|Publication number||US3603323 A|
|Publication date||Sep 7, 1971|
|Filing date||Aug 27, 1969|
|Priority date||Aug 27, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3603323 A, US 3603323A, US-A-3603323, US3603323 A, US3603323A|
|Original Assignee||Avella Guy|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [721 lnventor Guy Avella 7975 Nordica, Niles, 1111. 60648  Appl. No. 853,369 [22 Filed Aug. 27, 1969  Patented Sept. 7,1971
 HAIR TREATING DEV11CE 7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figs.
 11.5. CI 132/131, 132/11,132/139 [51 Int. C1 A45d 24/04 [50} Field of Search 132/11, 126,128-129,131133,9,139
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,122,103 12/1914 Graber 132/]29X 1,365,079 1/1921 Bardsley 132/132 1,853,828 4/1932 Mani 132/132 2,528,291 10/1950 Winston 132/129 3,409,029 11/1968 Kumpa 132/133 Primary ExaminerLouis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner-J N, Eskovitz Attorney-Mobinare, Allegretti, Newitt & Witcoff ABSTRACT: A hair treating device for roughing or teasing hair to give it fullness which includes a body having m0vab1e inwardly facing comb members thereon which comb members are actuated toward one another by cam means readily manipulatable by the user, The comb members are biased apart from one another to permit release of the hair.
PATENTEDSEP mm 3.603, 323
sum 1 or 2 22 INVENTOR. 00 AVELLA ATTORNEYS HAIR TREATING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION user will result in roughing or teasing of the hair to give it fullncss so that it can be retained in a position away from the head in a desired manner, thus giving a finished hairdo which is houffant in appearance. The tool utilized to effectuate the roughing of teasing is a common comb member, which essentially works only upon side ofthe strands of hair.
It has been found that if the hair can be grasped or worked upon opposite sides of the strands thereof by a pair of comb members that a more effective and quicker job of roughing or teasing of the hair can be effected.
Thus, an object of the present invention is to provide a novel hair treating device capable of teasing the hair in a quick and effective manner to give it height and fullness.
A further object of this invention is to provide a hair treating device which includes a pair of spaced-apart inwardly facing comb members supported on a body for movement toward and away from one another, with cam means on the body for actuating the comb members toward one another, said comb members being biased outwardly away from each other. Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING Preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated in the attached drawing wherein like numerals refer to like elements and wherein:
FIG. I is a perspective view of one form of hair teasing device embodying the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view ofthe hair treating device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the hair treating device taken generally along the line 3--3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the hair treating device with part of the body removed to better illustrate the interior mechanism of the device;
FIG. 5 is an end view of the hair treating device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a plan view of a modified hair treating device;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the hair treating device of FIG. 6; and
FIG. 8 is an end view of the hair treating device of FIG. 6.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE PRESENT INVENTION Referring now to FIGS. 1-5, there is illustrated a hair treating device 10 embodying principles of the present invention. The hair treating device 10 comprises a body or housing 12 which is generally Y-shaped and includes a handle portion 14 and a pair of spaced-apart arms 16 and 18. The handle portion I4 is formed to permit use of gripping by the user. Movably supported on the body I2 are a pair of inwardly facing comb members 20, 22 which are adapted to engage with and cooperate with one another in use to engage strands of hair of the user therebetween to effectuate working or teasing of same. Actuating means 24 are provided on the body I2 to move the comb members 20, 22 toward one another into overlapping engagement for firmly engaging strands of hair therebetween. Resilient means are provided to bias the arms 20, 22 away from one another to a position illustrated in FIG. l and FIG. 2, for example.
The body 112 may comprise separate portions affixed to one another by means of suitable fastening means, for example, screws or like fastening members 26,27. Body 12 may be made from wood or metal, though it is preferred that it be formed from plastic.
Turning to FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 there is better illustrated the detail of the operating mechanism of the hair treating device I0. The combs 20, and 22, are each secured to the ends of a continuous resilient member 30, which is so arranged within the body 12 as to bias the comb members 20, 22 away from one another. The resilient member 30 includes an end 31 adapted to be secured to the comb 2t) and end 32 adapted to be secured to the comb 22 and an intermediate portion which is first looped about the actuating means 24 and is then looped about and secured to a pin or screw 36 secured within the body 12.
Looking again at FIG. 3, it is seen that the actuating member 24 includes a central tapering cam portion 25 which is adapted to operate within a loop defined in the resilient support member 30. As shown in FIGS, 3 and 4, the actuating means 24 is in its normal position with the arms 31, 32 of the resilient support member biasing the combs 20 and 22 away from one another. The portion of the resilient support member 30 looped about the cam portion 25 of the actuating means is in engagement with the cam. portion so as to retain the actuating means in the position as shown in FIG. 3, for example. Upon actuation of the actuating means 24 downwardly or inwardly into the recess 13 in the handle portion 114 of the hair treating device It), the loop will be expanded so as to cause the arm members 31, 32 to move inwardly, thus carrying the comb members 20 and 22 inwardly so as to engage the hair of the person having their hair teased or roughed. The combs 20 and 22 are brought into overlapping engagement as seen in FIG. 5 for assuring firm engagement with the hair.
The ends of the arms 16 and 18 of the body 12 may include flange portions 39 and 40 which protect the end of the combs 20 and 22, respectively and perform a guiding function for the ends of the respective combs 20 and 22, so as to maintain the combs in desired juxtaposed relationship when the combs are actuated inwardly as shown in FIG. 5.
In use, the beautician will grasp the hair to be teased and hold same away from the head with one hand. The hair treating device will be held in the other hand, with the combs 20, 22 in the position shown in FIG. 1 for example. The device 10 will be brought into position on opposite sides of the hair and the actuating means or cam 24 will be actuated to force the combs 20, 22 into overlapping position with one another and in firm engagement with the hair. The device is then actuated in one direction. At the end of the stroke, the actuating means 24 is released and the combs 20, 22 are biased apart. Hair retained in the teeth of combs 20, 22 will be removed as the combs 2t), 22 move past the inner edges 41, 42 respectively of arms 16, 18 of the body 12. The stroking operation may then be repeated until the hair has been teased to provide the consistency, fullness and height desired.
Outwardly extending comb teeth 17., I9 may be provided on the arms 16 and 18 of body 12 to enhance the utility of device and permit use of the arms as combs where desired.
Turning now to FIGS. 6, 7 and 8, there is illustrated a modification of the present invention. The hair treating device Ill) shown in FIGS. 6, 7 and 3 includes a body H2 of generally Y-shaped configuration including a handle portion 11M and spaced-apart arm portions 116 and 118. It is noted that the arms 116, 118 are provided with outwardly extending tines which in effect provide a pair of outwardly extending combs integral with the arms 1116, M8.
Movably carried in the body 112 are a pair of inwardly facing combs I20, 122 each of which operates within a recess in arms I16, 118, respectively. Actuating means 124 are provided on the body 112 to move the combs from a housed posi tion within the arms I16 and 118 to an overlapping position for engaging the hair of the person being worked upon by the beautician.
The body I 12 is preferably molded from plastic, and may be in the form of a pair of similar half members joined to one another in a suitable manner as, for example, with an epoxy. Body 112 is shaped similar to body 11.2 except that arms 116, 118 each include upper and lower times or eornb teeth which receive a movable comb 120, 122 therebetween. The actuating means 124 may be formed like the actuating means 24 in the embodiments of FIGS. 1-5 and the arms 120, 122 may be mounted for actuation within the body 112 in a manner like the arms 20, 22 are mounted in the embodiment of FIGS. 1-5.
The operation of the device of FIGS. 6-8 is the same as that of the device of FIGS. 1-5. The hair treating device 110 can be used to rough the hair by actuating the actuator 124 to move the combs 120, 122 into overlapping relationship with one another, so as to firmly engage the hair to be roughed. The device is then moved in a single direction, e.g., inwardly towards the head. The actuating means or cam 124 is released to permit the combs to move away from one another. The combs 120, 122 will be withdrawn into the housing defined by the arms 116 and 118 and as the combs 120, 122 move into the recesses in the arms, the hair will be freed from the tines or teeth of the combs. After removal of the hair from the tines of the combs 120, 122 the device 110 can be readily used to pomp or adjust hairs by means of the combs 117, 119 which face outwardly from arms 116, 118.
There has been provided by the present invention a novel hair treating device for roughing or teasing the hair. In its basic form, the device includes a pair of spaced-apart inwardly facing comb members movably mounted on a body, with actuating' means on the body for moving the comb members into overlapping engagement with one another to firmly engage the hair of the user. The device comprises few parts and may be readily assembled and, thus, is relatively inexpensive to manufacture. In the hands of a beautician, the novel hair treating device can be readily employed for roughing or teasing hard to manage hair and to position the hair as desired for the coiffeur.
While I have shown presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied in other forms and, thus, it is intended that the application scope be limited only within the scope of the following claims.
I. A hair treating device for roughing or teasing hair to give it fullness comprising a body having a handle portion thereon, a pair of spaced-apart inwardly facing comb members supported on the body for movement toward and away from one another, and means on the body for actuating the comb members, whereby the comb members are movable toward one another to engage the hair to rough same and are movable from one another to release the hair, said body being generally Y-shaped with the end of the Y remote from the arms of the Y defining said handle portion, and said arms of the Y having outwardly extending comb teeth thereon.
2. A hair treating device as in claim 1 wherein the actuating means comprise cam means on the body.
3. A hair treating device a in claim 2 wherein the comb members are each secured to support means on the body which are actuated by the cam means.
4. A hair treating device as in claim 3 wherein the comb members are actuated into overlapping relationship to engage the hair for working same.
5. A hair treating device as in claim 3 wherein the support means comprise a resilient member having portions secured to the comb members, the resilient member being actuated by the cam means to move the comb members toward one another, with the resiliency of the resilient member biasing the comb members away from one another.
6. A hair treating device for roughing or teasing hair to give it fullness comprising a body having a handle portion thereon, a pair of spaced-apart inwardly facing comb members, a resilient member on the body having portions secured to the comb members for movement of the comb members toward and away from one another, and means for actuating the resilient member, said actuating means including a movable member having a central cam portion engaging said resilient member to move said comb members toward one another up on actuation of said movabl e member, and upon release of said movable member, the resiliency of the resilient member will move said comb members away from one another, said comb members being movable toward one another by the cam portion into overlapping relationship to engage the hair to rough same and being movable from one another by the resiliency of the resilient member to release the hair.
7. A hair treating device as in claim 6 wherein the resilient member includes a looped portion and the central cam portion of the actuating means is disposed with said looped portion.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1122103 *||May 22, 1914||Dec 22, 1914||Anthony J Graber||Combined brush and comb.|
|US1365079 *||Jun 23, 1920||Jan 11, 1921||Bardsley Edward E||Hair-waver|
|US1853828 *||Oct 17, 1929||Apr 12, 1932||Mani Charles||Comb guide for cutting hair|
|US2528291 *||Mar 20, 1947||Oct 31, 1950||Love Winston||Hair straightening device|
|US3409029 *||Jan 20, 1966||Nov 5, 1968||Roland A. Kumpa||Teasing comb|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4867183 *||Nov 8, 1988||Sep 19, 1989||Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien||Dispenser for hair cosmetics|
|US5865188 *||Nov 22, 1996||Feb 2, 1999||West Coast Hair Systems, Llc||Brush for straightening hair|
|US7117873 *||Sep 9, 2003||Oct 10, 2006||American Comb Corporation||Lice and nit removal device|
|US7748391||May 15, 2007||Jul 6, 2010||Greg Vance||Comb for lifting hair upwardly|
|US8474176 *||Apr 9, 2012||Jul 2, 2013||Amy Shelton||Nit stripping device and method|
|US8770207 *||Nov 10, 2010||Jul 8, 2014||Kao Corporation||Applicator and partial hair dyeing device|
|US20050051190 *||Sep 9, 2003||Mar 10, 2005||Frank Bachrach||Lice and nit removal device|
|US20070193598 *||Feb 17, 2006||Aug 23, 2007||Romain Pallardy||Hairstyling device and method|
|US20080283075 *||May 15, 2007||Nov 20, 2008||Greg Vance||Comb for Lifting Hair Upwardly|
|US20090314305 *||Jun 20, 2008||Dec 24, 2009||Frank Bachrach||Lice and nit removal comb|
|US20100252059 *||Mar 1, 2010||Oct 7, 2010||Mellssa Peverini||Hair bang clipper and folding comb|
|US20120192885 *||Apr 9, 2012||Aug 2, 2012||Amy Shelton||Nit Stripping Device and Method|
|US20120222693 *||Nov 10, 2010||Sep 6, 2012||Kao Corporation||Applicator and partial hair dyeing device|
|US20140069453 *||Aug 13, 2013||Mar 13, 2014||JP-Features GmbH||Apparatus for hairdressing|
|U.S. Classification||132/131, 132/139, D28/29|
|International Classification||A45D24/00, A45D24/04|