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Publication numberUS3606107 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 20, 1971
Filing dateSep 5, 1969
Priority dateSep 5, 1969
Publication numberUS 3606107 A, US 3606107A, US-A-3606107, US3606107 A, US3606107A
InventorsArdito Gerald J, Newman Jerome S, Sarris Samuel E
Original AssigneeInventions Unlimited Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Push-pull container and cap assembly
US 3606107 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 20, 1971 G. J. ARDITO ETAL 3,606,107

PUSH-PULL CONTAINER AND CAP ASSEMBLY Filed Sept. 5, 1969 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 \N\\\\\\\\\\R\\ 5 m lillall Rm mm NS E \i MI SE N... Y N ll mmm .w wS

2 V /V/.////////////////////M 5 y 4 ////w/ r 29w 1 w 7////////////////I//ll l/ I! II I! I! I! ATTORNEYS Sept. 20, 1971 J. ARDlTO ETAL PUSH-PULL CONTAINER AND CAP ASSEMBLY 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 5, 1969 5 a I I 0 1 I I 3 I I w H W 2 8 I m r fi 4 ll/l/l/l/l 1/ f/f/ y w II. 0 ,N 1 l f F 15 Q H HI] i 2 5 2 w. a 5 l 5 I m M K m 4 4 2 5 z WW// V//Aw///A V// m m \L 2 W 5 M 5 (II g fl H 5 F ill IUIWMHWHIMJHIF) W H W Fig. 6

INVENTORS Gerald J. Ardito Jerome S. Newman BY Samuel E. Sums Wax 2m ATTORNEYS Sept. 20, 1971 J. ARDlTO ETAL 3,606,107

PUSH-PULL CONTAINER AND CAP ASSEMBLY Filed Sept. 5, 1969 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 W n 6 u 2 u u 4 m 2 n z u o H n M w w "6 "4 A 7////// I M MMV R INVENTORS Gerald J. Ardito Jero S. Newman Sum E. Sums ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,606,107 Patented Sept, 20, 1971 3,606,107 PUSH-PULL CONTAINER AND CAP ASSEMBLY Gerald J. Ardito, Bayside, Jerome S. Newman, Floral Park, and Samuel E. Sarris, Jamaica, N.Y., assignors to Inventions Unlimited Incorporated, Glen Oak, N.Y.

Filed Sept. 5, 1969, Ser. No. 855,583 Int. Cl. B65d 47/12 US. Cl. 222546 20 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A material dispensing container provided with an elongated neck having a dispensing orifice in the side thereof. The neck of the container is also provided with engaging recesses. The cap of the container has a plunger which extends into the neck of the container and an outer portion which fits over the container neck. The lower extremity of the outer portion of the cap is provided with an inwardly extending peripheral engaging lip which cooperates with the engaging recesses of the neck of the container in open and closed positions. The plunger may also be provided with a resilient skirt which is compressed within the neck and outwardly biased to provide for sealing engagement, notwithstanding tolerance discrepancies.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Many push-pull type of containers and cap therefor have been proposed to eliminate the need for complete removal of the cap in order to dispense material from the container. In US. Pat. No. 3,266,680, a push-pull material dispensing container and cap therefor was proposed which eliminated the unsightly appearance of accumulated material about the dispensing orifice and provided a means to reduce bacterial growth on such accumulated material by minimizing contact by air with such accumulation. Such design, however, did not prevent build-up of material above the dispensing orifice during continuous consumer operation and did not provide a more positive means of complete closure in a facile way. Additionally, tolerance discrepancies during manufacture of the cap and container sometimes resulted in a defective seal between the cap plunger and the inner surface of the neck of the container.

OBJECTS It is a general object of the present invention to provide an improved push-pull container and cap assembly which overcomes the foregoing problems.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved container and cap design for a push-pull container and cap assembly whereby more positive closure is attained in a facile way therebetween.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide an improved container and cap design for a pushpull container and cap assembly whereby tolerance discrepancies 'during manufacturing do not adversely effect positive sealing therebetween.

Various other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of several embodiments thereof, and the novel features will be particularly pointed out in connection with the appended claims.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In essence the present invention is directed to a material dispensing neck and cap therefor to be employed for dispensing material from a container. The neck which is attached to a container is comprised of a base portion, an intermediate portion having a dispensing orifice and a top portion, the bottom and top portion having a greater diameter than the intermediate portion, the transition from the intermediate portion to the top and bottom portions being defined by outwardly curved surfaces. The cap of the container has a center portion or plunger which when inserted into the neck of the container cooperates with the interior surface of the neck to provide an effective seal therebetween and as the cap is pushed into a closed position, the plunger covers the orifice thereby preventing material from being dispensed from the container. The cap is provided with an outer portion which extends over the container neck and such portion is provided with an inwardly extending lip which releasably engages the threaded top portion of the container neck in the open position. The cap is also provided with threadable means on the inside of the top of the outer portion thereof to permit the cap to be screwed on the threaded top portion of the container neck in the closed position. The base portion of the neck of the container adjacent to the beginning of the main body of the container is provided with means for engaging the cap lip to retain the cap in a closed position, generally in the form of a peripheral abutment means and a lower axially displaced peripheral recess to engage the lip of the cap in the closed position to provide a positive outer seal therebetween, with the outer portion of the cap being spaced from the intermediate portion of the neck to define a closed chamber therebetween. In a simplified embodiment, the threads on the top portion are elimi nated and in its place there is provided an abutment and recess means, to engage the lip of the cap in the open position. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the exterior surface of the cap plunger is provided with resilient means which is compressed upon insertion of the plunger in the neck and in compression the resilient means is outwardly biased in sealing engagement with the interior of the neck. In this manner, an effective seal may be achieved, not withstanding tolerance discrepancies between the plunger and the interior of the neck.

THE DRAWING Understanding of the invention will be facilitated by referring to the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional elevational view of a simplified embodiment of the invention with the container and cap assembly in open position;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional elevational view of a simplified embodiment of the invention with the container and cap assembly in a closed semi-locked position;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional elevational view of a simplified embodiment of the invention with the container and cap assembly in a closed fully-locked position;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional elevational view of another embodiment of the invention illustrating the container and cap assembly in open position wherein the container and cap are provided with threaded engageable means;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional elevation view of the container and cap assembly of FIG. 4 illustrating the assembly in a fully closed position;

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional elevational view of another embodiment of a cap design including a resilient sealing means;

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional elevational view of a cap and container assembly having the cap of FIG. 6 in open position; and

FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional elevational view of the cap and container assembly of FIG. 7 in'closed position.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS With reference to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, there is provided a container, generally indicated as 10, comprised of a body 12 in which a material is adapted to be held in the chamber thereof until such time as the same is required to be dispensed. It is unimportant whether the container body 12 be made of a collapsible or non-collapsible metal or plastic. The body 12 at a narrowed skirt portion 14, is provided with a hollow neck, generally indicated by 16. The neck 16 may be made integral with the body 12 when the container 10 is molded or otherwise formed or it may be attached thereto at a later time. The manner in which the neck 16 is connected to the body 12 is immaterial. The neck 16 is comprised of a base 17, an intermediate elongated substantially cylindrical central portion 18 having a narrower cross-section than the base 17 and a top portion 19 having a cross-section substantially equal to the cross-section of the base 17. The hollow interior 21 of the neck 16 is in fluid flow communication with the interior of the container 10, whereby fluid may flow from the interior of the container 10 into the interior 21 of the neck 16. The intermediate portion 18 of the neck 16 is provided with a dispensing orifice 22 whereby fluid may be dispensed from the interior of the container 10.

The exterior surface of the base 17 of the neck 16 is provided with a circular recess or groove 23 at the juncture of the skirt portion 14 with the neck 16 and with an outwardly extending circular bead portion 24, the bead portion 24 being above the recess or groove 23 and defining an abutment on the upper portion of base 17 for retaining a cap in a closed position, as hereinafter described. Similarly, the exterior surface of the top 19 of the neck 16 is provided with a circular recess or groove 25 and with an outwardly extending circular bead portion 26, the bead portion 26 being above the recess or groove 25 and defining an abutment on the upper portion of top 19 to prevent complete removal of a cap, as hereinafter described. The exterior surface of the intermediate portion 18 is outwardly flared at both the top and bottom thereof whereby the transition from the narrower intermediate portion 18' to the thickened top and bottom portions 19 and 17, respectively, is defined by unobstructed curved surfaces 31 and 32, respectively, the curvature of surfaces 31 and 32 being selected to provide substantially continuous surfaces with portions of a cap for the container 10 in open and closed positions, respectively, as hereinafter more fully described.

The interior surface of the neck 16 is substantially cylindrical throughout the length thereof with the crosssection of the interior 21 of the neck 16 gradually increasing from the top to the bottom thereof in order to facilitate sealing with the cap of the container. It is to be understood, however, that the interior 21 of the neck may have a constant cross-section or a cross-section which decreases from top to bottom. The top portion 19 of the neck 16 has chamfered interior and exterior surfaces 35 and 36, respectively, to facilitate placement of a cap thereover, as hereinafter described.

The neck portion 16 is provided with a substantially cylindrical cap 51 having a closed top 52 and open bottom with the outer periphery of the cap 51 being defined by a substantially cylindrically shaped outer wall 53 which decreases in thickness from top to bottom and terminates in an inwardly extending circular lip 54 at the open bottom of the cap. The cross-section of the interior of the cap 51 increases from top to bottom, whereby the inner surface of the wall 53 has a frusto conical shape. A substantially cylindrically shaped hollow plunger 55 having an open bottom extends downwardly from the closed top 52 of the cap 51 concentric with the outer wall '53 and the wall of the plunger 55 decreases in thickness from top to bottom. The hollow interior of the plunger 55 increases in cross-section from top to bottom and the exterior surface of the plunger 55 and the interior surface of outer wall 53 define an annular chamber 56. The length of outer wall 53 of cap 51 is substantially equal to the length of the neck 16 whereby in the closed position the cap substantially encompasses neck 16. The length of plunger 55 is greater than the length of the outer wall 53 and in a closed position the plunger 55 extends into the container 10. The cap 51 is preferably formed of a resilient material to facilitate sealing with the neck portion 16 of the container 10, as hereinafter described. The plunger 55 is preferably hollow and the thickness of the walls thereof preferably decreases from top to bottom, as shown, to enhance the resiliency thereof, but it is to be understood that a solid plunger may also be employed.

Referring to FIG. 1, which illustrates the container and cap assembly in open position, the plunger 55 of cap 51 extends into the interior 21 of neck 16 of container 10 with the outer diameter of the plunger 55 being substantially equal to the diameter of the interior of the neck and preferably slightly greater than the diameter of the interior 21 of neck 16 to provide a sliding sealing engagement between the exterior surface of plunger 55 and the interior surface of neck 16, thereby eflectively closing the open top of the neck 16. The inwardly extending lip 54 of the cap 51 is in engagement with the recess of groove 25 on the top portion 19 of the neck 16 to hold the cap 51 in an upper or open position in which the plunger 55 of the cap 51 is positioned in the interior 21 of neck 16 above orifice 22, whereby material may be dispensed from the interior of the container 10 through the orifice 21. The circular bead portion 26 of the top 19- prevents further upward movement of the cap 51, although the cap can be removed completely from the neck 16 by the application of a strong upward force, as a result of the deformability of the resilient material from which the cap 51 is generally constructed. In the open position, the outer surface of the lip 54 of the cap 51 and the curved surface 31 of the intermediate portion 18 of neck 16 define an unobstructed substantially continuous curved surface, thereby minimizing the chances of material entering chamber 56 while moving the cap from the closed to the open position.

The container 10 may be closed by the exertion of a downward force upon cap 51 thereby moving the lip 54 from engagement in the recess or groove 25 and further inserting the plunger 55 into the interior 21 of neck 16. The cap 51 may be moved to the position illustrated in FIG. 2 which is the semi-locked closed position wherein the lip 54 of the cap 51 is positioned below the bead portion 24 in a manner such that the curved surface 32 of the intermediate portion 18 of the neck 16 and the inner surface of the lip 54 of cap 51 define an unobstructed substantially continuous curved surface. The circular bead portion 24 of the base 17 prevents upward movement of the cap 51 without the application of an upward force. The cap 51 and the neck 16 define a closed annular chamber 60 therebetween thereby minimizing or preventing contact between material about the neck 16 and the surrounding air. The plunger 55 is fully inserted into the interior 21 of neck 16 with the outer surface of plunger '55 being in sealing engagement with the inner surface of neck 16 thereby covering orifice 22 and preventing material from being dispensed from container 10. The lower portion of the plunger 55 extends beyond the neck 16 into the container 10, thereby releasing the compressive force applied to the lower portion by the neck 16, resulting in an outward expansion of the plunger 55. The cap 51 may be more securely locked to the container 10 by the exertion of a downward force to further downwardly move the cap 51 to a position in which the lip 54 of the cap 51 is engaged in the groove 23 of the base portion 17 of the neck 16, as illustrated in FIG. 3.

It is to be understood that numerous modifications and variations of the construction of the container neck and cap are possible within the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, for example, the shape of the cap may be otherwise than as shown; e.g., the outer wall of the cap may be of constant thickness or increase in thickness from top to bottom although the design as shown is preferred. Similarly, the length of the plunger may be about equal to or shorter than the length of the neck of the container whereby the cap plunger does not extend into the neck in a closed position, as particularly shown. Alternatively, the thickness of the walls of the plunger may be substantially equal throughout the length thereof or increase from top to bottom, although the construction shown is generally preferred.

In another modification, the transition from the intermediate portion of the neck to the bottom and top portions thereof may be defined other than by an unobstructed substantially continuous curved surface, provided the outer surface of the cap lip and the outer surface of the neck, in the open position, define a substantially continuous unobstructed surface to minimize the chances of material entering chamber 56. The outwardly curved surface as particularly shown, however, is the preferred construction.

In a further modification, the lower recess on the neck may be eliminated and the bead portion employed as the sole means for preventing further upward movement of the cap without the exertion of an upward force. The slightly increasing diameter of the base portion, from top to bottom thereof, maintains a sealing relationship between the cap lip and base portion upon movement of the cap below the bead. Similarly, the bead portion on the neck could be eliminated in which case the locking of the cap in the closed position would be effected by engagement of the cap lip in the recess on the base portion of the neck.

Another embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 of the drawings which is substantially identical to the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1-3, except for the provision of threaded means for more securely locking the cap to the container and like parts are designated by like prime numerals. Referring now to FIG. 4 which illustrates the cap 51 in open position, the outer surface of top portion 19 of neck 16' is provided with a continuous thread 101 immediately above the recess 25', with the lower part of the thread 101 defining the abutment for preventing removal of the cap 51' from neck 16'. The recess 25 may be a portion of the thread 101. In this embodiment, the top portion 19' of the neck 16' does not have an exterior chamfered surface, although such a surface could be employed.

The inner surface of wall 53' of cap 51 is provided with threads 110 adjacent the closed top 52 thereof, the threads 110 being threads which mate with the threads 101 of the top portion 19' of neck 16'.

The opening and closing of the container is substantially similar to the opening and closing of the container 10 described with reference to FIGS. 1-3 with the cap 51' in the open position illustrated in FIG. 4 with lip 54' thereof engaged in recess 25 of the '[Op portion 19. The cap 51' is moved to a closed position by the exertion of a downward force and after the lip 54' of the caps 51 is pushed past the head portion 24' of the base 17' of the neck 16 a point is reached short of engagement of the lip 54 with the recess 23 where further downward movement of the cap 51 is resisted as a result of initial contact of the threads 110 of Cap 51' with the threads 101 of the top portion 19 of neck 16'. The cap 51 is further closed by twisting thereof whereby the threads 101 and 110 cooperate to cause further downward movement of the cap 51 until the lip 54 thereof is engaged in recess 23. The cap 51 may be further twisted after engagement of the lip 54 in recess 23' as a result of the resiliency of the lip 54- and the further unengaged portions of the threads 101 and 110. The cap 51 may be opened by reversing the closing procedure, i.e., upward twisting of the cap to disengage the threads at which point the cap 51 may be pulled upwardly until engagement of the lip 54' in the recess 25'.

The embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 may be modified in numerous ways similarly to the embodiment of FIGS. 1-3.

A further embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 which is similar to the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, except for the provision of means for providing more effective sealing between the cap and the interior of the container neck and the use of only a bead for locking the cap in the closed position and like portions are identified by like double prime numerals. Referring now to FIG. 6, there is shown a cap 51" and the lower portion of the outer surface of plunger 55" is provided with a downwardly depending outwardly extending narrow resilient skirt 201 which extends continuously around the plunger 55", with the upper end of the skirt 201 being integral with the plunger 55 and the lower end thereof being outwardly spaced from the plunger 55". The skirt 201 is capable of being elastically compressed and under compresion the skirt 201 is outwardly biased whereby insertion of the plunger 55" into the container neck results in a positive seal between the skirt 201 and the interior of the neck.

The exterior surface of the plunger 55" of the cap 51" is further provided with a resilient circular bead portion 202 positioned thereon above the skirt 201. The circular bead portion 202 provides additional sealing as the result of the elastic compression thereof upon placing the plunger 55 into the container neck and also counterbalances the skirt 201, thereby maintaining the cap 51" in even balance. It is to be understood, however, that the bead portion 202 may be eliminated or replaced with a skirt identical to skirt 201. Similarly, the plunger 55" of cap 51" may contain two or more skirts to increase the sealing efiectiveness. Alternatively, the skirt 201 may be eliminated, and the sealing provided by the resilient circular head portion 202, with this structure being least preferred.

In employing the cap 51" with a container 10", the cap 51" in the open position (FIG. 7) engages the top portion 19" of the neck 16" as described with respect to the embodiments illustrated in FIGS. 13, with the bead portion 202 and the skirt 201 being placed within the interior of the neck thereby providing effective sealing engagement between the plunger 55" of the cap 51" and the interior surface of the container neck. In the closed position, the cap engages the neck as described with reference to FIG. 3 with the bead portion 202 and the skirt portion 201 being compressed within the interior of the container neck and the cap lip 54" being engaged with bead 24" on the base 17" of neck 16". The use of skirt 201 and beaded portion 202 and/or additional skirts 201 permits effective sealing, notwithstanding tolerance discrepancies between the outer dimensions of the plunger 55" and the interior dimensions of the container neck. It is to be understood that additional skirts 201 may be provided on the exterior surface of plunger 55" and such skirts 201 may be provided on the portion of the plunger 55" which is within or outside of the container neck in the open position, with the chamfered surface on the top of the interior of the neck facilitating reentry and insertion of the plunger and skirt into the neck.

It is also to be understood that the cap, containing a resilient means, may be constructed as described with reference to 'FIGS. 4 and 5, i.e., with threads on the interior of the cap and the exterior of the container neck.

It is further to be understood that the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 68 is subject to numerous modifications similar to the previously described embodiments.

In addition, the resilient means provided on the plunger of the cap may be constructed other than as particularly shown although the illustrated embodiment is preferred. Thus, for example, the plunger can be provided with a spring loaded bumper instead of the skirt as shown. It is also to be understood that the interior of the neck portion may be provided with resilient means in order to provide for tolerance discrepancies.

The cap and neck of the present invention to be employed for effectively dispensing material from a container is particularly advantageous in that contact between material and the surrounding atmosphere is minimized while the cap is in the closed position while simultaneously minimizing the chances of material entering the interior of the cap during repeated opening and closing thereof. In adidtion, the cap and neck assembly are provided with specific structure which permits effective sealing without requiring unduly strict tolerance requirernents.

Various changes in the details, materials and arrangements of parts, which have been described and illustrated in order to explain the nature of the invention, may be made by those skilled in the art within the principle and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a cap and neck for dispensing material from a container, said neck being elongated and hollow and including a dispensing orifice for dispensing material from the hollow interior of the neck, said neck having an upper portion, an intermediate portion and a base portion, said intermediate portion having a thickness which is less than the thickness of both the upper portion and the base portion, the outer surface of the upper portion of the neck including an upper engaging means and the outer surface of the base portion of the neck including a lower engaging means, said cap including an outer wall which surrounds the outer surface of the neck and a plunger which is positioned in the hollow interior of the neck in sliding sealing cooperation therewith, said cap being movable with respect to the neck to open and closed positions with the plunger thereof opening and closing said orifice, the lower portion of the outer Wall of the cap including an inwardly extending lip, said lip being releasably engaged by the upper engaging means in the cap open position and releasably engaged by the vlower engaging means in the cap closed position, the

outer wall of the cap being spaced from the intermediate portion of the neck in the closed position to define a closed chamber therebetween.

2. The combination defined in claim 1 wherein an outwardly extending resilient head is provided on the outer surface of the plunger.

3. The combination as defined in claim 1 and further including resilient means on the exterior surface of said plunger to provide a portion of the plunger with an enlarged diameter, said resilient means being positioned on the portion of the plunger within the neck to maintain sealing engagement with the interior of the neck.

4. The combination as defined in claim 1 wherein the plunger further includes at least one downwardly depending outwardly extending resilient skirt on the outer surface thereof, said skirt being positioned and compressed within the neck to maintain sealing engagement with the interior of the neck.

5. The combination as defined in claim 1 wherein thread means are provided on the top portion of said elongated neck and the top inner portion of said outer wall of said cap.

6. The combination as defined in claim 1 wherein the first thread of said thread means on said elongated neck is said upper engaging means on said elongated neck.

7. The combination as defined in claim 1 wherein with the cap lip engaged by the upper engaging means the outer surface of the cap lip and the outer surface of the neck define a substantially continuous unobstructed surface.

8. The combination as defined in claim 1 wherein a lower portion of the neck above the lower engaging means is outwardly curved and cooperates with the inner surface of the cap lip when engaged in the lower recess to provide a substantially continuous surface.

9. The combination as defined in claim 1 wherein the upper engaging means comprises a recess in the top portion of the neck.

10. The combination as defined in claim 9' wherein the lower engaging means comprises a head portion on the base portion of the neck.

11. The combination as defined in claim 9 wherein the lower engaging means comprises a recess in the base portion of the neck.

12. In combination, a material dispensing container and a cap therefor, said container comprising a body having an elongated hollow neck, said neck including a base portion, a top portion and an intermediate portion, said base and top portion having a greater diameter than the intermediate portion, the intermediate portion having outwardly flared surfaces at the top and bottom thereof terminating in the top and base portions, respectively, said neck including a dispensing orifice whereby material can be dispensed from the interior of the container; said base portion including first engaging means and said top portion including a second engaging means; said cap comprising a closed top and an open bottom, an outer wall terminating in an inwardly extending lip at the open bottom of the cap and a plunger extending downwardly from the closed top of the cap, said cap being placed on the container with the plunger of the cap extending into the interior of the elongated neck in sliding sealing engagement therewith and the outer wall of the cap surrounding the exterior of said neck, said cap being movable along the neck of the container to move the plunger in sliding sealing engagement with the neck to open and close the dispensing orifice, whereby in the open position said inwardly extending lip of the outer wall of the cap is engaged by the second engaging means and in the closed position the inwardly extending lip of the outer wall of the cap is engaged by the first engaging means and the outer wall of the cap is spaced from the narrower intermediate portion of the neck defining a closed chamber therebetween.

13. The combination as defined in claim 12 wherein in the open position the outwarly flared surface at the top of the intermediate portion of the neck and the outer surface of the inwardly extending lip of the cap cooperate to define a substantially continuous curved surface.

14. The combination as defined in claim 12 and further including resilient means on the exterior surface of said plunger to provide a portion of the plunger with an enlarged diameter, said resilient means being positioned in the portion of the plunger within the neck to maintain sealing engagement with the interior of the neck.

15. The combination as defined in claim 12 wherein the exterior of the plunger further includes a resilient skirt, one end of said skirt being spaced from the plunger, said skirt being positioned and compressed within the neck of the container to maintain sealing engagement between the interior of the neck and said plunger.

16. The combination as defined in claim 15 wherein the exterior of the plunger further includes a resilient bead.

17. The combination as defined in claim 15 wherein the second engaging means is a recess.

18. The combination as defined in claim 15 wherein the first engaging means includes a bead portion and a recess positioned below the head portion to provide two closed positions for the cap.

19. The combination as defined in claim 12 wherein the top portion of the neck and the top inner portion of 9 the cap include mating threads to provide threaded engagement between the cap and neck in the closed position. 20. The combination as defined in claim 12 wherein the first engaging means is defined by a downwardly increasing thickness of the base portion of the neck.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,112,125 3/ 1938 Von Buttzingslowen 222-519X 10 Pari 222--546 Thomson 222-562X Scoggin, Jr. et a1. 222-384X Newman 222519 Johnson, Jr. et a1. 222-5 62X SAMUEL F. COLEMAN, Primary Examiner N. L. STACK, JR., Assistant Examiner

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3759429 *Dec 16, 1970Sep 18, 1973Inventions Unlimited IncPush-pull cap and neck assembly
US3778850 *May 19, 1972Dec 18, 1973Bryan JAutomatic liquid dispenser for flush tanks and the like
US4032106 *Jun 4, 1976Jun 28, 1977Corco, Inc.Self-sealing valve
US4711378 *Mar 24, 1986Dec 8, 1987S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Spray cap assembly comprising a base unit and push/pull closure means
US5531710 *Feb 24, 1995Jul 2, 1996Courtaulds Aerospace, Inc.Combination closure and syringe
US8844775 *Jun 25, 2013Sep 30, 2014Altachem NvTip seal for an adapter for a pressurized dispensing container comprising a viscous foamable solution and adapter provided with such a tip seal
US9010572 *Feb 14, 2014Apr 21, 2015Altachem N. V.Tip seal having a position indicator, the tip seal being configured to dispense a foam solution
US20090026231 *Oct 13, 2005Jan 29, 2009David GoodwinValves for drinking cups
US20140158718 *Jun 25, 2013Jun 12, 2014Altachem N.V.Tip seal for an adapter for a pressurized dispensing container comprising a viscous foamable solution and adapter provided with such a tip seal
US20140224828 *Feb 14, 2014Aug 14, 2014Altachem N.V.Tip seal having a position indicator, the tip seal being configured to dispense a foam solution
USD731310Mar 28, 2014Jun 9, 2015Altachem NvAdapter with closing device for a pressurized dispensing container
DE19533590A1 *Sep 11, 1995Mar 13, 1997Mueller Ruth MReusable closure for tooth-paste tube
WO2006043035A1 *Oct 13, 2005Apr 27, 2006David GoodwinValves for drinking cups
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/546
International ClassificationB65D47/04, B65D47/28
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/283
European ClassificationB65D47/28B