|Publication number||US3607516 A|
|Publication date||Sep 21, 1971|
|Filing date||Dec 2, 1969|
|Priority date||Dec 2, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3607516 A, US 3607516A, US-A-3607516, US3607516 A, US3607516A|
|Inventors||Royston John H|
|Original Assignee||Royston Lab|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (7), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventor John H. Royston Pittsburgh, Pa.  App1.No. 881,365  Filed Dec. 2, 1969  Patented Sept. 21, 1971  Assignee Royston Laboratories, Inc.
 METHODS OF COATING PIPE 5 Claims, 2 Drawlng Figs.
 US. Cl 156/187, 156/195,156/392  Int. Cl 1165b 81/03  Field 01 Search 156/184. 187, 195, 392
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,874,722 2/1959 l-lamblin 156/195 X 3,024,153 3/1962 Kennedy 156/195 X 3,033,724 5/1962 Stokes 156/184 X 3,063,833 11/1962 Howard et al. 156/187 3,189,052 6/1965 Devaney 156/184 X 3,195,427 7/1965 Adams 156/195 X 3,338,270 8/1967 Denenberg 156/184 X Primary Examiner-Benjamin R. Padgett Assistant Examiner-Gary G. Solyst A!!0rney-Buell, Blenko & Ziensenheim ABSTRACT: A method is provided for forming an electrically insulative pipe by the steps of assembling an elongated wrapper having an inner band of self-adhering adhesive and an outer band of a mechanically strong material and wrapping said wrapper about a pipe to be protected with one side edge being bent upon itself so as to form an exposed edge of adhesive engaging the adhesive on the opposite edges of the wrap whereby to form an adhesive-to-adhesive bond at the overlap.
PATENTED SEP21 IHYI 3.607.516
INVEN'I'OR John H. Royston This invention relates to methods of coating pipe and particularly to a method of coating pipe using a tape having a selfadhesive, self-sealing or pressure-sensitive layer.
The coating of pipe to provide protection against corrosion particularly by electrolyte process is old and well known. Wrappers of various kinds have been applied over painted coatings of asphalts and like materials for many years. So also have coatings of pressure-sensitive and like tapes been applied directly to the metallic pipe surface. Unfortunately the resultant coatings have not been entirely satisfactory for a variety of reasons. In the application of tape over a painted coating there are problems of maintaining uniformity of coating thickness as well as integrity of the total coating. Moreover such coatings require a two or more stage application of the several layers making up the coating with a variety of specialized equipment for the application. In the case of pressuresensitive and like tapes, the problem is primarily lack of integrity of the coating and resultant leakage at the overlapped joints. Experience has shown and logic reasons that pressuresensitive tapes which can be unrolled from their coils by readily unwinding, do not possess sufi'icient bonding strength between the pressure-sensitive adhesive and the backing of the tape or it would not unroll. A pressure-sensitive tape that can be so easily unrolled will possess no greater ability to bond to its own backing at the overlap when applied to the pipe, and therefore, will not provide a sufficient watertight seal at the overlap area, thus permitting moisture to enter under the insulation at this point.
I have found a method of overcoming these problems of the prior art methods and at the same time providing a raised protective rib which protects the coating from damage while the pipe is being handled and covered.
Preferably lform an electrically insulative wrapped pipe by the steps of assembling an elongated wrapper having an inner band of a self-adhering adhesive material and an outer band of a mechanically strong material, wrapping said elongated wrapper about a pipe to be coated with one side edge being bent back upon itself so as to form an exposed edge of adhesive engaging the adhesive on the opposite edge of the wrap whereby to form an adhesive to adhesive bond at the overlap of such wrap. The tension will be increased at the lap area due to the increased thickness, thus affecting a greater fusion of the pressure-sensitive or self-sealing adhesive within the fold. By turning back the fold the possibility of moisture seeping in at the overlap is eliminated. Preferably the wrap is applied in helical form so as to form a continuous helical rib extending around the pipe from end to end. By actual tests using a Dillon Universal Testing Machine, one typical grade of pressure-sensitive pipeline tape identified as No. 43, manufactured by Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company, it can be seen that the bond strength of adhesive to adhesive is three times greater than the bond strength between the adhesive and the backing of this tape. This test was conducted by using -inch strips of tape as follows: l Place the pressure-sensitive adhesive side of two strips face to face for a total of 3 inches in length, leaving two of the 2-inch ends unattached. Place these 2-inch tabs in the jaws of the Dillon Universal Testing Machine and record the pounds pull required to separate the 3-inch area. (2) Place the pressure-sensitive adhesive side on one strip on the plastic back side of the second strip for a total of 3 inches in length, leaving 2 of the 2-inch ends unattached. Place these 2-inch tabs in the jaws of the Dillon Universal Testing Machine and record the pounds pull required to separate the 3-inch area. When comparing self-sealing tapes manufactured for pipeline use, products such as that manufactured by Plicoflex rely on the softness of their butyl vinyl sealant to squeeze out under pressure to affect a seal at the lap in an area approximately one-sixteenth of an inch as they obtain little or no bond of the adhesive to their PVC backing. But by my invention a product of this type will have the advantage of extending the self-sealing area to as much as one-half inch and the bond between the two self-sealingl layers will now be determined by the cohesive strength of t e compound. The adhesive may be any of the pressure-sensitive and self-sealing materials used in the present forms of pressure-sensitive and self-sealing wrappers. It may be for example natural rubber, styrene butadiene rubber, butyl rubber, neoprene, nitrile rubber, polysulfide rubber, ethylene propylene copolymer or terpolymer and the like. The outer band or layer is preferably a strong resilient material such as a film of polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, cellulose acetate, polyolefins, polycarbonates, polyesters and the like material. The band or wrapper may be applied to a pipe or over a wet or dry primer.
In the foregoing general description of my invention 1 have set out certain purposes, objects and advantages of my invention. Other objects, purposes and advantages of the invention will be apparent from a consideration of the following description and the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a pipe having a coating applied according to my invention,
FIG. 2 is a cross section of a coated pipe according to my invention.
Referring to the drawings I have illustrated a pipe 10 having applied thereto a wrapper made up of a band 11 of polyethylene having a layer 12 of adhesive elastomer on one side thereof. One edge 13 of the wrapper is turned over upon itself as it is applied to the pipe 10 so that an exposed face of adhesive 12 engages the adhesive layer 12 of the opposite edge 14 of the next succeeding wrap of the wrapper on the pipe. As the wrapper is drawn tight the adhesive layers flow together forming a complete seal and at the same time a helical rib 15 which extends from one end of the pipe to the other and on which the pipe will rest, raising the balance of the coating away from the surface on which the pipe rests. This protects the pipe coating from abrasion and damage while eliminating the problem of leakage at the wrap joint which occurred in the past because the pressure sensitive layer contacted the outer wrap to which it was not adhesively bonded leaving a zone of weakness.
In the foregoing specification I have set out a preferred practice of my invention, however, it will be understood that this invention may otherwise be embodied within the scope of the following claims.
l. A method of forming an electrically insulative wrapped pipe comprising the steps of:
a. assembling an elongated wrapper having an inner band of a self-adhering adhesive material and an outer layer of a mechanically strong material, said wrapper having spaced apart generally parallel side edges, and
. wrapping said elongated wrapper about a pipe to be protected with the adhesive inner band contacting said pipe, and one side edge of said wrapper bent back upon itself so as to form an exposed edge of adhesive engaging the adhesive on the opposite edge of the wrapper whereby to form an adhesive to adhesive band at the overlap of said wrap.
2. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the wrapper is applied helically about the pipe and the overlap of each succeeding wrap forms a helical rib from one end of the pipe to the other.
3. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the pipe is coated with a primer prior to wrapping.
4. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the outer layer is a member from the group consisting of ethylene-vinyl acetate, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, polycarbonates, cellulose acetate, cellulose butyrate, polyesters, polystyrene, polyethylene copolymer and polyolefins.
5. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the inner layer is -a member from the group consisting of natural rubber, styrene butadiene rubber, butyl rubber, neoprene, nitrile rubber, ethylene propylene copolymer or terpolymer, polyvinyl chloride and polysulfide rubber.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5174846 *||Mar 16, 1990||Dec 29, 1992||Carrs Paper Limited||Wrapping elongate articles|
|US5364677 *||Feb 3, 1993||Nov 15, 1994||Gexco Ent. A Division Of Tennis Ball Saver, Inc.||Self-adhesive wrap-on grip for sports racquets and other equipment handles|
|US5516584 *||Aug 3, 1994||May 14, 1996||T C Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Primerless pipeline coating tape|
|US5795623 *||Nov 3, 1997||Aug 18, 1998||Mcguire Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Cover assembly and method for covering undersink piping|
|US8256184 *||Sep 4, 2012||Harry Lowe||Protective covering for wooden utility poles and method of installation|
|US20110056170 *||Sep 9, 2009||Mar 10, 2011||Harry Lowe||Protective covering for wooden utility poles and method of installation|
|EP0181298A1 *||Oct 24, 1985||May 14, 1986||AB AKERLUND & RAUSING||A method and a device for applying a wrapping around a tube-shaped body|
|WO2002014732A1 *||Aug 15, 2000||Feb 21, 2002||Arnt Skinnes||Method and device for protection and maintenance of cables, pipes etc. and use of a surrounding cladding|
|U.S. Classification||156/187, 156/392, 156/195|
|International Classification||F16L58/16, F16L58/02|
|May 1, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SOUTH SHORE BANK, MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CHASE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005178/0114
Effective date: 19890421
|Nov 28, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHASE CORPORATION
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:COLUMBIA CHASE CORPORATION (MERGED INTO);REEL/FRAME:004988/0788
Effective date: 19881014