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Publication numberUS3604934 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 14, 1971
Filing dateSep 10, 1968
Priority dateSep 10, 1968
Publication numberUS 3604934 A, US 3604934A, US-A-3604934, US3604934 A, US3604934A
InventorsCorea John E, Melillo Anthony P
Original AssigneeRadiation Resources Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for radioactive irradiation of sample materials
US 3604934 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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United States Patent [54] APPARATUS FOR RADIOACTIVE IRRADIATION OF SAMPLE MATERIALS 1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S. Cl 250/106, 250/52, 252/84 [Sll vlnt.Cl G21h 5/00 [50] Field of Search 250/106, 106 S, 84, 52

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,810,839 10/1957 Ferguson 250/106 S 3,340,397 9/1967 Johnston 250/52 Primary Examiner-Archie R. Borchelt Assistant ExaminerMorton .l. Frome Attorney-John G. Kovalich ABSTRACT: Apparatus for the irradiation of sample materials with radioactive radiation comprising a housing containing a substantially centrally located cavity containing radioactive material, a plurality of horizontally disposed cylindrical passages each having a vertical axis and communicating with the central cavity, the passages being spaced from each other about the central cavity, each passage containing a coaxial cylindrical rotatable carrier therein, the carrier having a seat for containing a sample to be irradiated, the seat being recessed into the peripheral wall of the carrier, each seat being horizontally registrable with the central cavity upon rotation of the carrier, thereby permitting a plurality of the carrier seats to be simultaneously or selectively exposable to the source of radiation.

PATENTEDSEPMIQH 3,604,934

ANTHONY P M LLO JOHN E. CORE AGENT APPARATUS FOR RADIOACTIVE IRRADIATION OE v SAMPLE MATERIALS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Several types of apparatus for the irradiation of sample materials with radioactive radiation are known. ONe such known type is illustrated by U.S. Pat. No. 2,810,839 which permits a single sample to be exposed to irradiation. There is a need to provide an apparatus which can selectively or simultaneously irradiate a plurality of samples to determine overexposure or underexposure to radioactive radiation to arrive at the optimum exposure for the sample being irradiated, while at the same time assuring that no harmful radiation emission escapes from the housing when one or more samples are removed during selective time intervals.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the invention there is provided an apparatus for the irradiation of sample materials with radioactive radiation comprising a housing having top, bottom and sidewalls of, for example, stainless steel and containing a substantially centrally located cavity containing containing a radioactive material as a source of radioactive radiation, a plurality of horizontally disposed cylindrical passages each having a vertical axis are located in the housing each in communication with the central cavity, each passage containing a coaxial cylindrical rotatable carrier therein, the carrier having a seat for containing a sample to be irradiated, the seat being recessed into the peripheral wall of the carrier, each seat being horizontally registrable with the central cavity upon rotation of the carrier within its passage, thereby permitting a plurality of the carrier seats to be simultaneously or selectively exposable to the source of radiation, the housing being filled with a radiation shieldable material such as lead, and the carriers being composed of a lead core having an outer covering of, for example, stainless steel.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I illustrates a top view of the apparatus of the invention, and

FIG. 2 illustrates a cross-sectional view along lines 2-2 of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the FIGS., the apparatus of the invention comprises a housing I mounted on a pedestal 2. The housing 1 is preferably a stainless steel housing advantageously of substantially elliptical cross section having an arcuate top wall 3, an arcuate bottom wall 4, and an annular sidewall 5 interconnecting the top and bottom walls thereby forming the substantially elliptical cross section of the housing. A substantially centrally located cavity 6 is contained in the housing with the housing being otherwise filled with a radiation shieldable material 7 such as lead or a lead alloy such as a lead-antimony alloy. In

providing the cavity 6, a frame 8 having side openings 9 is mounted on one end of a tube 10 with the tube communicating with the frame interior and with the other end of the tube opening through the top wall 3 of the housing. A charge 11 of a radioactive isotope is inserted into the cavity 6 defined by the frame 8 through the tube 10, a disc 12 is then inserted into the tube 10 closing the inner end portion of the tube and the tube is filled with the radiation shielding material 7 after which the top of the tube is closed by closure piece 13 welded to the walls of opening 14 in the top wall 3. A plurality of horizontally disposed cylindrical passages 15, 16, 17 and 18 each having a vertical axis 19 are located in the housing each in communication with the central cavity 6 by means of the frame openings 9, the passages being spaced from each other about the central cavity 6. Each passage contains identical coaxial cylindrical carriers 20 therein, the carriers each having an identical seat 21, the seats being recessed into the peripheral wall of each carrier and each seat being horizontally registra- Each carrier is provided with a vertical shaft 24 suitably journaled in the housing 1 by which the carrier may be manually rotatably manipulated by means of a handle 25.

The radioactive material 11 employed may be composed of a radioactive isotope such as metallurgical compacts of cesium- I 34, cobalt-60, samariuml 5 3 thulium- 1 70, lutetium- 177, ytterbium-l69, gadolinium-153, or radioactive alloys of plutonium and beryllium or americium oxide and beryllium.

The structures such as the frame 8, tube 10, and the linings of the cylindrical passages are advantageously formed of stainless steel.

Various modification of the invention are contemplated within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Apparatus for the irradiation of sample materials with radioactive radiation, comprising a housing containing a filling of radiation shieldable material, a substantially centrally located cavity within the housing and containing a radioactive material, the housing having a plurality of horizontally disposed eylindrieally shaped passages each having a vertical axis and each being communicable with the central cavity, the passages being spaced from each other about the central-cavity, each passage containing a coaxial cylindrical rotatable carrier therein, the carrier having a seat for containing a sample to be irradiated, the seat being recessed into the peripheral wall of the carrier, each seat being horizontally registrable with the central cavity upon rotation of the carrier within its passage, and means for rotating each carrier within its passage thereby permitting a plurality of the carrier seats to be simultaneously or selectively exposable to the radioactive material the central cavity being defined by a frame having a plurality of side openings, each recessed seat being registrable with one of the side openings, the frame being mounted at one end of a vertically mounted tube, and the tube being filled with a radiation shielding material.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2810839 *Aug 29, 1956Oct 22, 1957Mchardy Ferguson DonaldRadioactive container
US3340397 *Dec 9, 1964Sep 5, 1967Johnston Robert LMultiple environment materials test chamber having a multiple port x-ray tube for irradiating a plurality of samples
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4139778 *Feb 2, 1977Feb 13, 1979Westinghouse Electric Corp.Swivel base for fuel assembly storage
US4464331 *Jul 8, 1981Aug 7, 1984Commissariat A L'energie AtomiqueTransfer and positioning apparatus for the irradiation of targets
US4760264 *Jan 16, 1986Jul 26, 1988Barrett Lawrence GIrradiator and method of using irradiator to irradiate
US4788701 *Feb 13, 1985Nov 29, 1988Barrett Lawrence GIrradiators for bulk, palletized and/or packaged materials
US4864595 *Sep 19, 1986Sep 5, 1989Barrett Lawrence GTransport integrated food irradiator, canisters used with food irradiator, and method of irradiating food
US4908221 *Apr 22, 1988Mar 13, 1990Barrett Lawrence GIrradiator and method of using irradiator to irradiate
US5221842 *Oct 11, 1991Jun 22, 1993J. L. Shepherd & AssocSelf-contained calibrators/irradiators for personal dosimeters
US8241532 *Aug 26, 2010Aug 14, 2012Los Alamos National Security, LlcActinide/beryllium neutron sources with reduced dispersion characteristics
US20110062397 *Aug 26, 2010Mar 17, 2011Los Alamos National Security, LlcActinide/beryllium neutron sources with reduced dispersion characteristics
Classifications
U.S. Classification378/69, 976/DIG.441, 378/68, 250/507.1, 250/453.11
International ClassificationG21K5/02
Cooperative ClassificationG21K5/02
European ClassificationG21K5/02