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Publication numberUS3602017 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 31, 1971
Filing dateFeb 13, 1970
Priority dateFeb 13, 1970
Publication numberUS 3602017 A, US 3602017A, US-A-3602017, US3602017 A, US3602017A
InventorsBauer Werner R
Original AssigneeRobertshaw Controls Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locking mechanism
US 3602017 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] inventor Werner R. Bauer Radnor, 1%. [21] Appl. No. 11,079 [22] Filed Feb. 13, 1970 [45] Patented Aug.31, 1971 [73] Assignee Robertshaw Controls Company Richmond, Va.

[54] LOCKING MECHANISM 12 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.

52 us. (:1. 70/78, 70/139, 70/144, 70/360, 292/13, 292/86, 292/254 [51] Int. Cl ..]E05b 59/00, E05b 65/44 [50] Field of Search 70/78, 79, 80, 81, 85, 86, 107, 360, 361; 292/86,254,D1G. 37

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 195,117 292/254X 9/1877 Frankel 2,086,034 7/1937 Jacobi 3,522,963 8/1970 Famden ABSTRACT: A locking mechanism including a mounting member carrying a slotted housing with a protruding edge around an end thereof, a lock cylinder slidably disposed in a bore in the mounting member and having a key plug rotatably housed therein, an L-shaped pawl coupled with the key plug and disposed in a cutaway portion of the housing to permit rotation thereof, a latching spring arm aligned with a slot in the housing and engaging the protruding edge to latch the locking mechanism, and a spring member abutting the housing to force the housing away from the latching arm. The locking mechanism is unlatched by axial movement of the lock cylinder which causes the pawl to disengage the latching arm from the protruding edge.

PATEWED M83] 1972 SHEET 2 BF 2 FIG. 4

' INVENTOR, Werner R. Bauer BY M7 ATTORNEY LOCKING MECHANISM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention pertains to a locking mechanism and more particularly to a locking mechanism that requires unlatching as well as unlocking prior to opening thereof.

2. Description of the Prior Art Locking mechanisms requiring both unlocking and unlatching to permit movement of a panel away from a stationary wall are well known; however, in the past such locking mechanisms have been relatively complex and expensive to produce. More specifically, conventional locking mechanisms of the type above described normally have a relatively large number of parts pivotal or otherwise movable in response to axial displacement of a lock cylinder. The large number of movable parts is disadvantageous in that production expenses are increased and the locking mechanisms are subject to breakage and malfunction.

Another disadvantage with conventional locking mechanisms is that after unlocking an inwardly directed force is applied tothe lock cylinder to unlatch the mechanism and thereafter the panel must be manually moved away from the wall. That is, a force which is normally opposite to the inwardly directed force is required to unlatch the locking mechanism, and this requirement is often quite burdensome and awkward.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is generally summarized in a locking mechanism for controlling the closure of a movable panel with a stationary wall including a mounting member secured to the panel and having a bore therethrough communicating with a housing, a key operable lock slidably disposed in the bore and coupled with a pawl rotatably disposed in the housing, and a latching arm secured to the stationary wall and having a portion engaging the housing to maintain the locking mechanism in a latched state, the pawl being movable when in an unlocked position to disengage the latching arm from the housing to place the locking mechanism in an unlatched state.

It is an object of the present invention to utilize a minimum number of moving parts in a locking mechanism requiring both unlocking and unlatching for opening thereof.

Another object of the present invention is to construct a locking mechanism that is maintained in a latched condition regardless of the position of a key operable lock.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a locking mechanism which automatically opens after being unlatched by an inwardly directed force on a key operable lock.

Some of the advantages of the locking mechanism of the present invention over the prior art are that the locking mechanism is inexpensively produced with a minimum number of moving parts and the locking mechanism opens automatically after unlatching.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of the preferred embodiment taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a plan view partially in section of a locking mechanism in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a section taken along line 22 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a plan view of the locking mechanism of FIG. l in an unlatched state.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A locking mechanism for controlling the closure of a movable panel 12 with a stationary wall 114 is illustrated in FIG. 1 through 4 and includes a mounting member 16 secured in a recess 18 in the inner surface of panel 12 by means of a mounting flange 20. Mounting member 16 has a bore 22 housing a lock cylinder 24 which is axially slidable therein and extends through a bore 26 in panel 12. Lock cylinder 24 has a collar collar 28 therearound abutting an annular shoulder 86 in bore 26 under the force from a helical bias spring 22 mounted in compression between collar 28 and an annular shoulder 34 in mounting member 16.

A key plug 36 extends through lock cylinder 24 to an enlarged face 38 which is positioned flush with a counterbored escutcheon 40 in the outer surface of panel 12. Key plug 36 has a slot therein adapted to receive a key corresponding to tumblers carried by lock cylinder 24 to permit key plug 36 to turn within the lock cylinder, as is conventional. An inner end 42 of key plug 36 is secured inside a cylindrical coupling member 44 by means of a roll pin 46. Coupling member 44 is journaled through mounting member 16 and is secured to an Lshaped pawl 48 by a bolt 50. Pawl 48 has a locking control leg 52 extending transversely from a latching control leg 54 which has a beveled edge 56. A keeper plate 58 is mounted on wall 14 adjacent pawl 48 such that leg 52 is engageable therewith.

Mounting member 16 carries a latch housing 66 which includes an arcuate sidewall 62 having a skirt 64 at an end portion thereof and terminating in an annular head 66. Wall 62 is cut away around its base at 68 to receive pawl 48, and a longitudinal slot 70 having a width slightly greater than the width of leg 54 of pawl 48 is provided in wall 62 facing keeper plate 58. A longitudinal slot 72 in wall 62 is spaced 90 from slot 70 and has a width slightly greater than the width of leg 52 of pawl 48. Pawl 48 has an unlocked position in which leg 52 is positioned under slot 72 and leg 54 is positioned under slot 70 and a locked position in which leg 54 abuts a stop edge 74 of wall 62 and leg 52 engages keeper plate 58.

A latching spring arm 76 is secured by means of a block 78 to wall 14 and has an angularly offset T-shaped end 88. Latching arm 76 is positioned such that the stem of end 80 is aligned in slot 78 and the transverse legs of end 80 engage the protruding edge formed by the underside of skirt 64. A bias spring member 82 is mounted on wall 14 with block '78 and is bifurcated to provide spring arms 84 and 86 each of which has an offset end engaging head 66 at the end of housing 60.

The locking mechanism 11] of the present invention is illustrated in its latched state in FIG. 1. The: position of pawl 48 is controlled by a key inserted in key plug 36 such that pawl 48 is movable through a 90 arc. Thus, if it is desired to place the locking mechanism 10 in a locked state, the key is inserted in key plug 36 and rotated clockwise, looking at FIG. 2, until leg 54 abuts stop 74. Leg 52 is thus positioned to engage keeper plate 58, as illustrated in phantom in FIGS. l and 2; and, locking mechanism 10 prevents movement of panel 12 away from wall 14 due to the locked position of pawl 48 and the engagement of latching arm 76 with the protruding edge of skirt 64.

To open the locking mechanism 10, the key is inserted in key plug 36 and rotated counterclockwise, looking at FIG. 2, to move pawl 48 to its unlocked position in which leg 52 is aligned with slot 72 and leg 54 is aligned with slot '76 and latching arm 76. The panel 12 cannot as yet be moved away from wall 14 due to latching arm 76 being in its latched position; however, once pawl 48 is in its unlocked position, an inwardly directed force on face 38 acts to move lock cylinder 24 axially within bore 22 against the force of bias spring 32 to permit opening of the locking mechanism as follows. Axial movement of lock cylinder 24 moves pawl 48 towards top 66 of housing 60, with such movement being freely permitted since legs 52 and 54 of pawl 48 are aligned with slots 72 and 76, respectively. The movement of leg 84 of pawl 48 causes beveled edge 56 of leg 54 to engage offset, T-shaped end 80 of latching arm 76 to move end 80 laterally away from the protruding edge of skirt 64 to its unlatched position, as illustrated in FIG. 4. Once latching arm 76 is moved to its unlatched position, the force from bias member 82 on the end of housing 60 will automatically force the housing away from wall 14 to open panel 12.

Axial movement of lock cylinder 24 and pawl 48 is prevented when the pawl is in any position other than its unlocked position due to the abutment of pawl 48 with wall 62 of housing 60. That is, unless pawl 48 is positioned such that legs 50 and 52 are aligned with slots 72 and 70, respectively, pawl 48 cannot be axially displaced.

Upon closure of panel 12, head 66 of housing 60 first engages bias member 8; and, upon applying pressure on panel 12, housing 60 is moved up against the force of member 8 until latching arm 76 is placed in its latched position engaging the protruding edge of skirt 64. The offset end 80 of latching arm 76 permits the latching arm to engage skirt 64 and be moved laterally outwardly until panel 12 is closed and end 80 has moved past the protruding edge of skirt 64 such that latching arm 76 snaps into slot 70 to assume its latched position.

It may be seen that the only moving parts in the locking mechanism of the present invention are the conventional key operable lock and the pawl; and, accordingly, the components of the locking mechanism may be inexpensively formed and assembled. The alignment of latching arm 76 with slot 70 of housing 60 and the angular orientation of beveled edge 56 of leg 54 of pawl 48, end 80 of latching arm 76, and skirt 64 permit smooth cooperation to facilitate secure latching and unlatching of the locking mechanism and to obviate the necessity of moving latching parts.

Inasmuch as the present invention is subject to many variations, modifications and changes in detail, it is intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. A locking mechanism for controlling the closure of a movable panel with a stationary wall comprising mounting means secured to the panel and having a bore therethrough, said mounting means including a housing in communication with said bore;

key operable lock means slidably disposed in said bore;

pawl means coupled with said lock means and rotatably disposed in said housing, said pawl means having a locked position and an unlocked position; and

latching means having a first portion secured to the stationary wall and a second portion engaging said housing in alignment with said pawl means to maintain said locking mechanism in a latched state;

said pawl means being movable in said unlocked position with sliding movement of said lock means to move said latching means out of engagement with said housing whereby said locking mechanism is placed in an unlatched state.

2. The invention as recited in claim 1 wherein said housing has slot means therein with a protruding edge adjacent said slot means, said latching means has an end aligned with said slot means and engaging said protruding edge, and said pawl means has a leg movable in said slot means to disengage said end of said latching means from said protruding edge of said housing.

3. The invention as recited in claim 2 wherein said end of said latching means is angularly offset and said leg of said pawl means has a' beveled edge to move said angularly offset end out of engagement with said protruding edge of said housing.

4. The invention as recited in claim 3 wherein bias means is secured to the stationary wall and has an end portion engaging said housing to force said mounting means away from said latching means whereby the panel is automatically moved away from the stationary wall when said locking mechanism is placed in the unlatched state.

5. The invention as recited in claim 1 wherein said pawl means includes a locking control leg and a latching control leg, and said housing has a first slot for receiving said locking control leg and a second slot for receiving said latching con trol leg. said first and second slots being positioned in said housing to permit movement of said pawl means only when said pawl means is in said locked position.

6. A locking mechanism comprisingmounting means having a bore therein;

key operable lock means slidably disposed in said bore and including pawl means having a locked position and an unlocked position;

latching means in engagement with said mounting means and aligned with said pawl means to prevent movement of said mounting means in a first direction;

said lock means being slidable within said bore to cause said pawl means to disengage said latching means from said mounting means when said pawl means is in said unlocked position; and

bias means engaging said mounting means and forcing said mounting means in said first direction whereby said bias means automatically opens said locking mechanism when said latching means is disengaged by said pawl means.

7. The invention as recited in claim 6 wherein said mounting means includes a housing having slot means therein for receiving said pawl means upon sliding movement of said lock means when said pawl means is in said unlocked position, said housing having a cutaway portion permitting rotating movement of said pawl means.

8. The invention as recited in claim 7 wherein said housing has a protruding edge adjacent said slot means, said latching means has an end aligned with said slot means and engaging said protruding edge, and said pawl means has a leg movable in said slot means to disengage said end of said latching means from said protruding edge of said housing.

9. The invention as recited in claim 6 wherein said pawl means includes a locking control leg and a latching control leg, and said mounting means includes a housing having a first slot for receiving said latching control leg, said first and second slots being positioned in said housing to permit movement of said pawl means only when said pawl means is in said locked position.

10. ln a locking mechanism for controlling the closure of a movable panel with a stationary wall,

a mounting member secured to the panel and having a bore therethrough communicating with a latch housing carried on an end of said mounting member;

key operable lock means slidably disposed in said bore;

pawl mean rotatably disposed in said latch housing and coupled to said lock means, said pawl means having a locking control leg and a latching control leg;

said latch housing having a first slot for receiving said locking control leg, a second slot for receiving said latching control leg, and a protruding edge adjacent said second slot;

said pawl means having a locked position in which said locking control leg engages the stationary wall and an unlocked position in which said locking control leg is aligned with said second slot; and

a latching spring arm secured to the stationary wall and having an end aligned with said second slot and engaging said protruding edge to latch the movable panel with the stationary wall, said latching spring arm being moved out of engagement with said protruding edge by said latching control leg of said pawl means when said lock means is moved in said bore whereby the movable panel is movable away from the stationary wall.

11. The invention as recited in claim 10 wherein said end of said latching spring arm is angularly offset and has a stern aligned in said second slot and transverse legs extending from said stem and engaging said protruding edge, and said latching control leg of said pawl means has a beveled edge to move said angularly offset end out of engagement with said protruding edge of said housing.

12. The invention as recited in claim 11 wherein bias means is secured to the stationary wall and has an end portion engaging said latch housing to force said mounting member away from the stationary wall when said locking mechanism is placed in the unlatched state.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US195117 *Aug 14, 1877Sep 11, 1877 Improvement in trunk-fastenings
US2086034 *Aug 9, 1935Jul 6, 1937Briggs & Stratton CorpLock
US3522963 *Oct 13, 1967Aug 4, 1970Ind Electronic Eng IncLatching mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3916655 *Jul 22, 1974Nov 4, 1975Racobs Charles RDoor securing apparatus
US5077993 *Aug 2, 1990Jan 7, 1992Houston Industries IncorporatedElectrical power meter box locks
US5878608 *Jul 2, 1998Mar 9, 1999Southco, Inc.Locking slide latch
US5897147 *Jan 8, 1997Apr 27, 1999Southco, Inc.Locking slide latch
US6389857Mar 31, 2000May 21, 2002Master Lock CompanyPush-button steering wheel lock
US6454320Oct 27, 2000Sep 24, 2002The Eastern CompanyPush button operators for latches and locks and locking systems employing lockable push button operators
US6539758Mar 22, 2002Apr 1, 2003Master Lock CompanyPush-button steering wheel lock
US6543821Dec 27, 2001Apr 8, 2003The Eastern CompanySlam capable latch and lock system
US6755449Dec 27, 2001Jun 29, 2004The Eastern CompanyLocking system and components thereof
US6782725Nov 4, 2002Aug 31, 2004S.P.E.P. Acquisition CorporationPush button lock
US6899362Aug 26, 2002May 31, 2005The Eastern CompanyLinkage assembly for operating one or more latches
US6962375Jan 22, 2003Nov 8, 2005S.P.E.P. Acquisition Corp.Rotary latches
US7126066Mar 14, 2005Oct 24, 2006The Eastern CompanyPush button actuator
US7205492Sep 11, 2006Apr 17, 2007The Eastern CompanyPush button actuator
US8084701Jun 5, 2009Dec 27, 2011The Eastern CompanyPush button actuator
US8444190 *Nov 9, 2009May 21, 2013Harting Electric Gmbh & Co. KgLatching device for multipart housings
US20100140964 *Nov 9, 2009Jun 10, 2010Martin SchmidtLatching device for multipart housings
DE4025382C2 *Aug 10, 1990Oct 29, 1998SouthcoSchnappschloß mit Auswurffeder
WO1998030774A1 *Jan 7, 1998Jul 16, 1998SouthcoLocking slide latch
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/78, 292/13, 70/144, 70/360, 70/139, 292/254, 292/86
International ClassificationE05B13/00, E05B13/10
Cooperative ClassificationE05B13/105
European ClassificationE05B13/10D