US 360049 A
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(No Model.) I W. O. RAYMOND 82; W. H. DERRICK.
No. 360,049. Patented Mar. 29, 1887.
UNITED STATES 'ATENT OFFICE.
\VILLIAM O. RAYMOND AND \VILLIAM H. DERRICK, OF ROCHESTER, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 360,049, dated March 29, 1887.
Application filed November 4, 1866. Serial No. 317,970. (No model.)-
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, WILLIAM O. RAYMOND and WILLIAM H. Dnnnrcn, citizens of the United States, residing in the city of Rochester, county of Monroe, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Suspender Attachments, of which the following is a specification.
The drawing represents a practical application of the improvement hereinafterdescribed.
WVith nearly all suspenders heretofore used the trousers have been supported by the forward end of each shoulder-band through the intervention of two short buckle-straps at tached to the shoulder-band by a buckle and provided at their lower ends with buttonholes, one of which buckle-straps is fastened to a button on the waistband of the trousers at the side, the other to a button 011 the waistband about midway between the side button and the joining of the trousers in front. More recently these two short buckle-straps have been replaced by a single cord of suitable length with looped ends, one end of which is attached to each of said buttons, and the middle of the cord passing over a pulley attached to the said buckle, thus allowing more free side motion of the body and preserving an equal strain upon each of the said buttons. Both of these forms are, when in use, subject to the following objections: First, the trousers being unsupported at the middle in front, where the two parts are buttoned together, the buttoned edges hang loosely and in folds or wrinkles, and the fly which is intended to cover the joining and buttons fails to do so, and in case of the loss of a button the two sides gape open; second, the trousers being supported in part from the buttons between the joining and the side, and where the cloth of the trousers is not re-enforced or strengthened in any way, the result is that the trousers are always more or less drawn out of shape by their own weight; third, the location of each shoulder-band being directly over a point midway between the two buttons to which it is connected, the two shoulder-bands are held so far apart as to have a tendency to slip off from shoulders which are at all sloping or rounding fourth, the parts of the waistband of the trousers on either side of'the joining in front, being drawn upward and sidewise outward, are thus strained across the abdomen and produce an uncomfortable pressure, which is to many persons painful,
particularly to those of full build and to those in whom disease has caused an unnatural scnsit-iveness of the abdomen.
The object of our invention is to support the trousers in such manner as to avoid all these objections and to keep the joined edges of the trousers drawn smoothly and closely together and closely and neat-1y covered by the fly. lVe attain this object by suspending the trousers from the front ends of the shoulderbands by three buttons on the waistbandone at the joining of the trousers in front, or very near thereto, and one at the top of each side seam-and connecting these buttons with the forward ends of the two shoulder-bands by a single cord with looped ends, one end of which is attached to one of the side-seam buttons, and which cord then passes over a buckle-pulley on the end of the shoulder-band on that side,
then under a loop-pulley attached to the middle button on the front of the trousers, and then over a buckle-pulley on the end of the other shoulder-band, the last end of the cord being attached to the other side-scam button, thus allowing free side motion of the wearer and keeping the strain upon the buttons nearly equal in the different positions of the body. Of course this connection between the front ends of the shoulder-bands and the three buttons on the waistband placed as above may be made by buckle-straps similar to those used with the old form of suspenders, but necessarily longer, or by two pulley-cords (one for each shoulder-band) similar to those recently used, but longer, in either case the button on the waistband in the middle in front serving the purpose of the two buttons formerly placed between the middle and side; or two buttons may be used, placed near the middle in front and near each other; but neither of these permits so free a lateral motion of the body or distributes the strain upon the buttons so equally as the single cord connection described; also, loops may be attached to the middle button and to the two buckles for the cord to run through instead of the pulleys; but the pulleys are preferred. In either form the back of the trousers is attached to the rear ends of the shoulder-bands in the usual manner.
In the accompanying drawing, E E represent the forward ends of the two shoulderbands of the suspenders, and p p buckle-pulleys thereto attached. Y
W W represent the front half of the waistband of the trousers, S S the side seams, and J thejoining of the trousers in front.
B is the button at or near thejoining in front,
and b b the buttons at the upper ends of the side seams.
P is a looppulley attached to the middle button, B. Y
O is a cord or other flexible connection proaided with looped ends, one end attached to the button I), passing thence over the buckle pulley 11, under the looppulley P, and over the buckle-pulley p, the last end being attached to the button I).
With this device the trousers are supported from their strongest three points where the cloth is strengthened and re enforced, and hence they are not drawn out of shape by their own weight, thejoining of the trousers in front is drawn straight and smooth and kept neatly covered by the fly, the waistband is not drawn across the abdomen, and the shoulder-bands are held nearer each other, so that any slipping from the shoulder is prevented.
Having fully described our invention, what we desire to claim and secure by Letters Patent is 1. The suspender attachment herein described, fitted to be attached to the front end of each shoulder-band, and to the trousers at or near each side and at or near the fly or joining thereof in the middle in front at a single point only, substantially as described.
2. In combination with trousers and shoulder-bands for supporting them, the suspender attachment herein described, fitted to be attached to the front end of each shoulder-band, and to the trousers at or near each side and at or near the fly or joining thereof in the middle in front at a single point only, substantially as described.
3. In a pair of suspenders, the'combination, with the shoulder-bands E E, having their rear ends provided with button-holes or other devices for attaching to the trousers behind, and their forward ends provided with the buckle-pulleys or buckle-loops pp, of the connectihg-cord O, or its equivalent, provided with looped ends I Z, by which it is attached .to the side buttons, 1) b, and the loop-pulley or button-loop I, attached to the trousers at or near the joining of the two parts thereof in front, substantially as and for the purposes shown and described.
4. The combination, with trousers and shoulder-bands for supporting them, of the cord 0, or its equivalent, attached to the trousers at or near each side and at or near themiddle infront at a single point only, and attached to the front ends of the shoulder-bands, substantially as described.
WVILLIAM O. RAYMOND. \VILLIAM H. DERRICK. Vitnesses:
G. D. KIEHEL, HENRY W. CONKLIN.