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Publication numberUS3609491 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 28, 1971
Filing dateDec 2, 1969
Priority dateDec 2, 1969
Publication numberUS 3609491 A, US 3609491A, US-A-3609491, US3609491 A, US3609491A
InventorsSwanke Roy L, Valbona Bruno M
Original AssigneeDynamics Corp America
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Selectable mode multipushbutton switch
US 3609491 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [54] SELECTABLE MODE MULTIPUSHBUTTON SWITCH 15 Claims, 10 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S. Cl 318/252, 200/5 E, 318/305, 318/351, 318/424, 318/443 [51] 1nt.Cl 1102p 7/10 [50] Field of Search 318/251,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,831,075 4/1958 Dumke et al. 200/5 2,866,860 12/1958 Sharp et al 200/5 so u Primary Examiner-Cris L. Rader Assistant Examiner-K. L. Crosson Attorney-Harbaugh and Thomas ABSTRACT: A motor-driven appliance including a multipushbutton switch with permutatable control sliders and switches providing different speeds selectively in association with a mode control to provide either a continuous or a momentary run of the appliance when any of the speed selection pushbuttons is manually pressed. The mode control in one position returns the sliders to OFF position when a pushbutton is released that was being pressed, while in another position the sliders remain in a continuous run position when the pressed pushbutton is released. The mode is selected by varying the tension upon a spring which urges the return of sliders and pushbuttons to a predetermined position. The mode can be changed during operation of the liquidizer and can serve as a stop control.

PATENTEUSEP28IE17I SHEET 1 0F 2 INVENTORS: ROY L. SWAN/(E BRUNO M VALBONA BJVM%I 0%,4 Afforneys PAIENTED S EP28 IQII 3; 09,491

' SHEET 2 OF 2 SPEEDS COILS SWITCHES OFF 0 s I ABCD 2s 2 ABC 24 3 AC I4 4 -g-(: I34 I l\\\\ C 56 5 K49 5 AB- 2467 7 l I I346? FIG. 7

DI Di Di Bi c c A C COILS D ABCD ABC AC EC A85 A6 Di Di Di Di SPEEDS OFF l 2 3 4 5 7 SWITCHES s 25 24 I4 I34 246? I467 6391 SWITCH s00 STATIONS (I) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) F I 6. I INVEN roRs:

R0) L. SWAN/(E BRUNO M. VAL BOIVA Q Attorneys SELECTABLE MODE MULTIPUSHBUTTON SWITCH CROSS-REFERENCE Swanke and Raymond, Ser. No. 8 I 3,957 Kelley et al., filed Oct. 15, 1969 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Although definiteness of timing, agitation speeds and volumes of ingredients have become increasingly important in recipes and formulas for desired optimum results when ingredients are being comminuted, mixed, homogenized or blended, generally referred to herein as liquidizing, occasion arises where the user, as a matter of economy or personal indulgence, or both, desires to use a liquidizer solely by manual control either in a continuous run mode or momentary run mode to accomplish particular results or vary them in accordance with the whims or experiments of the user. In brief, the users very often like to try new ideas and do things their own way with continuous run and momentary run modes actually at their fingertips.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In the present invention at least seven speeds in an eightpushbutton permutatable slider switch are provided in combination with a diode forsome of the speeds and each of these speeds are selectively available for either sustained operation or momentary operation of a liquidizer, a word used here to include blending, chopping, homogenizing and pulverizing with rotating blades.

The operation or mode of controlling a multipushbutton appliance is provided by the embodiment of the invention wherein any speed selector pushbutton can be pressed and released for a run that is continuous until another control such as an OFF pushbutton is manually actuated, or the run continues only while a pushbutton is being pressed.

For the OFF condition the permutations of switch control sliders includes a position where the sliders are brought to a particular relationship for the speed control switches. This permutation can be attained selectively in several ways, by pressing either an OFF pushbutton or changing the mode selector control, or by releasing a speed change pushbutton that has been held finger pressed during a momentary run mode setting.

In attaining the OFF position one or more sliders are selectively actuated to open a significant switch or switch combination, and, such a switch or switch combination can be either a main switch or one or more speed control switches. The selector for the alternative modes of operating contemplates a resilient force, preferably a spring whose tension is selectively applied to or removed from the sliders. In one mode the tension when applied returns one or more sliders to their OFF position as indicated, and also the released pushbutton is returned to its resting or open position. In the other mode when the tension is absent or removed, a speed selector pushbutton when depressed will remain to energize the appliance until the OFF pushbutton is pressed, or the spring tension is applied.

Two embodiments are illustrative of the inventive concept as accomplished either by a resilient control of a single slider or of all sliders.

In the use of one slider it may be a slider devoted either to the control of a main switch which is closed by any of the speed selection pushbuttons, or by the applied spring tension when a speed selection button being manually depressed is released. When more than one slider is employed the resilient pressure can be applied to urge sliders in one direction to a position in which a critical speed selection switch is opened to serve as an OFF switch. The appliance can be operated in these modes and changes made at any selected speed.

It will be appreciated that for purposes of economy the speed selection switches may be of light material rated for current carrying service alone while a heavy main switch rated for make-and-break operation momentarily opens and closes during speed change-switching.

DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. I is a perspective view of a liquidizer and controls therefor embodying the invention including a multiple pushbutton switch for providing different speeds for selective continuous run or momentary run with the same pushbuttons and speeds controlled thereby;

FIG. 2 is a bottom perspective view of the two main housing parts of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, with the bottom cover partially cut away to show the components mounted on the control panel;

FIGS. 3 and 4 are enlarged fragmentary elevational views of the pushbutton, push rod, slider and switch constructions and cooperation embodied in the present invention;

FIG. 5 is an electrical schematic of a representative circuit embodied in the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a chart showing a speed control arrangement in which the circuit shown in FIG. 5 is employed;

FIG. 7 is a composite expanded view showing the configuration of the speed selector sliders of a pushbutton switch embodying the invention implementing the chart of FIG. 6 with respect to the schematic circuit of FIG. 5;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the working elements of the selector and the preferred control by it of the pushbutton switches shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 9 is a bottom plan view of the working elements of the selector and pushbutton switch according to another embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 10 is a plan view of an added slider modification of FIG. 7 in which an OFF switch slider is included in the pushbutton switching permutation for operation of FIG. 9.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1, a liquidizer l0 embodying the invention is shown which includes a container 12 of the well-known cross-sectional cloverleaf design having a capacity, preferably of less than 2 quarts. The container is supported at its base against rotation in its working position within a collar 16 on a housing 14. Cutters (not shown) are rotatably mounted in the bottom wall of the container on a shaft journaled there as driven by a series-wound motor 22 through disengageable clutch elements. On the housing 14 an instrument panel 24 is provided which carries a selector knob 26 and a multipushbutton switch 32 designed with eight pushbuttons 28. The switch 32 is mounted on the liquidizer panel 24 where it is protected by a bottom cover 34, with its pushbuttons 28 extending through the panel and duly labeled for convenience as to function including an OFF button 30.

The general construction of the multiple switch is somewhat conventional in that it has a hollow elongated housing 40 molded of suitable insulating material defining a slider chest 45 which receives an assembly of switch-actuating sliders 48 (FIG. 5) in supported relationship for relative longitudinal reciprocation. Vertical push rods 44 slidable in guideways 43 carry the push buttons 28 on their upper ends and curled elements 47 on their lower ends to actuate the sliders 48.

The switches 49 that are actuated by the sliders 48, as illustrated in FIG. 4, are located below the sliders and comprise a row of stationary terminals 46 having downwardly facing fixed contacts 51. Along the other side are other terminals 53 resiliently supporting one end of bridging conductors 56 whose other ends provide contact areas 55 urged to close against the fixed contacts 5! in an upward direction when free to do so. A flat cover plate 50 of insulating material is secured to the housing 40 by suitable means to close the switch chamber with sufficient clearance to permit operation of the bridging conductors 56 and support the sliders with respect thereto as more particularly described in Swanke, Ser. No. 813,957.

All sliders 48 are made of insulating phenolic board and, as illustrated in FIG. 3, are supported by extensions 52 spaced along their lower edges and slidably bearing against the cover plate 50 to carry the downward thrust of the push rods 44 actuating them. Between successive extensions 52 of the sliders have recesses 54 along the lower edges at each switch station indicated by the conductor 56 and are provided with various shapes including earns 58 to operate or not operate the con ductors as their permutation requires. If a conductor 56 is to be actuated at a particular recess, the recess is provided with a cam contour having a short high-dwell 60 and a long low-dwell 62 separated by a cam incline 64 which either closes the switch or opens it depending upon the relative location of the conductor and the direction of movement of the slider when actuated. Thus, when a switch 49 is open the corresponding recesses 54 of the sliders are so arranged with respect to the switch conductors 56 that one or more high-dwells 60 of those present at that station engages the conductor to hold the switch open in a downward direction, and when a switch is to be closed the low-dwells 62 in all recesses 54 at that station coincide to permit the resilient conductor 56 to rise and close the contacts 51 and 52.

For permutation of the sliders 48 and thereby the switch closings, the upper edges of the sliders have notches 66 receiving the curled elements 47 of the push rods 44. The notches generally define a vertical side 68 and a side inclined thereto to provide a cam 70 actuated by a curled element 47 for moving the slider in the direction indicated by the arrows. In FIG. 7 full sliders are shown as described along with arrows to indicate the slider movement induced by the push rods at each notch 62 station. I V

in FIG. 5 a circuit is shown for use with the switches. The particular switches 49 are identified by numerals (l) to (8), the speeds by numerals l to 7, and the field coils by letters A, C PQD- The field coils are 120 turns each, of the wire gauges shown, A 029, B 024, C 025, and D 028. Each coil of the armature R has 55 turns of 028 gauge wire. The impedance provided by the respective coils is represented by the gauge size of the conventional copper field-coil wire employed in them as based upon their circular mils. WMWWD Coils A and B are cowound and coils C and D are cowound for the respective poles for compactness of smaller wire nesting in the interstices of the turns in the larger wire. The switching for each pair of coils follows the same configuration in which switch (2) or (5) interconnects the coils in the respective pairs at their electrically adjacent ends for series connection; switch (3) or (6) interconnects the electrically leading ends of the paired coils to bridge coils A or C and switches (2) or (5) through connections 90 or 92, respectively; and switch (1) or (5) interconnects the electrically trailing ends of the paired coils to bridge coils B or D and switches (2) or (5) through connections 94 or 96, respectively. Connection 90 is connected to one lead L of an AC power source and the other connection 96 is connected to the other lead L through a switch (8), if used, that is serially connected to a diode unit which includes a rectifier Di for half wave power and a switch (7) connected in parallel therewith, whereby the rectifier Di is shunted for full AC current when the switch (7) is closed. The connections 94 and 92 are connected to opposite terminals of the a u sB- in the switching pattern one or more of the switches are involved each time a speed is selected and can be handled by two permutation sliders for each pair of coils. The switch circuit pattern for both pairs are substantially the same and referring to one pair as representative of both, each pair can be controlled by two sliders 48 for four permutations each because switch (I) is never closed with switch (2) and switch (2) is never closed with switch (3), but switches (l) and (3) can be closed separately or together. W N

Referring for further particulars to sliders 48A and 488 as representative of sliders 48C and 48D, slider 48A cams switches (l) and (3) open while closing switch (2) when moved in the direction indicated by the left directed arrows thereon. When moved in the opposite direction, indicated by right-directed arrows, switches (l) and (3) are closed and switch (2) is opened. However, in cooperation with slider 48A slider 483 will open switch (2) if otherwise closed and will open switch (3) if free to open when moved as indicated by left-directed arrows and when moved in the opposite direction, slider 488 will close switch (2) if free to close and will open switch (3) if otherwise closed. 'lhus, except when the slider 48A is moved to the right and the slider 48B is moved to the left to close both switches (l) and (3), the other relative positions provide a single closing of each of three switches. Thus, the four permutations available with the three switches are 13, 1, 2, 3 which in turn involves coils A/B, A, AB and B respectively. This is similarly true for coils C and D and switches (5), (6) and (7). However, it is to be noted in this embodiment that a cam 60s is provided in the recess at switch station (3) which opens switch (3) when the sliders 48A and 48B are both moved to the left to provide an open circuit condition controlled by the OFF pushbutton or by the tension of the spring crank 74 when applied as described.

Accordingly, the possible combinations of field coils A, B, C and D may be permutated with increased low-speed increments in the low-speed range in series with diode Di as shown in FIG. 7 following the words COlLS, namely, ABCD (series), ABC (series), AC (series) and C (parallelseries) according to the closing of the switches following the itation SW lTCHl 3 8. l l igher speed coil combinations without the diode are AB C /D (series-parallel), A-C/D (series-parallel) and A/B C/D (parallel-parallel). The switches involved are also indicated following the notation wit he .7 WC- .3

The operation of the rectifier Di can be and is associated with the sliders 48C and 48D to close switch (7) at high speeds where only both switches (4) and (6) are closed in association with switch closures of switches (1), (2) or (3). Thus, the relative directional shifts of the sliders 48C and 48D can provide not only for the closure of switches (4) and (6) as part of the permutation, but also close the diode switch (7) by the use of high-dwells 60D shown on sliders 48C and 48D cooperating with the diode switch (7).

Although the OFF position of the sliders may involve closing switch (6) it will be observed that switches (l), (2) and (3) can be and are held open to open the motor circuit. This opening of switches (l), (2) and (3) is accomplished by moving all sliders to the left as indicated by the arrows at the OFF button station.

in this connection reference is made to FIGS. 7 and 8 where the adjacent ends of the sliders are coincidentally notched as at 72 to receive the crank arm 74 ofa torque spring 76 that is pivotally mounted on the switch housing 40 by a screw 78 at its bight. The crank arm is actuated by the lever arm 80 portion of the spring and is controlled by a cam arm 82 driven between two positions by the selector knob 26. In the manual position indicated the lever and cam arms are in a relaxed position. In the jog position, in broken lines, the cam arm displaces the lever arm with approximately movement and this tensions the crank arm 72 to urge the sliders to the left.

Thereby, for momentary energization of the liquidizer, the sliders will be resiliently returned and held in their OFF permutation whenever a depressed speed selection pushbutton is not being manually held depressed. When the switch (8) is present, as later described, this sequence of operation is related to the long low-dwells 62 in the slider recesses 54 at the speed selection switch stations (1) to (6) and the protuberances 59 in the slider recesses at the switch (8) station.

Thereby the switch (8) may be one rated to take the surge of the making and breaking of the load current while the permutation switches can be economically made of light material rated merely to carry the current when closed. In this connection, the switch (8) is momentarily opened and closed by a protuberance 59 as any slider 48 is moved and thereby is open at the moment a speed selector switch, including switch (7 is being opened or closed by the sliders.

Although a preferred embodiment has been illustrated for the economical use of four sliders with a heavy switch (8), a fifth slider 48E can be provided as illustrated in FIG. 10 in connection with FIG. 9 whereby the spring crank 74 need only actuate one slider. ln this embodiment the main switch (8) is preferably provided and it is the only switch that need be actuated by the spring 76. Slider 48E and switch (8) is also actuated by the OFF button, if desired. With the permutations of switches (l) to (7) the switch (8) is always closed whenever any pushbutton 2 to 8 for speed selection switches (1) to (7 is pressed and it is opened when the OFF pushbutton is pressed. Once the switch (8) is closed then with movement of any of the four sliders the protuberances in recesses 59 will open the switch (8) momentarily while a permutation of the speed switches is being changed.

However, whenever the tension of the spring 76 is applied to slider 485 by the selector button 84, the slider will normally be urged and held to the left as viewed in FIG. 10 unless a speed selection button is pressed and then only during the time that it is manually held depressed will it be closed to provide the jogging function already mentioned.

Otherwise the general characteristics of the four sliders 48A, 48B, 48C and 48D of FIG. 7 are substantially the same as those described when slider 48E is present. I

Having thus described the structure and operation of several embodiments of the invention other and further changes and modification can be made without departing from the inventive concept involving selectively running and jogging an appliance with the same speed selection pushbuttons of a multipushbutton permutation switch.

What is claimed is:

1. In a speed control for a fractional-horsepower universal motor having a plurality of cowound field coils of different impedances on the stator, the combination of:

circuit means including a first switch having a normally closed, movable conductor between two of the coils to connect the coils in series between one side of a power source and the motor armature;

a connection between the two coils including a second switch having a normally closed, movable conductor to shunt one of the coils and said first switch;

a connection between the two coils including a third switch having a normally closed, movable conductor to shunt the other one of the coils and said first switch;

switch control means for manually controlling said switch conductors for selected permutations of said field coils to provide a speed range of various impedances and including actuator means for opening said first, second, and third switch conductors concurrently; and

selector means including a resilient element and manually movable to one position to resiliently urge said actuator means to open said first, second and third switch conductors when any of said movable conductors closing same are released from manual actuation.

2. The combination called for in claim 1 in which said switch control means includes another actuator means for closing one of said second and third switch conductors and opening the other one of said second and third switch conductors and said first switch conductor concurrently.

3. The combination called for in claim 2 in which the firstmentioned actuator means controlling said switch conductors opens said one of the second and third switch conductors concurrently with the opening of said third and said other of said switch conductors.

4. The combination called for in claim 1 including a fourth switch having a normally closed, movable conductor connected in series with said three switches;

said selector means urging said actuator means to open said fourth switch.

5. The combination called for in claim 4 in which said fourth switch is opened in timed sequential relationship following the opening of said three switches.

6. The combination called for in claim 2 in which said actuator means comprises:

a pair of switch control sliders independently movable between alternate positions to provide the permutations of said switch closures cooperatively.

7. The combination called for in claim 6 in which two cams for each slider are oppositely inclined, each at two of three switch stations separately and oppositely inclined at the common one of the three switch stations; 7

one of said sliders having cams to close the second and third switch conductors while opening the'first switch conductor with movement in one direction and opening the second and third switch conductors while closing said first switch conductor with movement in the other direction;

the other one of said sliders having cams coordinated with the movement of said first slider to alternately open and close said third switch conductor when said second switch conductor is closed, and to alternately open and close said first switch conductor when said second and third switch conductors are open.

8. In a speed control circuit for universal motors powered by alternating current the combination of:

a plurality of field coils of predetermined electrical impedances;

manually actuated switching means in said circuit including a plurality of switches for interconnecting the coils in various permutations to vary the composite effective impedance for the motor field and including one permutation which opens the circuit; and

manually actuated selector means including a resilient element and movable between two position to resiliently urge in one position said switching means to said one permutation to open said circuit when said switching means is released from manual actuation.

9. The combination called for in claim 8 in which said selector means includes a manually movable element;

said resilient element comprising a spring interengaging said manually movable element and said manually actuated switching means; and

said manually movable element varying the resilient force urging said switching means to open the circuit when said switching means is manually released.

10. In an electrically powered appliance with current responsive elements of predetermined impedances:

a control switch means including a plurality of switch elements for selectively connecting said elements to a source of electrical power;

switch-actuating means having a permutation disposing said switch elements in an OFF condition including;

a control element movable between two positions one of which is a switch-opening position and the other a switchelosing position;

a manually advanced element to move said control element to said switch-closing position and when manually released permit said control element to remain in said switch-closing position and to hold the switch closed for energizing at least one of said current responsive elements; and

manually selective means including a releasable resilient element manually actuated to urge said control element to its switch-opening position when said control element is free to so move.

11. The combination called for in claim 10 including another manually advanced element to move said control element to its switch opening position.

12. The combination called for in claim 10 in which said plurality of switches comprise three switches and said control means comprises two reciprocable control elements actuating said three switches to provide four switch permutations in one of which the three switches are open position to deencrgize said appliances, said selective means urging said control elements to said one permutation position.

13. The combination called for in claim 10 in which said plurality of switches comprise four switches and said control means comprises at least two rcciprocable control elements actuating three of said switches to provide four switch permutations in which three permutations are the same and include the fourth switch;

switch means in series with said four switches for varying the impedances controlled by said three switches and opening said fourth switch means; and

a halfwave rectifier connected in parallel with said fourth switch.

14. In an electrical powered appliance having an impedance factor:

a permutation switch including a switch selection means;

a plurality of switches for varying the impedance factor of said appliance;

said switch selection means including control means movable between a plurality of switch permutation positions one of which is a switch-opening position;

a manually advanced element to move said control means to the other position and leave it there to close said switch and energize said appliance; and

selective means movable between two positions to apply a resilient force in one of said positions to said control means to return it from said other position to its OFF position when said manually movable element is free of manual restraint.

15. In an electrical powered appliance having an impedance factor:

a permutation switch including a switch selection means;

a plurality of switches for varying the impedance factor of said appliance;

said switch selection means including control means movable between a plurality of switch permutation positions one of which is a switch-opening position;

a manually advanced element to move said control means to the other position and leave it there to close said switch and energize said appliance; and

selective means manually movable between two positions in one of which it applies a resilient force to said control means to return it from said other position to its OFF position when said manually movable element is free of manual restraint.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3879587 *Jun 13, 1973Apr 22, 1975Rhodes Inc M HBlender apparatus having manual preset timer actuating device
US4626635 *Jan 31, 1985Dec 2, 1986Eaton CorporationLatching push button switch
US5183982 *Sep 26, 1990Feb 2, 1993Gmi Holdings, Inc.Manually adjustable housing portions for actuating an electrical appliance switch
US5821503 *Jul 23, 1997Oct 13, 1998Hatco CorporationConveyor speed control ciruit for a conveyor oven
US6093987 *Jun 4, 1999Jul 25, 2000U.S. Philips CorporationAppliance having an a.c. series motor and having switching means for switching this motor to different speeds
USRE36107 *Feb 1, 1995Feb 23, 1999Gmi Holdings, Inc.Manually adjustable housing portions for actuating an electrical appliance switch
Classifications
U.S. Classification318/252, 318/443, 200/5.0EB, 200/5.00E
International ClassificationH02P25/14, H02P25/02, H01H13/70, H01H13/72
Cooperative ClassificationH02P25/14, H01H13/72
European ClassificationH02P25/14, H01H13/72