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US 359958 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. 2 s-heetg sil eec 1-. DARLINGTON .METALLIGROO'PING PLATBHOR-SHINGLE.
L. n. CORT-RIGHT &' sfjP.
,958. Pvate'nted Mar. 22,1887.-
2 Sheets-Sfht 2.
L. D. OORTRIGHTK; S. P. -DARL IN'GTON. METALLIC ROOFING PLATE OR SHINGLEL "No-."s-sggss. Patented Mar .1 2 2, 1.887.;
U ITED STATES,
nnwisn ooitrnie-ntr, or HYDE PARK, ILLINOIS, AND ggEP EN P- DARL N r'oiv, on wnsr oansrnn, rENNsYLvAnr-A Assie o METAL ROOFING COMPANYQOF PENNSYLVANIA.-
Tor'HE 'OORTRIGHT METALLlG OO ING-PLATE oRsHiNbLE.
SPECIFICATION forming a... of Letters Patent no. 359.958. dated Mare 24 I I Application iile'dJanuary'fl, 1887. Serial No. 223,164. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern: c
Beit known that'we,1LEwis D.-CRTRIGHT, of Hyde Park, Cook. county, Illinois, and S'rE- PEEN P. DaRLINGmNpf'West Chester, county 5- 01' Chester, and State of; Pennsylvania, have invented .a new and useful Improvement-in Metallic Boofing-Plates or Shingles, of which the following is a true and exact description,-
due reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof.
. Our improvement has especial reference to roofing platesof ,thekind which are adapted to be secured to'the roof by beginning to lay.
them'at the comb andworking downward to the caves; and the object of our in v'gentignistg. make-snelrshi-ng'les' more thoroughly water tight than has heretofore been the case, and guard against the danger of the water getting theblank from which the shingleis formed through the metallic sheathing.;- Someof our improvements are, however, also capable of useful application with metal shinglesof the ordinary types, which are secured to the roof,
beginning-at the eaves and'contin'ued in' overlapping layers to the comb.
Reference being now had to the drawings which illustrate our improvements, Figure 1 isa plan'viewof-four of our improved shingles interlocked together asthey are secured upon. the roof; Fig.2, a section. throughthelowerjcorner, ofoneof our shingles on the-line z z-of Fig. 1;" Fig.3, a cross-section of one of ,the shin'gleson the line 3 y of Fig. 1; Fig. 4, a cross-section of the joint of two interlocked shingles, of Fig. 1; Fig. 5, a'crosssect1on of the oint of two shingles situated one vertically over the other, as on the line 10 w of Fig. 1. Fig. 6 15 a back view of one of our improved shingles. Fig. 7 is a perspective view of three shingles .49 grouped as in Fig.1, with the upper one re moved. Figs. Sand 9 arecuts of the blanks out of which our improved shingles are made,
and Fig. lO is a view similar to Fig. 1, show- -ing another way in which the shingles can be 5 interlocked and secured upon the roof.
' A, B, O, and D are fourof our improved metallic shingles constructed n what we be lieve to be their best form.
taken, for instance, on the line a: x"
E E are the two upper edges of the shingles, 1 in which'is formed the depressedQgutter E, F being theextreme outer-edge,0f-;the sheet formed into a downwardly-bent flange extending obliquely from the top of the gutter down toward the plane of its bottom.
e is the extreme top oftheshinglejwhere the gutters E E run into each other, and which we prefer to cut oil ina horizontal line, as
shown, for reasons hereinafter explained.
' FF are the two lower-edges ofour shingles. They are bentso asto form the fold f and nailing-flange F, the edge of the fold beingalso bent over to fqrm the hook-like'edge' F... The ggepthnfithjenfoldfsheuld-be suehas toenable it to contain the whole of the g-utter E asis I 5.
showninF'ig l. r v. a is the lowerfvertieal point of' our shingle,-
being so cut atthis point that the metal bent back-to form the folds f on the two adjacent edges shall not interfere or lap the one upon theother. I
' We prefer to cut the metal blank, as'shown.
.in Figs. Sand: 9, a piece, G, beingcutontgf V the lower corner, the length of thehorizontal' cut 9" g in saidpi'ece being substantiallyzequal. .7 5 to the distance between the corners .a a when,
"folded, as shown in Fig. 6. vVhejnsb cnt,the
piece G may be applied to thelower co'rnerof the shingle, as shown, its arms gig -being ,iI l'r; ser'ted -in the folds f, as.sho,wn in-iFig.'6, and its horizontal'edge g 9 being preferably bent up and soldered to the shingle, as shown in Fig- 5. The lateral corners f f of the; blank are preferably cut away, as shown,'=so that',the ffold f shall not extend under thedepressed gut;
ter E, and, as we have already-mentioncd, the top corner of the shingle should also be cut away in a horizontal line, as shown at e v The mode of construction and application of our shingles will be readily innier-stoo A blank beihg prepared substantially asshown in Figs. 8 and 9, the edges E l1 arejbentor; stamped so as to form in them the gutters E and flange. E". The edges F F are also bent to formthe fold f, with its depressed'edge F and nailing-flange F either of tlieseoperathe function of the obliquely in'clined' flanges.
. soldered to the bottom of the shingle, the bottom corner of which, when finished, isbest shown in Figs. 2 and 6.
In applying these shingles toa roof they should be laid from the top 0r-co1nb downward in horizontal layers or rows, and prefer; ably slightly staggered, as shown in Fig. 1, although their edges may be made toregister,
as in Fig. 10, if desired; The edges E E of each shingle are thrust into. the flanges ff of the'two adjoining shingles in the row above,
E being to facilitatethe entrance of the edges E under the downwardly-bent edges F of the fold f, and the sides of the gutters Eare made with a divergent incline, as shown, soy-thatthe edge "1 of the fold mayslide up'out ofthe gutter and rest on the surface of the lower shingle whenr'it'is pushed home, as shown in Fig. 4, the natural spring of the metal-causing the edge F to form afclose and tight con-.
tact with the surfaceof the shingle upon which it rests. In forcing the lower shingle into place its upper corner, 0, passes under the lower corner, a, of the shingle vertically-above it and over the piece G, when it is used, the horizontal edge of the corner e registering or nearly' registering with the horizontal line between the corners a a of the shingle above when the shingles are staggered.
At each corner the lower point, a, of a shingleis raised from the roof by the thickness of the shingle immediately below it and that'of the lateral shingles, which are thrust between the lower and-upper shingles at the corners.
The point a would therefore naturally be sep-' 1 with each othe'r,the combinationof 'thelad-v arated from. the shingle below by a distance equalto the-thickness of the edges of the lat- "eral plates, but this distance we diminish by bending down the points a, as shown in Fig. 5.
As will be seen, we secure by our construction a tight jointhetween the edges F of the upperv shingles and the surface of the lower ones, andavoid the continued contact or close approach of the metal 'edges and foldstforming the joints, thus avoiding the capillary action,
, whichhas been found to have a strong tendencyto' cause such joints to leak. Any water passing beyond this joint is caught in the gutters E, whichlead itonto thesurfaces of the lower shingles, (see Fig. 7,) and if, by reason of capillarity or other cause, any of the water escaping from the gutters. shouldworkupward on the shingle ou'which it empties, it is intercepted by the gutters on its upper edges, 'which gutters maybesaid/ to be interlocked with the guttersof the upper shingles.
,We consider the'piece G .as a, convenient.
addition to our shingle, but it is not essential,
- and even'when, used-need not necessarily be soldered at g, asshown. f The form of the blank may also bechanged atany or all of its corners in many ways. Thus, 'if'the shingles are not to be staggered,it is not necessary to cut olf the up per corner, e,.the cuts in the corners f f, may
be made deeper and need not necessarily be 7o square, and the 'main'requisite 'in-the cutting of the lower'corner, 'a', is that the folded sides, F should not lap over. eachother. Our improved guttcr and fold may also be used.- wi th advantage for vertical seams, in which u se libel-: oblique flange E may be dispensed With'fihough we would' recommend its use. We alsor'be' lieve that our device of a depressed-gutter will be found useful even where the fold f or other projecting edge of another shingle is not "So provided with a. downwardly-bent edge F/ though we prefer to useit in'this connection.
The feature ofthe downwardly-bent edge E,
Iona fold, such as f,-' is, also capable-of nseful application even whenthe' correspondingjss flange ,to be inserted in it hasa' gutter form'e in any usual way, and even when no gutter. at." all is-used withinthe seam. ,In all cases; the j edge F should of course press against the in-v serted shingle. f Q 'Having now'described our invention, what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Pat-- ent, is- I jj. 1. In. metal shingles adaptedfltointerlock with each other, the-combination of an edge, F, havinga fold, f,Iwitlrdownwardly-bentedgeF, and nailing flange F", with an edge," E, having a depressed gutter; E-,-'wit h a s1op-;*
ing inward edge. u '2. In metal shinglesyada'ptedto' interlock with eachother, the combination of an edger Ffhaving a 'fold, f, with downwardly-bent edge E, and nailing-flange Efi with'an edge, i
E, having adepressed gutter, E .wi-th" a-slopiing inward edge and an obliquely-inclinediro5 flange, E. 1;- -3. Fnmetal shingles adapted to ';interlo ck joining edges .1 having folds f, with,downwardlyj-bent edges F and nailing-flangesfiF, I 10 with the opposite adjoining edges E, havingdepressed gutter E, and inclined flanges Et,
,4. In metal shingles adapted -to-. interlock with'each other, the combination 'o'f the ad-. joining edges Ehaving folds f, with down-.115 wardly-bent edges'F, and nailing-flangesl f with the .opposite adjoining edges E, having depressed gutters E, with jnclined'inner sidesand. inclined flanges E 5. In metal shinglesadaptcd to. interlo gy zo I with each other, substantially-as shown and y described, the combination, with, thegnain. shingle, of the-plate G, as and for the purpose specified.
' 6. In metal shingles adaptedto interlock rz'5 with each other, substantially as shown and described, the corner-a, .cut and ben't'SllbStfld-it tially as shown, so that'rfihe shingles may be staggered or setin broken lines upon the amt J :7. In metal-shinglesadapted-tointerloch go with each other, substantially as shown and described, the corner e, out horizontally, so that the shingles may be staggered or set in broken lines upon the roof.
' of the shingles.
"It metal shingiesndaiiitetij to interlock feids f shall terminate. just before the points wherelthe gutters EQeross the lateral. corners in'a-metallie'shingle,the nevieeof-agut tez ciepressed below the level of the sheet 10. In metallic shingles adept-ed to interloek With each other snbstantialiy as specified, the
aemhinationof depressed gutters formed, in
.the uppered ges'theie0f,nith overlapping z 5 witheach othegsnbstentialiy es shownand deserihed the" corners ff, cut so that the flanges formed inthe lower edges thereof and. continued to form nailing-flanges.
11. In a metallic shing1e, the device "of an S-shaped flange, f, continued to form a nailin'g-fiange; having a downwardly-projecting 2o edge, F, adapted to rest upon the surfaceof a.
shingie inserted in said flange. LEWIS D. OORTRIGHT. v STEPHEN 1?. DARLINGTON.
ANDREW ZANE, Jr., FRANCIS I. CHAMBERSv