|Publication number||US3601384 A|
|Publication date||Aug 24, 1971|
|Filing date||May 9, 1969|
|Priority date||May 9, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3601384 A, US 3601384A, US-A-3601384, US3601384 A, US3601384A|
|Inventors||Durdin Lewis H|
|Original Assignee||Durdin Lewis H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (6), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
ilnited States Patent inventor Lewis M. Durdin  3,335,789 8/1967 Raskin 165/169 X P. 0. Box 1148, Birmingham, Ala. 35201 3,3 39,904 9/1967 Richards. 266/32  Appl. No. 823,403 3,351,335 11/1967 Slagley 266/41  Filed May 9,1969 2,997,511 8/1961 Turner 165/169 X  Patented Aug. 24, 1971 FOREGN PATENTS 450,922 8/1948 Canada 165/169  TUYERES 1,165,239 5/1958 France [65/169 10 Claim 1 D a g gs Primary Examiner-James M. Meister 52 us. Cl 266/41, army-Emmet", Palmatier and Hamby 165/ 169  1nt.Cl C2lb7/l6 Field of Search 29/504 ABSTRACT: Each of the disclosed tuyercs or other tubular 474-3; 266/41; 1 0/1825? 122/65 165,169 members comprises inner and outer tubular elements,
preferably in the form of copper castings, having mating cylin-  References cued drical surfaces. A series of channels are formed in one of said UNITED STATES PATENTS tubular elements along one of said surfaces to provide fluid 1,962,845 6/1934 Sideris 165/169 X coolant passages between the tubular elements. The channels 3,065,539 1 l/ 1962 Hannegan 29/504 X are preferably cast into the corresponding element. Connec- 3,280,903 10/1966 Stoddard, Jr. 165/169 X tions are provided for fluid coolant conduits Welded or sol- 3,l43,865 8/ l 964 Ross 165/169 X dered joints are provided between the elements.
q fl/ TUYERES Y This invention relates to tuyeres or othersimilar hollow tubular members.
Tuyeres are used in blast furnaces and the like for introduc- One of the elements 22 and 24 is preferably provided with a flange, adapted to engage one end portion of the other element. As shown, the outer tubular element 24 has an inwardly v projecting flange 30 which is engageable with one end surface ing streams of air into the hot furnaces. Similar hollow tubular members are employed in other types of furnaces for introducing streams of air, oxygen, or other gases.
It will be evident that tuyeres and other similar devices are subjected to extreme heat. Consequently, tuyeres have been provided in the prior art with passages therein to carry cooling water, or some other fluid coolant. It has been the practice'to make such tuyeres of cast metal, and to core out the cooling In accordance with the present invention, thetuyere or.
other tubular member is made in two pieces, comprising inner and outer tubular elements, having mating annular surfaces, preferably cylindrical in shape. At least one of the tubular elements is formed with a series of channels which cooperate with the other element to form the fluid coolant passages. Means are provided in one of the tubular elements to connect the supply and return conduits for the fluid coolant. The tubular elements are preferably in the form of copper castings. Welded, brazed or silver soldered joints are preferably provided between the tubular elements. .The channels are preferably cast into the inner side of the outer element, or the outer side of the inner element, so that no coring is necessary in this regard. Accordingly the cooling passages can be very large and precisely formed so that the fluid cooling'of the tuyere can be accomplished much more efficiently than heretofore.
Further objects, advantages and features .of the present in- 32 of the inner tubular element 22. Preferably, the end surface 32 is internally beveled or frustoconical, as illustrated. The
flange 30 has an oppositely tapered frustoconical surface 34 adapted to mate with the surface 32. In the assembly of the tuyere 20, a welded, brazed or silver soldered joint is preferably formed between the surfaces 32 and 34. Other means may be employed to join the inner and outer elements I 22 and 24.
At the opposite end of the tuyere 20, a welded, brazed or silver soldered joint 36 is preferably formed between the extreme end portions of the mating cylindrical surfaces 26 and 28. Here again, other means may be employed to connect the inner and outer elements 22 and 24 together.
vention will appear from the following description, taken with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is an end elevation of a tuyere to be described as'the v first illustrative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal section, taken generally along the line 22 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is another longitudinal section, generally along the Both of the inner and outer elements 22 and 24 are preferably in the form ofcopper castings, but they may be made of other materials and by methods other than casting. The inner element 22 has an inner bore 38 adapted to carry the stream of air or other gases into the blast furnace. The illustratedbore 38 is slightly tapered in shape.
The outside of the outer element 24 is shaped to fit into the desired opening in the wall of the furnace. As shown, the outer element 24 has an enlarged tapering rear portion 40 and a reduced generally cylindrical nose'portion 42 which may also be slightly tapered.
To provide for cooling of the tuyere 20, passages are formed in the tuyere for the circulation of a fluid coolant. In accordance with the present invention, these passages are provided by forming channels in one or both of the mating cylindrical surfaces 26 and 28. In this way, the passages are easily formed in the casting of the tubular elements.
In the tuyere 20 of FIGS. 1-5 the outer tubular element 24 is formed with a series of interconnected channels 44. The inner tubular element 22 forms one wall for all of these channels 44 so that they constitute a continuous passage for the circulation of water or some other fluid coolant.
The tuyere 20 is provided with means for connecting the supply and return conduits for the fluid coolant. Such means may include openings in either or both of the inner and outer tubular elements 22 and 24. In this case, the outer element 24 is supplied with such openings 46 and 48, which may be appropriately threaded to receive connecting pipes or the like.
The inner and outer elements 22 and 24 are cast separately. It is easy to form the channels 44 on the inside of the outer ele- 5d ment 24, because the channels may simply be molded without any need for coring out. The inner and outer elements 22 and 24 are assembled, preferably by heating the outer element, in-
. serting the inner element, and cooling the outer element so FIGS. 9 and 10 are cross sections along the lines 99 and 10-.-10in FIG. 7.
FIG. 11 is a developed diagrammatic section showing the cooling passage layout for the second embodiment of FIGS.
It will be seen that FIGS. 1-5 illustrate a tuyere 20 of the that it shrinks into firm contact with the inner element. The inner and outer elements 22 and 24 are then suitably joined, preferably by brazing or silver soldering between the surfaces 30 and 34, and in the joint area 36. The cylindrical surfaces 26 and 28 make a sufficiently good seal to prevent any objectionable leakage of cooling water between the adjacent channel portions 44.
FIGS. 6-ll illustrate a modified tuyere which also comprises inner and outer tubular elements 62 and 64. Mating annular surfaces 66 and 68 are formed in the elements 62 and 64. In this case the surfaces 66 and 68 are tapered or and outer tubular elements 22 and 24.,This construction .dif-
' The outer tubular element 64 has an inwardly projecting flange 70'at one end, engageable with an internally beveled end surface 72 on the inner element 62. The flange 70 has an oppositely tapered end surface 74 which mates with the surface 72. A welded, brazed or silver soldered joint is preferably .formed between the surfaces 72 and 74.
The opposite end of the inner element 62 is preferably formed with an outwardly projecting flange or head 76 having a tapered surface 78 on which is engageably with an oppositely tapered surface 80 on the outer element 64. A welded,
3 brazed or silver soldered joint is preferably formed between the surfaces 78 and 80.
In the case of the second tuyere 60, the fluid coolant.
passages are provided by forming a series of interconnected channels 82 in the inner tubular element 62. These channels are formed into the tapered surface 66 which mates with the oppositely tapered surface 68 within the outer element 64. A channel 84 is also formed in the flange 70 of the outer tubular element 64. The channel 84 is opposite one of the channels 82 in the inner element 62.
As before, means are provided for connecting the supply and return conduits for the fluid coolant. As shown, suitable openings 86 and 88 are formed in the outer tubular element 64. These openings may be appropriately threaded to receive pipes or the like.
A slightly curved injection tube 90 is cast into the inner tu bular element 62 in this case. The injection tube 90 has a discharge end portion 92 which extends at an angle into the internal bore 94 within the inner element 62. The other end of the pipe 90 may have a threaded portion 96 for connection to a supply pipe.
Here again, the elements 62 and 64 are cast separately,
including an inner member having a generally cylindrical nozzle passage extending axially therethrough, said inner member having an outer generally cylindrical joint surface,
an outer member having an inner generally cylindrical joint said flange forming a circular nozzle opening therein aligned with said noule passage,
and a sealing joint material between said inner and outer members to prevent leakage of the coolant from said passageways.
2. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said rearwardly and forwardly facing end surfaces are frustoconically beveled.
3. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said channels are formed in said outer member.
4. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said channels are formed in said inner member.
5. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said cylindrical joint surfaces are appreciably tapered.
6. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said joint material is provided by weld material.
7. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said joint material is provided by solder material.
8. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said members are made of copper.
9. A tuyere according to claim 1,
in which said outer member has an annular rear end surface, said inner member having a rear portion comprising an outwardly projecting annular flange having an annular front surface mating with said annular rear end surface.
10. A tuyere for a furnace or the like,
including an inner member having a generally cylindrical noule passage extending axially therethrough,
said inner member having an outer generally cylindrical joint surface,
an outer member having an inner generally cylindrical joint surface received around and mating with said outer joint surface of said inner member,
said outer member having a system of coolant channels formed into the cylindrical joint surface thereof,
said channels forming coolant passageways between said members,
said outer member being formed with entrance and exit ports connecting with said passageways,
said outer member having a nose portion including an annular flange directed inwardly and formed with an annular frustoconical-rearwardly facing end surface,
said inner member having a forwardly facing annular frustoconical end surface mating with said rearwardly facing end surface, said flange forming a circular nozzle opening therein aligned with said nozzle passage,
and a sealing joint material between said inner and outer members to prevent leakage of the coolant from said passageways.
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|US2997511 *||Dec 2, 1959||Aug 22, 1961||Dixie Bronze Company||Water-cooled electrode head or the like|
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|WO2000046410A1 *||Jan 20, 2000||Aug 10, 2000||Altland Rainer||Blow form for shaft furnaces, especially blast furnaces or hot-blast cupola furnaces|
|U.S. Classification||122/6.6, 165/169|
|International Classification||C21B7/00, C21B7/16|