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Publication numberUS3600355 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 17, 1971
Filing dateDec 4, 1969
Priority dateMay 12, 1964
Publication numberUS 3600355 A, US 3600355A, US-A-3600355, US3600355 A, US3600355A
InventorsHenryk A Cyba
Original AssigneeUniversal Oil Prod Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Abs and hydrocarbon polymers stabilized with boron ester-benzotriazole mixtures
US 3600355 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Pat 3,600,355 ABS AND HYDROCARBON POLYMERS STA- BILIZED WITH BORON ESTER-BENZOTRI- AZOLE MIXTURES Henryk A. Cyba, Evanstou, llll., assignor to Universal Oil Products Company, Des lPlaines, Ill.

No Drawing. Division of application Ser. No. 710,782, Mar. 6, 1968, now Patent No. 3,518,193, which is a continuation-in-part of applications Ser. No. 367,854, May 15, 1964, now Patent No. 3,382,208, and Ser. No. 559,410, June 22, 1966, now Patent No. 3,445,422, the latter being a division of application Ser. No. 366,921, May 12, 1964, now Patent No. 3,301,888. This application Dec. 4, 1969, Ser. No. 882,290

Int. Cl. C08f 45/60 U.S. Cl. 260-45.8N 18 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Solid polymer stabilized against deterioration due to one or both of ultraviolet light or oxidative deterioration containing, as an inhibitor against said deterioration, a stabilizing concentration of a synergistic mixture of about 10% to about 90% by weight of a boron ester of N,N dihydrocarbyl-alkanolamine or boron ester of polyalkylor polycyclo alkylpolyhydroxyalkyl alkylenepolyamine and about 10% to about 90% by weight of an N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole.

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This is a division of application Ser. No. 710,782 filed Mar. 6, 1968, now Pat. No. 3,518,193 dated June 30, 1970, which is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 367,854 filed May 15, 1964, now Pat. No. 3,382,208 dated May 7, 1968, and of application Ser. No. 559,410 filed June 22, 1966, now Pat. No. 3,445,422 dated May 20, 1969 the latter application being a division of application Ser. No. 366,921 filed May 12, 1964 and now Pat. No. 3,301,888 dated Jan. 31, 1967.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The above mentioned applications for patents disclose the use of certain borates as additives to stabilize organic substrates which normally undergo deterioration due to one or more of ultraviolet light, oxidation and the like. A specific utility is directed to improving the weathering properties of a solid polymer and particularly plastic.

The borates described above may be used in conjunction with other additives.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to the stabilization of solid polymers against deterioration due to one or both of ultraviolet light or oxidation by incorporating therein a synergistic mixture of the borate and N-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole as herein set forth.

In one embodiment the present invention relates to a solid polymer stabilized against deterioration due to one or both of ultraviolet light or oxidation containing, as an inhibitor against said deterioration, a stabilizing concentration of a synergistic mixture of about 10% to about 90% by weight of a boron ester of N,N-dihydrocar-bylalkanolamine or boron ester of polyalkylor polycycloalkyl polyhydroxyalkyl alkenylenepolyamine and about 10% to about 90% by weight of an N-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole.

In a specific embodiment of the present invention relates to plastic stabilized against deterioration by means of a synergistic mixture of about 10% to about 90% by weight of a borate of N,N-dihydrocarbybalkanolamine 3,00,355 Patented Aug. 117, 11971 and about 10% to about by weight of an N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole, with or without about 1% to about 50% by weight of one or more additional antioxidants.

In another specific embodiment the present invention relates to a plastic stabilized with a synergistic mixture of about 10% to about 90% by weight of a borate of N,N- di-sec-alkyl N,N' dihydroxyalkyl-ethylenediamine and about 10% to about 90% by weight of an N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole, with or Without about 1% to about 50% by Weight of said mixture of a trialkylphenol.

In another specific embodiment the synergistic mixture also contains 1,1,3-tris-(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tertbutylphenyl)-butane and dilauryl-thiodipropionate.

The borate comprising a component of the synergistic mixture may be illustrated as a borate of an alkanolamine of the following formula:

where R is hydrocarbyl, R is alkylene, R is alkylene, X is hydrocarbyl when m and n are Zero or hydroxyalkyl when m is one or more and/or n is one, Y is hydrocarbyl when m is one and n is zero or hydroxyalkyl when m is more than one and n is one, Z is hydrocarbyl,, m is an integer of zero to 4 and n is zero or one.

Where In and n are zero and X is hydrocarbyl, this component of the mixture is a borate of an N,N-dihydrocarbyl-alkanolamine. In one embodiment the hydrocarbyl is alkyl and preferably sec-alkyl containing from 3 to about 20 carbon atoms although, when desired, each alkyl group may contain up to 50 carbon atoms. Illustrative preterred alkanolamines in this embodiment include N,N-di-isopropyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-butyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-pentyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-hexyl-ethanolamine, N,N-cli-sec-heptyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-octyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-nonyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-decyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-undecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-dodecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-tridecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-tetradecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-scc-pentadecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-hexadecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-heptadecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-octadecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-nonadecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-eicosyl-ethanolamine,

etc., and corresponding compounds in which the ethanolamine moiety is replaced by propanolamine or butanolamine, and when desired, by pentanolamine, hexanolamine, heptanolamine, octanolamine, etc. In general, it is preferred that the alkyl groups are the same. However, when desired, the alkyl groups may be dilferent but both of them preferably are of secondary configuration.

In another embodiment, the borate of the N,N-dihydrocarbyl-all anolamine is a borate of N,N-dicycloalkylalkanolamine. A particularly preferred alkanolamine in this embodiment is N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine. Other compounds include N,N-dicyclopropyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicyclobutyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicyclopentyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicycloheptyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicyclooctyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicyclononyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicyclodecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicycloundecyl-ethanolamine, N,N-dicyclododecyl-ethanolarnine,

etc., and similarly substituted compounds in which the ethanolamine moiety is replaced by an alkanolamine group containing from 3 to about 8 carbon atoms.

In another embodiment the N,N-dihydrocarbyl-alkanolamine may contain one sec-alkyl group and one cycloalkyl group as, for example, in compounds as N-isopropyl N cycloheXyl-ethanolamine, N-sec-butyl-N-cyclohexyl-ethanolamine, N see pentyl N cyclohexylethanolamine, N sec hexyl-N-cyclohexyl-ethanolamine, N sec heptyl N cycloheXyl-ethanolamine, N-secoctyl-N-cyclohexyl-ethanolamine, etc., and corresponding compounds in which the ethanolamine moiety is replaced by an alkanolamine moiety of from 3 to about '8 carbon atoms.

The N,N-dihydrocarbyl-alkanolamine for use in the present invention may be obtained from any suitable source or may be prepared in any suitable manner. Details of the preparation of these compounds are set forth in the parent application and are embodied herein as part of the present specifications.

Where n and/or m in the above formula are one or more, this component of the mixture is a borate of a particular polyalkylor polycycloalkyl polyhydroxyalkyl-alkylenepolyamine which also may be named as an alkanolamine. In this embodiment X is hydroxyalkyl, Y is hydrocarbyl when n is zero or hydroxyalkyl when n is one, and Z is hydrocarbyl.

Referring to the above formula, where m is zero and n is one, the compound is an N,N-dialkyl-N-hydroxyalkylaminoalkyl-alkanolamine, which also may be named N,N-dialkyl-N,N'-dihydroxyalkyl ethylenediamine. The alkyl groups preferably are secondary alkyl groups and contain from 4 to about 50 carbon atoms each and more particularly from 4 to carbon atoms each. Illustrative preferred compounds in this embodiment include N, N-di-sec-butyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-pentyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-hexyl-N-hydroxyethyl-arninoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-heptyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-octyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-nonyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-decyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-undecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-dodecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-tridecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-tetradecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-pentadecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-hexadecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-heptadecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-octadecyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, N,N-di-sec-nonadecyl-N-hydroxyethylaminoethylethanolamine, N,N'-di-sec-eicosyl-N-hydroxyethyl-aminoethylethanolamine, etc.

The above compounds are illustrative of compounds in which R and R" each contain two carbon atoms. It is understood that corresponding compounds are included in which one or both of the groups containing two carbon atoms are replaced by a group containing 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms.

Referring again to the above formula, where m and n are one, the compounds for use in preparing the borate named N,N bis-[N-alkyl-N-(hydroxyalkyD-aminoalkylalkanolamine which can also be named N ,N -dialkyl- N ,N ,N -tri-(hydroxyalkyl)-diethylenetriamine. -It will be noted that each terminal nitrogen contains an alkyl group and each nitrogen atom contains a hydroxyalkyl group attached thereto. Illustrative preferred compounds in this embodiment include N,N-bis [N-sec-butyl-N- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethyl] ethanolamine,

N,N-bis [N-sec-pentyl-N- Z-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethylethanolamine,

N,N-bis [N-sec-hexyl-N- Z-hydroxyethyl -aminoethy1] ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-heptyl-N- Z-hydroxyethyl -aminoethy1- ethanolamine,

N,N-bis [N-sec-octyl-N- 2-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethy1] ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-nonyl-N- 2-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethyl] ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-nonyl-N- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethyl] ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- N-sec-tridecyl-N- (2-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-dodecyl-N- (Z-hydroxyethyl -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine N,N-bis- [N-sec-tridecyl-N- (2-hydroxyethyl -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-tetradecyl-N- 2-hydroxyethy1) aminoethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-pentadecyl-N- 2-hydroxyethyl -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine,

N,N-bis [-heXadecyl-N- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethyl] ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-heptadecyl-N- Z-hydroxyethyl -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-octadecyl-N- (Z-hydroxyethyl -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-nonadecyl-N- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethyl] -ethanolamine,

N,N-bis- [N-sec-eicosyl-N- Z-hydroxyethyl) -aminoethy1]-ethanolamine, etc.

Here again, one or both of the groups containing two carbon atoms may be replaced by a group containing 3, 4, 5, or 6 carbon atoms.

Where m is two and n is one, the compound is an N ,N -dialkyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetrahydroxya1kyl alkylenepolyamine. Illustrative compounds in this embodiment include N ,N -di-sec-butyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- (Z-hydroxyethyl triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-penty1-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- (Z-hydroxyethyl triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-hexy1-'N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(2-hydroxyethyl)- triethylenetetramine,, N ,N -di-sec-heptyl-N 'N ,N ,N -tetra 2-hydroxyethy1) triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-octy1-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra(2-hydroxyethyl)- triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-nonyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- (2-hydroxyethyl triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-decy1-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- (Z-hydroxyethyl) triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-undecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(2-hydroxyethyl) -triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-se c-dodecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- Z-hydroxyethyl)-triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-tridecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-tetradecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra- (Z-hydroxyethyl -triethylenetetramine,

N ,N -di-sec-pentadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(Z-hydroxyethyl) -triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-heXadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(Z-hydroxyethyl)-triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-heptadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(Z-hydroxyethyl) -triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-octadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(Z-hydroxyethyl)-triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-nonadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra(Z-hydroxyethyl)-triethylenetetramine, N ,N -di-sec-eicosyl-N ,N ,N ,N -tetra-(Z-hydroxyethyl)-triethylenetetramine, etc.

Here again, it is understood that one or both of the groups containing two carbon atoms may be replaced by a group containing 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms.

Referring again to the above formula, Where m is 3 and n is l, the compound will be N N -dialkyl- N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta(hydroxyalkyl)-alkylenepolyarnine. Illustrative preferred compounds in this embodiment include N ,N -di-sec-butyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (2-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-pentyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (Z-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-hexyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta-(Z-hydroxyethyl) -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-heptyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (hydroxyethyl) -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-octyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- Z-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentarnine, N ,N -di-sec-nonyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (2-hydroxyethyl) tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-decyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (2-hydroXyethyl) -tetraethy1enepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-undecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- Z-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-dodecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta (2-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-tridecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (2-hydroxyethyl) -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-tetradecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-pentadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- 2-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-hexadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (Z-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenep entamine, N ,N -di-sec-heptadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (2-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-secoctadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (Z-hydroxyethyl -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-nonadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta- (2-hydroxyethyl) -tetraethylenepentamine, N ,N -di-sec-eicosy1-N ,N ,N ,N ,N -penta(2-hydroxyethyl)-tetraethylenepentamine, etc.

Here again, it is understood that one or both of the groups containing two carbon atoms may be replaced by a group containing 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms.

Referring again to the above formula, where m is 4 and n is 1, the compound will be N ,N -dialkyl- N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N hexa hydroxyalkyl)-pentaethylenehexamine. Illustrative preferred compounds in this embodiment include N ,N -di-sec-butyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa- (Z-hydroxyethyl)-pentaethylenehexamine,

N ,N -di-sec-pentyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa- (2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine,

N ,N -di-sec-heXyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa-(2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine,

N ,N -di-sec-heptyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -pentaethylenehexamine,

N ,N -di-sec-octyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -pentaethylenehexamine,

N ,N -di-sec-nony1-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa-(Z-hydroxyethyl) -pentaethylenehexamine,

6 N ,N -di-sec-decyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa- (Z-hydroxyethyl) -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-undecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa- (Z-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-dodecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- (2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-tridecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- 2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-tetradecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa- (Z-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-pentadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- 2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexaniine, N ,N -di-sec-heXadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- (2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-heptadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -heXa- 2-hydroxyethyl) -pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-octadecyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- (Z-hydroxyethyl-pentaethylenehexamine, N ,N -di-sec-nonadecyl-N ,N N ,N ,N ,N -hexa- 2-hydroxyethyl -pentaethylenehexarnine, N ,N -di-sec-eicosyl-N ,N ,N ,N ,N ,N -hexa Z-hydroxyethyl)-pentaethylenehexamine, etc.

Here again, it is understood that one or both of the groups containing two carbon atoms may be replaced by a group containing 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms.

As hereinbefore set forth, in a preferred embodiment the alkyl groups attached to the terminal nitrogen atoms are secondary alkyl groups. In another embodiment, these groups may be cycloalkyl groups .and particularly cyclohexyl, alkylcyclohexyl, dialkylcyclohexyl, etc., although they may comprise cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, etc., and alkylated derivatives thereof. The cycloalkyl groups may be considered as corresponding to secondary alkyl groups. The secondary alkyl configuration is definitely preferred although, when desired, the alkyl groups attached to the terminal nitrogen atoms may be normal alkyl groups but not necessarily with equivalent results.

The polyalkyl-polyhydroxyalkyl-alkylenepolyamines for use in preparing the borate may be obtained from any suitable source or prepared in any suitable manner. Here again the parent application describes the preparation of these compounds and such preparations are embodied herein as part of the present specifications.

In another embodiment, an alcohol, including aliphatic or aromatic alcohol, or mercaptan, including aliphatic or aromatic mercaptan, is included in the reaction charge to satisfy one or two of the valences of the boron. When used, the alcohol or mercaptan generally is employed in an amount of from about 0.5 %to about 2 mole proportions thereof per one mole proportion of the alkanolamine or polyalkylpolyhydroXyalkyl-alkylenepolyamine. Preferred aliphatic alcohols include methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, butanol, pentanol, hexanol, heptanol, octanol, decanol, undecanol, dodecanol, tridecanol, tetradecanol, pentadecanol, hexadecanol, heptadecanol, octadecanol, nonadecanol, eicosanol, etc. Preferred aromatic alcohols include phenol, cresol, xylenol, catechol, alkyl catechol, etc., or these having alkoxy or halo substituents. Preferred mercaptans include butyl mercaptan, pentyl mercaptan, hexyl mercaptan, heptyl mercaptan, octyl mercaptan, nonyl mercaptan, decyl mercaptan, undecyl mercaptan, dodecyl mercaptan, etc., and thiophenol, thiocresol, thioxylenol, etc.

The borate for use in the present invention is prepared in any suitable manner and generally by reacting the alkanolamine or polyalkylpolyhydroxyalkylalkylenepolyamine with a suitable borating agent in the presence of a solvent at a temperature of from about 60 to about C. or up to about 200 C. Here again, the details of the reaction and the discussion of the borylating agents are disclosed in the parent applications and embodied herein as part of the present specifications.

The exact structure of the borated product will vary with the particular alkanolamine and borylating agent employed, as well as with the proportions of the reactants and, when used, the extraneous alcohol or mercaptan. For example, when reacting three mole proportions of N,N- dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine with one mole proportion of boric acid, it is believed that the triester is formed in which all valences of the boron are satisfied by the N,N- dicyclohexylaminoethoxy radical formed by the liberation of water. When equal mole proportions of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine and boric acid are reacted at a higher temperature, the meta-borate or its trimer (boroxine) is formed. When the reaction is effected using an extraneous alcohol or mercaptan in addition to the alkanolamine, the resulting borate will be a mixed borate in which one or two of the valences of the boron are satisfied by the alkanolamine and the remaining valence or valences of the boron are satisfied by the alcohol, mercaptan, phenol or catechol derivative. When employing a trialkylborate as the borylating agent, either complete or partial transesterification occurs depending upon the proportions of reactants and conditions of operation.

Similarly, when the polyalkyl-polyhydroxyalkylalkylenepolyamine is a polyalkyl-polyhydroxyalkyl-ethylenediamine, probable compounds may include one or more of the following as monomer or as recurring units:

1 U R R (2) a cyclic configuration in which each of the oxygens of the hydroxyl group are attached to a boron atom and the third valence is otherwise satisfied, (3) a polycyclic structure similar to that described in (2) joined by the BOB linkage, (4) compound in which each of the hydrogens of the hydroxyl groups are replaced with a (5) compounds having boroxine configuration and ('6) metaborates.

From the above discussion, it will be seen that the exact structure of the borate may vary and also that the product may consist of a mixture of compounds. Accordingly, this component of the synergistic mixture of the present invention is being claimed generically by its method of manufacture. It is understood that the different borated compound meeting the requirements as hereinbefore set forth may be used for the purposes of the present invention, but that these different compounds are not necessarily equivalent in their effectiveness in the same or different substrate.

Reference to borate in the present specification and claims is intended as generic to include boron esters or more specifically boron acid esters. This appears to be the present practice in the industry and literature. For example, alkyl boric acid or alkyl borate is used to describe a compound of the formula where R and R' are alkyl. More accurately, these should be named as alkyl boronic'acid or as a boronate. Similarly, compounds of the formula HO-BR or should be named as borinic acid or borinate. It is understood that borate as used in the present specifications includes the boronates and borinates, as well as the borates, the latter having the formula (RO) --B where one or more of R are derived from the alkanol amine herein set forth.

The second compound of the synergistic mixture of the present invention is an N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole.

The N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole may be illustrated by the following general formula:

where R and R are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl of from 1 to 20 carbon atoms and alkoxy of from 1 to 20 carbon atoms.

Where R is alkyl and R is hydrogen, illustrative compounds include 2-(2-hydroxy-5'-methylphenyl)-benzotriazole and corresponding compounds in which the methyl group is replaced by ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, hexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decylundecyl, dodecyl, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, octadecyl, nonadecyl, and eicosyl. Additional examples of specific compounds include 2-(2-hydroxy-5-octylphenyl)-benzotriazole and 2 (2-hydroxy-5-dodecylphenyl)-benzotriazole. Other illustrative compounds include 2 (2'-hy droxy-4-methylphenyl)-benzotriazole and corresponding compounds in which the methyl group is replaced by an alkyl group of from 2 to 20 carbon atoms. Other compounds include those in which the alkyl group is in the 3 or 6 position.

Where both R and R are alkyl, illustrative compounds include 2 (2 hydroxy 3' 5 dimethylphenyl)- benzotriazole and corresponding compounds in which one or both of the alkyl groups are replaced by alkyl groups containing from 2 to 20 carbon atoms. Here again it is understood that the alkyl groups may be in the positions 3, 4; 3, 6'; 4, 5' or 4',6'.

Where R is alkoxy and R is hydrogen, illustrative compounds include 2 (2 hydroxy 4' methoxyphenyl) benzotriazole and corresponding compounds in which the methoxy group is replaced by an alkoxy group containing from 2 to 20 carbon atoms. Additional examples of specific compounds includes 2-(2-hydroxy- 5 octoxyphenyl) benzotriazole and 2 (2' hydroxy- 5 dodecoxyphenyl) benzotriazole. Here again, the alkoxy group may be in the 3', 5 or 6' position.

Where R is alkyl and R is alkoxy, illustrative compounds include 2- 2'-hydroxy-3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl benzotriazole,

2- 2-hydroxy-3 -methoxy-4-ethylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-4'-propylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- (2-hydroxy-3 -methoxy-4'-tert-butylphenyl benzo triazole,

2- (2-hydroxy-3 '-methoxy-4-tert-pentylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- (2-hydroxy-3 -methoxy-4-ter t-hexylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- 2-hydroxy-3 -metboxy-4'-tert-heptylphenyl benzotriazole,

2- (2'-hydroxy-3'-methoxy-4-tert-octylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- (2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-4'-tert-nonylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- 2 '-hydroxy-3 '-methoxy-4-tert-decylphenyl benzotriazole,

2- (2-hydroxy-3 -me thoxy-4'-tert-undecylphenyl) benzotriazole,

2- 2-hydroxy-3'-methoxy-4'-tert-dodecylphenyl benzotriazole,

corresponding compounds in which the methoxy is replaced by alkoxy containing 2 to 20 carbon atoms, corresponding compounds in which the tert-alkyl groups are normal alkyl or secondary alkyl, corresponding compounds in which the alkyl and alkoxy groups, respectively, are in the positions 3, 3', 6'; 4, 5'; 4', 6'; 4, 3'; 5, 3'; 5', 4; 6, 3'; 6', 4'; or 6', 5.

From the above description, it will be seen that various N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazoles may be used in the synergistic mixture of the present invention. The N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazoles generally are available in the open market or may be prepared by conventional means. It is understood that the different N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazoles are not necessarily equivalent in their effectiveness in the mixture of the present invention.

As hereinbefore set forth, the synergistic mixture of the present invention also may contain one or more additional antioxidants and more particularly at least one phenolic antioxidant. In one embodiment, the additional antioxidant is a trialkylphenol. A particularly preferred trialkylphenol is 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol. Other trialkylphenols include 2,6-di-isopropyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6-diamyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6-dihexyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6-diheptyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6-dioctyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6-dinonyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6'didecyl-4-methylphenol, 2,6-diundecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-didodecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-ditridecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-ditetradecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-dipentadecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-dihexadecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-diheptadecyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-dioctadecyl-4-alkylphenol, etc., 2,4-dimethyl-6-isopropy1phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol, 2,4dimethyl-6-pentylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-fi-hexylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-heptylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-octylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-nonylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-G-decylphenol, etc., 2,6-diethyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-dipropyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-dibutyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-diamyl-4-alkylphenol, 2,6-dihexyl-4-alkylphenol, etc.,

in which the alkyl contains from 1 to 20 or more carbon atoms. In one embodiment, the trialkylphenol will contain one or two alkyl groups containg four or less carbon atoms and one or two alkyl groups containing four or more carbon atoms, the latter preferably being of tertiary configuration. These trialkylphenols may be obtained in the open market or prepared in any suitable manner. Here again, it is understood that the different trialkylphenols are not necessarily equivalent in their use in the antioxidant mixture of the present invention.

In another embodiment, the additional antioxidant is 1,1,3 tris (2 methyl 4 hydroxy 5 tert butylphenyl)-butane. This material is available commercially under the tradename of Topanol CA. Other related antioxidant compounds may be used and includes, for example, those in which the methyl group is replaced by hydrogen or alkyl of 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/0r those in which the tert-butyl group is replaced by tert-pentyl, tert-hexyl, tert-heptyl, tert-octyl, tert-nonyl, tert-decyl and/or related compounds in which the butane moiety is replaced by pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane, decane, etc. In another embodiment, this component of the mixture is 2,4 bis (3,5 di tert butyl 4 hydroxyphenyl)-butane. Here again, it is understood that the tert-butyl and/or butane moiety may be replaced by other alkyl groups. These compounds may be obtained in the open market or prepared in any suitable manner.

In another embodiment, the additional antioxidant is dilauryl-thiodipropionate. This compound is available commercially or may be prepared in any suitable manner. It is understood that other satisfactory antioxidants may be used and these include, for example, dicaprylthiodipropionate, dimyristyl-thiodipropionate, dipalrnitylthiodipropionate, distearyl-thiodiproponate, etc. Still other antioxidants include dilauryl-beta-mercapto-dithiopropionate, distearyl-beta-mercapto-dithiopropionate, and other beta-mercapto-dithiopropionates.

In a particularly preferred embodiment the additional antioxidant comprises both the 1,l,3-tris-(2-methyl-4- hydroxy-S-tert-butylphenyl)-butane and dilauryl-thiodipropionate. Here again it is understood that a mixture of the corresponding compounds hereinbefore set forth may be used.

In still another embodiment one or more additional additives may be included in the synergistic mixture or used in conjunction With the synergistic mixture. The use of such additional additives generally will depend upon the particular substrate being stabilized. For example, in lubricating oil the additional additives may comprise one or more of viscosity index improver, pour point depressant, detergent, corrosion inhibitor, additional antioxidant, etc. Such additional additives may be one or more of 2 tert butyl 4 methoxyphenol, 2 tert butyl 4- ethoxyphenol, 3,3',5,5', tetra tert butyl diphenylmethane, etc. In plastics, other additives include phenylalpha-naphthylamine, phenyl-beta-naphthylamine, phenothiazine, diphenyl-p-phenylenedia:rnine, 2,2-methylenebis-(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol), 2,2 methylene-bis- (4-ethyl-6-tert-butylphenol), 4,4 thio-bis-(6-tert-butylo-cresol), 2,6-bis-(2-hydroxy 3'- tert butyl 5'-methylbenzyl)-4methylphenol, p-octylphenyl salicylate, nickelbis-dithiocarbamate. Still other additives include various Irganoxes, such as 569, 1093, 1076, 858, etc., various Ionoxes such as 1,3,5-trimethyl 2,4,6 tris-(3,5-di-tertbutyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-ben2ene, etc., various Plastanoxes such as 2,6-bis-(2-hydroxy 3' tert-butyl 5' methylbenzyl) -4-methylphenol, various phosgenealkylphenol reaction products, various alkoxyalkyldihydroxybenzophenones, polyalkyldihydroxybenzophenones, tetrahydroxybenzophenones, 2,4,5 trihydroxybutyrophenone, 2,4 dibenzoylresorcinol and especially such hydroxybenzophenones as 2,2 dihydroxy 4 octoxybenzophenone, 2,2 dihydroxy 4 decoxybenzophenone, 2,2- dihydroxy 4 dodecoxybenzophenone, 2,2 dihydroxy- 4 octadecoxybenzophenone, 2 hydroxy 4 octoxybenzophenone, 2 hydroxy 4' decoxybenzophenone, 2 hydroxy 4 dodecoxybenzophenone, 5 chloro 2- hydroxybenzophenone, 2 hydroxy 4 methoxy 2- carboxybenzophenone, 2 hydroxy 4 methoxy 5- sulfobenzophenone, etc., and in general any alkyl, alkoxy or cycloalkoxy substituted 2 hydroxybenzophenone.

The synergistic mixture will comprise from about 10% to about by Weight of the borate of the alkanolamine or of the polyalkylpolyhydroxyalkyl alkylenepolyamine and from about 10% to about 90% by Weight of the N- hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole. In a particularly preferred embodiment the borate will comprise from about 50% to about 90% by weight and the N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole will comprise from about 10% to about 50% by Weight of the mixture. When employed, the additional antioxidant or antioxidants will be used in a total concentration of from about 1% to about 50% by weight of the synergistic mixture of borate and N-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole.

The synergistic mixture will be used in a stabilizing concentration and in general will be within the range of from about 0.001% to about 10% and more particularly from about 0.01% to about 2% by Weight of the substrate.

In accordance with the present invention, the synergistic mixture is used as an additive to retard both ultraviolet light and oxidative deterioration. In one embodiment, this mixture is used in solid polymers including plastics and resins. Illustrative plastics include polyolefins and particularly polyethylene, polypropylene, polybutylene, mixed ethylene propylene, mixed ethylene butylene polymers, mixed propylene butylene polymers, mixed styrene ethylene polymers, mixed styrene propylene polymers, etc. The solid olefin polymers are used in many applications including insulation, light weight outdoor furniture, awnings, cover for greenhouses, etc.

In another embodiment, the polymers include those prepared from diolefinic monomers as, for example, polybutadiene, or those in which the diolefin or diolefins are reacted with monoolefin or monoolefins, including ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene polymers).

Another plastic being used commercially on a large scale is polystyrene. The polystyrenes are particularly useful in the manufacture of molded or machined articles which find application in such goods as windows, optical goods, automobile panels, molded household articles, etc.

Another class of plastics available commercially is broadly classed as vinyl resins and is derived from monomers such as vinyl acetate, vinylbutyrate, etc. Other vinyl type resins include polyvinyl alcohol and copolymers, copolymers of vinyl chloride with acrylonitrile, methacrylonitrile, alkyl acrylates, alkyl methacrylates, alkyl 'rnaleates, alkyl fumarates, polyvinyl butyral, etc., or mixtures thereof.

Other plastics being used commercially on a large scale are in the textile class and include nylon (polyamide), Perlon L or 6-nylon (polyamide), Dacron( terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol), Orlon (polyacrylonitrile), Dynel (copolymer of acrylonitrile and vinyl chlo ride), Acrilan (polyacrylonitrile modified with vinyl acetate), rayon, etc.

Still other plastics are preferred from other monomers and are available commercially. Illustrative examples of such other solid polymers include polycarbonates, phenolformaldehyde resins, urea-formaldehyde resins, melamine-formaldehyde resins, acryloid plastics which are derived from methyl, ethyl and higher alkyl acrylates and methacrylates as monomers used in the polymerization. Other polymers include polyacetals, especially polyformaldehydes such as Delrin and Celcon. Still other substrates include vinyl, acrylic, nitrocellulose based coatings; especially cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, ethyl cellulose, etc. Still other substrates are polyesters, including linear or cross-linked, reinforced polyesters, laminate polyesters, etc., polyurethane resins, epoxy resins, various latices, lacquers, alkyds, varnishes, polishes, stains, pigments, dyes, textile finishing formulations, etc.

It is understood that the plastic or resin may be fabricated into any desired finished product including moldings, castings, fibers, films, sheets, rods, tubing, foams or other shapes.

Another organic substrate which undergoes deterioration due to oxidation and/or weathering is rubber. Rubber is composed of polymers of conjugated 1,3-dienes, either as polymers thereof or as copolymers thereof with other polymerizable compounds, and may be synthetically prepared or of natural origin. Synthetic rubbers include SBR rubber (copolymer of butadiene and styrene), EPR rubber (terpolymer of ethylene, propylene and a diene), buna A (copolymer of butadiene and acrylonitrile), butyl rubber (copolymer of butadiene and isobutylene, Thiokol rubber (polysulfide), silicone rubber, etc. Natural rubbers include hevea rubber, cautchouc, balata, gutta percha, etc.

Still other organic substrates which undergo deterioration due to oxidation and/or weathering include paints, varnishes, drying oils, pigments, rust preventative coatings, other protective coatings, etc.

The components of the antioxidant mixture of the present invention may be added separately to the organic substrate to be stabilized, preferably with intimate mixing in order to obtain uniform distribution throughout the substrate. Preferably, the synergistic mixture is first formed by commingling the components, with or without other additives, and then adding the mixture of the substrate to be stabilized. When desired, the mixture or the individual components may be utilized as such or prepared as a solution in a suitable solvent.

The following examples are introduced to illustrate further the novelty and utility of the present invention but not with the intention of unduly limiting the same.

EXAMPLE I 7 170 C. at 0.4 mm. Hg. The product was recovered as a liquid, having a basic nitrogen content of 4.29 meq./g., an acid value of 0.008 meq./g. and a boron content of 1.42% by weight. This corresponds to the theoretical boron content of 1.58% by weight for the compound tris- (N,N-dicyclohexyl-aminoethoxy) borate having the for- A synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling pounds of the borate prepared in the above manner with 100 pounds of 2-(2'-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)-benzotriazole, the latter being commercially available as Tinuvin Pl! EXAMPLE II Another synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling 20 pounds of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol with the mlxture prepared in accordance with Example I.

EXAMPLE III Another synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling 100 pounds of the borate of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine prepared as described in Example I, 100 pounds of Tinuvin P, 80 pounds of 1,1,3-tris-(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-S-tert-butylphenyl)-butane, available commercially as Topanol CA, and 160 pounds of dilauryl-thiodipropionate.

EXAMPLE IV Another synergistic mixture is prepared in the same manner as described in Example I except that the N- hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole used in this example is available commercially as Tin-uvin 327 and is 2-(2-hydroxy, chloro, methylphenyl)-tert-butyl-benzotriazole.

EXAMPLE V Another synergistic mixture is prepared in the same manner as described in Example II except that the N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole is available commercially as Tinuvin 327.

EXAMPLE VI Another synergistic mixture is prepared in the same manner as described in Example III except that the N- hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole is available commercially as Tinuvin 327.

EXAMPLE VII The borate of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine also was prepared by the reaction of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine and nonyl boronic acid. Specifically, 22.5 g. 0.1 mole) of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine and 8.59 g. (0.05 mole) of nonyl boronic acid were heated and refluxed in the presence of 50 g. of benzene. A total of 1.4 cc. of water was collected. The product was vacuum distilled at a temperature of C. and 18 mm. Hg. The

product is believed to be the N,N-dicyclohexylaminoethyl diester of nonyl boronic acid and may be named as a boronate. 1.71% by weight of boron was found on analysis.

A synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling 50 pounds of the boronate prepared in the above manner with 40 pounds of 2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-benzotriazole.

EXAMPLE VIII The borinate of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine is prepared by reacting 1 mole proportion of N,N-dicyclohexylethanolamine with 1 mole proportion of dinonyl borinic acid by heating and refluxing the reactants in benzene solvent at a temperature of about 85 C. until the theoretical amount of water is collected, after which the benzene solvent is removed by vacuum distillation.

A synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling 50 pounds of the borinate prepared in the above manner with 50 pounds of Tinuvin P, pounds of Topanol CA and 7.5 pounds of dimyristyl-thiodipropionate.

EXAMPLE IX The borate of N,N,-di-sec-octyl-ethanolamine was prepared by heating and refluxing 33.7 g. (0.118 mole) of N,N-di-(l-methylheptyl)-ethanolamine and 2.43 g. (0.039 mole) of boric acid in 100 g. of benzene at a temperature of about 85 C. Following completion of the reaction and removal of the benzene by vacuum distillation at 145 C. and 18 mm. Hg, the product was recovered as a liquid having a boron content of 1.30% by weight. This corresponds to a theoretical boron content of 1.25% by weight for the triester of the reaction of 3 mole proportions of the N,N-di-sec-octyl-ethanolamine with 1 mole proportion of boric acid, and may be illustrated by the formula:

A synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling 100 pounds of the borate prepared in the above manner with 100 pounds of Tinuvin 327.

EXAMPLE X Another synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling 80 pounds of Topanol CA and 160 pounds of dilaurylthiodipropionate with the mixture prepared as described in Example IX.

EXAMPLE XI The borate of this example is prepared by the reaction of equal mole proportions of N ,N -di-seo-octyl-N ,N N -tri-(2-hydroxyethyl) -diethylenetriamine and boric acid. The N ,N -di-sec-o.ctyl N ,N ,N tri-(Z-hydroxyethyl-diethylenetriamine is prepared by reacting 1 mole proportion of N ,N -bis-(1-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-diethylenetriamine with 3 mole proportions of ethylene oxide in a turbomixer at a temperature of about 100 C. for about 4 hours. N ,N -di-sec-octyl-N ,N ,N -tri-(2 hydroxyethyl)-diethylenetriamine is recovered as a light colored 1iquid having a boiling point of 233235 C. at 0.5 mm. Hg, a basic nitrogen content of 6.58 meq/ g. and a hydroxyl content by acetylation method of 5.75 meq/ g.

The reaction of the N ,N -di-sec-octyl-N ,N ,N -tri-(2- hydroxyethyl)-diethylenetriamine and boric acid is effected by heating and refluxing the rnixure in the presence of benzene solvent until the theoretical amount of water is collected. Following completion of the reaction, the reaction product is distilled under vacuum to remove benzene solvent and to recover the borylated product as a liquid.

A synergistic antioxidant mixture is prepared by commingling 50 pounds of the borate prepared in the above manner with 50 pounds of Tinuvin P.

EXAMPLE XII Another synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling pounds of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol with the mixture prepared in accordance with Example XI.

14 EXAMPLE x111 The borate of this example is prepared by the reaction of equal mole proportions of N,N'dicyclohexyl-N,N-di- (Z-hydroxyethyl)-ethylenediamine and boric acid. The reaction is effected under refluxing conditions at a temperature of about 130 C. in the presence of xylene solvent.

A synergistic mixture is prepared by commingling pounds of the borate prepared as described above with 100 pounds of Tinuvin 327.

EXAMPLE XIV This example demonstrates the synergistic effect obtained by the mixture of the present invention. Different additives were incorporated in a commercial solid polypropylene which was obtained free of inhibitor. The samples were prepared as dumbbell specimens and subjected to exposure outdoors. About 14 different dumbbell specimens of each sample were prepared and these were displayed on a rack at a 45 angle facing South at Des Plaines, Ill. Periodically a dumbbell specimen of each sample is removed from the rack and evaluated for percent elongation.

All but one set of samples in the following evaluations Where placed outdoors in the middle of June. The other set of samples were placed outdoors at the end of March of the same year. This is important because during the summer months, the rays of the sun are most severe and accordingly most damaging. Lesser deterioration occurs during the late fall, winter and early spring months.

The control sample, without additive, had an initial elongation of 536%. After 26 days outdoors, the elongation dropped to 7%. This demonstrates that the control sample had deteriorated rapidly.

Another set of sample was prepared to contain 1% by weight of the borate of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine, prepared as described in Example I, and 0.15 by weight of 2,6-di-tert-butyl 4 methylphenol. These specimens were placed outdoors on June 4th, and after 42 days, the elongation was 393%. This shows considerable improvement as compared to the control sample.

Another set of samples was prepared to contain 1% by weight of Tinuvin 326 which is 2-(2'-hydroxy, chloro, tert-butylphenyl)-tert-butyl-benzotriazole, and 0.15% by weight of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-rnethylphenol. After 42 days of exposure outdoors, the elongation was 111% and after 348 days the elongation was down to 14%. While these results are better than the control sample, the improvement is not sufiicient to warrant its use commercial- Still another set of samples was prepared to contain 1% by weight of the borate of N,N-di-cyclohexyl-ethanolamine, prepared as described in Example I, 0.5% by weight of Tinuvin 326 and 0.15 by weight of 2,6-ditert-butyl-4-methylphenol. As stated above, the previously described samples were placed outdoors in the middle of June. However, this set of samples was placed outdoors near the end of March of the same year. After 126 days, the elongation was 311%. After 433 days, the elongation was 187%. The last of the 14 dumbbell specimens was allowed to remain outdoors for 1345 days (about 3 /3 years) and the sample still is not brittle. This is the last specimen of this sample and, therefore, it was decided not to subject it to breaking in order to determine the specific percent elongation but to check its brittleness by hand stretching. However, this demonstrates a most startling stabilization of the polypropylene.

EXAMPLE XV As hereinbefore set forth, the synergistic mixture of the present invention may be used in admixture with still additional antioxidant. In these evaluations dumbbell spec imens of the different samples were subjected to exposure in the Fadeometer and the yield values were determined periodically.

A control sample (without additive) of the polypropylene decreased in yield value from an initial of about 4700 p.s.i. to 550 p.s.i. after only 120 hours of exposure in the Fadeometer.

Another sample of the polypropylene containing 0.25% by weight of Tinuvin 327 had a yield value of only 876 p.s.i. after 480 hours in the Fadeometer.

In contrast, another sample of the polypropylene containing 0.125% by weight of a borate of N,N-dicyclohexylethanolamine, prepared as described in Example I, 0.125% by weight of Tinuvin 327, 0.1% by weight of Topanol CA and 0.2% by weight of dilauryl-thiodipropionate. The sample of polypropylene containing this mixture had a yield value of 1320 p.s.i. after 1440 hours of exposure in the Fadeometer.

Apparently there is a further synergistic effect in the above mixture because another sample of the polypropylene containing 0.1% by weight of Topanol CA and 0.2% by weight of dilauryl-thiodipropionate had a yield value of 980 p.s.i. after only 360 hours of exposure in the Fadeometer.

EXAMPLE XVI This example demonstrates the antioxidant properties of the synergistic mixture of the present invention. The antioxidant properties were determined by incorporating the additive into samples of the polypropylene by milling. The samples of the polypropylene were evaluated in a method similar to that described by Hawkins, Hansen, Mtreyek and Winslow in Rubber Chemistry and Technology, October-November, 1959, pages 1164-1170, except that an electrically heated aluminum block rather than an oven was used to maintain the desired temperature. The oxygen absorption of the sample was determined manometrically rather than volumetrically. In this method samples of the polypropylene, weighing about 0.5 ,gram each, are placed in separate 8 mm. glass tubes and the tubes then are inserted into horizontal rows of openings located concentrically around the heater. The temperature is maintained at about 140 C. The glass tubing also is packed with glass wool and molecular sieves to absorb the gases. Each of the glass tubes is connected to an individual manometer containing mercury, and the diflerential pressure is periodically determined. The Induction Period is taken as the number of hours required to reach a pressure differential of cm. Hg.

When evaluated in the above manner, the control sample (not containing the additive) of the polypropylene had an Induction Period of less than 2 hours.

Another sample of the polypropylene containing 0.25% by weight of the borate of N,N-dicyclohexylethanolamine, prepared as described in Example I had an Induction Period of about 34 hours.

Another sample of the polypropylene containing 0.25% by weight of Tinuvin 327 had an Induction Period of about 1 hour.

In contrast to the above, another sample of the polypropylene containing 0.125 by weight of the borate of N,N-dicyclohexyl-ethanolamine, prepared as described in Example I, 0.125% by weight of Tinuvin 327, 0.1% by weight of Topanol CA and 0.2% by weight of dilauryl-thiodipropionate had an Induction Period of greater than 2586 hours. This extremely high Induction Period demonstrates the high synergistic properties of the mixture of the present invention.

EXAMPLE XVII The synergistic mixture prepared as described in Example III is incorporated in a concentration of 0.75% by weight of total additive in solid polyethylene of the high density type. An inhibitor product of this polyethylene is marketed commercially under the trade name of Fortiflex. The synergistic mixture is incorporated in the polyethylene during milling thereof and serves to decrease deterioration of the polyethylene due to weatherin".

5 EXAMPLE XVIII The synergistic mixture prepared as described in Ex ample II is used in a concentration of 1% by weight in polystyrene. The synergistic mixture is incorporated in the polystyrene during milling thereof and this serves to inhibit deterioration of the polystyrene due to ultraviolet light absorption and oxidative reactions.

EXAMPLE XIX The synergistic mixture prepared a? described in Example VI is used in a concentration of 1% by weight in ABS resin. Oven aging at 140 C. does not cause discoloration due to oxidation.

I claim as my invention:

1. Solid polymer normally subject to deterioration due to one or both of ultraviolet light or oxidative deterioration selected from the group consisting of polyolefin, polystyrene and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene polymer and containing, as an inhibitor against said deterioration, a stabilizing concentration of a synergistic mixture of about 10% to about by weight of a boron ester of N,N-dihydrocarbyl-alkanolamine or boron ester of polyalkylor polycycloalkyl-polyhydroxyalkyl-alkylenepolyamine and about 10% to about 90% by weight of an N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole.

2. The polymer of claim 1 wherein the borate is a borate of a compound of the following formula:

where R is hydrocarbyl, R is alkylene, R" is alkylene, X is hydrocarbyl when m and n are zero or hydroxyalkyl when m is one or more and/or n is one, Y is hydrocarbyl when m is one and n is zero or hydroxyalkyl when m is more than one and n is one, Z is hydrocarbyl, m is an integer of zero to 4 and n is zero or one.

3. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said alkanolamine is N,N-dicycloalkyl-alkanolamine.

4. The polymer of claim 3 wherein said alkanolamine is N,N-dicyclohexyl-alkanolamine.

5. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said alkanolamine is N,N-di-sec-alkyl-alkanolamine containing from 3 to 50 carbon atoms in each alkyl and 2 to 8 carbon atoms in the alkanol moiety.

6. The polymer of claim 5 wherein said alkanolamine is N,N-di-sec-octyl-ethanolamine.

7. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said polyalkylpolyhydroxyalkyl-alkylenepolyamine is N,N' dialkyl-N, N'-dihydroxyalkyl-alkylenediamine.

8. The polymer of claim 7 wherein said polyalkylpolyhydroxyalkyl-alkylenepolyamine is N,N'-di-sec-octyl- N,N-di- 2-hydroxyethyl -ethylenediamine.

9. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole is 2-(2'-hydroxy-5'-methylphenyl)- benzotriazole.

10. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole is 2 (2-hydroxy-4'-mcthoxyphenyl)-benzotriazole.

11. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole is 2-(2- hydroxy, chloro, methylphenyl)tert-butyl-benzotriazole.

12. The polymer of claim 1 wherein said N-hydroxyphenyl-benzotriazole is 2-(2'-hydroxy, chloro, tert-butyl phenyl) tert-butyl-benzotriazole.

13. The polymer of claim 1 also containing an additional phenolic antioxidant selected from the group consisting of trialkylphenol and poly-(hydroxyphenyD- alkane.

14. The polymer of claim 1 being polyolefin.

15. The polymer of claim 14 being polypropylene.

16. The polymer of claim 14 being polyethylene.

17. The polymer of claim 1 being polystyrene. 18. The polymer of claim 1 being ABS.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Gordon -2 260-45.8

Cyba 260-45.9 Cyba 252-4976 Cyba 106-486 Law 252-46.3 Cyba 260-459 Newland et a1. 260-23 18 OTHER REFERENCES 5 sistance and Thermal Degradation of Polymers, 1961,

pp. 213-215 and 387.

DONALD E. CZAI A, Primary Examiner 0 R. A. WHITE, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4089839 *Jun 7, 1976May 16, 1978Uniroyal, Inc.5-Chloro-2-(2'-hydroxy-5'-tert-octylphenyl)benzotriazole and polypropylene stabilized therewith
US4229598 *Dec 14, 1978Oct 21, 1980Conoco, Inc.Chemicals for treatment of PVC
US7186987 *May 22, 2001Mar 6, 2007Sandia National LaboratoriesOrganic materials and devices for detecting ionizing radiation
Classifications
U.S. Classification523/445, 524/91, 524/185, 523/508
International ClassificationC10M141/12, C07F5/04, C10M139/00, C09K15/32, C08K5/132, C08K5/3475, C08K5/17, C09K15/20, C08K5/55
Cooperative ClassificationC08K5/55, C10N2210/00, C10N2240/204, C10N2240/121, C10M2207/125, C10N2260/04, C10M2227/00, C09K15/328, C10N2240/409, C10N2240/02, C10M2219/085, C10M2207/283, C10M2207/046, C10N2240/408, C10M2207/027, C10M2227/063, C10M2205/16, C10M2215/226, C10N2240/402, C10N2210/03, C10M2227/061, C10M2227/066, C10M2201/14, C10M2215/102, C10M2207/302, C10N2210/02, C10M2207/34, C10M2217/044, C10M2227/062, C10N2240/407, C10M2217/045, C10M2215/22, C10M2227/065, C10N2240/205, C10M2207/023, C10M2207/024, C10M2201/041, C10N2240/20, C10M2227/06, C10M2215/221, C09K15/20, C10N2240/401, C10N2230/12, C10M2229/041, C10M2207/286, C10M2209/084, C10M2215/225, C10N2240/202, C10M139/00, C10M2215/122, C10N2240/12, C10M2223/047, C10M2229/044, C10N2240/405, C10M1/08, C10M2215/30, C10N2240/203, C10N2210/01, C10M141/12, C10N2240/404, C10M2209/105, C10M2223/04, C10M2201/102, C10M2227/02, C10N2230/08, C10M2201/105, C10M2207/08, C07F5/04, C10M2207/16, C10M2223/042, C10M2207/282, C10M2223/041, C10M2203/06, C10N2240/201, C10M2207/281, C10M2229/04, C10M2207/304, C08K5/132, C10M2215/223, C10N2240/406, C10M2229/043, C10N2240/403, C08K5/17, C10M2207/026, C10M2201/02, C10M2207/129, C10M2209/103, C10N2240/14, C10M2211/02, C08K5/3475
European ClassificationC10M139/00, C10M141/12, C09K15/20, C08K5/17, C09K15/32F, C08K5/3475, C08K5/132, C08K5/55, C07F5/04, C10M1/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 27, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: UOP, A GENERAL PARTNERSHIP OF NY, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:UOP INC.;REEL/FRAME:005077/0005
Effective date: 19880822
Sep 21, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: UOP, DES PLAINES, IL, A NY GENERAL PARTNERSHIP
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KATALISTIKS INTERNATIONAL, INC., A CORP. OF MD;REEL/FRAME:005006/0782
Effective date: 19880916