|Publication number||US3610238 A|
|Publication date||Oct 5, 1971|
|Filing date||Apr 28, 1970|
|Priority date||Apr 28, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3610238 A, US 3610238A, US-A-3610238, US3610238 A, US3610238A|
|Inventors||Edward Rich Jr|
|Original Assignee||Us Health Education & Welfare|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (193), Classifications (19)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' United States Patent Edward Rich, .l r.
College Park, Md.
Apr. 28, 1970 Oct. 5, 1971 The United States at America as represented by the Secretary at the Department of Health, Education and Welfare lnventor Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee WOUND INFECTION PREVENTION DEVICE 10 Claims, 5 Drawing Figs.
US. 128/184, l28/l 32 Int. Cl.. Abllll 13/00 Field of Search 128/184, 254, 256, 257, 399, 400, DIG. 20, 402, 38, I32, I54, 297
Relerences Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS l,965,424 7/l934 Mascolo l28/256 3,026,874 3/1962 Stevens l28/260 3,307,553 3/1967 Liebner l28/400 Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-J. 8. Mitchell Attorney-Browdy and Neimark ABSTRACT: A wound infection prevention device, for the treatment of burns, skin lesions, etc., comprises a cellular foam plastic pad encased by impervious plastic sheets and to which air under pressure may be fed to an annular space about.
the periphery of the foam plastic pad. In use the device is removed from a sterile package, the physician cuts a hole in the center entirely through the material and of sufficient size to surround the wound, and air is then fed under pressure into the annular space and then passes through the body of the porous pad onto the wound and then passes upwardly to prevent the settling of bacteria-bearing dust on the wound.
PATENTEDUET 519m 3,610 288 SHEET 1 OF 2 INVENTOR 62mg M )2? BY W ATTORNEY;
PATENTEUBIIT 5|97l 3,610,238
sum 2 UF 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEYS WOUND INFECTION PREVENTION DEVICE The present invention relates to a wound infection prevention device and, more particularly, to a device which promotes healing of a wound and simultaneously prevents infection of the wound from outside sources by the constant blowing of air or oxygen over the wound.
One of the most troublesome problems in the medical field,
either after surgery or in the treatment of burns or other severe skin lesions, is the risk of infection. This problem of in- I fection is particularly great when bandages or other coverings cannot be applied to the wound. Even when a bandage can be so applied, this serves to cut off the healing supply of oxygen to the wound and inhibits rapid healing.
To overcome these problems it has been suggested that the patient be enclosed in a tent to exclude bacteria and other microbes. However, besides the expense of such an expedient, this does not exclude microbes eminating from the patient himself. Another suggested proposal has been the use of laminar flow canopies to continuously air wash the wound, but these devices are exceedingly expensive costing on the order of several thousand dollars apiece.
Accordingly, the available choices facing the physician in the treatment of burns, skin lesions, etc., to prevent infection are: (a) applying medication to prevent infection, but cutting off air to the wound; (b) covering the wound, with resultant damage to skin tissue with removal of the covering, and also cutting down the amount of air reaching the wound; (c) enclosing the patient in a tent to exclude room microbial contents, but not those eminating from the patient; and (d) using laminar flow canopies to continuously air wash the wound at an exceedingly high cost.
A wound infection prevention device has now been developed to overcome the above defects, the device comprising a porous pad encased in an air-impervious bag to which the upper and lower surfaces of the pad are attached, and the device defining a annular channel surrounding the periphery of the pad into which air may be fed under pressure. The entire device may be manufactured in annular shape, or the center section may be cut out immediately prior to use. In either event the device is placed around the wound on the skin of the patient and air is fed to the annular chamber and passes through the porous pad and then flushes over the wound and then upwardly to prevent dust and airborne bacteria from falling on the wound.
It is, accordingly, an object of the present invention to overcome the defects of the prior art, such as indicated above.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a new technique for aiding in the rapid healing of wounds.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a wound infection prevention device which both assists in rapid healing of wounds and serves to reduce the risk of infection.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a wound infection prevention device which does not cut off air to the wound, which does not damage skin tissue, which serves to exclude bacteria from contact with the wound, and yet which is simple and inexpensive.
To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of the above as well as other new and useful objects as will appear below, the present invention is provided by way of the following exemplary and nonlimitative description and the accompanying drawings of an exemplification illustrating this invention, and in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a device in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the device of FIG. 1, prior to its adaptation by the physician for use;
FIG. 3 is a section taken along lines 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view, similar to FIG. 3, showing the device in use; and
FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic view showing the device in use.
In its illustrated form, the wound infection prevention device can generally comprise a porous pad 12, a bag 14 of air-impervious material encompassing the pad 12 and attached to its upper and lower surfaces, the bag defining an annular channel 16 surrounding the periphery of the pad 12. In addition, an air inlet means such as a tube or pipe I8 is provided which penetrates the bag [4 at the location of the annular channel 16. While the device 10 is illustrated as being of rectangular configuration, it will, of course, be understood that any shape is suitable, such as elliptical or circular. In more detail, it is preferred that the pad 12 be formed of a cellularfoam plastic material, preferably open-cell polyurethane foam; in the preferred embodiment, the cell size is on the order of mesh. Other materials can be used as replacements for the polyurethane foam plastic, and these other materials include other sponge plastic or sponge rubber. It is also possible to use a porous material formed of interlocked or woven fibers; as an example fiber glass or cotton padding may be mentioned. However, the polyurethane foam is preferred because of its filtering ability, its inertness, its low expense and its ability to be easily sterilized.
The bag 14 which encompasses the pad 12 is preferably formed of plastic material, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, vinyl plastic, etc., although it may be formed of other air-impervious materials such as metal foil. In either event, however, the bag is preferably formed of two sheets I42 and 144 of air-impervious material laminated or otherwise united at their peripheries to each other to form a seam I46. As indicated above, the bag I4 is attached along its inner surface to the outer surfaces of the pad 12; this attachment may be made by means of adhesive, heat-sealing or any other laminating procedure. The seam 146 is preferably formed by heat sealing the plastic sheets I44 and I42.
Preferably the device 10 is provided on one of its exterior surfaces with an adhesive coating 20 suitable for application to the skin. It will be understood, however, that the adhesive layer 20 is not essential and that in operation the device may be taped to the skin using conventional adhesive tape.
The plastic air or oxygen pipe 18 is preferably provided along its length with a filter 22, and the free end of such air pipe 18 is adapted to be connected to a suitable source (not shown) of air or oxygen pressure, such as a tank of compressed air, oxygen or other gas, or a simple air pump or compressor. Other means may be optionally placed along the length of the air pipe 18 for insuring that the air is germ free, and such other means may include a device for feeding minute quantities of an antiseptic gas, e.g., up to I00 parts per million of ethylene oxide, or the air passing through tube 18 may be bubbled through a liquid antiseptic. Another alternative is the provision of an antiseptic in the filter 22.
It will be understood that after manufacture the device will be incorporated into a sterile package, e.g., a plastic bag the contents of which are sterilized with ethylene oxide. The devices are distributed in this form and remain sterile until they are needed for use. When needed, the device 10 is removed aseptically by the physician, foldedin half and a portion is cut out of the center such as shown in FIG. I, the opening representing the major area of the patient to be protected. If the device has the adhesive coating 20, a paper covering is removed therefrom for application to the patient; alternatively the device is merely taped to the patient so that the cutaway opening overlies the wound. Alternately, the device can be manufactured in annular form with the opening provided in the center thereof, in which case little or no cutting will be required by the physician.
After removal of the device from its sterile container and any cutting which is required, the device is then placed on the patient as indicated above. The free end of the tube I8 is connected to the source of pressurized gas and the suitable gas, preferably air, is introduced to the device as shown in FIG. 5. It will be seen best from FIG. 4 that the filtered air passes through the tube 18, around the annular plenum or space I6 and through the porous pad 12. After passage through such pad, the air then flushes over the wound 24 of the patient 26, and from there the air then moves upwardly as shown by the arrows in FIG. 4. Since the air can only travel freely upwardly,
a blanket flow is produced that results in a protective environment about the wound 24.
The material used for the pad 12, preferably a flexible polyurethane foam of the type described above, should be an open material which has an effective pore size of several microns. The porous cellular polyurethane foam structure has a geometry which is such that over a distance of 0.5 inches,
the cellular foam entraps bacteria at the low air pressures utilized and provides clean air with no measurable microbial content. Another advantage to the cellular polyurethane foam, or similar plastic foam, is that the multiple-pore structure provides a relatively unifonn distribution of air about the entire periphery of the wound.
Among the advantages of the present invention are its ability to afford substantial protection against infection; the fact that it is flat, and does not interfere with surgery; the fact that it is a very economical means of affording the desired protection for burned and open wound areas; the fact that it is sterilizable, the fact that it is usable in and out of the hospital; and the fact that the material is inert and not conductive to infection.
The foregoing description of the specific embodiments will so fully reveal the general nature of the invention that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily modify such specific embodiments and/or adapt them for various applications without departing from the generic concept, and, therefore, such adaptations and modifications should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the disclosed embodiments. It is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for purposes of description and not of limitation.
For example, it will be understood that the opening in the center may be increased or decreased in size without changing the basic diffusion characteristics within the limits of adequate introduction of air to maintain such characteristics and this is particularly true where the cellular-foam plastic pad is used. It will also be understood that the annular ring peripheral to the pad may assume an irregular or other geometrical configuration so as to conform with any necessary physical requirement. Also, the plastic pipe 18 may be introduced at other points of an attachment to the bag for purposes of convenience or for regulating airflow without altering the basic periphery-to-center airflow characteristic. Also, while the disclosed embodiment is shown as comprising but a single pad with a single annular plenum, it will be understood that several annular rings may coexist as separations in the foam plastic material with several plastic pipes being provided and so attached for the introduction of air to control the volume of airflow to the center opening.
What is claimed is:
l. A wound infection prevention device comprising a porous pad; a bag of air-impervious material encompassing said pad and attached to at least the peripheral edges of the upper and lower surfaces thereof, said bag defining an annular channel surrounding the periphery of said pad; and air inlet means penetrating said bag at said annular channel.
2. A device in accordance with claim I wherein said porous pad comprises a cellular-foam plastic material.
3. A device in accordance with claim 2 wherein said foam plastic is polyurethane.
4. A device in accordance with claim 1 wherein said bag is formed of plastic.
5. A device in accordance with claim 4 wherein said plastic bag comprises a pair of plastic sheets laminated at their peripheries to each other, and each being respectively laminated to opposite surfaces of said porous pad to effect said attachment.
6. A device in accordance with claim 5 wherein said sheets are laminated to said porous pad by means of adhesive.
7. A device in accordance with claim 1 wherein said air inlet means comprises a plastic pipe passing through said bag at said annular channel, said plastic pipe being adapted for connection at its other end to means for feeding air under pressure therethrough; and a filter disposed along the length of said plastic pipe.
8. A device in accordance with claim 1 further comprising a layer of adhesive along one outside surface of said bag.
9. A device in accordance with claim I of annular form whereby an opening is provided in the center thereof, which opening passes through both said bag and said pad.
10. A device in accordance with claim I wherein said porous pad is formed of an inert plastic foam; said bag of airimpervious material is formed of two sheets of film material laminated to one another at their peripheries and each adhesively united to said porous plastic pad; said air inlet means comprises a plastic pipe having a filter along its length and adapted for connection to a source of pressurized gas; and further comprising a layer of adhesive along the outside surface of one of said sheets of film material.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1965424 *||May 7, 1932||Jul 3, 1934||Nino Mascolo||Facial treatment apparatus|
|US3026874 *||Nov 6, 1959||Mar 27, 1962||Robert C Stevens||Wound shield|
|US3307553 *||Jan 30, 1963||Mar 7, 1967||Edwin J Liebner||Apparatus for cooling irradiated skin areas|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3763857 *||Apr 24, 1972||Oct 9, 1973||Kimberly Clark Co||Surgical drape|
|US3810471 *||Mar 22, 1972||May 14, 1974||A Truhan||Surgical aspirating cannula|
|US3824998 *||Oct 12, 1971||Jul 23, 1974||Celanese Corp||First aid dressing for wounds or burns|
|US3866612 *||Jan 16, 1974||Feb 18, 1975||Buker Vernon W||Apparatus for treatment of skin lesions|
|US3927667 *||May 21, 1974||Dec 23, 1975||Canadian Patents Dev||Diffuser drape|
|US4382441 *||Dec 6, 1979||May 10, 1983||Svedman Paul||Device for treating tissues, for example skin|
|US4416281 *||May 26, 1981||Nov 22, 1983||Guardline Disposables Limited||Surgical cushion for cooling an organ|
|US4450845 *||Feb 22, 1982||May 29, 1984||Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation, Inc.||Device for shielding human skin from ambient light to facilitate tests performed thereon|
|US4608041 *||Oct 11, 1982||Aug 26, 1986||Frese Nielsen||Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas|
|US4743232 *||Oct 6, 1986||May 10, 1988||The Clinipad Corporation||Package assembly for plastic film bandage|
|US4921492 *||May 31, 1988||May 1, 1990||Laser Technologies Group, Inc.||End effector for surgical plume evacuator|
|US4969869 *||Jan 11, 1989||Nov 13, 1990||Burgin Kermit H||Pillow construction and medication dispenser|
|US4969881 *||Nov 6, 1989||Nov 13, 1990||Connecticut Artcraft Corp.||Disposable hyperbaric oxygen dressing|
|US5192276 *||Dec 14, 1990||Mar 9, 1993||Gatti John E||Smoke aspirating device|
|US5636643 *||Mar 9, 1993||Jun 10, 1997||Wake Forest University||Wound treatment employing reduced pressure|
|US5645081 *||Nov 14, 1991||Jul 8, 1997||Wake Forest University||Method of treating tissue damage and apparatus for same|
|US5817145 *||Nov 21, 1994||Oct 6, 1998||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US5882349 *||Dec 26, 1995||Mar 16, 1999||Geomarine Systems, Inc.||Patient moisture control support surface coverlet|
|US5947914 *||Dec 29, 1997||Sep 7, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US5954680 *||Jan 21, 1997||Sep 21, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater wound covering|
|US5964721 *||Oct 14, 1998||Oct 12, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US5964723 *||Jan 21, 1997||Oct 12, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US5986163 *||Jan 21, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6010527 *||Nov 6, 1997||Jan 4, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US6013097 *||Nov 21, 1995||Jan 11, 2000||Augautine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device for attachment to skin|
|US6045518 *||Mar 18, 1999||Apr 4, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6071254 *||Mar 18, 1999||Jun 6, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater wound covering|
|US6093160 *||Apr 11, 1997||Jul 25, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US6110197 *||Apr 11, 1997||Aug 29, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device with a single joint|
|US6113561 *||Mar 18, 1999||Sep 5, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US6179804||Aug 18, 1999||Jan 30, 2001||Oxypatch, Llc||Treatment apparatus for wounds|
|US6213966||Jan 27, 2000||Apr 10, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US6217535||Jan 27, 2000||Apr 17, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6241697||Oct 4, 1999||Jun 5, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US6241698||Jan 27, 2000||Jun 5, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater wound covering|
|US6248084||Nov 4, 1999||Jun 19, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US6264622||Mar 9, 1999||Jul 24, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6267740||Feb 29, 2000||Jul 31, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device with a single joint|
|US6293917||Nov 4, 1999||Sep 25, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device for attachment to skin|
|US6406448||Dec 26, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater covering for tissue treatment|
|US6407307||Jan 29, 2001||Jun 18, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater covering|
|US6419651||Jan 29, 2001||Jul 16, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater covering|
|US6423018||Feb 7, 2001||Jul 23, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US6458109||Aug 5, 1999||Oct 1, 2002||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US6465708||Jan 29, 2001||Oct 15, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Covering|
|US6468295||Mar 23, 2001||Oct 22, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Treatment device|
|US6513529 *||Sep 24, 1999||Feb 4, 2003||Deka Products Limited Partnership||Repulsive antiseptic surgical shield|
|US6572594||Jan 29, 2001||Jun 3, 2003||R.S. Medical Equipment Llc||Skin treatment using neuromuscular stimulation and a treatment gas containing medicine|
|US6580012||Apr 11, 2000||Jun 17, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US6605051||May 31, 2002||Aug 12, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic tissue treatment|
|US6685681 *||Nov 29, 2000||Feb 3, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds|
|US6752794||Nov 27, 2001||Jun 22, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds|
|US6755807||Nov 29, 2000||Jun 29, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US6800074||Nov 29, 2000||Oct 5, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US6840915||May 28, 2002||Jan 11, 2005||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Normothermic tissue treatment|
|US6855135||May 13, 2002||Feb 15, 2005||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds|
|US6921374||Jul 18, 2002||Jul 26, 2005||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Tissue treatment by normothermic heating|
|US6928235 *||Aug 27, 2001||Aug 9, 2005||Shirley Pollack||Forced air dryer for infant's bottom|
|US6979324||Sep 13, 2002||Dec 27, 2005||Neogen Technologies, Inc.||Closed wound drainage system|
|US6987209||Nov 8, 2002||Jan 17, 2006||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US7014630||Feb 18, 2004||Mar 21, 2006||Oxyband Technologies, Inc.||Tissue dressing having gas reservoir|
|US7022113||Jul 11, 2002||Apr 4, 2006||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Control of vacuum level rate of change|
|US7122046||Sep 24, 2002||Oct 17, 2006||Arizant Technologies Llc||Treatment device|
|US7195624||Dec 20, 2002||Mar 27, 2007||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vented vacuum bandage with irrigation for wound healing and method|
|US7198046||Feb 19, 1998||Apr 3, 2007||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Wound treatment employing reduced pressure|
|US7216651||May 23, 2001||May 15, 2007||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Wound treatment employing reduced pressure|
|US7252089 *||Oct 17, 2005||Aug 7, 2007||Bernardo Birnbaum||Surgical laminar air flow apparatus and method|
|US7263814||Jul 15, 2005||Sep 4, 2007||Oxyband Technologies, Inc.||Method and apparatus for supplying gas to an area|
|US7276051||Aug 6, 1999||Oct 2, 2007||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US7338482||Dec 20, 2002||Mar 4, 2008||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||External catheter access to vacuum bandage|
|US7520872||Jul 30, 2004||Apr 21, 2009||Neogen Technologies, Inc.||Closed wound drainage system|
|US7532953||Sep 7, 2007||May 12, 2009||Innovative Therapies, Inc.||Wound irrigation device|
|US7534927||Dec 20, 2002||May 19, 2009||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Vacuum bandage packing|
|US7608066||Feb 9, 2006||Oct 27, 2009||Innovative Therapies, Inc.||Wound irrigation device pressure monitoring and control system|
|US7678090||Mar 16, 2010||Risk Jr James R||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US7708724||Apr 4, 2005||May 4, 2010||Blue Sky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure wound cupping treatment system|
|US7723560||Dec 20, 2002||May 25, 2010||Lockwood Jeffrey S||Wound vacuum therapy dressing kit|
|US7731702||Jul 21, 2005||Jun 8, 2010||Neogen Technologies, Inc.||Closed wound drainage system|
|US7763000||Jul 6, 2004||Jul 27, 2010||Risk Jr James R||Wound treatment apparatus having a display|
|US7776028||Mar 31, 2005||Aug 17, 2010||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Adjustable overlay reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US7794438||Sep 14, 2010||Alan Wayne Henley||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US7815616||Oct 19, 2010||Boehringer Technologies, L.P.||Device for treating a wound|
|US7837673||Sep 29, 2005||Nov 23, 2010||Innovative Therapies, Inc.||Wound irrigation device|
|US7846141||Aug 28, 2003||Dec 7, 2010||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US7867206||Sep 19, 2003||Jan 11, 2011||Kci Licensing, Inc.||Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds|
|US7896856||Dec 20, 2002||Mar 1, 2011||Robert Petrosenko||Wound packing for preventing wound closure|
|US7896864||Mar 12, 2007||Mar 1, 2011||Lockwood Jeffrey S||Vented vacuum bandage with irrigation for wound healing and method|
|US7909805||Mar 22, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US7910791||May 15, 2001||Mar 22, 2011||Coffey Arthur C||Combination SIS and vacuum bandage and method|
|US7927318||Sep 20, 2005||Apr 19, 2011||Risk Jr James Robert||Waste container for negative pressure therapy|
|US7928281||Apr 19, 2011||Arizant Technologies Llc||Wound covering|
|US7931651||Mar 30, 2007||Apr 26, 2011||Wake Lake University Health Sciences||External fixation assembly and method of use|
|US7942866||Aug 27, 2004||May 17, 2011||Boehringer Technologies, L.P.||Device for treating a wound|
|US7981098||Sep 18, 2008||Jul 19, 2011||Boehringer Technologies, L.P.||System for suction-assisted wound healing|
|US7988680||Aug 2, 2011||Kci Medical Resources||Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds|
|US7998125||Aug 16, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Hypobaric chamber treatment system|
|US8021348||Sep 5, 2006||Sep 20, 2011||Kci Medical Resources||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US8034038||Mar 13, 2009||Oct 11, 2011||Neogen Technologies, Inc.||Closed wound drainage system|
|US8062272||Nov 22, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US8062273||Dec 6, 2010||Nov 22, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8066243||Jan 8, 2010||Nov 29, 2011||Richard C. Vogel||Adapter for portable negative pressure wound therapy device|
|US8083712||Dec 27, 2011||Neogen Technologies, Inc.||Flat-hose assembly for wound drainage system|
|US8100887||Mar 8, 2005||Jan 24, 2012||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Enclosure-based reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8118794||Nov 2, 2010||Feb 21, 2012||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8142405||Oct 17, 2008||Mar 27, 2012||Vogel Richard C||Wound irrigation device pressure monitoring and control system|
|US8168848||Dec 20, 2002||May 1, 2012||KCI Medical Resources, Inc.||Access openings in vacuum bandage|
|US8227657||Oct 15, 2010||Jul 24, 2012||Aalnex, Inc.||Wound shield|
|US8246592||Aug 21, 2012||Kci Medical Resources||Vacuum therapy and cleansing dressing for wounds|
|US8252971||Jul 16, 2009||Aug 28, 2012||Aalnex, Inc.||Systems and methods for protecting incisions|
|US8267960||Jan 9, 2009||Sep 18, 2012||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology|
|US8282611||Mar 17, 2010||Oct 9, 2012||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US8303552||Mar 8, 2010||Nov 6, 2012||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US8350116||Dec 4, 2008||Jan 8, 2013||Kci Medical Resources||Vacuum bandage packing|
|US8362315||May 26, 2010||Jan 29, 2013||Aalnex, Inc.||Dressing substrate|
|US8377016||Jan 10, 2007||Feb 19, 2013||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Apparatus and method for wound treatment employing periodic sub-atmospheric pressure|
|US8398614||Apr 1, 2009||Mar 19, 2013||Smith & Nephew Plc||Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds|
|US8409129||May 1, 2009||Apr 2, 2013||Nimbic Systems, Inc.||Apparatus for reducing contamination of surgical site|
|US8415523||Jun 25, 2010||Apr 9, 2013||Aalnex, Inc.||Secondary wound dressings for securing primary dressings and managing fluid from wounds, and methods of using same|
|US8444613||May 21, 2013||Richard Vogel||Pump leak monitor for negative pressure wound therapy|
|US8449509||May 28, 2013||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US8454603||Jun 4, 2013||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||External fixation assembly and method of use|
|US8460255||Nov 18, 2009||Jun 11, 2013||Kalypto Medical, Inc.||Device and method for wound therapy|
|US8540687||Aug 20, 2010||Sep 24, 2013||Kci Licensing, Inc.||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US8540699||Aug 13, 2010||Sep 24, 2013||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US8545464||Apr 23, 2012||Oct 1, 2013||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8558050||Sep 10, 2009||Oct 15, 2013||Aalnex, Inc.||Wound shield with enclosed vacuum space|
|US8569566||Nov 22, 2011||Oct 29, 2013||Smith & Nephew, Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ|
|US8586818||Dec 15, 2005||Nov 19, 2013||Aalnex, Inc.||Wound shield|
|US8628505||Nov 22, 2011||Jan 14, 2014||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8663198||Apr 16, 2010||Mar 4, 2014||Kalypto Medical, Inc.||Negative pressure wound therapy device|
|US8669408||Jul 20, 2012||Mar 11, 2014||Aalnex, Inc.||Wound shield|
|US8708985||Apr 21, 2011||Apr 29, 2014||Nascent Surgical, Llc||Systems and methods for evacuating materials at a surgical site|
|US8708998||Apr 7, 2009||Apr 29, 2014||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Enclosure-based reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8715256||Nov 20, 2008||May 6, 2014||Smith & Nephew Plc||Vacuum assisted wound dressing|
|US8722960||Dec 7, 2012||May 13, 2014||Aalnex, Inc.||Systems and methods for wound protection and exudate management|
|US8722961 *||Apr 1, 2005||May 13, 2014||Inotec and Limited||Hyperbaric dressing|
|US8747887||Oct 3, 2005||Jun 10, 2014||Kci Medical Resources||Combination SIS and vacuum bandage and method|
|US8764794||Sep 18, 2012||Jul 1, 2014||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology|
|US8772567||Aug 19, 2011||Jul 8, 2014||Paul Hartmann Ag||Use of a polyurethane foam as a wound dressing in negative pressure therapy|
|US8795243||Mar 8, 2010||Aug 5, 2014||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US8829263||May 30, 2012||Sep 9, 2014||Smith & Nephew, Inc.||Self contained wound dressing with micropump|
|US8834451||Jan 31, 2012||Sep 16, 2014||Smith & Nephew Plc||In-situ wound cleansing apparatus|
|US8834520||Oct 9, 2008||Sep 16, 2014||Wake Forest University||Devices and methods for treating spinal cord tissue|
|US8926592||Jul 7, 2010||Jan 6, 2015||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus with heat|
|US8945074||Sep 28, 2011||Feb 3, 2015||Kalypto Medical, Inc.||Device with controller and pump modules for providing negative pressure for wound therapy|
|US9050136||May 17, 2013||Jun 9, 2015||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||External fixation assembly and method of use|
|US9058634||Nov 18, 2011||Jun 16, 2015||Kalypto Medical, Inc.||Method for providing a negative pressure wound therapy pump device|
|US9067003||Nov 18, 2011||Jun 30, 2015||Kalypto Medical, Inc.||Method for providing negative pressure to a negative pressure wound therapy bandage|
|US9101727||Mar 15, 2013||Aug 11, 2015||Nimbic Systems, Inc.||Method for reducing contamination of surgical site|
|US9131927||Jul 16, 2009||Sep 15, 2015||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Apparatus and method for cardiac tissue modulation by topical application of vacuum to minimize cell death and damage|
|US9198801||May 24, 2013||Dec 1, 2015||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US9205001||Sep 12, 2014||Dec 8, 2015||Smith & Nephew Plc||Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds|
|US9211365||Dec 27, 2013||Dec 15, 2015||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US9272080||Jul 30, 2014||Mar 1, 2016||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US9289193||Jul 16, 2009||Mar 22, 2016||Wake Forest University Health Sciences||Apparatus and method for cardiac tissue modulation by topical application of vacuum to minimize cell death and damage|
|US9289542||Dec 18, 2014||Mar 22, 2016||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus|
|US9446178||Aug 17, 2011||Sep 20, 2016||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ|
|US9452248||Dec 18, 2014||Sep 27, 2016||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ|
|US20020183702 *||Nov 29, 2000||Dec 5, 2002||Henley Alan Wayne||Wound treatment apparatus|
|US20030023286 *||Sep 24, 2002||Jan 30, 2003||Augustine Scott D.||Treatment device|
|US20030069529 *||Nov 8, 2002||Apr 10, 2003||Augustine Scott D.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US20030167029 *||Jul 18, 2002||Sep 4, 2003||Augustine Scott D.||Tissue treatment by normothermic heating|
|US20040260253 *||Feb 18, 2004||Dec 23, 2004||Rosati Coni F.||Method and apparatus for supplying gas to an area|
|US20050101940 *||Aug 27, 2004||May 12, 2005||Radl Christopher L.||Device for treating a wound|
|US20050251084 *||Jul 15, 2005||Nov 10, 2005||Rosati Coni F||Method and apparatus for supplying gas to an area|
|US20060022504 *||Jul 26, 2005||Feb 2, 2006||Johnson Timothy A||Air fluidized granular wound care wheelchair overlay|
|US20060200100 *||Feb 16, 2006||Sep 7, 2006||Rosati Coni F||Method and apparatus for supplying gas to an area|
|US20060213527 *||May 25, 2006||Sep 28, 2006||Argenta Louis C||Wound treatment employing reduced pressure|
|US20070032762 *||Sep 29, 2005||Feb 8, 2007||Vogel Richard C||Wound irrigation device|
|US20070032763 *||Feb 9, 2006||Feb 8, 2007||Vogel Richard C||Wound irrigation device pressure monitoring and control system|
|US20070142761 *||Dec 15, 2005||Jun 21, 2007||Adel Aali||Wound shield|
|US20070299411 *||Sep 7, 2007||Dec 27, 2007||Vogel Richard C||Wound Irrigation Device|
|US20070299412 *||Sep 7, 2007||Dec 27, 2007||Vogel Richard C||Wound Irrigation Device|
|US20070299563 *||Sep 7, 2007||Dec 27, 2007||Vogel Richard C||Wound Irrigation Device|
|US20080269658 *||Apr 1, 2005||Oct 30, 2008||Melvin Frederick Vinton||Hyperbaric Dressing|
|US20080281324 *||Mar 30, 2007||Nov 13, 2008||Webb Lawrence X||External fixation assembly and method of use|
|US20080294147 *||Aug 5, 2008||Nov 27, 2008||Boehringer Technologies, L.P.||Device for treating a wound|
|US20090076475 *||Nov 9, 2006||Mar 19, 2009||Oxysure Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for delivering therapeutic oxygen treatments|
|US20090131892 *||Dec 23, 2008||May 21, 2009||Boehringer Technologies, L.P.||Tube attachment device for wound treatment|
|US20090187259 *||Jul 23, 2009||Argenta Louis C||Devices and methods for treating spinal cord tissue|
|US20090254120 *||Jan 9, 2009||Oct 8, 2009||Argenta Louis C||Device and method for treating central nervous system pathology|
|US20100010421 *||Jan 14, 2010||Oxysure Systems Inc.||Method and apparatus for delivering therapeutic oxygen treatments|
|US20100121229 *||Jul 16, 2009||May 13, 2010||Argenta Louis C||Apparatus and Method for Cardiac Tissue Modulation by Topical Application of Vacuum to Minimize Cell Death and Damage|
|US20100234818 *||May 26, 2010||Sep 16, 2010||Aalnex, Inc.||Dressing Substrate|
|US20100280436 *||Nov 4, 2010||Self Sean D||Apparatus and Method for Reducing Contamination of Surgical Sites|
|US20150190273 *||Jan 9, 2014||Jul 9, 2015||Louis Causley Causley||Medical Device to Control Environmental Conditions for Surgical and Non-Surgical Wounds|
|DE102010034819A1 *||Aug 19, 2010||Feb 23, 2012||Paul Hartmann Ag||Verwendung eines Polyurethanschaumstoffs als Wundauflage in der Unterdrucktherapie|
|EP1986584A2 *||Feb 13, 2007||Nov 5, 2008||Adel Aali||Wound shield|
|WO1983001388A1 *||Oct 11, 1982||Apr 28, 1983||Frese Nielsen||Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas|
|WO1989011885A1 *||May 30, 1989||Dec 14, 1989||Laser Technologies Group, Inc.||End effector for surgical plume evacuator|
|WO1994000090A2 *||Jun 18, 1993||Jan 6, 1994||Augustine Scott D||Wound covering|
|WO1994000090A3 *||Jun 18, 1993||Feb 17, 1994||Scott D Augustine||Wound covering|
|WO2010126956A1 *||Apr 28, 2010||Nov 4, 2010||Nimbic Systems Inc.||Apparatus and method for reducing contamination of surgical sites|
|U.S. Classification||604/23, 604/312, 128/847, 604/289|
|International Classification||A61F13/15, A61F13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F2013/00165, A61F2013/00519, A61F2013/00157, A61F2013/0074, A61F2013/530802, A61F2013/00174, A61F2013/00255, A61F2013/00412, A61F2013/0017, A61F13/00068, A61F2013/51409, A61F2013/00863|