting. The incoming control tone on the conductors 123-124 alternately increases the conduction of one of the transistors l60170 and decreases to cut off the conduction of the other, the conduction through the conducting transistor l60170 being limited by the conduction through the transistor 180. Therefore the output on the conductor is a square wave whenever the amplitude of the incoming audio signal is more than a certain minimum determined by the gain of the limiter 150 and the adjustment of limiting level by the potentiometer 175. Assuming that the amplitude of the first control tone appearing at the input of the limiter 150 is sufficient to cause limiting a square wave output is provided on the conductor 165. it is pointed out that once the limiter 150 operates, the filter control band width will be constant if the limiter is symmetrical, i.e., if the circuits for the transistors 160 and are balanced and symmetrical. An important feature of the limiter 150 resides in the fact that with a carefully controlled DC bias potential on the conductor 155 such as that provided by a Zener diode supply, there is no change of the band width as a result of a change in the amplitude of the incoming tone control signal, since above limiting, the voltage level to the output tone filters will be constant.

When the amplitude of the incoming signal is below the limiting level, the band width will narrow; however this narrowing portion will be very small. By adjusting the limiting level of the limiting amplifier 150 by means of the slider 186, the maximum band width can be readily adjusted.

The series of square wave pulses on the conductor 165 are then applied to the tapped filters 201 and 301 and assuming that the contact 206 is positioned so as to be at resonance for the first tone voltage, the output at the conductor 209 will be a sinusoidal wave having a frequency equal to that of the first control tone. It is pointed out that the tapped filter 201 responds to the selected one of the 10 tones in the first group of tones that are all disposed in a first band of frequencies extending from 1,177 cycles per second to 1,608 cycles per second, while the tapped filter 301 responds to the elected one of the ten tones in the second group of tones that are disposed in a second band of frequencies extending from l,980 cycles per second to 2,704 cycles per second. It is further pointed out that when the band width for a single tone is adjusted as a percentage of its resonant frequency by slug tuning of the inductors 202 or 302, as the case may be, the percentage of band width remains constant for all other taps. This results from the fact that the frequency ofan LC circuit varies directly with the number of turns on the coil and because the Q also varies in a fashion such as to hold the band width as a constant percentage of the particular frequency selected. This results in substantial savings in manufacturing costs since a single frequency or band width adjustment adjusts the band width for all frequencies. Stating the matter in another way, in the resonant circuit such as the tapped filter 201, when the capacitance of the capacitors 208 and 205 are held constant and the inductance of the inductor 202 is varied, by the tap selection, the Q varies proportionately to the number of effective turns used in the inductor 202, the resonant frequency varies inversely as the number of effective turns in the inductor 202, and the Q varies proportionately to the frequency. If the resonant frequency is varied by changing the number of effective turns on the inductor 202, the circuit Q will remain constant at resonance for each selected frequency, i.e., if the turns are doubled, the resonant frequency will be halved while the Q will be doubled by the turns increase' at the same frequency but halved by the frequency change, thereby to leave the Q unchanged. The voltage as a. percentage of the peak voltage gives a band width which is a predetermined percentage of the resonant frequency for any given Q. If Q is held constant, as explained above, the band width will remain a constant percentage of the resonant frequency as the resonant frequency is varied, for example +2percent preferred channel separation is that wherein the spacing between adjacent frequencies is a uniform percentage of resonance, the 3% percent spacing, for example referred to previously.

The sinusoidal wave corresponding in frequency to the first control tone is applied along the conductor 209 as the input to the rectifier 220, and there appears as the output from the rectifier 220 a positive going voltage on the conductor 227 that is applied as an input to the Schmidt trigger circuit 230.

Before the application of the input along the conductor 227 to the Schmidt trigger circuit 230, the bias transistor 231 is conducting to establish a bias on the emitters of the transistor 240 and 250, the amount of bias being adjustable by means of the potentiometer 235, whereby the potentiometer 235 serves as the band width adjustment for the first control tone. lnitially the transistor 240 is nonconducting and the transistor 250 is conducting. Upon the application of the positive voltage along the conductor 227 to the base of the transistor 240, the transistor 240 begins to conduct and quickly drives the transistor 250 to a nonconducting condition, the potential on the conductor 244 that is applied to the base 251 of the transistor 250 rapidly dropping. After a suitable time delay as determined by the time constant characteristics provided by the capacitor 261 and the resistor 263 and upon cessation of the first tone, an input is applied to the monostable multivibrator 270 along the conductor 262.

Prior to the application of the first control tone to the first control circuit 200, the biasing transistor 271 is conducting in an amount determined by the adjustment of the potentiometer 275 and applies a bias along the conductor 279 which serves to render the transistor 280 nonconducting and the transistor 290 conducting. Upon the application of the first control tone to the receiver the voltage on the conductor 244 drops as explained above and the capacitor 261 begins to charge at a rate determined by the value of the capacitor 261 and the resistor 263. If the charge time of the capacitor 261 is sufficient, when the potential on the transistor 244 returns to the high potential of the capacitor 261 it will supply a voltage to the base 281 of the transistor 280 that will exceed the voltage at the collector 273 of the transistor 271. In other words, the transistor 281 is rendered conducting by a positive pulse from the delay circuit 260 which exceeds the potential on the conductor 279 that is established by the adjustment of the potentiometer 275, and at the same time the transistor 290- is rendered nonconducting, thereby to provide a positive pulse output on the conductor 296, the potential on the conductor 296 rising to the DC voltage on the conductor 155 (less any voltage drop in the potentiometer 295 caused by conduction of the second tone circuit 300).

The initial low bias on the conductor 296 is applied to the base 332 of the transistor 331 of the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 of the second control circuit 300, thereby to render the transistor 331 nonconducting which in turn renders the transistor 340 nonconducting and the transistor 350 nonconducting, whereby the output of the second tone control circuit is blocked prior to the reception of the first control tone and for so long as the first control tone persists. Upon the removal of the first control tone from the input to the first tone control circuit 200, the conditions described above in the first control circuit are essentially reversed, whereby the high positive potential on the conductor 296 rapidly rises as the transistor 290 is blocked and the adjustment of the potentiometer 295 in effect adjusts the band width of the second tone control circuit 300.

Upon the removal of the first control tone and the accompanying rise in potential on the conductor 296, the transistor 331 begins to conduct, the transistor 340 is continued in a nonconducting condition, while the transistor 350 begins to conduct. Now the second tone control circuit 300 is ready to receive the second control tone.

Assuming now that a proper second control tone is applied to the receiver 100 and passes through the limiter and the tapped filter 301, there is provided onthe conductor 309 a sinusoidal wave form having the frequency of the second control tone. This input is applied to the rectifier 320 thereby to produce a positive going output on the conductor 327 that is applied to the base of the transistor 340 in the Schmidt trigger circuit 330.

As has been described heretofore, at this point in the operation of the system, the transistor 340 is nonconducting while the transistor 350 is conducting, whereby upon the application of the positive going voltage along the conductor 327 to the base 341 of the transistor 340, the transistor 340 is rendered conductive. Upon heavy conduction of the transistor 340, the heretofore relatively high potential on the conductor 344 rapidly drops and this drop in potential in the form of a negative going voltage is applied to the base of the transistor 350 to render the transistor 350 nonconducting, and the signal is also applied as an input to the delay circuit 360. The capacitors 363 and 365 now begin to charge and after a predetermined time as determined by the time constant characteristics of the delay circuit 360 (for example 40 milliseconds), a potential is reached on the conductor 366 which will render the transistor 371 conductive to provide a positive going pulse on the conductor 368. The transistor 380 acts as a current amplifier and amplifies the positive going pulse applied to the base thereof and in turn applies a positive going pulse to the base of the transistor 391. The output from the transistor 391 is a positive going pulse that is applied to the gate 398 of the SCR 395, thereby to cause heavy conduction thereof to light the indicating light 137. Heavy conduction of the transistor 391 also operates the relay 130 to close the switch contacts 132I33, thus to apply the output of the transformer 120 to the loud s eaker 125 via the conductors 123 and 126. The relay 130 will be energized for a short period determined by the time which the transistor 391 is conducting. The relay 130 and the lamp 137 could be interchanged in their connection in the circuit if desired, depending upon the control requirements. The relay 130 could be used for any control purpose desired. Once the SCR 395 is conducting, it will remain conducting until the switch 135 is opened, and such conduction will maintain the light 137 in the energized condition.

It is further pointed out that upon receiving the second control tone so as to provide the negative going voltage on the conductor 344, a pulse is transmitted via the holding circuit 395 and the conductor 298 to the monostable vibrator 270 to hold the multivibrator 270 in a condition such that the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 will continue to be held in a condition to transmit the signals generated by the second control tone. In this manner it will be appreciated that the Schmidt trigger 330 also serves as an AND circuit wherein the output from the first tone control circuit 200 must be applied thereto before the application of the second control tone output from the rectifier 320 is effective.

Further the feedback of the HOLD ON voltage permits the second tone to continue for as long as desired, so long as it appears soon enough after the first tone period to cause the hold on voltage to be generated, thereby controlling the multivibrator 270 in the on" condition. The multivibrator 270 may, for example, be on for only or milliseconds in the absence of a HOLD ON voltage. During this period, control tone two must be applied, and the filter output must rise to a voltage sufficient to produce the HOLD ON voltage.

An important feature of the tone control circuit of the receiver 100 resides in the freedom from falsing, i.e., the freedom from operation by false and spurious signals that may be applied as an input thereto. The freedom from falsing results from several factors. First, by utilizing the tone filter circuitry (including the limiter 150, the tapped filters 201-301, the rectifiers 220-330 having the characteristics as described; there positively can be no response to signals that lie out of the filter band pass, regardless of the false signal duration or intensity. Second, by requiring that subsequent tones in a tone sequence be spaced apart in frequency by several tone channels, together with requiring substantially instantaneous switching between successive tones, a signal of smoothly varying pitch such as might be produced by a heterodyne circuit, a siren near a microphone or like source, cannot actuate the tone control circuits, this resulting from the fact that the tone control circuits require a sudden jump or change in frequency between successive tones.

It is further pointed out that the described tone control cir-- cuit is readily adaptable to and compatible with a decimal numbering system, at 10 different frequencies in each group of tones corresponding to and representing the 10 different digits, with successive tones being selected alternately from the two groups of tones. If only 10 frequencies were utilized (rather than the 20 frequencies of the present system), to represent the 10 digits, i.e., with no change or jumping between bands of frequencies on successive digits, it would not be possible to utilize codes such as 22, 55, etc. in two-tone sequence systems. Although it has been suggested that an llth tone be utilized as a repeat tone in such sequence, the frequency spectrum utilized if five channels are to separate adjacent tones would be substantially greater than that required for the present system, and the circuitry would be substantially more complicated. It is pointed out that utilizing this present system wherein alternate tones are selected from two groups of tones wherein the groups are separate at a minimum gap of five tones, only a 25-channel spectrum is required to produce any pair of digits in sequence while still maintaining a minimum gap offive channels therebetween.

Referring now to FIG. 6 of the drawings, there is illustrated a second embodiment of the present invention wherein a sequence of four tones is required to actuate the receiver, the receiver being designated by the numeral 400 and being illustrated in schematic and block diagram form. The receiver 400 utilizes the input circuits and components from the antenna 101 through the limiter 150 and onto the conductor 165, from the receiver 100, whereby the same reference numerals have been applied to these components and the description thereof will not be here repeated in the interest of brevity.

The output of the limiter 150 on the conductor 165 is fed to two-tone control circuits, the lower tone control circuit including a special tapped filter 401 identified by the legend FILTER 01 of a construction to be described hereinafter, the input to the filter 401 being a series of square waves and the output thereof appearing on a conductor 409 in the form of a sinusoidal wave having a frequency of the selected control tone. The conductor 409 connects to a rectifier 440 which serves to rectify the input thereto and which has the same construction as the rectifier 220 described above. The output from the rectifier 440 is a positive voltage that is supplied along a conductor 441 as one of the inputs to an AND circuit 445. The output from the AND circuit 445 appears on a conductor 446 that is connected to the input of a Schmidt trigger circuit 450, the AND circuit 445 and the Schmidt trigger circuit 450 having the construction of the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 described above. The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 450 is connected by a conductor 451 to a delay circuit 452 of the same construction as the delay circuit 260, and the output from the delay circuit 452 is connected by a conductor 453 as one input to a monostable multivibrator 455 of the construction described above with respect to the monostable multivibrator 270. The output from the multivibrator 455 appears on a conductor 525 that connects into the upper tone control channel. Also associated with the lower tone control channel is an inverter 460 having an input thereto from a conductor 435 and having an output on a conductor 425 that connects as an input to the filter 401, and to provide the second input to the AND circuit 445.

The upper tone control channel includes a special tapped filter 501 identified as FILTER 02 also to be described more fully hereinafter, one of the inputs to the filter 501 being from the conductor 525 and another being from the conductor 165. The output from the filter 501 appears on a conductor 509 connected to a rectifier 540 of the same construction as the rectifier 320 described above. The output from the rectifier 540 is on a conductor 541 that supplies one input to an AND circuit 545, the output of which appears on a conductor 546 connected as an input to a Schmidt trigger circuit 550; the AND circuit 545 and the Schmidt trigger circuit 550 together having the construction of the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 described above. The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 550 appears on a conductor 551 and is supplied as an input to a delay circuit 552 having the construction of the delay circuit 260 described above. The output from the delay circuit 550 appears on a conductor 553 and is an input to a monostable multivibrator 555 having a construction like the monostable multivibrator 270.

The outputs on the conductors 435 and 441 are applied as inputs to an AND circuit 560, the output from the AND circuit 560 being on the conductor 561 that is connected to a Schmidt trigger circuit 565 of the construction of the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 described above. The conductor 561 also connects to the monostable multivibrator 555, and the conductor 475 also connects to the Schmidt trigger circuit 565. The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 565 appears on the conductor 566 and is applied to a delay circuit 570 having the construction of the delay circuit 260 described above, the

output from the delay circuit 570 being on the conductor 571 connected to a monostable multivibrator 575. The monostable multivibrator 575 is of the same Construction as the monostable multivibrator 270 and is connected by a conductor 576 to a combination Schmidt trigger and AND circuit 580, of the construction of the circuit 330, the output of which is connected to a delay circuit 585 of the construction of the delay circuit 260, the output of the delay circuit 585 being on a conductor 586 connected to an output control circuit 590 having the same construction and arrangement as the control circuits 370 described above. The conductor 576 also connects via a conductor 535 as an input to the filter 501, the conductor 541 is also connected as an input'to the AND circuit 580 and a HOLD ON circuit is provided interconnecting the conductor 581 and a monostable multivibrator 575.

, Referring now to FIG. 7 of the drawings, there'are illustrated the further details of the filters 401 and 501 and the in verter 460. As illustrated, the filter 401 includes an inductor in the form of a coil 402 having associated therewith a magnetic core 403, at least a portion of the core 403 being movable and adjustable, whereby the inductor 402 can be slug tuned. The inductor 402 has an input terminal 404 that is connected by a conductor 409 to one terminal of a capacitor 405, and through a capacitor 408 to the conductor 165, the other terminal of the capacitor 405 being grounded as at N, the output from the filter 401 appearing on the conductor 409. The inductor 402 has a plurality of taps thereon, and specifically l taps that are identified by the numerals 410 through 419. Associated with selected ones of the taps are two transistors 420 and 430. More specifically, the transistor 420 has a base 421 that is connected to one terminal of a resistor 426 by means of a conductor 404, the other terminal of the resistor 426 being connected to the conductor 425. The transistor 420 has a collector 422 that is connected to the tap 419 on the inductor 402, while the emitter 423 is connected to ground potential.

The transistor 430 has a base 431 that is connected to one terminal of a resistor 436, the other terminal of the resistor 436 being connected to the conductor 435. The transistor 430 has a collector 432 that is connected to the tap 412 on the inductor 402, while the emitter 433 is connected to ground potential.

The tapped filter 501 includes an inductor in the form of a coil 502 having associated therewith a magnetic core 503, at least a portion of the core 503 being movable and adjustable whereby the inductor 502 can be slug tuned. The inductor 502 has an input terminal 504 that is connected by a conductor 509 to one terminal of a capacitor 505 and through a capacitor 508 to the conductor 165, the other terminal of the capacitor 505 being grounded as at N, the output from the filter 501 appearing on the conductor 509. The inductor 502 has a plurality of taps thereon, and specifically l0 taps that are identified by the numerals 510 through 519. Associated with the selected ones of the taps are two transistors 520 and 530. More specifically, the transistor 520 has a base 521 that is connected by a conductor 524 to one terminal of a resistor 526, the other terminal of the resistor 526 being connectedto the conductor 525. The transistor 520 has a collector 522 that is connected to the tap 511 on the inductor 502, while the emitter 523 is connected to ground potential.

The transistor 530 has a base 531 that is connected to one terminal of the resistor 536, the other terminal of the resistor 536 being connected to the conductor 535. The transistor 530 has a collector 532 that is connected to the tap 518 on the inductor 502, while the emitter 533 is connected to ground potential,

Associated with the tone control circuits is the inverter 460 that is also illustrated in detail in FIG. 7, the inverter being in the form of a transistor 470 having a base 471 connected through a resistor 462 to the conductor 435. The transistor 470 further has its emitter 473 grounded and the collector 472 is connected to the conductor 425 and through a resistor 461 to the +DC conductor 155.

Lil

Considering now the operation of the receiver 400, in order to obtain an output from the loudspeaker 125, a four tone sequence of the proper selected control tones must be applied to the receiver 400, each tone preferably having a time duration of at least about 40 milliseconds and adjacent tones hav' ing substantially no gaps therebetween. Furthermore, the first and third tones received must be those to which the filter 401 is tuned when the transistors 420 and 430, respectively, are conducting, and the second and fourth tones received must be those to which the filter 501 is tuned when the transistors 520 and 530, respectively, are conducting. Upon the reception of the first tone, an audio signal corresponding to the first tone is applied along the conductors 123-124 as an input to the limiter 150, and there appears on the conductor a series of square waveforms. The transistor 470 in the inverter 460 is off at this time so as to allow the transistor 420 to be conducting and thus to tune the filter 401 for reception of the first control tone. Accordingly, the output on the conductor 165 is developed across the resonance circuit and the output of filter 401 as a sinusoidal waveform appears on the conductor 409, The sinusoidal waveform on the conductor 409 is rectified by the rectifier 440 and is applied as one of the positive inputs to the AND CIRCUIT 445, the other required positive input being applied along the conductor 425. I

The output of the AND circuit 445 is a positive voltage which triggers the Schmidt trigger 450, thus to cause a negative going voltageto be applied along the conductor 45] to the delay circuit 452 which after a predetermined time interval cause a trigger pulse to be applied on removal of tone to the monostable multivibrator 455. Upon the removal of the first tone from the receiver 400, a positive output is derived from the multivibrator 455 that is applied along the conductor 525 to select the second tone in the filter 501 by rendering the transistor 520 conductive in the filter 501 and also to provide one of the necessary positive inputs to the AND circuit 545.

Assuming that the second control tone in the sequence is now received, the filter 501 is resonant to the input frequency and thereby develops a sinusoidal waveform at conductor 509 of the second control tone frequency thereon which is applied to the rectifier 540. The output from the rectifier 540 is a positive voltage that provides the second required positive input to the AND circuit 545, thereby to cause an output therefrom that is applied to the Schmidt trigger circuit 550. The output from the AND circuit 545 is fed back along the conductor 546 -to the multivibrator 455 to hold it in the active condition for the duration of the second tone, regardless of the time duration of the second tone. The output from the AND circuit 545 also trips the Schmidt trigger circuit 550 and the output is applied to the delay circuit 552, whereby if the output from the Schmidt trigger circuit persists for the predetermined delay period, the multivibrator 555 will provide an output on the in terruption of the second control tone. The output of the multivibrator 555 is applied along the conductor 435 to select the proper tone No. 3 in the filter 401 by rendering the transistor 430 conductive, and the output for the multivibrator 555 is also applied along the conductor 435 as a positive input to the AND circuit 560 and to the inverter 460. The inverter 460 now conducts so as to cause the transistor 420 to cease conduction and thus effectively to remove the connection thereof removed from the conductor 425 to the AND circuit 445 preventing it from operating.

if the proper third control tone is now received on the conductor 165, the filter 401 will pass the third control tone to the rectifier 440 which will now apply the third control tone as a positive input to the AND circuit 445 (there being no output from circuit 445 since there is now no input on conductor 425) and also to provide a second input to the AND circuit 560, whereby a potential is applied along the conductor 561 to the multivibrator 555 to hold it in the active condition so long as the third tone is received.

Output of the AND circuit 560 is also applied to the Schmidt trigger circuit 565, the output of which is supplied along the conductor 566 through the delay circuit 570 and the conductor 571 to the multivibrator 575. Provided that the third tone persists for a time interval, determined by the delay circuit 570, upon the release or removal of the third tone persists for a time interval, determined by the delay circuit 570, upon the release or removal of the third tone, the multivibrator 575 causes an output pulse to appear on the output conductor 576 which is fed back to select the proper filter for tone No. 4 along the conductor 535, and this signal is also applied as one of the positive inputs to the AND circuit 580.

Assuming that the proper fourth tone in the sequence of tones is now received, there will be an output from the filter 501 and the rectifier 540 which is applied along the conductor 541 as a second positive input to the AND circuit 580, thereby to provide an output therefrom that is fed via the conductor 581, the delay circuit 585 and the conductor 586 to the output control circuits 590, whereby the circuits 590 are energized if the time duration of the fourth tone is longer than the delay provided by the delay circuit 585. It is noted that a HOLD ON potential is applied from the output of the AND circuit of the conductor 580 along the conductor 581 to the multivibrator 575 to hold it in the active condition so long as the fourth tone is received. The output signal on the conductor 586 is operative to cause operation of the circuits 590 in the same manner as the control circuits 370 described above, thereby to energize the relay 130 and to connect the loudspeaker 125 to the output ofthe transformer 120.

It is further pointed out that in the receiver 100 of FIG. 2 a fixed bias has been applied to the first Schmidt trigger circuit, which circuit is so designed that a full output is obtained therefrom whenever the fixed voltage bias is exceeded. If the fixed voltage bias is not exceeded, the circuit is completely inoperative. The limiter 150 provides a square wave as an input to the filters, which square wave as an input to the filters, which square wave is of constant amplitude, whereby there is a constant output voltage from the filters for any given tone frequency. These features provide a constant frequency bandwidth for the limited signal, i.e., the upper and lower frequency that will trip the Schmidt trigger circuit is predetermined by the interrelationship between the filter curve, the limiting level, and the DC bias level. As explained above, the limiting or bias level can be varied to alter the response bandwidth. On all other Schmidt triggers the bias is supplied by the monostable multivibrator feeding its AND input when it is triggered to the on condition. These are each shown with a potentiometer similar to 295 in FIG. 4.

Referring now to FIGS. 8 and 9 of the drawings, there is illustrated a third embodiment ofthe present invention wherein a sequence of 7 tones is required to actuate the receiver, the receiver being designated by the numeral 600 and being illustrated in schematic and block diagram form in FIG. 8. The receiver 600 utilizes the input circuits and components from the antenna 101 through the limiter 150 and onto the conductor 165 from the receiver 100, whereby the same reference numerals have been applied to these components and the description thereof will not be here repeated in the interest of brevity.

The output of the limiter 150 on the conductor 165 is fed to two-tone control circuits, the lower tone control circuit including a special tapped filter 601 identified by the legend FILTER 01 ofa construction to be described hereinafter, the input to the filter 601 being a series of square waves and the output thereof appearing on a conductor 609 in the form ofa sinusoidal wave having the frequency of the selected control tone. The conductor 609 connects to a rectifier 670 which serves to rectify the input thereto and which has the same construction as the rectifier 220 above. The output from the rectifier 670 is a positive voltage that is supplied along a conductor 671 as one of the inputs to an AND circuit 672. The output from the AND circuit 672 appears on a conductor 673 that is connected to the input of a Schmidt trigger circuit 675, the AND circuit 672 and the Schmidt trigger circuit 675 together having the construction of the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 described above. The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 675 is connected by a conductor 676 to a delay circuit 680 of the same construction as the delay circuit 260, and the output from the delay circuit 680 is connected by a conductor 681 as one input to a monostable multivibrator 685 of the construction described above with respect to the monostable multivibrator 270. The output from the multivibrator 675 appears on a conductor 725 that connects into the upper tone control channel.

The upper tone control channel includes a special tapped filter 701 identified as FILTER 02, also to be described more fully hereinafter; one of the inputs to the filter being from the conductor and other inputs being from the conductors 725, 735 and 745, to be described more fully hereinafter. The output from the filter 701 appears on the conductor 709 connected to a rectifier 770 of the same construction as the rectifier 320 described above. The output from the rectifier 770 is on a conductor 771 that supplies one input to an AND circuit 772, the output of which appears on a conductor 773 connected as an input to a Schmidt trigger circuit 775; the AND circuit 772 and the Schmidt trigger circuit 775 together having the construction of the Schmidt trigger circuit 330 described above. The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 775 appears on a conductor 776 and is supplied as an input to a delay circuit 780 having the construction of the delay circuit 260 described above. The output from the delay circuit 780 appears on a conductor 781 and is an input to a monostable multivibrator 775 having a construction like the monostable vibrator 270.

The output from the monostable multivibrator 785 appears on a conductor 635 and is applied as an input to the filter 601 and as an input to a NOR circuit 800. Other inputs to the NOR circuit 800 are applied by the conductors 645 and 655, while the output from the NOR circuit 800 appears on the conductor 625.

The outputs on the conductors 635 and 671 are applied as inputs to the first of four tone selecting and responding circuit 870, each of which includes an AND circuit 872, a Schmidt trigger circuit 875, a delay circuit 880 and a monostable multivibrator 885, the AND circuit 872 in combination with the Schmidt trigger circuit 875 having the construction of the Schmidt trigger 330, the delay circuit 880 having the construction of the delay circuit 260 and the monostable multivibrator 885 having the construction of the multivibrator 270, all described heretofore.

More specifically, the inputs on the conductors 635 and 671 are applied as inputs to such a tone selecting and responding circuit 870A including an AND circuit 872A. The output from the AND circuit 872A appears on a conductor 873A which is connected to the input ofa Schmidt trigger circuit 875A, and also as an input to the monostable multivibrator 785. The output from the Schmidt trigger circuit 875A is connected by a conductor 876A to a delay circuit 880A, the output of which is applied along a conductor 881A as an input to a monostable multivibrator 885A. The output of the monostable multivibrator 885A, which is also the output of the tone selecting and responding circuit 870A, is applied along the conductor 735 as a tone-selecting signal to the filter 701 and as an input to the next tone selecting and responding circuit 8708.

The tone selecting and responding circuit 8708 has the same essential construction and arrangement as the tone selecting and responding circuit 870A, and therefore in the interest of brevity will not here be repeated, it being pointed out that one of the outputs therefrom appears on a conductor 8738 which is a HOLD ON circuit for the multivibrator 885A, and the output from the circuit 870B appears on the conductor 645 and is applied as a tone-selecting signal to the filter 601 and as the input to the next tone selecting and responding circuit 870C.

The tone selecting and responding circuit 870C likewise has the same essential construction and arrangement as the circuit 870A, and therefore will not be described in detail, except to point out that one of the outputs therefrom is along the conductor 873C to the multivibrator 885B to serve as a HOLD ON signal therefor, and the output from the circuit 870C appears on the conductor 745 and is applied as the signal to the filter 701 to select control tone No. 6.

The output from the circuit 870C is applied also as an input to the circuit 870D which has the same essential construction and arrangement as the circuit 870A, it merely being pointed out that one of the outputs thereof is a HOLD ON signal appearing on the conductor 873D which is applied to the multivibrator 885C, the output of the circuit 870D appearing on the conductor 655 and being applied as a signal to the filter 601 to select the control tone No. 7.

The output of the circuit 870D is also applied as one of inputs to a combination Schmidt trigger and AND circuit 980 of the construction of the circuit 330 described above, the signal on the conductor 671 also being applied thereto. The output from the circuit 980 is applied along a conductor 981 to a delay circuit 985 of the same construction as the delay circuit 260, the output of the circuit 980 also being applied to the multivibrator 885D as a HOLD ON signal therefor. The output of the delay circuit 985 is applied along a conductor 986 to an output control circuit 990 having a same construction and arrangement as the control circuits 370 described above.

Referring now to FIG. 9 of the drawings, there are illustrated the further details of the filter 601 and 701 and of the NOR circuit 800. As illustrated, the filter 601 includes an inductor in the form of a coil 602 having associated therewith a magnetic core 603, at least a portion of the core 603 being movable and adjustable, whereby the inductor 602 can be slug tuned. The inductor 602 has an input terminal 604 that is connected by a conductor 609 to an output terminal 607 and through a capacitor 608 to the conductor 165, the other terminal of the capacitor 605 being grounded as at N, the output from the filter 601 appearing on the conductor 609. The inductor 602 has a plurality of taps thereon, and specifically 10 taps that are identified by the numerals 610 through 619, each of the taps as illustrated being connected by a suitable conductor to a male terminous in a plug 660. Associated with selected ones of the taps are four transistors 620, 630, 640 and 650. More specifically, the transistor 620 has a base 621 that is connected to one terminal of the resistor 626 by means of a conductor 624, the other terminal of the resistor 626 being connected to the conductor 625. The transistor 620 has a collector 622 which is connected by a conductor 627 to a male terminous in a connector 669. The emitter 623 is connected to ground potential.

The transistors 630, 640 and 650each have the same construction and arrangement as the transistor 620 whereby the various parts thereof and the circuit elements connected thereto have had applied thereto like reference numerals in the corresponding series of numerals. In order to connect the several collectors to selected ones of the taps on the inductor 602, a connector 665 has been provided having selected connections 666, 667 and 668 which selectively interconnect certain of the male termini on the connector 660 to selected male termini on the connector 669. As illustrated, the conductor 666 connects the collector 632 to the tap 610; the conductor 667 connects the connector 662 to the tap 616; and the conductor 668 connects both the collector 622 and the collector 652 to the same tap 616.

The tapped filter 701 includes an inductor in the form of a coil 702 having associated therewith a magnetic core 703, at least a portion of the core 703 being movable and adjustable, whereby the conductor 702 can be slug tuned. The conductor 702 has an input terminal 704 that is connected by a conductor 709 to one terminal of a capacitor 705 and through a capacitor 708 to the conductor 165, the other terminal of the capacitor 705 being grounded as at N, the output from the filter 701 appearing on the conductor 709. The inductor 702 has a plurality of taps thereon, and specifically l taps that are identified by the numerals710 through 719, each of the taps being connected to a male terminous in a connector 750. Associated with selected ones of the taps are three transistors 720, 730 and 740. The transistor 720 has a base 721 that is connected by a conductor'724 to one terminal of a resistor 726, the other terminal of the resistor 726 being connected to the conductor 725. The transistor 720 has a collector 722 that is connected by a conductor 727 to a male terminous in a connector 759 and has an emitter 723 connected to ground potential.

The transistors 730 and 740 have the same construction and essentially the same circuit connections as the transistor 720, and accordingly, in the interest of brevity, like reference numerals have been applied to like parts thereof in the appropriate number series. It is pointed out that each of the collectors terminates in a male terminous in the connector 759. In order to connect the several collectors to the required tap on the inductor 702, a connector 755 has been provided having conductors 756, 757 and 758 therein arranged to connect selected ones of the male termini in the connector 750 and 759. More specifically, the connector 756 connects the collector 732 to the tap 711; the conductor 757 connects the collector 740 to. the tap 715; and the conductor 758 connects the collector 722 to the tap 719.

From the above, it will be seen that by suitable selection of connections within the conductors 665 and 755, any one of the taps on the inductors 602 and 702, respectively, can be connected to any one of the tone-selecting transistors associated in the respective filters 601 or 701. In other words, selection of the desired tap is made by a simple wire connection, whereby the selection of the desired tone frequency in a tone sequence is effected entirely by theconductors or jumper wires 666, 667, etc. which connect the two connectors 660- 669 and 750-759, respectively. Thus the provision of two tapped coils and the connectors suitably wired as explained above will permit the selection of any one of 20 million tone combinations in a seven-digit tone control circuit of the type illustrated by the receiver 600. it will be appreciated that the connection arrangement may be provided in the tapped filters in the receivers and 400, thereby to permit like simple selection of the desired code by means of replacing only the connector such as the connectors 665 and 755 described above.

Associated with the tone control circuits, and useful in selecting the proper tone to be passed by the filters 601 and 701, is the NOR circuit 800, the NOR circuit as illustrated including three transistors 810, 820 and 830. The transistor 810 has a base 811 that is connected by a conductor 814 to one terminal of a resistor 815, the other terminal of the resistor 815 being connectedto the conductor 635 which is the third tone selector conductor. The transistor 810 also has a collector 812 connected to the conductor 625 which is the first tone selector conductor, and has an emitter 813 that is grounded as at N. The transistor 820 has a base 821 connected by a conductor 824 to one terminal of the resistor 825, the other terminal of the resistor 825 being connected to the resistor 815 which is the fifth tone selector conductor. The transistor 820 also has a collector 822 connected to the conductor 625 and an emitter 823 connected to ground potential. The transistor 830 has a base 831 connected by a conductor 834 to one terminal of a resistor 835, the other terminal of the resistor 835 being connected to the resistor 655 which is the seventh tone selector conductor. The transistor 830 also has a collector 822' connected to the conductor 625 and an emitter 833 connected to ground potential. lt also is pointed out that the conductor 625 is connected by a resistor 836 to the +l2-volt DC conductor 15S.

Considering now the operation of the receiver 600, in order to obtain an output from the loud speaker 125, a seven-tone sequence of the proper selected control tones must be applied to the receiver 600, each tone preferably having a time duration of at least about 25 milliseconds and adjacent tones having substantially no gaps therebetween. Furthermore, the firstand third and fifth and seventh tones received must be those to which the filter 601 is tuned whenthe transistors 620, 630,

640 and 650, respectively, are conducting; and the second and fourth and sixth tones received must be those to which the filter 701 is tuned when the transistors 720, 730 and 740, respectively, are conducting. Upon the reception of the first tone, an audio signal corresponding to the first tone is applied along the conductors l23-124 as an input to the limiter 150, and there appears on the conductor 165 a series of square waveforms. The transistors in the NOR circuit 800 are all nonconducting, whereby a high potential is applied from the conductor 155 via the resistor 836 and the conductor 625 to the base 621 of the transistor 620 to the base 621 of the transistor 620. As a result, the transistor 620 is conducting thereby to connect the associated tap 619 as the effective tap on the inductor 602 in the filter 601. Assuming that the first control tone is of the proper frequency as selected by the transistor 620, an output is developed on the conductor 620, an output is developed on the conductor 609 in a form of sinusoidal wave of the frequency of the first control tone. The sinusoidal wave on the conductor 609 is rectified by the rectifier 670 and is applied as one of the positive inputs to the AND circuit 672, the other required positive input being applied from the conductor 625 as explained above.

The output of the AND circuit 672 is a positive voltage which triggers the Schmidt trigger circuit 675, thus to cause a negative going voltage to be applied along the conductor 676 to the delay circuit 680, which after a predetermined time interval is in condition such that the cessation of the first control tone causes a trigger pulse to be applied to the monostable multivibrator 685. Upon the removal or cessation of the first tone, positive output is thus derived from the multivibrator 685 that is applied along the conductor 725 to select the second tone in the filter 701 by rendering the transistor 720 conductive, and also to provide one of the necessary positive inputs to the AND circuit 772.

Assuming that the second control tone in the sequence is now received and the filter 701 is resonant thereat, there is developed a sinusoidal waveform on the conductor 709 having a frequency corresponding to that of the second control tone, which output is then applied to the rectifier 770. The output from the rectifier 770 is a positive voltage that is applied along the conductor 771 as the second required input to the AND circuit 772, thereby to provide an output from the AND circuit 772. The output of the AND circuit 772 is applied along the conductor 773 to the multivibrator 685 to hold it in the active condition for the duration of the second tone, regardless of the time duration of the second tone, and the output is also applied to the Schmidt trigger circuit 775 to cause an output therefrom to appear on the conductor 776 that is applied to the delay circuit 780. Assuming that the second control tone persists for a time that exceeds the delay time of the circuit 780, then upon cessation of the second control tone, the multivibrator 785 is triggered to provide an output on the conductor 635. The positive going output on the conductor 635 is applied to the base of the transistor 630 in the filter 601, thus to select the filtering frequency for the third control tone, and the output is also applied as one of the two required inputs to the AND circuit 872A in the tone selecting and responding circuit 870A. Furthermore, the output from the multivibrator 785 is applied to the NOR circuit 800, and specifically to the base ofthe transistor 810 therein, thus to cause the heavy conduction thereof and to drop the potential on the conductor 625, thereby effectively to remove the transistor 620 by causing the transistor to become nonconductive, thus leaving only the transistor 630 and that portion of the inductor 602 associated therewith as active elements in the filter 601.

The circuit is now in condition for the reception of the third control tone, which if applied at this time and at the proper frequency causes a sinusoidal output of a corresponding frequency on the conductor 609. The sinusoidal wave for the third tone on the conductor 609 is supplied to the rectifier 670 where it is rectified to provide a positive going voltage on the conductor 671. Although the positive going voltage on the conductor 671 is applied to the AND circuit 672, there is no output from the ANd circuit 672 at this time because the second required positive potential thereto has been removed from the conductor 625 by the operation of the NOR circuit as described above. The positive going voltage on the conductor 671 is however applied as aninput to the AND circuit 872A, thus to provide a second positive input thereto which causes an output therefrom to appear on the conductor 873A. The output on the conductor 873A is applied to the multivibrator 785 as a HOLD ON potential to hold the multivibrator 785 active so long as the third control tone persists. The output on the conductor 873A is also applied to the Schmidt trigger 875A which applies the output thereof to the delay circuit 880A. Assuming that the third control tone-persists for a time interval greater than the time duration of the delay from 880A, then upon cessation of the third control tone, the multivibrator 885A is tripped to provide an output on the conductor 735A. The output on the conductor 735A is a positive going voltage that is applied as an input to the filter 701, and specifically to the base of the transistor 730 to ready the filter 701 for reception of the fourth control tone. It is further noted that the multivibrator 685 at this time has assumed its normal condition, whereby to remove the positive potential from the base of the transistor 720, thus to remove this connection to the inductor 702, thus leaving the selection by the transistor 730 as the only connection to the inductor 702.

The circuit is now in condition for reception of the fourth control tone which is applied from the limiter as a square wave on the conductor to the filter 701. Assuming that the fourth tone is of the frequency selected by rendering the transistor 730 conducting, an output will be obtained on the conductor 709 that will be a sinusoidal wave having the frequency of the fourth control tone. This sinusoidal wave will be applied along the conductor 709 to the rectifier 770 and the output therefrom will be a positive going voltage applied to the conductor 771. Although this positive going voltage is applied to the AND circuit 772, there will be no output therefrom since the second required output from the multivibrator 685 is now missing. The positive going voltage on the conductor 771 will be applied as a second input to the AND circuit 8728, the first positive input being from the multivibrator 885A as described above. There now is an output from the AND circuit 872B which appears on the conductor 873B, this output being applied back to the multivibrator 885A as a HOLD ON potential therefor in order to render this circuit active so long as the fourth tone is being received. The conduction from the AND circuit 8728 also is applied to the Schmidt trigger circuit 8758, the output of which is applied to the delay circuit 880B. lf the fourth tone persists for a time duration that exceeds the delay time of the circuit 880B, then upon the cessation of the fourth tone, the multivibrator 8858 is tripped to provide a positive going output therefrom on the conductor 645. The output on the conductor 645 is applied to the filter 601, and specifically to the base of the transistor 640 to select tone No. 5, and is applied to the NOR circuit 800, and specifically to the base of the transistor 820 to cause conduction thereof so as to be sure that the transistor 620 is nonconducting, the transistor 630 being rendered nonconducting by the return of the multivibrator 785 to the normal condition thereof, whereby the only active connection in the filter 602 is that provided by the transistor 640 which selects the frequen cy of the fifth control tone. The output on the conductor 645 is also applied as one of the positive inputs to the circuit 872C forming a part of the tone selecting and responding circuit 870C.

Assuming that the fifth control tone of proper frequency is now received, it will be applied along the conductor 165 to the filter 601 that will provide an output on the conductor 609 in the form of a sinusoidal wave having a frequency of the fifth control tone. This output is rectified by the rectifier 670 to provide a positive voltage on the conductor 671, the AND circuits 672 and 872A not responding at this time since neither has the second positive voltage applied thereto. The positive going output is also applied as the second required input to the AND circuit 872C so as to provide an output therefrom on the

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3686635 *Jun 9, 1971Aug 22, 1972Motorola IncIntegrated circuit decoder responsiver to two sequential tones, with group call provisions
US3771060 *Jul 26, 1971Nov 6, 1973Wycoff KTone operated single side band communication system
US3818368 *Feb 28, 1973Jun 18, 1974Wycoff KPlural oscillator system for generating simultaneous pairs of sequential tones
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US4019142 *Aug 16, 1974Apr 19, 1977Wycoff Keith HSelectively callable receiver operated in accordance with tone characteristics
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Classifications
U.S. Classification340/7.49
International ClassificationH03G3/00, H04W88/02
Cooperative ClassificationH04W88/027, H03G3/005
European ClassificationH03G3/00Q, H04W88/02S4F