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Publication numberUS3608495 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 28, 1971
Filing dateJun 23, 1969
Priority dateJun 23, 1969
Publication numberUS 3608495 A, US 3608495A, US-A-3608495, US3608495 A, US3608495A
InventorsMare Baltzar Leo De
Original AssigneeMare Baltzar Leo De
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus and method for encapsulating fragile components
US 3608495 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Baltzar Leo De Mare Aberdeen, Md.

June 23, 1969 Sept. 28, 1971 The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army Inventor Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENCAPSULATING FRAGILE COMPONENTS 3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.

Int. Cl 865d 85/42 Field of Search 206/46, 46

FR, 46 FC;174/52.6; 102/921, 1, 34, 49.34

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,780,350 2/1957 Simon et al. 206/46 3,001,105 9/1961 Fox 317/101 Primary Examiner-Robert F. Stahl Attorneys-Harry M. Saragovitz, Edward .1. Kelly, Herbert Berl and Robert P. Gibson ABSTRACT: A fragile article, such as an electronic component being used in a rocket or military projectile vehicle, is embedded in a powder to minimize vibrations, shock and heat effects and to render the packaged article easy of removal for inspection or replacement.

Fragile article APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENCAPSULATING FRAGILE COMPONENTS The invention described herein may be manufactured, used and licensed by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An idea as to usefulness of the present invention may be gathered from the following example. Fragile components, such as a package of telemetering equipment, is assembled into a projectile and fired from a gun into the upper atmosphere. Because of the very high acceleration, or deceleration upon return or upon impact with the earth, the telemetering equipment must be intimately supported to prevent tearing loose of wiring an subassemblies as well as insulated from excessive heat.

Commonly, such a fragile component is embedded in a thermoplastic compound which is poured into place while hot and allowed to cool and set. However, the heated compound may soften or otherwise damage materials inside of the fragile component. Also, in order to recover the component for inspection it may be soaked in a solvent for a number of hours, or reheated, and removed as a sticky mass. The solvent, or reheating, could cause damage to the component and this operation is time consuming.

The present invention overcomes many of the problems of other methods of encapsulating.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a view of the invention in partial cross section;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view, illustrating the filling and compacting step;

H6. 3 is a view of the container in a filled condition and the cap ready to be affixed.

Container 1 may have cylindrical walls, or the walls may be slightly tapered in a truncated conical shape. The conical walls cause the material 2 being inserted to be wedged and compressed inwardly circumferentially as the material is tamped or pressed downwardly. The tapered walls also facilitate removal of the powder 2 therefrom. The bottom end closure 3 preferably has an opening 4 therein covered by a plate 5. Top end closure 6 is secured to the container 1 by screw threads, clamps, or other known apparatus. A fragile article is illustrated at 7. Flats 8, knurling, or such, on container 1 and closure 6 render easier the task of assembling or disassembling the apparatus. Tamping tool 9 and hammer 10 may be used to compact powder 2.

In use, a powder (e.g. soapstone) is spooned into the container to partially fill it and the container is then vibrated for initial compaction. Then tamping tools 9, 10 may be used for further compaction. The fragile article is placed inside, additional powder is spooned in therearound and thereover, the container is vibrated, and tools 9, 10 may again be used for compaction. The container is slightly overfilled as illustrated in FIG. 3. The lid is then screwed or clamped into place thereby placing the already compacted powder under further compression to assure lack of voids and to assure firm holding of the fragile article. The downward tamping, and pressure from the lid, together with tapered walls 1, wedge" the powder firmly around the fragile article.

In operation, the container is immovably mounted in an ac cessible portion of the vehicle with the sensory equipment embedded in the powdered material. After launch and recovery, the container with the fragile cargo is removed from the vehicle. Accessibility to this equipment is achieved by unscrewing the cover and tapping plate 5 by use of the shank of tool 9 or other tool. The powder and fragile article slide out within a few seconds and with no sticky mess of plastic material as is experienced on the more common method of encapsulating with thermoplastic potting compound. This action is enhanced by the outwardly tapering walls which facilitate the powder removal.

Iclaim: 1. Apparatus for encapsulating fragile equipment compnsing a container having a first end, sidewalls, and a second end, an aperture in said first end, a first closure member covering said aperture, said closure member loosely fitting inside of the sidewalls, a particulate finely divided material filling said container and surrounding the fragile equipment therein, and a second closure member for said second end of said container.

2. The improvement according to claim 1 in which the container sidewalls are tapered outwardly from said first end toward said second end to aid in compressing the material during filling and to aid in removing the material during emptying of the container.

3. The improvement according to claim 1 in which the housing contains means to connect said second closure member to said container and exert pressure against said particulate finely divided material to eliminate or minimize voids therein and to hold the fragile article under gentle substantially uniform pressure.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2780350 *Dec 11, 1951Feb 5, 1957Lockheed Aircraft CorpPackage with cellular plastic packaging means
US3001105 *Nov 30, 1956Sep 19, 1961Fox Arthur BGlass beads as potting material for electronic assemblies
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4116337 *Apr 29, 1976Sep 26, 1978N L Industries, Inc.Impact absorbing means for shipping cask
US4366095 *Aug 15, 1980Dec 28, 1982Eroterv Eromu Es Halozattervezo VallalatProcess and equipment for the transportation and storage of radioactive and/or other dangerous materials
US6744637Nov 27, 2002Jun 1, 2004Alliant Techsystems Inc.Guided munitions electronics package and method
U.S. Classification206/584, 174/544, 102/517, 174/522, 206/723
International ClassificationB65D81/05, B65D81/09
Cooperative ClassificationB65D81/09
European ClassificationB65D81/09