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Publication numberUS3597845 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 10, 1971
Filing dateApr 4, 1969
Priority dateApr 4, 1969
Publication numberUS 3597845 A, US 3597845A, US-A-3597845, US3597845 A, US3597845A
InventorsRuss Patrick C
Original AssigneeRuss Patrick C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Orthodontic appliance
US 3597845 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I United States Patent 1 3,597,845

{72] Inventor PMriC W 1,166,766 1/1916 Kelsey 32/14 4 D ry Lane. F W yn n 46807 2,046,414 7/1936 Russell 32/14 [2!] Appl, No 813,422 2,921,371 1/1960 Wallshein.. 32/14 I221 Filed Apr. 4,1969 3,075,287 1/1963 WeingeL... 32/14 Division 01' Ser. No. 614.654, Feb. 8, 1967, 115 934 12 19 4 w l M 32/14 1'111. N0. 3.469.315. 3,238,619 3/1966 Brunsnn et al. 1. 32/14 145] l'ulcmcd Aug. |l1.1 7| 3,315,359 4/1967 Moss 32/14 Primary l5xaminer Robert Peshock A1t0rney-H0od, Gust, Irish & Lundy (54l ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE 7 Claims, 20 Drawing Figs.

[52) U.S.Cl 32/]4A l 1 Cl A610 ABSTRACT: An orthodontic appliance comprising means for 1 1 Field of Search 32/14 securing detachably an arch wire to a tooth, including a retainer which slidably receives an elongated hollow recepta- [Sfil Referencescned cle, an arch wire received by said receptacle, and means UNITED STATES PATENTS securing said retainer, said receptacle and said arch wire 1,014,030 1/1912 Angle 32/16 together.

Patented Aug. 10, 1971 3,597,845

3 Sheets-Sheet 1 g; $6 v $2 42 Q 40 3 Even/r02 PATRICK C. Pass FIG.6 FIGJ Patented Aug. 10,1971 3,597,845

3 Shoots-Sheet 5 FIG. 20

Nvewroe TRICK C P0 55 ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE This is a divisional application of application Ser. No. 6I4,654, filed Feb. 8, I967 and now U.S. Pat. No. 3,469,3I issued Sept. 30, I969.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION I. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to apparatus employed in orthodontics, and more particularly to an orthodontic attachment for use in attaching the arch wire of an orthodontic appliance to a tooth which is to be repositioned.

2. Description of the Prior Art In the practice of orthodontics, it is common to straighten teeth by means of an arch wire secured to certain teeth of a dental arch. The arch wire commonly is secured to the teeth by means of an attachment, there having been developed up to the present time a multiplicity of different designs for such attachments which are variously preferred within the practice. In common installations, the opposite ends of the arch wire normally are secured to anchor teeth, which usually are molars near the back of the dental arch. The wires are passed over the labial surfaces of the teeth constituting the dental arch at preselected angles and are usually tcnsioned so as to apply forces to the teeth which tend to move them in directions which will effect straightening.

In the use of these prior art apparatuses, practitioners have developed a variety of techniques for installing and adjusting the same in treating a patient. In many instances, certain techniques require particularly designed apparatuses, and techniques in many instances are dictated by particular apparatus design. Certain of these techniques and designs require the use of ligatures which are tedious and time consuming to install and adjust. In almost all of these certain difficulties are encountered in connection with installation and adjustment by the orthodontist.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention constitutes an improvement over prior art apparatuses in the respect of facilitating installation and adjustmentv In this connection, ligatures are eliminated and installation and adjustment are facilitated by the use of brackets detachably secured in place.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an orthodontic appliance which may be installed and adjusted with facility and can be used in connection with a variety of different techniques employed in the profession.

It is still another object of the invention to provide an orthodontic appliance which includes a molar attachment conveniently operable to secure detachably an arch wire to a molar tooth.

The above-mentioned and other features and objects of this invention and the manner of attaining them will become more apparent and the invention itself will be best understood by reference to the following description of an embodiment of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings: wherein:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. l is a labial side view of the crown portion of a tooth on which an orthodontic appliance relating to this invention is mounted;

FIG. 2 is a similar view illustrating one operational step in volved in the detachable mounting of a bracket portion;

FIG. 3 is another similar view with the bracket removed;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the tooth and appliance taken substantially along section line 4-4 of FIG. I;

FIG. 5 is a similar sectional view taken substantially along section line 5-5 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a side view of the bracket of this invention;

FIG. 7 is an edge view thereof;

FIG. 8 is a cross section taken substantially along section line 8-8 of FIG. 7',

FIGS. 9, II], II and I2 are edge and side views, respectively. illustrating the bracket provided with different Wircrccciving notches;

FIGS. I3, I4 and I5 are fragmentary side views, partially sectioned for clarity, of different notch and wire configurations which may be employed;

FIG. I6 is a side view ofa molar attachment;

FIG. 17 is a cross section taken substantially along section line I7-I7 of FIG. I6;

FIG. I8 shows two different sctscrew designs which may be employed in the arrangement of FIGS. l6 and 17;

FIG. 19 shows a series of differently shaped tubes, in perspective, which may be used in the arrangement of FIGS. I6 and I7; and

FIG. 20 is a diagram ofa partial dental arch showing the use of the attachments of this invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, and more particularly to FIGS. I through 8, a typical tooth 30 has applied to the crown thereof a conventional metal band 32 which completely surrounds the tooth in tight-fitting relation. As shown more clearly in FIGS. 3 and 5, secured to the labial side of the band 32 are two retaining sockets or anchoring devices 34 and 36 formed of a suitable metal which is to some degree resilient, these anchors 34 and 36 being vertically spaced as far as possible on the band 32 and positioned adjacent to and on opposite sides of the longitudinal center line 38 of the tooth as shown. Preferably, the band 32 covers substantially the entire labial side of the crown so that the two anchors 34 and 36 can be spaced relatively far apart.

The two anchors 34 and 36 are constructed identically, such that a description of one will suffice for both. Referring more particularly to FIGS. 3 and 5, each anchor is channel shaped, being provided with upstanding sides 38, a bottom 40 and two inturned flanges 42 as shown. The ends of the flanges 42 are spaced slightly apart so as to provide a slotlike gap 44 therebetween as more clearly shown in FIG. 3.

These anchors 34 and 36 may be fastened to the band 32 by any of the usual means, such as by welding, soldering or the like.

The bracket which detachably fits the anchors 34 and 36 is indicated by numeral 40 and is shown in detail in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8'. This particular bracket 40 in cross section is H-shaped as shown more clearly in FIG. 8; however, as will become more apparent from the following description, other crosssectional shapes may be used without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention. This bracket 40 in side view, as shown in FIG. 6, is Z-shaped, having opposite, parallel-extending end attachments as indicated by the numerals 48 and 50, respectively. The stem or midportion 52 of the bracket 46 is straight and elongated as shown and is joined at the opposite ends thereof in relatively smooth curves to the barlike attachments or ends 48 and 50, respectively.

As shown more clearly in FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, the ends 48 and 50 of the bracket snugly fit into the channels 34 and 36, respectively, the flange portion 54 of the bracket end 48 fitting into the cavity or channel portion of the anchor 34 as shown more clearly in FIG. 4 so as to be gripped frictionally thereby. The bar portion 56 of the bracket as viewed in. FIG. 4 extends outwardly through the slot 44 and preferably is frictionally engaged by the anchor flanges 42. This positions the outermost flange 58 in overlying relation with respect to the anchor 34.

The bracket end 48 is insertable into the anchor 34 and frictionally interfits therewith. The bracket and S0 similarly frictionally intcrfits into the respective bracket 36.

As shown more clearly in FIG. 2. by rotating the bracket 46 in the direction of the two arrows 60, the bracket 46 may be easily and quickly removed from the anchors 34 and 36.

Reverse rotation of the bracket 46 results in insertion of the bracket ends 48 and 50 into the respective anchors 34 and 36.

As shown more clearly in FIG. 4, when the bracket end is in serted into its respective anchor, the anchor flanges 42 are engageable with the bracket flange 54 to prevent outward or labial movement of the bracket 46 with respect to the anchor 34, 36. counterclockwise rotation of the bracket 46 is limited, as viewed in FIG. I, by engagement of the bracket ends 48 and S with the respective anchors 34 and 36. The significance of this will become apparent from the description later on.

As shown clearly in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8, at some point along the stem 52 of the bracket 46 there is provided in the lingual side thereof a notch 62 of rectangular shape. While this particular notch 62 is shown rectangular, as will appear from the description that follows, the shape may vary to fit the cross section of any given arch wire or an assemblage of such wires. 0f importance is the fact, as clearly shown in FIG. I, that the notch 62 opens immediately adjacent to band 32 which provides a closure therefor, thereby locking or trapping the arch wires in place as will be explained more fully later on. This is more clearly shown in FIG. 4, wherein an arch wire 64 of rectangular cross section is shown fitted into the notch 62 and as abutting against the band 32. When the bracket 46 is locked into the anchors 34 and 36, the arch wire 64 is firmly secured in place by engagement by the notch sides and bottom.

The shape and the position of notch 62 in the stem 52 con stitute a variable which especially adapts this invention for ex' erting proper forces for either uprighting or torquing a tooth. This is best explained by reference to FIGS. 9 through I2 wherein notches of different shapes and positions are il|ustrated. In FIG. 9, two different notches in two different positions are shown, one shown in full line and the other dashed, these being indicated by numerals 62a and 62b, respectively. The notch 62a is located about midway between the ends of the bracket stem 52 but is at an angle to the axis thereof. The notch 62b is farther removed from the center and is at a sharper angle. FIG. It] serves to illustrate the condition in which the notches 62c, 62d and 62e may extend at substantially right angles to the stern axis but be located at different positions along the length of the stem. FIGS. II and I2 serve to illustrate that the notches 62/ and 621; may extend at different transverse angles with respect to the length of the stem 52. As will now appear obvious, the notches (there being only one notch per bracket) may be of any size or shape and may be positioned at any desired angle in the stem 52 of the bracket 46. This, of course, permits the orthodontist to make adjustments and use various techniques in order to secure the results desired.

Different sizes, designs and shapes of arch wires may be used in the various notches, as in graphically illustrated in FIGS. I3 through 15. In FIG. I3 is illustrated a square notch 62!! having a circular arch wire 64a snugly fitted therein. In FIG. 14, the notch 62; is wider so as to receive two such arch wires 64a in side-by-side relation. In FlG. IS, the notch 62k is rectangular so as to receive snugly an arch wire 64b in ribbon form. Thus it is demonstrated in these FIGS. 13 through 15 that the notches may be varied in size and shape so as to accommodate different sizes and shapes of arch wires.

In using molar teeth as anchors, it is desirable to apply the molar attachment of FIGS. l6 through 19 thereto for accommodating the ends of the arch wires. This molar attachment is securely mounted on a molar band 32:, substantially like the previously described band 32, and includes a mounting plate 66, a tubular retainer 68 of square cross section and a variety of different arch wire receptacles, all as shown in FIG. [9. If the receptacle 70 of FIG. I9 is used, this is telescopically fitted into the retainer 68 and is secured in place by means of a setscrew 72. In FIG. I6, the receptacle 70 is shown to be longer than the retainer 68 so as to project beyond the opposite ends thereof. The receptacle 70 has a central passage 74 for receiving the end of an arch wire. The setscrew 72 may have a pointed end as indicated by the numeral 72a of FIG. It! or a flat end as indicated by the numeral 72!), the screw 720 being used when it is desired to clamp tightly the arch wire in place and the screw 72b when it is desired to permit the arch wire to slide within the passageway 74. The pointed end on the sct screw 78 is adapted to dig into the arch wire and hold the same against movement, whereas the flat end on the screw 72b is adapted to either only lightly engage the arch wire or not at all. Since arch wire sizes and shapes vary, it is necessary to use a variety of differently shaped receptacles 70 as indicated in FIG. 19. A round wire may be accommodated by a receptacle 70!) which telescopically fits into the retainer 68 the same as the previously described receptacle 70. This receptacle 70b is of circular cross section and is therefore adapted to receive a circular wire.

In the claims, the term arch wire device is intended to include all of the arch wire structures disclosed herein and equivalents thereof.

The receptacle 70c is rectangular and adapted to receive a ribbon wire. The receptacle 70d of FIG. [9 consists oftwo dif' ferent tubes, one a round wire tube 71 rigidly fastened to a laterally offset headcap tube 70d, both tubes being of circular cross section. The tube part '7] is adapted to be received by the retainer 68, this retainer also being adapted to receive all of the receptacles shown in FIG. I9 and there secured in place by means of the setscrews previously described.

The present invention is utilized as will now be explained in connection with FIG. 20. The molar attachments are attached to two molar teeth 76 and 78 as shown, while the attachments which include the brackets 40 are applied to the teeth 80, 82, 84 and 86. With all of the bands 32 and anchors 34 and 36 in place on the labial sides of the teeth, the orthodontist determines the magnitude and direction of the forces which he desires to apply for uprighting, torquing or altering the lon gitudinal position ofthe teeth as may be necessary. In this connection, the orthodontist selects particular brackets 40 having notches at the positions and at the angles desired in the brackets 40.

In the initial application, all the brackets 40 are removed from the respective anchors 34 and 36 and the arch wire 64 is extended across the labial surfaces of the bands 32 as shown with one end thereof passed through the receptacles 70 in the two molar attachments. In this example. let it be assumed that the setscrews are those indicated in FIG. 18 by the numeral 72a and are tightened securely against the wire 64 to prevent the same from moving. Depending upon whether it is desired to apply a torquing, uprighting, intruding or elongating force on the tooth, brackets 40 having appropriately positioned and shaped notches are selected. With respect to the tooth 80, the bracket 40 to be applied thereto is first applied to the wire 64 with the notch 62 straddling the same. The opposite ends of the bracket 40 are then rotated in a direction to insert them into the respective anchors 34 and 36. The bracket 40 for the tooth 82 is applied in the same way first to the wire 64 and then fastened to the respective anchors 34 and 36. This process is repeated for each successive tooth 84, 86, etc., until the project has been completed. The wire 64 is tensioned, as is conventional, so the particular angles and positions of the notches in the bracket 40 will exert the desired forces on the respective teeth.

If it is desired to make an adjustment, it is only necessary to rotate the particular bracket 40 until the ends thereof are withdrawn from the anchors 34 and 36 and then merely lift the bracket off the wire 64. A new bracket having a slightly different positioned or shaped notch is then fitted over the wire and the ends of the bracket are inserted into the anchors 34 and 36 to apply a slightly different force to the tooth. It is thus seen 'that both installation and adjustment are greatly facilitated by the mere fact that the brackets 40 may be simply and easily changed until the desired force action is obtained.

As will now be obvious, no ligating wires are necessary in order to secure the arch wire 64 in place. This is for the reason that the notches 62 in the brackets 40 are located on the sides of the bracket adjacent to the teeth, such that once the brackets are installed, the wire 64 is locked in place. This further simplifies and facilitates installation and adjustment.

Recapitulating, from the foregoing description it will appear as obvious to persons skilled in the art that the present invention is adapted to be employed even though the techniques may vary. The particular shapes, sizes and positions of the notches on the brackets can result in obtaining the corrective action desired such as rotation, elongation, intrusion, torquing and the like.

of particular importance in this invention is the fact that the anchoring devices 34 and 36 are located as far apart as possible in a direction longitudinally of the tooth. This permits the application of maximum force moments to the teeth without requiring excessive stresses on the arch wire and brackets themselves. The anchoring devices on the various bands will be positioned such that a series of brackets of the same sire will lit, the only difference in the brackets being the locations, positions and sizes of the notches therein. Thus, different sc' ries of brackets will be provided for different bands, respectively.

What I claim is:

I. An orthodontic appliance comprising a hollow tubelikc retainer, a supporting band carrying said retainer, an elongated receptacle having a passageway therein slidably received by said retainer, a fastening device penetrating both said receptacle and said retainer for securing them against movement with respect to each other and for alternatively securing an arch wire device in said receptacle either for reciprocal sliding movement or in fixed position relative thereto, and an arch wire device received by said receptacle in said passageway.

2. The appliance of claim I in which said fastening device includes a setscrew threadedly received by said retainer and engaging said receptacle to hold the latter against movement with respect thereto,

3. The appliance of claim 1 including a headcap tube secured to and being laterally offset from said receptacle and extending in a direction parallel to said receptacle.

4, The appliance of claim 2 in which said setscrew threadedly engages both said retainer and said receptacle and fixedly engages said wire device holding the latter against movement with respect to said receptacle.

5. The appliance of claim I in which said retainer is of orthogonal cross section and said receptacle having one of the cross sections of orthogonal and round 6. The appliance of claim 2 in which the receptacle and said retainer threadedly receive said setscrew therethrough such that one end of the setscrew penetrates to the interior of said receptacle.

7. The appliance of claim 6 including a mounting plate which carries said retainer.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1014030 *Jun 1, 1910Jan 9, 1912 Dental tooth-regulating appliance.
US1166766 *Jan 15, 1914Jan 4, 1916Harry E KelseyOrthodontic appliance.
US2046414 *Oct 31, 1934Jul 7, 1936Baker & Co IncOrthodontia appliance
US2921371 *Jan 6, 1959Jan 19, 1960Melvin WallsheinOrthodontic brackets
US3075287 *Jul 1, 1960Jan 29, 1963Weinger Irving IAdjustable orthodontic buccal tube
US3158934 *Feb 21, 1961Dec 1, 1964Waldman DavidOrthodontic appliances
US3238619 *Apr 29, 1963Mar 8, 1966Rocky Mouutain Dental ProductsArch wire locking device for orthodontic bracket
US3315359 *Mar 1, 1965Apr 25, 1967Moss Clifford EOrthodontic device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3683502 *Sep 14, 1970Aug 15, 1972Wallshein MelvinOrthodontic systems
US4107844 *Nov 15, 1976Aug 22, 1978Kurz Craven HOrthodontic appliance
US5380197 *Mar 24, 1993Jan 10, 1995Hanson; G. HerbertOrthodontic arch wire sleeves for use with orthodontic arch wires and brackets
US6733287 *Mar 6, 2002May 11, 2004Michael K. WilkersonMolar tube lock
US7033170 *May 11, 2004Apr 25, 2006Mark Andrew CordatoOrthodontic bracket and clip
US7033171Apr 16, 2004Apr 25, 2006Wilkerson Michael KMolar tube lock
US7771640Feb 20, 2007Aug 10, 2010Cosse Christopher COrthodontic treatment methods, systems and apparatus for use therewith
US7819660Oct 26, 2005Oct 26, 2010Cosse Christopher CReusable multi-piece orthodontic appliances
US8070488Aug 9, 2010Dec 6, 2011Cosse Christopher COrthodontic treatment methods, systems and apparatus for use therewith
US8337198Oct 25, 2010Dec 25, 2012Cosse Christopher CReusable multi-piece orthodontic appliances
WO2010068285A1 *Dec 11, 2009Jun 17, 2010Williams Michael OSlide on connector for arch wire
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/17, 433/13
International ClassificationA61C7/00, A61C7/28
Cooperative ClassificationA61C7/28
European ClassificationA61C7/28