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Publication numberUS3607523 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 21, 1971
Filing dateJul 28, 1969
Priority dateJul 28, 1969
Also published asCA918053A1, DE2037441A1
Publication numberUS 3607523 A, US 3607523A, US-A-3607523, US3607523 A, US3607523A
InventorsMcgirr George W
Original AssigneeHarris Intertype Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Double facer heat control method and apparatus
US 3607523 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventor George W. McGirr Delran, NJ.

Appl. No. 845,443

Filed July 28, 1969 Patented Sept. 21, 1971 Assignee Harris-lntertype Corporation Cleveland, Ohio DOUBLE FACER HEAT CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS 8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 156/210, 156/292, 156/470 Int. Cl 1331f 1/20 Field oISearch 156/210,

[56] I References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,565,570 8/1951 Messinger l0l/416.1 UX 2,737,228 3/1956 Bashuk 156/470 2,941,573 6/1960 Cassady..... 156/60 3,063,369 11/1962 Timson 101/247 3,170,315 2/1965 Wippermann et al. 101/247 UX Primary Examiner-Benjamin A. Borchelt Assistant Examiner-G, E. Montone Attorney-Seidel, Gonda & Goldhammer ABSTRACT: A double facer machine for making doublefaced corrugated paperboard is provided with an automatic control for ballast rolls. The automatic control is responsive to movement of heated platens. As surface contact between the corrugated paperboard and the platens decreases due to movement of the platens away from the paperboard, ballast rolls are caused to move upwardly away from the paperboard.

PATENTED saw |97| SHEEI 1 OF 2 r// //fiz & TE a a m 2 m F #4 a ,///7/ ///////w INVENTOR GEORGE W MG/RR A TTORNEVS.

PATENTEDSEP2I IQTI 3301.523

sum 2 or 2 IN VE N TOR GEORGE W. McG/RR ATTORNEYS DOUBLE FACEIK HEAT CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS This invention relates to a double facer machine of the variable heat type. A typical example of a double facer machine of the variable heat type is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 2,94I,573. The disclosure therein is incorporated herein by reference.

Optimum utilization of the art taught by said patent has resulted in the use of only one ballast roll adjacent the downstream end of each heated platen. As disclosed therein, the heated platens may move downwardly away from the paperboard by pivoting about their downstream end or by reciprocating in an upright direction. I have found that the length of the entire double facer machine may be shortened if additional ballast rolls are applied to provide more uniform pressure between the heated platens and the corrugated board. When such additional ballast rolls are provided, the advantages of a variable heat double facer machine are nullified since the additional ballast rolls maintain the corrugated board in contact with the platens in the upper and lower positions of the platens. In this regard, the platens do not move any substantial distance when moving between their upper and lower positions.

In order that the double facer machine may be shortened and yet still have the advantage of a variable heat double facer machine, I have provided an automatic control for the additional ballast rolls responsive to movement of the heated platens.

As the surface contact between the paperboard and the upper surface of the platens decreases due to movement of the platens away from the paperboard, the automatic control raises the ballast rolls upwardly away from the paperboard. The automatic control is preferably in the form of mechanical levers and links so as to be simple, inexpensive and reliable.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a variable heat double facer machine which may be made shorter by causing ballast rolls to move upwardly away from the paperboard as heated platens move downwardly away from the paperboard.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a variable heat double facer machine having a plurality of ballast rolls whose position is responsive to the position of a heated platen.

It is another object of the present invention to control heating of paperboard in a double facer machine by relieving downward pressure on the paperboard effected by ballast rolls as a direct result of decreasing surface contact between the paper board and heated platens therebelow.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a variable heat double facer machine with an automatic control for ballast roll positions by use of a control which is simple, inexpensive and reliable.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.

FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of a double facer machine.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line 2-2 in FIG.

FIG. 3 is a view taken along the line 33 in FIG. 2, with the platen in its uppermost position wherein there is maximum heat transfer.

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 3 but illustrating the platen in a lowermost position wherein there is minimum heat transfer.

Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements,there is shown in FIG. 1 a double facer machine designated generally as for making double-faced corrugated paperboard. The machine 10 includes an endless belt 12 extending around rollers 14 and l4one of which is driven. The corrugated paperboard is designated as 16, and is pulled through the machine 10 by means of the belt 12 while in contact with the upper surface of a plurality of variable heat platens 18, 20, etc.

Since all of the platens are identical, only platen 18 will be. described in detail. The platen 18 has an upper surface 19 adapted to be in intimate contact with the paperboard 16 so that heat may be transferred from the platen 18 to the paperboard 16 to effect'an adhesive juncture betweenthe liner and the single-faced paperboard. As shown more clearly in FIG. 2, the machine 10 includes side frames 22 and 24 which support the platen 18. The platen 18 may reciprocate vertically when moving from a position having maximum surface contact with the paperboard 16 as shown in FIG. 3 to a position having minimum surface contact with the paperboard 16 as shown in FIG. 4.

The platen I8 is preferably moved from the position shown in FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 4 by a tilting action, whereby the downstream end of the platens will have slightly more than line contact with the paperboard 16 and thereby prevent the web of paperboard 16 from drooping. The tilting or pivoting action is attained by means of a cylinder 30 pivotably supported at its lower end on a suitable brace or bracket. A piston 28 extends from the cylinder 30 and has its free end pivotably connected to the upstream end of the platen l8. Conduits are provided for introducing a motive fluid such as pressurized air into the cylinder 30 to effect tilting of the platen 18 from the position shown in FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 4 and vice versa.

The downstream end of the platen 18 is provided with a cradle 33 supported by pins 32 and 34 which extend inwardly from the side frames 22 and 24 respectively. See FIGS. 2 and 3. Adjacent the upper surface 19, the platen I8 is provided with a lug 36 on one side and a lug 38 on the opposite side. See FIG. 2. The lugs 36 and 38 extend outwardly and transversely with respect to the platen 18.

A lever 40 is pivotably supported intermediate its ends by means of a pin 42 supported by the side frame 22. A lever 44 is supported on the opposite side of platen 18 intermediate its ends by means of a pin 43 on the side frame 24. The lever 40 is below lug 36 so that lever end 46 may contact lug 36. Similarly, lever 44 is supported so that one of its ends may contact lug 38.

As shown more clearly in FIGS. 3 and 4, the other end of lever 40 which is designated as 48 is disposed above the lever end 46 and adjacent the plane of upper surface 19 on platen 18. A pair of rails 50 and 52 are supported from the side frames 22 and 24 or any other convenient support structure by means, not shown. The rails 50 and 52 are above the lower run of the belt 12 as will be apparent from the figures of the drawing. Transversely aligned links 54 and 56 have their upper ends pivotably secured to the rails 50 and 52 by pins 58 and 60, respectively. Intermediate their ends, the links 54 and 56 rotatably support a ballast roll 26. The axis of rotation of ballast roll 26 is longitudinally offset with respect to the longitudinal axis of pins 58 and 60. See FIG. 3.

The lowermost end 55 of link 54 is aligned with the lever end 48. See FIG. 2. Similarly, the lowermost end 55' of link 56 is aligned with the end 48' on lever 44.

Downstream from the links 54 and 56, there is provided a pair of transversely aligned links 62, only one of which is shown. An adjustable bolt or stud 66 on end 55 of link 54 is in contact with one of the links 62. The links 62 are pivotably supported by the rails 50 and 52 by means of pins 63 and are parallel to links 54 and 56. The links 62 rotatably support a ballast roll 26' which contacts the lower run of belt 12 in the same manner as roll 26.

Downstream from the links 62, there is provided a pair of transversely aligned links64, only one of which is shown. The links 64 are rotatably supported from the rails 50 and 52 by means of pins 65 and are parallel to links 62. The links 64 rotatably support a ballast roll 26" which contacts the lower run of belt 12 adjacent the vertical plane containing pins 32 and 34. Roll 26" may be raised by manually actuating exten sion 68 on link 64.

The manner in which a double facer machine is utilized is well known to those skilled in the art and need not be described in detail. The platens may be heated in any conventional manner such as by electrical heating coils or introducing steam into the platens. During normal operation, the elements assume the relationship illustrated in FIG. 3.

When it is desired to minimize heat transfer from the platens to the paperboard 16, such as when the machine has stopped and scorching is to be avoided, the platens may be moved downwardly away from the paperboard so as to assume the relationship shown in FIG. 4. In FIGJ4, the platen 18 has minimum contact with the paperboard 12 so as to prevent drooping of the same, but little heat transfer take place. Each of the platens is individually operable whereby the number of platens moved from a position as illustrated in FIG. 3 to the position illustrated in FIG. 4 may be selectively arranged as desired.

As the platen 18 moves from the position shown in FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 4, lugs 36 and 38 rotate the levers 40 and 44 in a counterclockwise direction in FIGS. 3 and 4. The upper end 48 on lever 40 engages the lower end 55 on link 54 and raises the same upwardly. Simultaneously, the end 48' on link 44 engages the lower end 55' on link 56 and raises the same. Such upward movement of the links 54 and 56 moves the ballast roll 26 upwardly away from contact with the lower run of the belt 12.

As the links 54 and 56 rotate in a counterclockwise direction about the axis of pins 58 and 60 in FIG. 3, stud 66 engages one of the links 62 an causes the links 62 to rotate in a similar direction about the axis of pins 63, thereby moving the ballast roll 26' upwardly away from contact with the lower run of the belt 12. Links 64 are similarly caused to rotate due to a force imparted by the bolt 68 so as to cause the ballast roll 26" to move upwardly away from contact with the lower run of belt 12. Hence, the components assume the relationship shown in FIG. 4 when motive fluid is introduced into cylinder to cause the platen 18 to move downwardly away from the paperboard 16. The automatic control for the ballast rolls is in the form of mechanical levers and links so as to be simple, inexpensive and reliable.

The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof.

I claim:

I. A double facer machine comprising a plurality of aligned heated platens each having an upper surface for contact with a web of paperboard, an endless belt above said surfaces for moving the paperboard across said surfaces, at least two ballast rolls supported above the lower run of the belt and in contact with the lower run of the belt, said platens being mounted for downward movement away from the paperboard to decrease heat transfer to the paperboard, and means for automatically moving at least one of the ballast rolls upwardly in response to the downward movement of at least one of the platens which is adjacent said roll.

2. A machine in accordance with claim 1 wherein each ballast roll is supported by a pair of links pivotably supported above the lower run of the belt.

3. A machine in accordance with claim 2 wherein said automatic means includes at least one lever supported to engage a lower end portion of one of said links, and a surface on said one platen for causing movement of said lever to effect upward movement of the ballast roll.

4. A machine in accordance with claim 1 wherein said heated platens are supported for pivotable movement about an axis adjacent the downstream end of the platens.

5. A machine in accordance with claim 1 wherein each ballast roll is supported by a pair of linksdisposed at an acute angle and pivotably supported above said one platen, and means on one of the links for. moving the adjacent link in the same direction at the same time.

6. A double facer machine comprising a plurality of aligned heated platens each having an upper surface for contact with paperboard, an endless belt above said surfaces for moving the paperboard across said surfaces, at least two ballast rolls supported above each of the platens and in contact with the lower run of the belt, said platens being mounted for pivotable movement downwardly away from the plane of the paperboard to decrease heat transfer to the paperboard, and means for automatically moving said ballast rolls upwardly away from contact with the lower run of the belt in response to downward pivotable movement of said platens, said automatic means including lugs on opposite sides of each platen, a separate link pivotably supported by a frame member adjacent each lug, a pivotable link supporting each end of each ballast roll, the links supporting one of the ballast rolls having lower end portions juxtaposed to and aligned with a separate one of said levers.

7. A method of controlling heat transfer to paperboard as the paperboard is processed by a double facer machine comprising the steps of introducing heat into paperboard by causing the paperboard web to contact the upper surfaces of aligned heated platens, moving the paperboard across said surfaces by an endless belt, maintaining the paperboard in intimate contact with said surfaces by means of at least two parallel transversely extending ballast rolls engaging the lower run of the belt, and selectively reducing heat transfer to a substantial extent from said platens to said paperboard by moving selected ones of said platens downwardly away from the paperboard while simultaneously moving the ballast rolls associated with the selected platens upwardly out of contact with the lower run of said belt in response to said downward movement of the platens.

8. A method in accordance with claim 7 wherein said downward movement of the platens is effected by tilting the platens about an axis adjacent the downstream end of the platens, and said moving of the ballast rolls upwardly including pivoting the ballast rolls about an axis above the ballast rolls.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3948718 *Feb 28, 1974Apr 6, 1976Bhs-Bayerische Berg-Hutten-Und Salzwerke AktiengesellschaftApparatus for pressing a moving web of material against a supporting surface particularly to a heating part
US4092915 *Feb 10, 1977Jun 6, 1978Molins Machine Company, Inc.Oil heated double facer platen
US5005473 *Sep 21, 1989Apr 9, 1991Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaPress roll elevator in a double facer
US5034087 *Nov 16, 1989Jul 23, 1991Doboy Packaging Machinery, Inc.Self-adjusting heat seal bar
US5439544 *Sep 20, 1993Aug 8, 1995Chesapeake CorporationNo-crush roll system and method in a double backer
US5466329 *Jun 3, 1994Nov 14, 1995Marquip, Inc.Adjustable ballast system for the holddown belt in a double facer
US5611267 *Dec 6, 1995Mar 18, 1997Corrugated Gear & Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for applying variable pressure to a surface in corrugated paperboard manufacturing
US5632830 *Aug 14, 1995May 27, 1997Marquip, Inc.Adjustable ballast system for a double facer
US5711214 *Jun 14, 1996Jan 27, 1998Lauderbaugh; David M.Apparatus for dissipating moisture from an item
US5732622 *Jan 24, 1997Mar 31, 1998Corrugated Gear And ServicesMachine for manugacturing corrugated board
US5791239 *Jun 13, 1997Aug 11, 1998Corrugated Gear & Services, Inc.Machine for manufacturing corrugated paperboard with independently controlled pressure applicators
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/210, 156/292, 156/470
International ClassificationB31F1/20, B31F1/28
Cooperative ClassificationB31F1/285
European ClassificationB31F1/28J2