|Publication number||US3602246 A|
|Publication date||Aug 31, 1971|
|Filing date||Oct 2, 1969|
|Priority date||Oct 2, 1968|
|Also published as||DE1800551A1|
|Publication number||US 3602246 A, US 3602246A, US-A-3602246, US3602246 A, US3602246A|
|Inventors||Hettinger Gerhard, Lang Albert|
|Original Assignee||Burkert Elekt Christian|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (17), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee Priority - lnventors Gerhard Hettinger Albert Lang, Belsenberg Krs. Kunzelsau, both of, Germany Oct. 2, 1969 Aug. 31, 1971 Christian Burkert Bau Elektrischer Gerate Gmbll Y Wurttenberg, Germany Oct. 2, 1968 Germany FLUID-OPERATED LOGIC ELEMENTS 8 Claims, 19 Drawing Figs.
U.S. C1 137/270, 137/625.27, 137/608 Int. Cl. ..Fl6k 11/10, F161: 31/12 Field of Search 137/270,
 References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 1,036,558 8/1912 Butz 137/270 3,076,473 2/1963 Wadey 137/270 3 202,l79 8/1965 Vockroth,Jr. 235/201 ME 3,362,633 1/1968 Freeman 235/201 ME 3,411,525 11/1968 Auger 137/270 3,466,004 9/1969 Brandenberg l37/625.27 X
Primary Examiner--- M. Cary Nelson Assistant Examiner-Robert .1. Miller Atrarney- Edwin E. Greigg ABSTRACT: A fluid logic element which has a base block provided with a plurality of channels and valving means disposed within said block and response to fluid pressure for establishing or interrupting direct communication between channels, a plurality of routing elements each adapted to be secured to one face of said base block in a plurality of angular positions, to connected to selected ones of said channels, thus permitting the conversion of the internal fluid circuit of said logic element to perform any of a plurality of possible fluid logic functions.
PATENTEU AUGBI 1911 3,602,246
sum 2 OF 2 FIG. 7a FIG. 7b
STORAGE b IDENTITY C-D-l (WITH ERAS/Ned L g CIRCUIT) CD l FIG. b a B 3 FIG. 9b
STORAGE b Q3 zn'Rws S 80 FIG. 9c 0 b AND c 1 0R d l F IG 8d F/G. 9d
a b INHIBITION c 1 IMPLICATION l FIG 8e 96 a NOR c 1 NAND d l FLUID-OPERATED'LOGICELEMENTS BACKGROUND OF-THE INVENTION .T his invention relates to fluid-operated logic elements of the static type adapted to transmit individual or combined switching functions for complex control programs and including threeor four-way valvesaffected by control pressures.
Fluid-operated logic elements'and circuits find application in those environments where a high degree of operational safety is required prohibiting the use of electronically operated logic elements.
It is known to build fluid-operated logic elements of the dynamic and static type as closed modules so that the individual elements may function-.as'lDENTITY, NO, AND, IN- HIBITION, NOR, STORAGE, FLIP-FLOP, OR, IMPLICA- TION and NAND members. The elements are interconnected in a manner depending uponthe particular-controlprogram. Static elements are known which operate with pressures up to kg./cm." so that setting members, such as pistons or the like, may be operated by-direct-exposure to pressures appearing at the output of the logic. elements.
Elements and modules of the-static type known heretofore are, depending upon their'required internal fluid circuit, provided with various particular channels and ports in such a specific manner that outwardlythe desired fluid logic member is obtained. Since for reasons Qfcircuitry technics, fluid logic members with positive-or negative input arerequired, either logic modules having fixed positive or negative inputs, such as the so-called dual-membranerelays are used or piston plungers areresorted to which, selectively, have positive or negative connections.
It is a disadvantage of the known modules that substantially different steps in the manufacturing process are necessary to obtain the particular internal circuitry required for the aforenoted elements. Such varietyis even greater andmay be practically unlimited if, for example, in one module four AND members are used, wherein either-the input 1, 2 or 3, or combinations thereof are to be negative, while the remaining'input'sare to be positive. In caseofknown modules-which have selectively positive and negative inputs, the inconvenience is encountered that during the installation or replacement of the members, the connections areliable to be mixed up or that an excessive number of attachment nipples or joints results, rendering the modules unnecessarily complex and costly.
OBJECT AND'SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention-sto provide an improved unitary basic fluid logic module which, through simple adjustment, may perform the usual IDENTITY, NO, AND, INHIBITION, NOR, STORAGE, FLIP-FLOP, OR, IMPLICATION, NAND or other functions.
Briefly stated, according to the invention, a unitary base block is provided which contains all bores and channels necessary for obtaining any of a greatplurality of internal circuits for performing selected ones of the aforenoted functions or their combinations. With the base block there are associated routing elements each of whichmay be inserted therein in a plurality of predetermined positions for establishing communication between preselected channels to obtain the desired internal circuit of the fluid logic element. In the base block, remote from the routing elements, there is further inserted'a replaceable routing gasket which :has a particular slot configuration interconnecting selected ones of said channels.
The aforeoutlined structure is advantageous, because itpermits a more rationalized manufacturing, it is more compact, it requires shorter connections, itzis convertible in function in a simple manner and it is more economical.
The invention will be better understood as well as further objects and advantages will become more apparent from the ensuing detailed specification of a preferred, although exemplary embodiment taken in conjunction with the drawing.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a fully assembled complete fluid logic element forming a'preferred embodiment of the invention and consisting of three individual elements;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of one of the individual elements taken along line II-II of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the same embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the same embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 2, showing the fluid logic element with an additional insert;
FIG. 6 is a plan view of the fluid logic element with the top closure plate removed;
FIGS. 7a-7c are plan views of different routing gasketsfor different switching functions and FIGS. 8a-8e and 9a-9e show symbols of different circuits that may be obtained by the rearrangement of some components of the fluid logic element.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Turning nowto FIGS. 1-4, there is shown a base block 1, made of plastic or any other suitable material, in which there are provided a plurality of channels 2 which terminate in, and are open at either the top or bottom face of the base block, or are throughgoing, or are open at the sides of the base block. It may be generally stated that the channels 2 are so arranged and their quantity so selected that with appropriate interconnections-as will be described hereinafter-different fluid circuits within the element may be obtained to perform anyof the aforelisted functions.
Turning now to FIGS. 2, thedepicted individual element (three of which, for example, may form a complete logic element) has two valve seats 3 and 4. I
A guide element 5 carries a valve plug 6 which, by virtue of its elasticity, is snapped into a groove 7 of the guide element 5. The central or valving portion of a membraneB is similarly secured to the guide element 5. The O-ring-type thickened, peripheral portion 9 of membrane'8 is clamped againstbase block 1 by a closure disk 10 which, in turn, carries on O-ring 11. The valve formed of elements 3, 5, 6 shown at the lefthand side of FIG. 2 is sealed by a sealing gasket 12. Lateral closure plates 13, which are held in'place by means of rivets, screws or the like (not shown),, press theclosure disk 10 and the sealing gasket 12 against the membrane 8 and a circumferential rim 14 of base'block 1, respectively. Ahead gasket 15 is disposed on the top face of base block 1 and is provided with as many openings as there are channels 2 that terminate on said top face.
On the head gasket 15, there are disposed a plurality of routing elements 16 (FIGS. 2, 5 and '6), each establishing communication between two selected channels Zterminating on the upper face of the base block 1. The routing'elernents 16 are securely clamped to base block lin a preselected position-as it will be described hereinafterby a closureplate 17 which, in turn, is tightened to the base block 1 by means of bolts18. To the bottom face of base block 1 thereis tightened a connection plate 19 provided with nipples 20 or other appropriate means for receiving the terminal portions of'flexible external conduits.
Depending upon the desired function of the logicelement, a routing seal or gasket 21 of a preselected design is disposed between the connection plate 19 and the base block I tointerconnect two or more'channels 2 with one another by means of slots 22 provided therein, or to close off those channels 2 which, for the preselected function, are notin use. Three exemplary routing gaskets having different slot configurations are depicted in FIGS. 7a-7c.
By loosening the bolts 18, the closure plate 17 may be either removed or released to such an extent that the routing elements [6 may be rotated or 60 and reinserted into 'a new connecting position. As shown'in FIG. 6, therouting elements 16 are, in the example illustrated, of triangular outline and are provided with lugs 23 and notches 24 so that they may be inserted only in particular interrelated positions; thus, a direct transversal connection between chambers 41 and 43 may not be established. Simultaneously, the outlet conduit is vented through bore 28. The base block 1 of the embodiment shown is provided with a plurality of notches 25, which, cooperating with lugs 23, permit each routing element 16 to assume a maximum of four positions. For example, the left-hand routing element 16, in addition to its position shown, may be reinserted into the same location after being rotated l20 clockwise. Or, it may be shifted to the right and inserted immediately adjacent the middle routing element 16 after a rotation of 60 or 180 counterclockwise. Thus, selected positions may be established while others that do not result in operational or useful circuits, are excluded. The underside of each routing element 16 is provided with ribs 26 integral therewith for providing the necessary seal with the head gasket to ensure that at all times only two channels 2 are interconnected with one another. The position of each routing element 16 is indicated by two lug members 27 integral with the top face thereof and protruding through the closure plate 17.
Turning now to FIG. 5, the logic element shown therein includes an additional base block 31 which is securely clamped between the connection plate 19 and the lower face of the base block 1. In the auxiliary block 31 there are disposed valve seats 32 and 33 which may be directly machined into block 31 or may be inserted thereinto as separate sleeves 34. Between the lower face of auxiliary base block 31 and connection plate 19 there is inserted a packing 35. The elastic valve disk 36 or the individual packing elements, according to their actuation by fluid pressure, operate as an OR member.
OPERATION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The guide element 5, the valve plug 6 and the membrane 8 form together a three-way valve which, depending on whether the control pressure appears on one or the other side of the membrane, establishes or interrupts communication. The four chambers 41, 42, 43 and 44 are interconnected between the valve seats and across the membrane 8 by means of routing gasket 21 and routing elements 16 in such a manner that the desired logic combination is obtained. The routing gasket 21 permits the establishment of an internal connecting chain of the three individual elements;
The basic circuits (some of which are symbolically. illustrated in FIGS. 8a-8e and 9a9e) that may be obtained by the fluid logic element, may be developed into a plurality of further combinations within the basic module. The letters a-m, which in the symbolic illustration in FIGS. 8a8e and 9a-9e designate the inlets and the outlets, are identical in meaning to the letters shown in FIG. 4 and may give a further external indication of the particular module circuit.
As indicated hereinabove, by loosening or removing the closure plate 17, the routing members 16 may be released and transposed in such a manner that the effect of the input conduits may be inverted or other circuit combinations may be obtained. Thus, for example, without changing the external conduit connections, an IDENTITY member may be converted into a NO member in a simple manner. The routing packing 21 determines the basic function of the element.
It is within the scope of the invention to use a four-way valve instead of an aforedescribed three-way valve, or, in lieu of a membrane, to use, as a driving element, a longitudinally displaceable valve or control piston which carries a valve head in the form of an elastic packing Further, instead of elastically sealing valves, shuttles provided with a metallic seal may be used.
What is claimed is:
1. A fluid logic element of the static type including valve means operable by fluid pressure and means for attaching external fluid conduits, comprising,
A. a base block provided with a plurality of channels adapted to form selected ones of a plurality of possible fluid logic circuits, and B. at least one routing element adapted to be secured to said base block in any one of a plurality of positions, said routing element, dependent upon its position, establishing communication between at least two selected ones of said channels.
2. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 1, wherein said routing elements are at least two in number and are arranged in juxtaposition on said base block, means associated with said routing elements to permit only a limited number of combinations of said positions.
3. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 2, wherein said means associated with said routing elements include complemental notch and lug means provided on said routing elements.
4. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 1, wherein said routing element includes indicating means to outwardly reveal its position with respect to said base block.
5. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 4, wherein said indicating means is formed of at least one outwardly visible lug.
6. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 1, wherein said routing element includes ribs facing said base block and serving to establish said communication.
7. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 1, wherein said routing element has a polygonal contour permitting attachment to said base block in any one of a plurality of angular positions.
8. A fluid logic element as defined in claim 1, including a routing gasket insertable in said base block and provided with slots of predetermined course and configuration to selectively block or maintain open at least two of said channels.
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|U.S. Classification||137/270, 137/884, 137/625.27|
|International Classification||F15C3/00, F15C3/04|