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Publication numberUS3601736 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1971
Filing dateJun 23, 1969
Priority dateJun 23, 1969
Also published asDE2030077A1, DE2030077B2
Publication numberUS 3601736 A, US 3601736A, US-A-3601736, US3601736 A, US3601736A
InventorsSepe Manlio O
Original AssigneeWagner Electric Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Time delay bimetallic relay
US 3601736 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' [72] Inventor [45] Patented 3,108,166 10/1963 Bakeretal United States Patent Mulio 0. Sq): Newark, NJ.

835,564 June 23, 1969 Aug. 24, 1971 Wagner Electric Corporation 21 Appl. No. 22 Filed [73] Assignee [54] TIME DELAY BIMETALLIC RELAY 3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S.Cl 337/101,

' 3.37/102, 337/111 [51] Int. Cl 11011137110, 1-l01h 37/52, HOlh 61/04 [50] FieldolSelrch 73/3635;

[56] I References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/ 1969 Vind Primary Examiner-Bemard A. Gilheany Assistant Examiner-Dewitt M. Morgan Attorney-Eyre, Mann & Lucas ABSTRACT: A relay employing two slotted bimetallic blades mounted substantially parallel and overlapping at their free (unmounted) ends with a heater element associated with one of the blades.

PATENTEBAus24|97| 3601.736

INVENT R MA/VL/O 6 B 23 5 ATTOR EYS TIME DELAY BIMETALLIC RELAY The present invention relates to a relay employing two slotted, overlapping bimetallic blades, preferably with a contact mounted on the overlapping end of each blade, the other ends of the blades being rigidly mounted to terminals extending through an insulating base. The slotted blades are blades, and therefore deflect more rapidly. The free ends of to cool more rapidly then the ordinary solid, rectangular blades, and therefore deflect move rapidly. The free ends of for the blades deflect in the same direction when the ambient temperature changes, thus compensating for any variations in ambient temperature. Also, since the blades are of substantially the same shape, load current passing through the blades when their free ends are in contact causes substantially the same increase in temperature of each blade, thereby causing substantially the same deflection of each blade.

A further advantage of employing bimetallic blades which are slotted along major portions of their length is that the blades may be made wider and thicker, i.e., the bladesmay be larger in the vertical dimensions of FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, respectively.- Previously, the blades were made either very thin or with greatly reduced width in order to keep the blade mass within acceptable limits. The reduction in width made machine-handling of the blades much more difficult. Reducing the thickness of the blade resulted in frequent cutting of the insulated heater wire, which is machine-wrapped around the active blade in the process of mass manufacture, because of the resulting thin blade edges. These serious disadvantages are overcome by the slotted bimetallic blades employed in the bimetallic relay embodying the present invention. Also, slotting enables the formation of longer bimetallic blades, i.e., blades greater in the horizontal dimension of FIGS. 1 and 2. This in turn facilitates the adjustment of the gap between the contacts, which adjustment is carried out by twisting either or both of the terminals on which the blades are mounted.

A better understanding of the present invention may be had by reference to the accompanying drawings, of which:

FIG. I is a side elevation of an embodiment of the present invention; 7

FIG. 2 is a top elevation of an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring now specifically to FIG. 1, the slotted bimetallic blades 2 and 4 are mechanically and electrically connected to terminals 6 and 8, respectively, which terminals extend through a base 10 formed of an insulating material, which is preferably substantially rectangular in shape. The heater element 12, which may consist of a resistive wire coated with an insulating material, is wrapped around active blade 2. In the embodiment shown, terminals 14 and 16 extending through the base 10 serve to connect heater element 12 to a source of current. However, in some applications it may be desirable to have heater element 12 connected' between the blade-supporting terminals 6 and 8, thereby obviating the need for terminals 14 and 16.

Referring now specifically to FIG. 2, the free end of active blade 2 and the free end of compensating blade 4 may be seen to overlap near the center area of the base 10. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, contacts 18 and are mounted in the respective areas of overlap of blades 2 and 4. These contacts are not required to form an operative device however. As is shown in this figure, the blades 2 and 4 are substantially parallel to one another.

The operation of the relay illustrated in the drawings is as follows:

When terminals 6 and 8 are connected in a load current path which is to be controlled, and terminals 14 and 16 are connected to a controlling source of current, the passage of heating current through heater element 12 will cause active blade 2 to deflect toward compensating blade 4. Thus, blademounted contacts 18 and 20, which are normally open in the embodiment shown, will be brought into engagement. With contacts 18 and 20 closed, the controlled load current path will be closed through terminal 6, blade 2, contacts 18 and 20, blade 4, and terminal 8. The heating effect of load current passing through blades 2 and 4 is neutralized by offsetting increments of deflection of both blades 2 and 4. Whatever increment of deflection of active blade 2 results from load-current heating, compensating blade 4 will move an equal increment, since both blades 2 and 4 are of the same materials and have substantially the same geometry, and therefore have substantially the same resistance. When the controlling heating current is reduced sufficiently, the active blade 2 will cool and cause contacts 18 and 20 to disengage. Thus, load current ceases to flow through both blades 2 and 4, which will then return to their normal or equilibrium positions. In the equilibrium position, the positions of the contacts 18 and 20 relative to one another will remain constantover a wide range of ambient temperatures, since any increment of deflection by one blade as a result of change in ambient temperature will be offset by a corresponding increment of deflection by the other blade.

The slots extending along the length of the bimetallic blades 2 and 4 enable faster reaction by the blades to changes in temperature, i.e., both heating and cooling, for the reason that the value of the ratio of blade surface area to blade mass is greatly increased over the value of that ratio for solid rectangular blades. Thus, the rate of heat transfer for the slotted blades is greater than for the solid blades.

Although the relay illustrated in the drawings and described above has normally open contacts, by proper choice and orientation of the bimetallic blades relative to one another, a device embodying the present invention may be constructed with normally closed contacts. In some applications, it might be desirable to have a second heater element associated with the compensating blades. This second heater element could be controlled from the same current source as the first heater elementor from a separate source.

The advantages of the present invention, as well as certain changes and modifications to the disclosed embodiment thereof, will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. It is the applicants intention to cover all those changes and modifications which could be made to the embodiment of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

I claim:

1. A bimetallic relay comprising:

a. a base formed of insulating material;

b. a plurality of terminals extending through said base;

c. first and second substantially parallel bimetallic blades slotted along major portions of their respective lengths and connected mechanically and electrically to first and second terminals, respectively, said blades having sub stantially the same electrical resistance and extending toward each other between said terminals and overlapping at their free ends;

d. first and second contacts mounted on the overlapping portions of said first and second bimetallic blades, respectively; and

e. a heater element wound around said first bimetallic blade and electrically connected between two of said plurality of terminals, whereby said free ends of said first and second bimetallic blades will move through equal offsetting increments of deflection when subjected to changes in ambient temperature over a wide range of ambient temperatures, and load-current heating of said first and second bimetallic blades will also cause said free ends of said blades to move through equal offsetting increments of deflection when said contacts are closed.

2. A bimetallic relay according to claim 1 wherein said heater element is connected between third and fourth terminals.

3. A bimetallic relay according to claim 1 wherein said heater element consists of a resistive wire coated with an insulating material.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION 3 ,601.,T56 Dated August 2 4 19 Z l inventor(s) Manlio 0. Sept? It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Patent No.

Col. 1, Lines 1? to 10 should read:

--ing through an insulating base. The slotted blades are able to cool more rapidly than the ordinary solid, rectangular blades and therefore deflect more rapidly, The free ends of the blades-- Signed and sealed this 1mm day of March 1972.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER, JR. ROBERT GOTTSC HALK Attestinp, Officer Comissioner of Patents DRM FWD-1050 (1 7 USCOMM-DC eons-P69 Q LLS GOVERNMENT PRINHNG OFFICE {959 0*356334

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3743977 *Apr 27, 1972Jul 3, 1973Bell Telephone Labor IncLatching switch
US3761855 *Apr 27, 1972Sep 25, 1973Bell Telephone Labor IncLatching switch
US3873955 *May 24, 1973Mar 25, 1975Bauer Frederick TElectrical switch for primary control system for furnaces
US4517542 *Oct 18, 1982May 14, 1985Edison International Inc.Voltage and temperature compensated time delay relay
US6456190 *Oct 29, 1998Sep 24, 2002Imego AbDevice for micromechanical switching of signals
US6636141 *Jul 10, 2001Oct 21, 2003Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US6825750Nov 27, 2002Nov 30, 2004Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch with interposable non-conductive element to break circuit path
US7265652Jul 28, 2004Sep 4, 2007Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US7324876Dec 14, 2004Jan 29, 2008Yingco Electronic Inc.System for remotely controlling energy distribution at local sites
US7688175Aug 31, 2007Mar 30, 2010I/O Controls CorporationControllable electronic switch
US7693610Sep 6, 2005Apr 6, 2010Yingco Electronic Inc.Remotely controllable wireless energy control unit
US7925388Feb 23, 2010Apr 12, 2011Yingco Electronics, Inc.Remotely controllable wireless energy control unit
US7961073Sep 29, 2009Jun 14, 2011Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US20040004533 *Nov 27, 2002Jan 8, 2004Jeffrey YingControllable electronic switch with interposable non-conductive element to break circuit path
US20050128043 *Jul 28, 2004Jun 16, 2005Jeffrey YingControllable electronic switch
US20050207081 *Dec 14, 2004Sep 22, 2005Jeffrey YingSystem for remotely controlling energy distribution at local sites
US20080186126 *Aug 31, 2007Aug 7, 2008Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable Electronic Switch
US20100013592 *Sep 29, 2009Jan 21, 2010Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US20100102918 *Jan 31, 2008Apr 29, 2010Siemens AktiengesellschaftElectromechanical swithcing device for protecting electrical wires and/or consumers and use of a thermal coupling in an electromechanical switching device
U.S. Classification337/101, 337/111, 337/102
International ClassificationH01H61/02, H01H61/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H61/02
European ClassificationH01H61/02
Legal Events
Nov 8, 1985ASAssignment
Effective date: 19851031
Dec 31, 1980ASAssignment
Effective date: 19801229